1º Bachillerato Revision 1 Term

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1º Bachillerato Revision 1 Term

  1. 1. 1º Bachillerato Revision 1st term
  2. 2. Auxiliary verbs in Questions <ul><li>(Wh- word) + Auxiliary verb+ subject + main verb? </li></ul><ul><li>(Wh-)+ do/does/did/will/modal + infinitive? </li></ul><ul><li>(Wh-)+ am/is /are/ was/were...+ v-ing? </li></ul><ul><li>(Wh-) + have/has/had+past participle? </li></ul><ul><li>Tom has lived in Boston for twenty years. They didn't come to the party last night. I was cooking dinner when you telephoned. What are you doing tomorrow afternoon? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Auxiliaries in Question Tags <ul><li>Tag: Auxiliary verb + subject pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive statement + negative tag </li></ul><ul><li>Negative statement+ positive tag </li></ul><ul><li>They enjoy learning English, don't they? He won't agree with me, will he? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Auxiliaries in short answers <ul><li>Suject + auxiliary verb (affirmative or negative) </li></ul><ul><li>Do you live in England? - No, I don't. Has she been to Paris? - Yes, she has. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Expressing agreement <ul><li>With a positive statement: So+auxiliary verb+ subject </li></ul><ul><li>With a negative statement: Nor/ Neither+ auxiliary+ subject. </li></ul><ul><li>I went to the beach last weekend. - So did I. I'm working very hard at the moment. - So is she. </li></ul><ul><li>They haven't worked here long. - Neither have I. We won't be able to come next week. - Neither will I </li></ul>
  6. 6. Have a go at auxiliaries! <ul><li>He ____ come to school yesterday because he was ill. </li></ul><ul><li>She ____ been working in the garden since two this afternoon. </li></ul><ul><li>I'm afraid I ____ be able to come to the party. I have to study. </li></ul><ul><li>You've visited London, ______ you? </li></ul>didn´t has Won’t Haven’t
  7. 7. <ul><li>I don't like country music. - Neither _____ I. </li></ul><ul><li>They won't come to the party, _____ they? </li></ul><ul><li>Mom _____ been working for two hours when I telephoned. </li></ul><ul><li>I think they are fantastic! - So _____ she. </li></ul><ul><li>What _____ they doing? </li></ul><ul><li>Mary hasn't enjoyed herself so much for a long time. - Neither _____ I. </li></ul><ul><li>You've visited London, _________ you? </li></ul><ul><li>They _____ going to attend a meeting in Chicago next week. </li></ul><ul><li>Why _____ you buy that?! It's ugly! </li></ul><ul><li>She __________ often go to the movies. </li></ul>do will had does are are did Haven’t Doesn’t have
  8. 8. Indirect Questions <ul><li>Introduction + wh-/if + subject+verb + objects... </li></ul><ul><li>Remember do,does,did are never used in indirect questions! </li></ul><ul><li>When does the next train arrive? - Direct question - Do you know when the next train arrives? - Indirect question </li></ul>
  9. 9. Do this exercise: <ul><li>Who built that enormous bridge? I wonder... </li></ul><ul><li>who built that enormous bridge </li></ul><ul><li>Did Benjamin Franklin write 'Poor Richard's Almanac'? I can't remember .... </li></ul><ul><li>if B. F. wrote ... </li></ul><ul><li>Who did you meet at the party? I'd like to know ... </li></ul><ul><li>who you met at the party . </li></ul>
  10. 10. When was the film produced? Nobody remembers .. ....when the film was produced Have they flown an ultralight too? I don't know ... ....if they have flown an ultralight too. What is it called in English? I can't remember .... ....it is called in English
  11. 11. Verb patterns <ul><li>VERBS + INFINITIVE afford, agree, appear, arrange, ask, attempt, care, choose, dare, decidedeserve, expect, forget, happen, help, hope, learn, manage, offer, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, threaten, want, wish Examples:  Thelma´s boss refuses to give her a pay rise. I´ve arranged to se e the doctor on Tuesday. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Verb paterns <ul><li>VERBS + -ING These verbs include: admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, delay, deny, dislike, enjoy, face, fancy, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, can´t help, imagine, keep, look forward to, mind, miss, practise, put off, resist, risk, can´t stand, suggest, understand Examples: Andrew admitted cheating in the exam. Elena has given up smoking. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Practice <ul><li>Add the correct form of the verb in brackets.   1.  I miss __________ tennis with him. (play)   </li></ul><ul><li>  2.  Jane wants __________  to Paris in </li></ul><ul><li>April.  (go) </li></ul><ul><li>3.  Her boss knew that she was pretending __________ ill.  (be)   4.  I don´t feel like __________ today.  (cook) </li></ul>playing To go To be cooking
  14. 14. A few more exercises <ul><li>5.  He managed __________ the report before he went home.  (finish)   6.  We agreed __________ them . (help )   7.  Good news!  I´ve given up __________ ! (smoke)   8.  Do you fancy __________ to the cinema tonight? (go)   9.  I haven´t finished __________ the newspaper yet. (read) </li></ul>To finish smoking To help going reading
