Hist 39


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  • Temporary Crops - crops which are grown seasonally and whose growing cycle is less than one year and which must be sown or planted again for production after each harvest.Permanent Crops - crops which occupy the land for a long period of time and do not need to be replaced after each harvest such as fruit trees, shrubs, nuts, etc.  These crops may be productive, which have already borne fruits or capable of bearing fruits or non-productive.The increase in coconut production by 1.74 was mainly due to the increase of number of trees harvested in Zamboanga del Norte The 11.86 percent increase in abaca production was partly attributable to the stripping machines provided by the Fiber Industry Development Authority (FIDA) in some provinces which encouraged the farmers to produce more. The 2.92 percent increase in banana production was due to the increase of tree bearing fruits in Zamboanga del Norte. The increase of 8.28 percent in mango was likewise due to the increase in trees induced due to demand in Zamboanga del Norte.
  • Mining – writ of Kalikasan (legal remedy designed for the protection of one's constitutional right to a healthy environment): temporary env’t protection order
  • Mining – writ of Kalikasan (legal remedy designed for the protection of one's constitutional right to a healthy environment): temporary env’t protection order
  • Mining – writ of Kalikasan (legal remedy designed for the protection of one's constitutional right to a healthy environment): temporary env’t protection order
  • Hist 39

    1. 1. *Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay, Isabela City, Zamboanga City *16,823 km2 (6,495.4 ) square miles *Total Area.
    2. 2. Zamboanga del Norte (Tagalog; Hilagang Samboanga, StandardSubanen:Utara Sembwangan) or simply known as ZaNorte is a province ofthe Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Itscapital is Dipolog City and the province borders Zamboanga del Sur andZamboanga Sibugay to the south and Misamis Occidental to the east. TheSulu Sea lies to the northwest of Zamboanga del Norte. Zamboanga delNorte is the largest province of Zamboanga Peninsula in terms of landarea.The early history of Zamboanga del Norte is shared with that ofZamboanga City, which had been the center of the entire Mindanao area,most notably during the American era. When Zamboanga City became achartered city on October 12, 1936, it encompassed the southern tip of theZamboanga Peninsula and the island of Basilan, making it the largest city inthe world in terms of land area.This all changed in 1948 when Basilan was made into a separate CharteredCity, and further, when Republic Act No. 711, issued on June 6, 1952,created two more provinces out of Zamboanga City. One of these provinceswas Zamboanga del Norte. *Zamboanga del Norte
    3. 3. Zamboanga del Sur (Cebuano: Lalawigan sa Habagatang Zamboanga, Spanish/Zamboangueño/Chavacano: Provincia del Zamboanga del Sur, Tagalog: Timog Zamboanga, Standard Subanen: Shelatan Sembwangan/Sembwangan dapit Shelatan) is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Pagadian City is the capital. The province borders Zamboanga del Norte to the north, Zamboanga Sibugay to the west, Misamis Occidental to the northeast, and Lanao del Norte to the east. To the south is the Moro Gulf.*Zamboanga Del Sur
    4. 4. Zamboanga Sibugay is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Ipil and it borders Zamboanga del Norte to the north, Zamboanga del Sur to the east and Zamboanga City to the southwest. To the south lies Sibuguey Bay in the Moro Gulf. Zamboanga Sibugay was created in 2001 when the third district of Zamboanga del Sur was carved out of that province. Zamboanga Sibugay is the 79th province created in the Philippines.*Zamboanga Sibugay
    5. 5. Isabela City (Officially the "City of Isabela"; Zamboangueño Chavacano:Ciudad de Isabela ; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Isabela) is a 4th class city and thecapital of the province of Basilan, Philippines. The city is located on thenorthern shore of Basilan. Across the Basilan Strait to the north isZamboanga City.While administratively, the island province of Basilan is part of theAutonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Isabela City itself is in notpart of this region and is placed under the Zamboanga Peninsula region.Also exerting great influence in everyday life is the Roman Catholic Churchand the Islamic Mufti and Imams, religious scholars and leaders who exercisea moral ascendancy over their respective groups.According to the 2007census, Isabela City has a population of 87,985 people in 13,753 households.Roughly 73% of which profess the Christian faith (predominantly RomanCatholic), and 27% are Muslims. The biggest ethnic grouping are theZamboangueño (from nearby Zamboanga City), followed by the Tausugs(from Sulu), and the Bisaya (from the rest of Mindanao and the Visayas).Also of note are the relatively significant Yakan, Samal/Badjao, Maranao, *Isabela CityIlocano, Ilonggo and to a much lesser extent, Tagalog and Chinese presence.
