Richer Interactions And Experiences Over Mobile Phone


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Richer Interactions And Experiences Over Mobile Phone

  1. 1. Richer Interactions and Experiences Over Mobile Phone ABSTRACT: interactions that happen with other users. This would make This paper elucidates the need for better interaction design the gap between the user needs and services become less and interface in mobile phones while witnessing enormous and help have richer interactions. growth in the mobile utility. There is a gap at present in the interactivity and usability in mobile phone usage in the As a part of class work project we considered the mobile developing countries. The paper discusses about the user phone usage, the interactions that happen through the research conducted on the mobile phone conversations mobile phones as our problem statement. With a team of trying to get patterns of the user needs and interactions in two, we have done a user research considering Shadowing an Indian setting. We have come up with concepts that [1] as our tool. This approach cannot be considered entirely would enhance the user experience, giving richer as shadowing as we observed the users, recorded their interactions to the user. conversations without their notice. However we are not using the information unethically and for any personal Categories and Subject Descriptors: gains. H.5.2 User Interfaces: Interaction styles, User-centered design. We observed the patterns in the conversations of different demographics and found some key categories of the Keywords: Interaction, Mobile Interface, Shadowing, conversations over the mobile phones. From the above User Research patterns we could brainstorm and generate considerable number of concepts focusing on the user needs. In this 1. INTRODUCTION: paper we have discussed about the process and results in detail. Mobile usage is tremendously increasing in the developing countries. The low cost technologies, the busy work 2. USER RESEARCH AND schedule, the improving infrastructure, are some of the OBSERVATIONS: reasons for this increase. However, the diverse cultures, varied economic classes of people especially like India and In the process of user research we considered south Asian countries make it a difficult task for the mobile “Shadowing“[1] as our major technique and also a survey companies (both service providers and manufacturing form to record the observations. We observed close to 150 companies) to understand the user needs and interactions users [2] at various locations in the city at varied timings that happen over the mobile. The services provided to the and situations. We recorded users are yet to catch up with the pace of the mobile phones spread into the people. Also with the available the conversations, infrastructure (bandwidth, coverage) the services that are provided by the companies are mostly unused or not the demographic information, effective. the mood of the user, Interaction is about communication between human and human through different media or products, it is sometimes the appearance the communication in isolation with products as well. The the duration of the call, process of exploring and producing creative solutions regarding these interactions is called Interaction design. the time of call, to get more insights. The main focus of our Hence there is a great need to understand the user behavior, observations was to identify the pattern in the mobile the interactions with the mobile devices as well as the conversations, the unnoticed need of the user, the problems
  2. 2. faced by the user in using the mobile phones, or any other Keeping above patterns into consideration we did ideation problem faced by the user with respect to the service. Of all and came up with 30+ concepts of which we selected 10 the 150 conversations, most of them were recorded in ideas for next level. multiple languages; however we could translate into English for easy understanding. We tried to connect the Considering the feasibility, cost and impact we could come user’s appearance, the mood, the situation with the kind of down to 5 ideas which would enhance the mobile phone conversations and interactions with the mobile phone. Due interactions of the users. to ethical reasons we are not providing the pictures of the users. 3. ANALYSIS: 4. CONCEPTS: After compiling the recorded data, we identified the key 4.1 Sharing Experiences over mobile words or the main intent of the conversation. All the key phones. words from the conversation were grouped accordingly under the main categories. Some main categories evolved We all go through different situations every day. Each after many iterations and discussions. We could find the event leaves an experience and a feeling in us. It can be a relations among the categories to form a strong structure. happy, sad, excitement, disgusted etc. any kind of feeling. This brought a holistic view of the entire observations and We all would like to share it with someone close to us we could find the patterns in the users’ mobile phone instantly and might not be able to have a voice call conversations. immediately or would like to share a richer experience than a mere voice call. Hence the concept to share the feeling Some of the patterns we found across the conversations over mobile phones through graphical representation or an were, avatar. The need to schedule activities / plans We can create an avatar of ours and share it with the contacts. We can send any feeling/experience over the text  Official meeting and the mobile interprets the feeling from the text and  Catching up for a movie animates the avatar on the receiver’s mobile phone while  An appointment displaying the text.  