  15. 15. Conditionals <ul><li>Present Real Conditionals </li></ul><ul><li>FORM </li></ul><ul><li>If / When ... Simple Present ..., ... Simple Present </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Present ... if / when ... Simple Present ... </li></ul><ul><li>USEThe Present Real Conditional is used to talk about what you normally do in real-life situations. </li></ul><ul><li>If the weather is nice, she walks to work. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Present Unreal Conditional </li></ul><ul><li>FORM </li></ul><ul><li>If ... Simple Past ..., ... would + verb ... </li></ul><ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li>The Present Unreal Conditional is used to talk about what you would generally do in imaginary situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>If I owned a car, I would drive to work. But I don't own a car. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Past Unreal Conditional </li></ul><ul><li>FORM </li></ul><ul><li>If ... Past Perfect ..., ... would have + past participle . </li></ul><ul><li>USE: The Past Unreal Conditional is used to talk about imaginary situations in the past. You can describe what you would have done differently or how something could have happened differently if circumstances had been different. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>If I had owned a car, I would have driven to work. But I didn't own one, so I took the bus. </li></ul>
  18. 18. More about conditionals <ul><li>Mixed Conditional Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>PAST PRESENT Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>If I had won the lottery, I would be rich. But I didn't win the lottery in the past and I am not rich now. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>PRESENT PAST Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>If I were rich, I would have bought that Ferrari we saw yesterday. But I am not currently rich and that is why I didn't buy the Ferrari yesterday. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Complete with the correct tense <ul><li>If I (have) enough money in my twenties, I (backpack) around Europe. But, unfortunately, I was broke. </li></ul><ul><li> ... If I had had...I would have backpacked </li></ul><ul><li>She would have been here earlier if she (miss, not) the train. </li></ul><ul><li>If she hadn’t missed </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you for helping me study. If you hadn't tutored me, I (fail) the test. </li></ul><ul><li>Would have failed </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>I'm sorry, I didn't know you were allergic to chocolate. If I (know) , I (make) you a vanilla birthday cake. </li></ul><ul><li>If I had known... would have made... </li></ul><ul><li>Did you hear that Margaret won $2,000 in Las Vegas, and she used the money to buy a new washing machine and dryer? How boring! If I (win) that much money, I (go) to Tahiti for a couple of weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>If I had won.. Would have gone </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Tom is not going to come to dinner tomorrow because you insulted him yesterday. But, he (come) if you (insult) him. </li></ul><ul><li>Would come...hadn’t insulted </li></ul><ul><li>Marie is unhappy because she gave up her career when she got married. But, Marie (be) happy if she (give, not) up her career when she got married. </li></ul><ul><li>Would be happy...if she hadn’t given </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Nicole speaks Chinese fluently because she lived in China for ten years. </li></ul><ul><li>But, Nicole (speak, not) Chinese fluently if she (live, not) in China for ten years. </li></ul><ul><li>wouldn’t speak...if he hadn’t lived </li></ul>
  24. 24. Irregular verbs <ul><li>A strong wind __________ through the trees </li></ul><ul><li>blew </li></ul><ul><li>In her dreams that night, Diana had __________ in a pool of warm cocoa </li></ul><ul><li>swum </li></ul><ul><li>Becky had both an empty wallet and stomach, so she __________ a chocolate bar from the candy rack. </li></ul><ul><li>stole </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Chauncey wouldn’t have __________ some of the squid eyeball stew if a long, gray tentacle hadn't dangled over the side of the bowl. </li></ul><ul><li>spilt </li></ul><ul><li>My grandmother doesn't trust banks, so she has __________ money all over the house. </li></ul><ul><li>hidden </li></ul>
  26. 26. Word of the week <ul><li>What is a digital native? </li></ul><ul><li>person who has grown up in a world with digital technology such as the Internet and mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>What are digital immigrants? </li></ul><ul><li>their antithesis, being the folks born earlier who, either reluctantly or enthusiastically, have adapted to the digital world and incorporated its tools into their </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>What is a chad? </li></ul><ul><li>a small piece of paper or card which is left over when holes are punched in voting slips, data cards, etc. </li></ul>
  28. 28. That’s the end of the revision. <ul><li>We hope it has been useful to you. </li></ul><ul><li>Study, practice and...good luck! </li></ul><ul><li>Your English teachers </li></ul>

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