SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 36
Prepared by: Monica San Juan
• Begin in the 19th century as a pragmatic view of
history that offered the working classes of society
an opportunity to change their world
• It offered humanity a social, political, economic,
and cultural understanding of the nature of
reality, society and the individual.
• Root of Marxist literary
theory
• Born in Tier, Germany in
1818
• His writings became the
basis of Marxism
Approach.
• Died on 14 March 1883
Marxism
Our place in the
society determine
our consciousness
study the
relationship between
a text and the
society that reads it.
focuses
on class relations
and societal conflict
People’s
experiences are
responsible for
shaping and
developing an
individual personal’s
consciousness
Works
of
Marx
German
Ideology
Das Capital
The
Communist
Manifesto
• Marx declares that “consciousness does not
determine life: life determines consciousness.”
• Humans define themselves.
• He said that our ideas and concepts about
ourselves fashioned in everyday discourse in the
language of real life.
• Core belief of Marxism
• Marx believed that society had progressed from one
economic system to another
• As society progresses from a feudal system to a more
market-based economy, the actual process from
producing, distributing, and consuming goods becomes
more complex
• People’s functions within the economic system become
differentiated.
1. Base
Engenders and controls all human institutions and
ideologies
2. Superstructure
All social and legal institutions, political and
educational systems, religions, and art
Feudalism
(Social System)
Capitalism
(Production for profit)
Socialism
(Social Ownership)
Communism
(Society’s ultimate goal “the worker’s paradise”)
Proletariat
• class of society which
does not have ownership
of the means of
production.
Bourgeoisie
• wealthy class that rules
society.
• States that the history of all existing societies is
the history of class struggle
• They declare that the capitalists, or the
bourgeoisie, had successfully enslaved the
working class, or the proletariat through
economic policies and production of goods.
• History became the basis for 20th century
Marxism, socialism, and communism
• History, an understanding of people and their
actions and beliefs is determined by economic
conditions.
• Marx maintains that an intricate web of social
relationships emerges when any group of people
engage in the production of goods.
• The ideology of a society such as the
beliefs, values and culture is determined
by the upper class.
• The rich become richer, while the poor
become poorer
Proponents and their contributions
• G. K. Plehanov – Translated “The Communist
Manifesto”
• Russia – first country to promote Marxist
principles
• Leon Trotsky – became the founding father of
Marxist literary criticism as he authored
Literature and Revolution (1925)
• Believed that a detailed analysis of symbols, images and
other literary devices (formalism) would expose class
conflict and expose the relationship between the
superstructure and the base
• Reflectionism
Approach to literary analysis declaring that texts
directly reflect a society's consciousness
Emphasizing negative effects of capitalism such as
alienation
• Neo-Marxist group devoted to developing western
Marxist principles
• A text reveals a culture’s fragmentation and not its
wholeness
• He said that there is a complex relationship
between the base and the superstructure
• The bourgeoisie establish and maintain what he
calls hegemony
• As sustainers of the economic base, the
dominant class thus enjoys the prestige of the
masses and controls the ideology that shapes
individual consciousness
• Literature actually concerns itself with the
bourgeoisie
• Production Theory
The superstructure can and does influence the base
• Althusser believes that the prevailing ideology
forms the attitudes of people in society through a
process he calls interpellation or “hailing the
subject.”
• The people’s worldview is thus craftily shaped by
a complex network of messages sent to them
through the elements contained in the
superstructure, including the arts.
• Fredric Jameson believes that the function of
literary analysis is to uncover the political
unconscious present in a text.
He said that all critics must be aware of their own
ideology when analyzing a text and must therefore
possess dialectical self-awareness.
• Terry Eagleton
Believes that literature is neither a product of pure
inspiration nor the product of the author's feelings.
Literature is a product of an ideology. This ideology is a
result of the social interactions that occur between
people in definite times and locations.
The critic’s task is to reconstruct an author’s ideology.
• Marxism is not primarily a literary theory that can
be used to interpret a text.
• It is a set of social, economic, and political ideas
that its followers believe will enable them to
interpret and more importantly, change the world.
• Marxism is material, not spiritual.
• All of our actions and responses to such
activities are related in some way to our culture.
• In order to understand ourselves and our world,
we must first acknowledge the interrelatedness
of all our actions within the society.
• It is our cultural and our social circumstances
that determine who we are.
• The structure of our society is built on a series of
ongoing conflicts between social classes.
• Capitalists control the society’s ideology or social
consciousness (hegemony)
• The focus of literature is the relationship of a
society’s superstructure to other elements and to
the base.
• Marxism addresses the cry of working class
Marxism
Class
Struggle
Ideology
expressed
by author
Bourgeoisie
vs.
Proletariat
• Concerns for the working classes and the
individual
• Recognizing the interrelatedness of all human
activities
• Deals with more than the conventional literary
themes, matters of style, plot, characterization
and the usual emphasis on figures of speech and
other literary devices
1. Author’s life
2. Time/period in which the text was written
3. Cultural milieu
4. Ideology expressed by the author
• Expressed by the author, as evidenced through
his or her fictional world, and how this ideology
interacts with the reader’s personal ideology.
• Expose class conflict with the dominant class
and its ideology being imposed
• The task of the critic is to uncover the ideology
and show how such a destructive ideology
entraps the working classes and oppresses them
in every area of their lives.
• A critic may begin by showing how an author’s
text reflects his or her ideology through an
examination of the fictional world’s characters.
Setting, society, or any other aspect of the text.
• It could also be by examining the history and the
culture of the times reflected in the text
1. Is there an outright rejection of socialism in the
work?
2. Does the text raise fundamental criticism about
the emptiness of life in bourgeois society?
3. In portraying society, what approximation of
totality does the author achieve? What is
emphasized? What is ignored?
4. How well is the fate of the individual linked
organically to the nature of societal forces?
What are the work’s conflicting forces?
5. At what points are actions or solutions to
problems forced or unreal?
6. Are characters from all social levels equally well
sketched?
7. What are the values of each class in the work?
8. What is valued most? Sacrifice? Assent?
Resistance?
9. How clearly do narratives of disillusionment and
defeat indicate that bourgeoisie values
(competition, acquisitiveness, chauvism) are
incompatible with human happiness?
10.Does the protagonist defend or defect from the
dominant values of society? Are those values in
ascendancy or decay?

