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WELCOME TO
LONDON
LONDON
• London is the
capital city of
England and
the United
Kingdom.
• It’s situated in
Southeast
England with a
population of
8.63 million
people.
LONDINIUM
• London is
one of the
oldest cities
in the world.
• It was
founded by
the Romans
in 40 A.D.
and called
Londinium.
CLIMATE
• London has a
temperate
marine
climate like
much of the
British Isles.
• The city rarely
sees
extremely
high or low
temperatures.
THE THAMES
• London
has the
River
Thames,
which runs
through
the middle
of city and
it is 215
miles (356
km) long.
THE ECONOMY
• THE CITY OF
LONDON is
the world’s
largest
financial
centre
alongside
New York.
• It is home to
the London
Stock
Exchange.
Transport
• London public
transport include:
London Underground,
London Buses, River
Services and the
National Rail.
The London Underground
• The Underground
is also called “the
tube”, because of
the cylindrical
shape of the
system’s deep-
tunnels.
• It has 276 stations
and runs over 243
miles (408km) of
line, making it the
longest railway in
the world.
THE RED DOUBLE DECKER BUSES
• The buses
known as
the red
double
decker
buses and
rail network
in London is
very well
developed,
frequent
and
efficient.
TOURIST ATTRACTIONS
• London has rich
cultural history but, at
the same time, it is
regarded as one of
the most modern cities
in the world.
• The most famous
tourist attractions are
the Big Ben, the House
of Parliament,
Westminster Abbey,
Buckingham Palace,
the Tower of London.
THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT
• The Houses of
Parliament are
where the two
Houses of the
Parliament of the
United Kingdom
(Houses of
Commons and
Lords) meet for
political purposes.
• The oldest part of
the building dates
back to 1907.
THE HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT 2
• On 5th November
1605 Guy Fawkes
tried to
assassinate the
King and the
parliament
members in the
Gunpowder Plot,
by blowing up
the House of
Parliament but he
did not succeed.
BIG BEN
• Big Ben isn’t the
clock on the
tower, but just
the bell inside it.
• People all over
the world can
hear its sound
on the radio
and TV
programmes.
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
• Buckingham
Palace is the
official home of
the British
Monarch in
London.
• When the flag is
put up on the
pole, it means
that the Monarch
is in the palace.
• It is also a famous
tourist attraction
because of the
Queen’s Royal
guards.
THE ROYAL GUARD
• Every morning at
half past eleven
people all over
the world come to
see the changing
of the guards: the
capital of the Old
Guard gives the
Keys of
Buckingham
Palace to the
captain of the
New Guard.
THE ROYAL FAMILY
• The British Royal Family lives in England and
resides mainly in London at Buckingham Palace.
• The Royal family is formed by Queen Elizabeth II
and her husband Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, their
son Charles, Prince of Wales, and his wife
Camila, Duchess of Cornwall
• Prince Charles has two sons with his ex-wife, the
late Diana, the Princess of Wales: William and
Harry
• Prince William’s wife is Catherine, The Duchess of
Cambridge and they have two children: Prince
George and Princess Charlotte
THE TOWER OF LONDON
• The Tower of
London is a
historic tower in
the center of
London.
• The Tower’s
primary
function was a
fortress, a royal
palace, and a
prison.
• Many prisoners
were executed
in this tower.
PHOTOS FROM MY TRIP
THE BRITISH MUSEUM
• The British
Museum contains
Egyptian
collections of
mummified
skeletons found in
the Pyramids,
Greek sculptures
from the
Parthenon in
Athens, and two
of the four existing
original copies of
the Magna Carta.
SOME ARTIFACTS…
THE NATIONAL GALLERY
• The National
Gallery is
one of the
most
important art
galleries in
the world.
• It also
includes the
largest
collection of
Italian
paintings
found
outside Italy.
THE LONDON EYE
• The London Eye,
also known as
the Millennium
wheel was built
in 1999, and
since then the
biggest
observation
wheel in the
world.
• It is 170m high
and you can see
the beautiful
London skyline
from the top.
THE PARKS OF LONDON
• The parks are a
real part of the
Londoner’s life.
• People often
have lunch in
the parks,
spend their free
time and
children can
enjoy
themselves in
many pools
and little lakes.
HYDE PARK
• Hyde Park is one of
the largest parks in the
central London. It’s
divided by the
Serpentine Lake.
WESTMINSTER ABBEY
• Westminster
Abbey was
begun by Henry
III in 1245.
• It’s one of the
most important
Gothic buildings
in the country
with the
medieval shrine
of an Anglo-
Saxon saint still
at its middle.
WESTMINTER ABBEY
• It was the
location of
2011
marriage of
Prince
William, the
Duke of
Cambridge
to Miss
Catherine
Middleton.
ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL
• Is an Anglican Cathedral
and the seat of the
Bishop of London.
• The original church was
built in 605 AD, but burnt
down in the Great Fire of
London in 1666.
• The present church,
dating from the late 17th
century, was designed in
the English Baroque Style
by Christopher Wren.
INSIDE ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL
TOWER BRIDGE
• The Tower
Bridge is a
bridge close to
the Tower of
London which
gives its name.
• It has become
an iconic
symbol in
London, and
it’s situated
over the River
Thames.
TRAFALGAR SQUARE
• Trafalgar Square is
a square in
London and its
name
commemorates
the Battle of
Trafalgar (1805), a
British naval
victory of the
Napoleonic Wars.
BRITISH FOOD
• Some food is similar to
American food:
• Fish and Chips
• Meat Pies
• Macaroni and Cheese
• Mashed Potatoes & Gravy
• Peas and Spinach
• More takeaway salads and
smoothies
TRIVIA
1) London is located in ____________ England.
2) London was originally called Londinium
and was founded by the ____________.
3) Prince William and Kate Middleton were
married in _____________.
4) ____________ is a large church in a Baroque
style.
5) ____________ is a bridge named after a
famous tower that is located next to.
6) The London Eye is an _________ wheel.
7) Trafalgar Square commemorates the
British’s win over _________ army at the Battle
of Trafalgar.
8) Typical British foods include _____________.
9) Most of the British Family resides in
_____________________.
10) The London underground system is
nicknamed the ________________.
a) Buckingham Palace
b) Fish and chips
c) Southeast
d) St. Paul’s Cathedral
e) The Tower Bridge
f) The Westminster Abbey
g) observation
h) Romans
i) Napolean’s
j) Tube
ANSWERS
1. C. Southwest
2. H. Romans
3. F. The Westminster Abbey
4. D. St. Paul’s Cathedral
5. E. The Tower Bridge
6. G. Observation
7. I. Napolean’s
8. B. Fish and Chips
9. A. The Buckingham
10.J. The Tube

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Welcome to London

  • 2. LONDON • London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. • It’s situated in Southeast England with a population of 8.63 million people.
  • 3. LONDINIUM • London is one of the oldest cities in the world. • It was founded by the Romans in 40 A.D. and called Londinium.
  • 4. CLIMATE • London has a temperate marine climate like much of the British Isles. • The city rarely sees extremely high or low temperatures.
  • 5. THE THAMES • London has the River Thames, which runs through the middle of city and it is 215 miles (356 km) long.
  • 6. THE ECONOMY • THE CITY OF LONDON is the world’s largest financial centre alongside New York. • It is home to the London Stock Exchange.
  • 7. Transport • London public transport include: London Underground, London Buses, River Services and the National Rail.
  • 8. The London Underground • The Underground is also called “the tube”, because of the cylindrical shape of the system’s deep- tunnels. • It has 276 stations and runs over 243 miles (408km) of line, making it the longest railway in the world.
  • 9. THE RED DOUBLE DECKER BUSES • The buses known as the red double decker buses and rail network in London is very well developed, frequent and efficient.
  • 10. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS • London has rich cultural history but, at the same time, it is regarded as one of the most modern cities in the world. • The most famous tourist attractions are the Big Ben, the House of Parliament, Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, the Tower of London.
  • 11. THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT • The Houses of Parliament are where the two Houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Houses of Commons and Lords) meet for political purposes. • The oldest part of the building dates back to 1907.
  • 12. THE HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT 2 • On 5th November 1605 Guy Fawkes tried to assassinate the King and the parliament members in the Gunpowder Plot, by blowing up the House of Parliament but he did not succeed.
  • 13. BIG BEN • Big Ben isn’t the clock on the tower, but just the bell inside it. • People all over the world can hear its sound on the radio and TV programmes.
  • 14. BUCKINGHAM PALACE • Buckingham Palace is the official home of the British Monarch in London. • When the flag is put up on the pole, it means that the Monarch is in the palace. • It is also a famous tourist attraction because of the Queen’s Royal guards.
  • 15. THE ROYAL GUARD • Every morning at half past eleven people all over the world come to see the changing of the guards: the capital of the Old Guard gives the Keys of Buckingham Palace to the captain of the New Guard.
  • 16. THE ROYAL FAMILY • The British Royal Family lives in England and resides mainly in London at Buckingham Palace. • The Royal family is formed by Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, their son Charles, Prince of Wales, and his wife Camila, Duchess of Cornwall • Prince Charles has two sons with his ex-wife, the late Diana, the Princess of Wales: William and Harry • Prince William’s wife is Catherine, The Duchess of Cambridge and they have two children: Prince George and Princess Charlotte
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  • 20. THE TOWER OF LONDON • The Tower of London is a historic tower in the center of London. • The Tower’s primary function was a fortress, a royal palace, and a prison. • Many prisoners were executed in this tower.