    6. 6. * The City of Zamboanga (Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga, Tagalog: Lungsod ng Zamboanga) is a highly urbanized city located in Mindanao, Philippines. It has a population of more than 807,129 according to the 2010 census. Zamboanga is the 6th most populous and 3rd largest city by land area in the Philippines. It is the commercial and industrial center of the Zamboanga Peninsula. * Zamboanga was the capital of the former Moro Province, now Mindanao, from 1903 to 1913. On September 15, 1911, the Municipalidad de Zamboanga was converted into a city by the legislative order Act. No.272. Known for Hispanic influences in its culture, it bears the nickname Ciudad Latina de Asia (Asias Latin City). Zamboanga is the third oldest city in the Philippines, with a mayor-council form of government.*Zamboanga City
    7. 7. * The Zamboanga Peninsula lies between the MOROGULF, part of the CELEBES SEA, and the SULU SEA.*Surrounded by bodies of water, the region has, thus, relied on fishing as one of its major industries.* Bays: Sindangan, Sibuco, Sibuguey, Dumanquilas, Maligay, Taguite & Pagadian* Rivers: Kumalarang, Sibuguey, Dinas & Labangas
    8. 8. *The peninsula is connected to the main part of Mindanao through an isthmus situated between PANGUIL BAY and PAGADIAN BAY.The boundary between the peninsula and themainland is artificially marked by the borderbetween the provinces of ZAMBOANGA DEL SURand LANAO DEL NORTE.
    9. 9. *ZAMBOANGA RANGE – forms the backbone of the Zamboanga Peninsula stretching from Mt. Dabiak in Zamboanga del Norte and arching to Zamboanga City in the Southwest*No active volcanoes • Zamboanga del Norte – hilly & mountainous with plains along the coastlines • Zamboanga del Sur – flat coastal plain with interior mountains
    10. 10. *2007 Population Census: 88,574,614
    11. 11. ZAMBOANGA CITY – (dark brown) High populationdensity – 6th most populous in the country - highlyurbanized and center of economic activity inMindanao *MOST POPULOUS Provinces: Zamboanga del Sur (25th), Zamboanga del Norte (26th), Zamboanga Sibugay (36th)
    12. 12. Dapitan CityZamboanga Dipolog City del Norte Zamboanga del Sur ZamboangaZamboanga Sibugay City*** Isabela City
    13. 13. *ISABELA CITY continues to be under the jurisdiction of Basilan for the administration of provincially-devolved services and functions. But for the administration of regional services, the city is part of the Zamboanga Peninsula Region despite the rest of Basilan being under the authority of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).
    14. 14. Dipolog City Pagadian City IpilIsabela City
    15. 15. *Zamboanga del Norte – Dapitan City, Dipolog City*Zamboanga del Sur – Pagadian City*Basilan – Isabela City*Zamboanga City – independent city
    16. 16. **Roman Catholic*Iglesia ni Cristo*Islam*Buddhism
    17. 17. * Total agricultural land area comprised almost half (45.2%) of the entire land area.* Due to the increase in the no. of farms and area planted over 1991 estimates, the average farm size increased from 2.87 ha. (per farm) to 3.11 ha. in 2002.* Area harvested likewise increased by 5.8%. ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE has the highest number of farms. The total farms for the province accounted for 41.2 % of the total farms in the region.
    18. 18. • PALAY is the major temporary crop in the region. Total palay production increased by 2.62%.• COCONUT is the dominant permanent crop.• All provinces have the same top three crops namely, COCONUT, RUBBER & BANANA both in 2002 and 1991.
    19. 19. * Raising of chicken is the primary poultry raising activity. (Zamboanga del Sur contributed most.)* Other agricultural activities:  Ornamental & flower gardening (excluding orchid) are more common.  High percentage increases in mushroom culture & sericulture/silk/cocoon activity
    20. 20. * Male operators dominated the agricultural operation. (30-54 age group)  Implies that gender stereotypes persist within this region.* Majority of the household members engaged in agricultural activity were working in their own holding.
    21. 21. *Coastline is about 43% of Mindanaos total coastline.*Major sea products include tuna, herring sardines, anchovies and mackerel. Shrimps, prawns, lobsters, crabs, squid and cuttlefish also abound.*Zamboanga City Special Economic Zone and Freeport Authority (ZamboEcozone)  Only freeport in Visayas & Mindanao
    22. 22. *#1 in Commercial Fish Production: 357,124.70 mt.*SARDINES CAPITAL of the Philippines  i.e. With companies such as Mega Fishing Corporation based in the region*Supplies 70% of the Philippine domestic requirements for DRIED FISH  Total of 104 big dried fish processors in the region
    23. 23. *Dipolog City in Zamboanga del Norte is renowned for pioneering the production of in-glass or bottled sardines in the country.*Region 9 ranks third in terms of seaweeds production contributing roughly 12% of the total national output.