More Related Content

What's hot

Marxism & capitalism
Marxism & capitalismMarxism & capitalism
Marxism & capitalismemclem
 
Feminist theory
Feminist theoryFeminist theory
Feminist theoryMod Salik
 
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - MARXISM
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - MARXISMPOLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - MARXISM
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - MARXISMGeorge Dumitrache
 
Marxism by Rameez Ahmed
Marxism by Rameez AhmedMarxism by Rameez Ahmed
Marxism by Rameez AhmedRameez Ahmed
 
Marxism and its ideology
Marxism and its ideologyMarxism and its ideology
Marxism and its ideologyzehra durgun
 
Critical theory
Critical theoryCritical theory
Critical theoryWHS
 
Critical Theory - Frankfurt School
Critical Theory - Frankfurt SchoolCritical Theory - Frankfurt School
Critical Theory - Frankfurt SchoolAsif Sultan Razu
 
Feminism (Feminist Critical Approach)
Feminism (Feminist Critical Approach)Feminism (Feminist Critical Approach)
Feminism (Feminist Critical Approach)Jennefer Edrozo
 
Ideologies – an introduction
Ideologies – an introductionIdeologies – an introduction
Ideologies – an introductionmrpanaccio
 
Literary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: Structuralism
Literary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: StructuralismLiterary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: Structuralism
Literary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: StructuralismMansa Daby
 
Theory postmodernism
Theory postmodernismTheory postmodernism
Theory postmodernismJohn Bradford
 
Post-structuralism and deconstruction
Post-structuralism and deconstructionPost-structuralism and deconstruction
Post-structuralism and deconstructionMustafa Yousufi
 
