By: Chenoweth LimSupporting the fighters, admiring the survivors, honoring thetaken, and never ever giving up hope
What your • Your thyroid is a glandthyroid is… located in your neck just below your adams apple and right above your shoulder bones. The thyroid is shaped like a butterfly, that is why there is a butterfly on the thyroid cancer ribbon.
How many types of thyroid cancer are there?• There are 4 types of thyroid cancer.1. Papillary2. Follicular3. Medullary4. Anaplastic
Papillary Cancer• Papillary cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer. 75% to 85% cases of thyroid cancer are papillary. It is most common in women between the ages of 30-50. It also has the best survival rate.
Medullary Cancer• Medullary cancer originates from the parafollicular cells. Medullary tumors are the 3rd most common of all thyroid cancers. It makes up 3% of all thyroid cancer cases. Medullary carcinoma has a much lower cure rate than papillary and follicular, but cure rates are higher than anaplastic.
Follicular Cancer• Women are three times more likely than men to get follicular cancer. It usually occurs between the ages of 40-60. Follicular cancer begins in the follicular cells and grows slowly. It can be treated successfully if diagnosed at an early stage.
Anaplastic Cancer• Anaplastic cancer is most common in older people 65 and older. It is the most rare and aggressive type of thyroid cancer. Survival rates are very low and usually death occurs within a year of diagnosis.
What is the most common type of thyroid cancer?• Papillary and follicular, or a mixture of both are the most common. They usually are slow growing and have a high survival rate. Papillary is now one of the top 10 most common cancers in the U.S.
What is the most aggressive type of thyroid cancer?• Anaplastic is the most aggressive, it is also the most rare. It is found mostly in those who are 65 or older. Sadly in most cases death occurs in less than a year.
Symptoms…1. A lump in the front or side of your neck2. Hoarseness or change in your voice3. Difficulty swallowing or breathing4. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck5. Pain in the throat or neck
What are your lymph nodes?• Lymph nodes are bean- shaped glands that are located all over your body. Thyroid cancer can sometimes spread to the lymph nodes in your neck. The purpose of your lymph nodes is to filter bacteria, cancer cells, and other foreign cells that travel through the lymphatic system.
Causes…• The exact cause of thyroid cancer is not know yet. Though certain change in your DNA can cause cells to be cancerous. Radiation also increases the risk of getting thyroid cancer. Exposure may come from, radiation to the neck and radiation exposure from nuclear power plant.
Treatment options…• Surgery is always the best way to go. It gives you a better chance of complete cure if the tumor is removed before if spreads anywhere else. Even if it has spread to your lymph nodes, you can get them removed. Another treatment option is radioiodine therapy. It uses radioactive iodine to destroy all disease left over in cells. You can also do chemotherapy.
Best place for treatment…• MD Anderson is the best place you can go for treatment. It is located in Houston Texas. They have an Endocrine center that provides specialized diagnosis and treatment for a diverse group of disorders. Thyroid cancer is one of the diverse disorders. MD Anderson also specializes in other cancers and have centers for them. There are other locations outside of Texas. Such as, Albuquerque New Mexico, Orlando Florida, Phoenix Arizona, and international ones in Turkey and Madrid Spain.
What involves surgery of the thyroid involve…• Lobectomy: A Lobectomy is where • Lymph node dissection: A lymph only one lobe of the thyroid is node dissection involves the removed. This is usually done when cancerous lymph nodes in the there is cancer in only one part of center or sides of your neck to be your thyroid. Replacement thyroid medication may be required after removed. surgery. • Parathyroid gland autographing:• Total Thyroidectomy: A total There are 4 to 5 pea-sized glands thyroidectomy is where both lobes that are located on each corner of of the thyroid gland are removed. the thyroid. Your parathyroid keeps Because the entire thyroid is the calcium in your blood at a removed, the patient must take normal level. So occasionally a replacement thyroid medication for the rest of their lives. parathyroid may be inside of your thyroid, and is removed during surgery
Complications of surgery…1. Infection or bleeding2. Hoarseness in voice due to the nerves behind your thyroid gland becoming injured. Hoarseness may get better over time, but sometimes its permanent3. Difficulty swallowing4. Injury to the parathyroid glands
Life without a thyroid…• Yes, it is possible to live without a thyroid. People who have had their entire thyroid removed can live long and normal lives. Its only necessary to take one thyroid hormone pill a day and have occasional blood tests to check the thyroid hormone level.