    24. 24. * Dr. Jose Rizal – Phil. National Hero was exile in Dapitan.* Lt. Col. Alejandro Suarez – A Guerilla who facilitated the landing of American soldier in Tawi-tawi, Siasi and Jolo in 1945.* Vicente Alvarez – Former 1st Pres. In the Republic of Zamboanga during the American and Japanese era.* General “Black Jack” Pershing – A military commander/governor of the Moro Province from 1909 to 1914. And became the Supreme Commander of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during World War I.* Cesar Climaco – A prominent person in the city was elected as a Mayor and pursued the policies of good governance and cleanliness.
    25. 25. * In the latest census count of 2007, the total population of Region 9 reached 3.230 million, up from 2.831 million recorded in census year 2000.* Yearly average increase of 57,000 people* Region IX accounts for 15% of Mindanao’s population and about 3.6% of the national population of 88.6 million.* 1.83% average annual growth rate* Population will reach 3.487 million in 2010 and 4.205 million by 2020.
    26. 26. * 4th smallest region in terms of population in the Philippines* Average of 5.0 persons per household – higher than country’s average of 4.8* Dependency ratio is 70.5% - higher than country’s 66%
    27. 27. *More people reside in rural areas.*There are slightly more males than females.*People with ages 15-64 years old comprised a larger percentage of the population.
    28. 28. *Exports for 2009 amounted to $191.18 million, or a decrease of 49% compared to those generated in the same period in 2008 in the amount of $284.44 million.*Zamboanga Sibugay and Zamboanga City registered increases of 60% and 28% respectively. Zamboanga del Sur registered the highest decrease.
    29. 29. * The reasons for the decrease in exports are the following:* Indirect exports were included in 2008.* The focus in 2009 was on those exports which the DTI Region 9 had direct interventions like market matching, trade fairs, trade missions and marketing consultancy.* But the ZamboEcozone, on top of generous incentives granted to investors and locators, also guarantees free flow, entry ,and movement of machineries and other good tax free within its jurisdiction.
    30. 30. *SUBANON (“people of the river”)* The Subanens are considered the aborigines of Zamboanga, settling in the city before the Spaniards occupied it.* Subanen, derived from Suba (river), means People of the River.* Form a single distinctive cultural and linguistic group and are mostly farmers who grow upland rice, root, and tree crops.* Settlements today are thinly spread over southern Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur, stretching northward, then eastward to the hinterlands of the neighboring province of Misamis Occidental.
    31. 31. *KALIBUGAN* from the Subanon community who submitted themselves to the practice of intermarriages and change of faith (Islam)* Sama-Tausug slang which literally means "half breed”* remain Subanon in speech and in their culture* lack a distinctive political organization* live their lives as subsistence farmers cultivating upland rice, roots, and tree crops
    32. 32. *TAUSUG (“people of the current”)* most politically dominant group in the Sulu Archipelago; formed the Sultanate of Sulu in the 15th century* experienced sailors and are known for their colorful boats or “vintas;” superb warriors and craftsmen* amalgam of different cultures and foreign influence that dates back to as early as the 13th century, when Sulu was trading with China, India, the East Indies, Arabia, and Japan.* Fishing is one occupation many Tausugs are engaged in* plant upland rice inter-cropped with cassava, coconut, abaca, and coffee
    33. 33. *BAJAU (“sea gypsies”)* nomadic, seafaring people, living off the sea by trading and subsistence fishing* erect houses on stilts, and travel using “lepa- lepa,” handmade boats in which many lived* Claims to religious piety and learning are an important source of individual prestige* Originally expert horsemen & known for weaving and needlework skills* ***often intentionally rupture their eardrums at an early age in order to facilitate diving and hunting at sea* The SAMALS originated from this group
    34. 34. *YAKAN* descended from migrating Dayak from Northeast Borneo and Sama from Johore* have Malay features, known as fierce warriors and are primarily farmers* boast of their intricately designed hand- woven cloth no other tribe can imitate* “Folk Islam" -- a combination of Islamic principles and traditional beliefs* prominent person of each community is the Imam who combines birth religion and socio-political leadership* culturally influenced in some respect by the Tausugs
