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Japanese Arts and Music


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This is a presentation of different Japanese Arts like painting, sculpture, ukiyoe and others. It includes the Japanese music and different instrument and the different Japanese dance and also theatre performances like Noh, kabuki and puppet show

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Japanese Arts and Music

  1. 3. Paintings <ul><li>Scroll Painting (Emaki) </li></ul><ul><li>Screen and Partition Painting (Shoheiga) </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist Painting (Batsuga) </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Painting (Suibokuga) </li></ul><ul><li>Literal Painting (Bunjinga) </li></ul>
  2. 4. Scroll Painting (Emaki) <ul><li>Sometimes called ekotoba </li></ul><ul><li>contains pictures rendered on a handscroll which opens horizontally </li></ul><ul><li>They sometimes contain written explanatory comments ( kotobagaki ) </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to be viewed in sequence when unrolled from right to left. </li></ul>
  3. 5. Heiji Monogatari Emaki (Illustrated Stories about the Heiji Civil War)
  4. 6. Genji Monogatari Emaki (The Tale of Genji Handscroll)
  5. 7. Screen and Partition Painting (Shoheiga) <ul><li>“ shoheiga&quot; includes pictorial decoration applied either to partitions ( shoheki ) or to screens ( byobu ) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;partition decoration&quot; ( shohekiga ) denotes paintings on tsuitate (single-leaf screens), fusuma (sliding door or wall panels), ceiling panels , and cryptomeria doors as well as paintings on paper applied to walls </li></ul>
  6. 8. Screen Painting of Kyoto and Environs
  7. 10. <ul><li>Refers to mandalas and painted representations of Buddhist deities used as objects of worship </li></ul><ul><li>It refers to all paintings that have some relationship to Buddhism </li></ul>Buddhist Painting (Batsuga)
  8. 11. Ryokai Mandara (Mandalas of the Two Realms) Kongokai mandara
  9. 12. <ul><li>These are paintings done in black ink (sumi), in which nuances are expressed through variations in brush techniques and through contrasted shadings of ink. </li></ul>Ink Painting (Suibokuga)
  10. 13. Landscape of Autumn and Winter Hawks and Pines
  11. 14. <ul><li>This genre includes paintings produced by intellectuals as a hobby or a complement to their literary interests. </li></ul>Literal Painting (Bunjinga)
  12. 16. <ul><li>literally, &quot;pictures of the floating world“ </li></ul><ul><li>Paintings depicting manners and customs done on many fusuma (sliding partitions) </li></ul><ul><li>Originated with the experiments of producing woodblock prints of beautiful women. </li></ul>Ukiyoe
  13. 19. Sculpture <ul><li>called a &quot;material-dependent art&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>made from bronze or a single piece of wood </li></ul><ul><li>and had Buddhist connotation </li></ul>
  14. 22. <ul><li>The earliest forms of music were drums and flute music </li></ul><ul><li>gagaku ancient court music </li></ul><ul><li>Sho (free-reed mouth organ), hichiriki (cyndrical oboe),the biwa lute, and the koto zither. </li></ul><ul><li>shamisen (three-stringed plucked lute) </li></ul>Japanese Music
  15. 23. Gagaku Performance
  16. 24. Sho The upper part has 17 bamboo pipes of different lengths . Hichiriki It is a single bamboo pipe about 18 cm long with 7 finger-holes on the front and 2 on the back. Thin strips of cherry bark are wrapped around it between the holes . Instrument Used In Gagaku Court Music
  17. 25. Instrument Used In Gagaku Court Music Gakuso formally called So Gakubiwi 4-stringed lute
  18. 27. Japanese Dance <ul><li>Kagura (dance of the gods) is the oldest form of dance in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Gigaku , masked dance-drama </li></ul><ul><li>Bugaku (court dance) </li></ul><ul><li>Sarugaku , an acrobatic or circus-like performance </li></ul><ul><li>Shinbuyo , New Dance </li></ul>
  19. 28. Kagura Dance
  20. 29. Gigaku Dance
  21. 30. Bugaku Dance
  22. 32. Kabuki <ul><li>designed to entertain an audience with dramatic dialogue and dance of male actors </li></ul><ul><li>accompanied by drums, flutes, stringed instruments called shamisen and chanting </li></ul><ul><li>plays to the rapid clapping of wooden clappers </li></ul><ul><li>average length of a performance is (5) five hours, including intermissions </li></ul>
  23. 35. Noh and Kyogan <ul><li>a poetic dance-drama performed in ancient language with highly ritualized movements along </li></ul><ul><li>Kyogen are straightforward plays dealing with ordinary people in the real world </li></ul><ul><li>a wooden structure with a Shinto shrine-style curved roof (no stage curtain ) </li></ul>
  24. 36. Noh and Kyogan <ul><li>Actors are not more than three and plays two 30-minute comic kyogen in between play </li></ul><ul><li>themes are generally Buddhist, </li></ul><ul><li>the main message is that man should not become attached to the world, for it is a world of illusion </li></ul>
  25. 39. Bunraku <ul><li>a sophisticated puppet theater written and performed for adult audiences with cultivated sensibilities </li></ul><ul><li>puppets are one-half to full life-size. </li></ul><ul><li>Each major character is jointly manipulated by 3 puppeteers, who appear on stage in full view of the audience. </li></ul>
  26. 40. Bunraku <ul><li>The main puppeteer generally appears bare-faced, while the others are &quot;invisible&quot; in black hoods. </li></ul><ul><li>The main puppeteer manipulates the eyelids, eyeballs, eyebrows, mouth, and the right arm. </li></ul><ul><li>A first assistant operates the left arm only, and a second assistant the legs. </li></ul>
  27. 42. THE END Venus and Cindy