Feminist criticism final
Feminist criticism finalFeminist criticism final
Feminist criticism finalLinda Hairani
 

What's hot (20)

Marxism & capitalism
Marxism & capitalismMarxism & capitalism
Marxism & capitalism
 
Feminist theory
Feminist theoryFeminist theory
Feminist theory
 
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - MARXISM
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - MARXISMPOLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - MARXISM
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - MARXISM
 
Marxism
Marxism Marxism
Marxism
 
Feminism Theory
Feminism TheoryFeminism Theory
Feminism Theory
 
Marxism by Rameez Ahmed
Marxism by Rameez AhmedMarxism by Rameez Ahmed
Marxism by Rameez Ahmed
 
Marxism and its ideology
Marxism and its ideologyMarxism and its ideology
Marxism and its ideology
 
Post Structuralism
Post StructuralismPost Structuralism
Post Structuralism
 
Post Structuralism
Post StructuralismPost Structuralism
Post Structuralism
 
Critical theory
Critical theoryCritical theory
Critical theory
 
Structuralism ppt
Structuralism pptStructuralism ppt
Structuralism ppt
 
Critical Theory - Frankfurt School
Critical Theory - Frankfurt SchoolCritical Theory - Frankfurt School
Critical Theory - Frankfurt School
 
Feminism (Feminist Critical Approach)
Feminism (Feminist Critical Approach)Feminism (Feminist Critical Approach)
Feminism (Feminist Critical Approach)
 
Ideologies – an introduction
Ideologies – an introductionIdeologies – an introduction
Ideologies – an introduction
 
Literary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: Structuralism
Literary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: StructuralismLiterary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: Structuralism
Literary Theory & Criticism pt. 2: Structuralism
 
Development of sociology
Development of sociologyDevelopment of sociology
Development of sociology
 
Theory postmodernism
Theory postmodernismTheory postmodernism
Theory postmodernism
 
Post-structuralism and deconstruction
Post-structuralism and deconstructionPost-structuralism and deconstruction
Post-structuralism and deconstruction
 
Structuralism
StructuralismStructuralism
Structuralism
 
Feminist criticism final
Feminist criticism finalFeminist criticism final
Feminist criticism final
 

Similar to Marxism presentation

Marxism presentation
Marxism presentationMarxism presentation
Marxism presentationDhi Qar
 
Marxism, Femnism and Postcolonial Literry Criticism
Marxism, Femnism and Postcolonial Literry CriticismMarxism, Femnism and Postcolonial Literry Criticism
Marxism, Femnism and Postcolonial Literry CriticismDawitDibekulu
 
MARXIST CRITICISM - Literary Critism.pdf
MARXIST CRITICISM - Literary Critism.pdfMARXIST CRITICISM - Literary Critism.pdf
MARXIST CRITICISM - Literary Critism.pdfJamesAlexanderDeza
 
Introduction to literary theories
Introduction to literary theoriesIntroduction to literary theories
Introduction to literary theoriespascenglishdept
 
Marxism by Karl Marx
Marxism by Karl MarxMarxism by Karl Marx
Marxism by Karl MarxZia ullah
 
understanding culture society and poltics
understanding culture society and polticsunderstanding culture society and poltics
understanding culture society and polticsGladys Digol
 
Literary Criticism, III, Marxist criticism
Literary Criticism, III, Marxist criticismLiterary Criticism, III, Marxist criticism
Literary Criticism, III, Marxist criticismMohammed Raiyah
 
Marxist literary criticism
Marxist literary criticismMarxist literary criticism
Marxist literary criticismDanika Barker
 
Marxism and sons and lovers
Marxism and sons and loversMarxism and sons and lovers
Marxism and sons and loversAlexander Decker
 
Marxist critical inquiry 2
Marxist critical inquiry 2Marxist critical inquiry 2
Marxist critical inquiry 2Abdullah Saleem
 

Similar to Marxism presentation (20)