    35. 35. *OTHER ETHNIC GROUPS1. TIRURAY – with clear proto-Malayan features; classified into 3 groups based on subsistence orientation (riverine, coastal, mountain); artistic skill in basket weaving; animistic beliefs; traditionally use dry cultivation; retained religion in spite of proximity to Maguindanao2. MANOBO – traced to Malay people; primitive farming methods; patriarchal way of life; polygamy; animistic beliefs3. MARANAO – “people of the lake;” centered on Lake Lanao; largest Moro & cultural minority in the country; known for Sarimanok, exotic dances and artistry; Muslim; existence of feudal standings4. MAGUINDANAON – “people of the plains;” kulintang music; Muslim; carving and textiles
    36. 36. *CHAVACANO: Spanish-based creole language (derived from the Spanish word "chabacano", meaning "poor taste," "vulgar," "common," "of low quality”)*CEBUANO (Bisaya)*ZAMBOANGUEÑO*MAGUINDANAON*SAMA*SUBANON (Tuboy-Salog; Kanluranin/Siocon; Lapuyan
    37. 37. *Hudyaka Festival – celebrate founding of Zamboanga del Norte*Sibug-Sibug Festival – celebrate founding of Zamboanga Sibugay*Buklog Festival - thanksgiving festival of the Subanen*Kinabayo Festival – held in Dapitan City, Zamboanga del Norte; colorful pageant re-enacting the Spanish-Moorish wars* The Hermosa Festival or the Zamboanga La Hermosa Festival or popularly known as Fiesta Pilar (held each year in Zamboanga City)  Held in honor of the miraculous image of Our Lady of the Pillar, the patroness of Zamboanga City which is held every October 12*Megayon Festival - highlights the cultural diversity of the three groups of people that populate Zamboanga del Sur  Unique cultural dances, traditional costumes
    38. 38. * Art: weaving, basketry, metalwork, basketry* Music: kulintang ensemble (gandingan, dabakan, etc.)* Farming and fishing are the main economic activities of the region.* It also has rice and corn mills, oil processing, coffee berry processing and processing of latex from rubber.* Its home industries include rattan and furniture craft, basket making, weaving and brass work.
    39. 39. * RIZAL SHRINE, Dapitan - The original estate purchased by Dr. Rizal during his exile from 1892 to 1896. Contains a number of historic structures and a collection of Rizal memorabilia. (C)
    40. 40. A landscaped park providing an oasis of greenery right in the center of Dipolog City. It is a converging point for many people from all walks of life for simple strolling and relaxing. The hectare sized lot just beside the City Hall and fronting the Holy Rosary Cathedral is an ideal place for small outdoor meetings in a nature setting.Magsaysay Park
    41. 41. JapaneseLocated at Barangay Memorial Dicayas in Dipolog City, ParkJapanese Memorial Park is one of themajor componentsof the highlysuccessful tourism industry not only in the city, but also in theentire province of Zamboanga del Norte. In terms ofsignificance, the place is very much valuableto the people of thearea because it serves as a constant reminder of the rich historyand colorful past of the area.
    42. 42. Barangay Minaog’s Miss Universe ParkThis park was name after the Miss Universe BeautyPageant of 1996 was held partly in both Cities of Dipologand Dapitan.
    43. 43. ZAMBOANGA DEL SURFORT PILAR, Zamboanga- Built in 1635 to repel foreigners and Moros, thehistoric fort now contains a museum.
    44. 44. ZAMBOANGADEL NORTEST. JAMES CHURCH AND CATHOLICRECTORY, Dapitan City- The old Spanish masonary andarchitecture are still recognizable.
    45. 45. 3003 STEPS TO LINABO PEAK, Dipolog City- Fourteen Stations of the Cross punctuate theroute to the summit.
    46. 46. HOLY ROSARYCATHEDRAL,Dipolog City- Erected in 1895, the altarwas designed by Dr. JoseRizal.
    47. 47. Sungkilaw falls is an awesome falls that lies beneath themountains of Diwan, Dipolog City. It boasts a spring on theeast part that flows to a very rapid fall down to a river. Sungkilaw falls
    48. 48. Sicayab Cliff is among Dipolog’s natural wonders, like LinaboPeak and Sungkilaw Falls, flocked by visitors and tourists forthe undisturbed work Mother nature has been doing on themfor thousands of years. Sicayab Cliff
    49. 49. * Events/Celebration:Sibug-Sibug Festival – Feb. 23, Zamboanga SibugayKutsitsa Festival – April 26, Molave, ZamboangaZambulawan Festival – June 20, Pagadian CityMegayon Festival – September 27-30Kinabayo Festival – July 25, Dapitan CityKatkat Sakripisyo – March 24-25, Dipolog CityPagsalabuk Festival – May 24, Dipolog CityLinggo ng Zamboanga del Norte & “Sardines & Mango Festival” – June1-6, Dipolog CityLa Hermosa Festival – October 1-31, Zamboanga City
    50. 50. *END