A Get together plan This would be a good interaction where the user is able to  Parties etc. express the feeling in more visual terms rather than only The need to update/receive update of the status of caller text. Also it would be very instantaneous way of sharing our feelings otherwise that could be lost.  Whether busy / free?  What he/she is feeling? Scenario4.1.1: The need to update/receive update of the location of the Mr.Gopal shares his avatar with his wife Mrs. Geeta and caller. she adds it against Gopal’s contact.  The exact location  The meeting point  Way finding  The route to take etc. Recalling previous conversations.  Narration of previous call.  Telling what his/her friend said about a matter. Environment constraints over the conversations.  Traffic – loud noise Figure 1.1 Adding avatar to contact
  3. 3. Mr. Gopal got a new deal in business and is very excited. 4.2 Image stitching for way finding He immediately thinks of sharing it with his wife Mrs.Geeta In most of the developing countries like India, maps are not that prominently used on daily basis for way finding and He sends a message: “Hi dear. I cracked the deal. I’m very navigation. The way finding happens through established excited.” land marks (buildings, shopping markets, Statuettes, etc.) The mobile reads the message and identifies the word Often these landmarks are not tracked by the GPS or “excited” matching with the library of feelings. satellite maps which are provided in the mobile phones as a service. So it tends to be difficult in way finding or It immediately prompts “Do you wish to share the feeling navigation. This poses to be big gap in the mobile usability excited?” and user experiences. Each location can be ascertained by certain land marks. These landmarks can act as image clues to the place. So each picture of these landmarks can be taken and stitched together to form one picture with the images and text overlaid on the pictures which strengthens the visual giving greater information. When this stitched image is sent to a friend who is trying to reach the place, he/she finds it very easy to visualize and find the way. Scenario 4.2.1: Rahul is waiting near M.G.Road bus stop beside a church opposite to Bangalore Central Mall. He is waiting for his friend Abdul. Abdul doesn’t have clear idea of the locality and is coming by bus. Figure 1.2 Sharing avatar along with message. Rahul took pictures of the Mall, the church gate and the bus stop. As Mr.Gopal accepts and sends the message. Mrs.Geeta receives an animated avatar along with message “I cracked a good deal. I’m very excited “. She can replay the animation and check the message. . Figures 2.1, 2.2, 2.3 Pictures of mall, church and bus stop taken. Figure1.3 Animated avatar received
  4. 4. He also wrote few words to be appended with the pictures Abdul receives the image and gets a clear picture of the like “opposite to the mall”, “beside the church” and “near exact locality. the bus stop”. Figure 4 viewing the stitched image. Figures 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 Like the above concepts we can have many more services Words written on the pictures. and applications which improves the interaction of the users with the mobile phones. Rich interfaces coupled with Images are getting stitched. multi modality also improve the experiences. 5. FUTURE WORKS: In future we would like to build prototypes of the above two and the remaining concepts. The concepts would be more user-centric and enhance the interactivity with the mobile phones. Also the designs would be very cost effective and universal. As we believe the mobile phone He used the application on the mobile to stitch the image should be accessible to all the users across the economic clues and sent the final stitched image to Abdul. ladder and to users with impairments. 6. REFERENCES: [1] Shadowing is a qualitative research technique. Where observing the user without disturbing the naturality is practiced mostly without their notice. [2] For details over observations results please mail me at
  5. 5. CONTRIBUTIONS / BENEFITS: The paper tries to expose the gap between the expanding mobile usage in the developing countries and user experiences and interactions. Many developing countries are becoming the hottest destinations for mobile markets however the services and interfaces are not so worked upon to match this culture. It observes the conversations over the mobile phone across the demographics to bring a pattern, new insights to work on. The paper also brings new concepts for rich interactions and novel methods to enhance the user experience and interactivity.