Marxism presentation
Marxism presentationMarxism presentation
Marxism presentation
 
Marxism lecture
Marxism lectureMarxism lecture
Marxism lecture
 
Pioneers of sociology
Pioneers of sociologyPioneers of sociology
Pioneers of sociology
 
Marxism, Femnism and Postcolonial Literry Criticism
Marxism, Femnism and Postcolonial Literry CriticismMarxism, Femnism and Postcolonial Literry Criticism
Marxism, Femnism and Postcolonial Literry Criticism
 
MARXIST CRITICISM - Literary Critism.pdf
MARXIST CRITICISM - Literary Critism.pdfMARXIST CRITICISM - Literary Critism.pdf
MARXIST CRITICISM - Literary Critism.pdf
 
Introduction to literary theories
Introduction to literary theoriesIntroduction to literary theories
Introduction to literary theories
 
Marxism by Karl Marx
Marxism by Karl MarxMarxism by Karl Marx
Marxism by Karl Marx
 
Marxism-2.pptx
Marxism-2.pptxMarxism-2.pptx
Marxism-2.pptx
 
ssu 3207
ssu 3207ssu 3207
ssu 3207
 
Marxism.pptx
Marxism.pptxMarxism.pptx
Marxism.pptx
 
understanding culture society and poltics
understanding culture society and polticsunderstanding culture society and poltics
understanding culture society and poltics
 
Marxist theory
Marxist theoryMarxist theory
Marxist theory
 
Marxism theory
Marxism theoryMarxism theory
Marxism theory
 
Neo-Marxian Approach.pdf
Neo-Marxian Approach.pdfNeo-Marxian Approach.pdf
Neo-Marxian Approach.pdf
 
Literary Criticism, III, Marxist criticism
Literary Criticism, III, Marxist criticismLiterary Criticism, III, Marxist criticism
Literary Criticism, III, Marxist criticism
 
Marxist literary criticism
Marxist literary criticismMarxist literary criticism
Marxist literary criticism
 
Marxism and sons and lovers
Marxism and sons and loversMarxism and sons and lovers
Marxism and sons and lovers
 
Soc 462, 2nd week slides
Soc 462, 2nd week slidesSoc 462, 2nd week slides
Soc 462, 2nd week slides
 
Marxist critical inquiry 2
Marxist critical inquiry 2Marxist critical inquiry 2
Marxist critical inquiry 2
 
OER Chapter 1 - Introduction to Sociology
OER Chapter 1 - Introduction to SociologyOER Chapter 1 - Introduction to Sociology
OER Chapter 1 - Introduction to Sociology
 

More from San Juan

A tale of two cities report
A tale of two cities reportA tale of two cities report
A tale of two cities reportSan Juan
 
Crime and punishment presentation
Crime and punishment presentationCrime and punishment presentation
Crime and punishment presentationSan Juan
 
The 21st century teacher
The 21st century teacherThe 21st century teacher
The 21st century teacherSan Juan
 
Audio lingual approach1
Audio lingual approach1Audio lingual approach1
Audio lingual approach1San Juan
 
Community language learning
Community language learningCommunity language learning
Community language learningSan Juan
 
Socio cultural change (1)
Socio cultural change (1)Socio cultural change (1)
Socio cultural change (1)San Juan
 
Romanticism
RomanticismRomanticism
RomanticismSan Juan
 
Nativist theory
Nativist theoryNativist theory
Nativist theorySan Juan
 

More from San Juan (8)

A tale of two cities report
A tale of two cities reportA tale of two cities report
A tale of two cities report
 
Crime and punishment presentation
Crime and punishment presentationCrime and punishment presentation
Crime and punishment presentation
 
The 21st century teacher
The 21st century teacherThe 21st century teacher
The 21st century teacher
 
Audio lingual approach1
Audio lingual approach1Audio lingual approach1
Audio lingual approach1
 
Community language learning
Community language learningCommunity language learning
Community language learning
 
Socio cultural change (1)
Socio cultural change (1)Socio cultural change (1)
Socio cultural change (1)
 