  • 22. THE BRITISH MUSEUM • The British Museum contains Egyptian collections of mummified skeletons found in the Pyramids, Greek sculptures from the Parthenon in Athens, and two of the four existing original copies of the Magna Carta.
  • 24. THE NATIONAL GALLERY • The National Gallery is one of the most important art galleries in the world. • It also includes the largest collection of Italian paintings found outside Italy.
  • 25. THE LONDON EYE • The London Eye, also known as the Millennium wheel was built in 1999, and since then the biggest observation wheel in the world. • It is 170m high and you can see the beautiful London skyline from the top.
  • 26. THE PARKS OF LONDON • The parks are a real part of the Londoner’s life. • People often have lunch in the parks, spend their free time and children can enjoy themselves in many pools and little lakes.
  • 27. HYDE PARK • Hyde Park is one of the largest parks in the central London. It’s divided by the Serpentine Lake.
  • 28. WESTMINSTER ABBEY • Westminster Abbey was begun by Henry III in 1245. • It’s one of the most important Gothic buildings in the country with the medieval shrine of an Anglo- Saxon saint still at its middle.
  • 29. WESTMINTER ABBEY • It was the location of 2011 marriage of Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge to Miss Catherine Middleton.
  • 30. ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL • Is an Anglican Cathedral and the seat of the Bishop of London. • The original church was built in 605 AD, but burnt down in the Great Fire of London in 1666. • The present church, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque Style by Christopher Wren.
  • 31. INSIDE ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL
  • 32. TOWER BRIDGE • The Tower Bridge is a bridge close to the Tower of London which gives its name. • It has become an iconic symbol in London, and it’s situated over the River Thames.
  • 33. TRAFALGAR SQUARE • Trafalgar Square is a square in London and its name commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), a British naval victory of the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 34. BRITISH FOOD • Some food is similar to American food: • Fish and Chips • Meat Pies • Macaroni and Cheese • Mashed Potatoes & Gravy • Peas and Spinach • More takeaway salads and smoothies
  • 35. TRIVIA 1) London is located in ____________ England. 2) London was originally called Londinium and was founded by the ____________. 3) Prince William and Kate Middleton were married in _____________. 4) ____________ is a large church in a Baroque style. 5) ____________ is a bridge named after a famous tower that is located next to. 6) The London Eye is an _________ wheel. 7) Trafalgar Square commemorates the British’s win over _________ army at the Battle of Trafalgar. 8) Typical British foods include _____________. 9) Most of the British Family resides in _____________________. 10) The London underground system is nicknamed the ________________. a) Buckingham Palace b) Fish and chips c) Southeast d) St. Paul’s Cathedral e) The Tower Bridge f) The Westminster Abbey g) observation h) Romans i) Napolean’s j) Tube
  • 36. ANSWERS 1. C. Southwest 2. H. Romans 3. F. The Westminster Abbey 4. D. St. Paul’s Cathedral 5. E. The Tower Bridge 6. G. Observation 7. I. Napolean’s 8. B. Fish and Chips 9. A. The Buckingham 10.J. The Tube

Editor's Notes

  1. The wedding of Charles, Prince of Wale], and Lady Diana Spencer took place on Wednesday, 29 July 1981 at St Paul's Cathedral, London, United Kingdom.
  2. Magna Carta, meaning ‘The Great Charter’, is one of the most famous documents in the world. Originally issued by King John of England (r.1199-1216) as a practical solution to the political crisis he faced in 1215, Magna Carta established for the first time the principle that everybody, including the king, was subject to the law. Although nearly a third of the text was deleted or substantially rewritten within ten years, and almost all the clauses have been repealed in modern times, Magna Carta remains a cornerstone of the British constitution.  - See more at: http://www.bl.uk/magna-carta/articles/magna-carta-an-introduction#sthash.WszNwlOu.dpuf
  3. St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits onLudgate Hill at the highest point of the City of London. Its dedication to Paul the Apostle dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604.[1] The present church, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren. Its construction, completed in Wren's lifetime, was part of a major rebuilding programme in the City after the Great Fire of London.[2] The cathedral is one of the most famous and most recognisable sights of London. Its dome, framed by the spires of Wren's City churches, dominated the skyline for 300 years.[3] At 365 feet (111 m) high, it was the tallest building in London from 1710 to 1962. The dome is among the highest in the world. St Paul's is the second largest church building in area in the United Kingdom after Liverpool Cathedral.