Romanticism
RomanticismRomanticism
Romanticism
 
Nativist theory
Nativist theoryNativist theory
Nativist theory
 

Recently uploaded

Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdfVirtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdfErwinPantujan2
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITYISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITYKayeClaireEstoconing
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...JhezDiaz1
 
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.pptIntegumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.pptshraddhaparab530
 
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptxBarangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptxCarlos105
 
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPWhat is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptxMusic 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptxleah joy valeriano
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture honsFood processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture honsManeerUddin
 
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...Postal Advocate Inc.
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONHumphrey A Beña
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parentsnavabharathschool99
 
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Full Stack Web Development Course for Beginners
Full Stack Web Development Course  for BeginnersFull Stack Web Development Course  for Beginners
Full Stack Web Development Course for BeginnersSabitha Banu
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdfVirtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITYISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
ISYU TUNGKOL SA SEKSWLADIDA (ISSUE ABOUT SEXUALITY
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
ENGLISH 7_Q4_LESSON 2_ Employing a Variety of Strategies for Effective Interp...
 
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.pptIntegumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
 
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptxBarangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC) Orientation.pptx
 
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxYOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERPWhat is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
What is Model Inheritance in Odoo 17 ERP
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptxMusic 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
 
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture honsFood processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
Food processing presentation for bsc agriculture hons
 
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
USPS® Forced Meter Migration - How to Know if Your Postage Meter Will Soon be...
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
 
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
Field Attribute Index Feature in Odoo 17
 
Full Stack Web Development Course for Beginners
Full Stack Web Development Course  for BeginnersFull Stack Web Development Course  for Beginners
Full Stack Web Development Course for Beginners
 

Marxism presentation

  • 2.
  • 3. • Begin in the 19th century as a pragmatic view of history that offered the working classes of society an opportunity to change their world • It offered humanity a social, political, economic, and cultural understanding of the nature of reality, society and the individual.
  • 4. • Root of Marxist literary theory • Born in Tier, Germany in 1818 • His writings became the basis of Marxism Approach. • Died on 14 March 1883
  • 5. Marxism Our place in the society determine our consciousness study the relationship between a text and the society that reads it. focuses on class relations and societal conflict People’s experiences are responsible for shaping and developing an individual personal’s consciousness
  • 7. • Marx declares that “consciousness does not determine life: life determines consciousness.” • Humans define themselves. • He said that our ideas and concepts about ourselves fashioned in everyday discourse in the language of real life.
  • 8. • Core belief of Marxism • Marx believed that society had progressed from one economic system to another • As society progresses from a feudal system to a more market-based economy, the actual process from producing, distributing, and consuming goods becomes more complex • People’s functions within the economic system become differentiated.
  • 9. 1. Base Engenders and controls all human institutions and ideologies 2. Superstructure All social and legal institutions, political and educational systems, religions, and art
  • 10. Feudalism (Social System) Capitalism (Production for profit) Socialism (Social Ownership) Communism (Society’s ultimate goal “the worker’s paradise”)
  • 11. Proletariat • class of society which does not have ownership of the means of production. Bourgeoisie • wealthy class that rules society.
  • 12. • States that the history of all existing societies is the history of class struggle • They declare that the capitalists, or the bourgeoisie, had successfully enslaved the working class, or the proletariat through economic policies and production of goods.
  • 13. • History became the basis for 20th century Marxism, socialism, and communism • History, an understanding of people and their actions and beliefs is determined by economic conditions. • Marx maintains that an intricate web of social relationships emerges when any group of people engage in the production of goods.
  • 14. • The ideology of a society such as the beliefs, values and culture is determined by the upper class. • The rich become richer, while the poor become poorer
  • 15.
  • 16. Proponents and their contributions
  • 17. • G. K. Plehanov – Translated “The Communist Manifesto” • Russia – first country to promote Marxist principles • Leon Trotsky – became the founding father of Marxist literary criticism as he authored Literature and Revolution (1925)
  • 18. • Believed that a detailed analysis of symbols, images and other literary devices (formalism) would expose class conflict and expose the relationship between the superstructure and the base • Reflectionism Approach to literary analysis declaring that texts directly reflect a society's consciousness Emphasizing negative effects of capitalism such as alienation
  • 19. • Neo-Marxist group devoted to developing western Marxist principles • A text reveals a culture’s fragmentation and not its wholeness
  • 20. • He said that there is a complex relationship between the base and the superstructure • The bourgeoisie establish and maintain what he calls hegemony • As sustainers of the economic base, the dominant class thus enjoys the prestige of the masses and controls the ideology that shapes individual consciousness • Literature actually concerns itself with the bourgeoisie
  • 21. • Production Theory The superstructure can and does influence the base • Althusser believes that the prevailing ideology forms the attitudes of people in society through a process he calls interpellation or “hailing the subject.” • The people’s worldview is thus craftily shaped by a complex network of messages sent to them through the elements contained in the superstructure, including the arts.
  • 22. • Fredric Jameson believes that the function of literary analysis is to uncover the political unconscious present in a text. He said that all critics must be aware of their own ideology when analyzing a text and must therefore possess dialectical self-awareness.
  • 23. • Terry Eagleton Believes that literature is neither a product of pure inspiration nor the product of the author's feelings. Literature is a product of an ideology. This ideology is a result of the social interactions that occur between people in definite times and locations. The critic’s task is to reconstruct an author’s ideology.
  • 24.
  • 25. • Marxism is not primarily a literary theory that can be used to interpret a text. • It is a set of social, economic, and political ideas that its followers believe will enable them to interpret and more importantly, change the world.
  • 26. • Marxism is material, not spiritual. • All of our actions and responses to such activities are related in some way to our culture. • In order to understand ourselves and our world, we must first acknowledge the interrelatedness of all our actions within the society. • It is our cultural and our social circumstances that determine who we are.
  • 27. • The structure of our society is built on a series of ongoing conflicts between social classes. • Capitalists control the society’s ideology or social consciousness (hegemony) • The focus of literature is the relationship of a society’s superstructure to other elements and to the base. • Marxism addresses the cry of working class
  • 28.
  • 30. • Concerns for the working classes and the individual • Recognizing the interrelatedness of all human activities • Deals with more than the conventional literary themes, matters of style, plot, characterization and the usual emphasis on figures of speech and other literary devices
  • 31. 1. Author’s life 2. Time/period in which the text was written 3. Cultural milieu 4. Ideology expressed by the author
  • 32. • Expressed by the author, as evidenced through his or her fictional world, and how this ideology interacts with the reader’s personal ideology. • Expose class conflict with the dominant class and its ideology being imposed
  • 33. • The task of the critic is to uncover the ideology and show how such a destructive ideology entraps the working classes and oppresses them in every area of their lives. • A critic may begin by showing how an author’s text reflects his or her ideology through an examination of the fictional world’s characters. Setting, society, or any other aspect of the text. • It could also be by examining the history and the culture of the times reflected in the text
  • 34. 1. Is there an outright rejection of socialism in the work? 2. Does the text raise fundamental criticism about the emptiness of life in bourgeois society? 3. In portraying society, what approximation of totality does the author achieve? What is emphasized? What is ignored? 4. How well is the fate of the individual linked organically to the nature of societal forces? What are the work’s conflicting forces?
  • 35. 5. At what points are actions or solutions to problems forced or unreal? 6. Are characters from all social levels equally well sketched? 7. What are the values of each class in the work? 8. What is valued most? Sacrifice? Assent? Resistance?
  • 36. 9. How clearly do narratives of disillusionment and defeat indicate that bourgeoisie values (competition, acquisitiveness, chauvism) are incompatible with human happiness? 10.Does the protagonist defend or defect from the dominant values of society? Are those values in ascendancy or decay?

Editor's Notes

  1. Sir I can’t get the meaning of dialectical materialism.