Poetry 101


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Poetry 101

  1. 1. William Shakespeare
  2. 2. Emily Dickinson
  3. 3. Robert Frost
  4. 4. Edgar Allan Poe
  5. 5. Langston Hughes
  6. 6. What is poetry?poetry |ˈpōətrē; ˈpōitrē|nounliterary work in which special intensity is given tothe expression of feelings and ideas by the useof distinctive style and rhythm; poems collectivelyor as a genre of literature
  7. 7. SO… WHAT is poetry???Poetry is the human soul entire,squeezed like a lemon or a lime,drop by drop,into atomic words. - Langston Hughes
  8. 8. SO… WHAT is poetry???Poetry must be magical, musical,must be a brightness moving, musthold secret, must be slender, musthold fire, must have wisdom, mustmake God smile from its cover… - Jose Garcia Villa, Sonnet
  9. 9. SO… WHAT is poetry???A poem should be palpable andmute, wordless, motionless in time,should be equal to: not true, shouldnot mean but be… - Archibald MacLeish, Ars Poetica
  10. 10. SO… WHAT is poetry??? Poetry refers to writing that aims to express ideas or feelings, to tell a story, and to evoke an emotional experience through using lines and stanzas with words and expressions having several layers of meaning, symbols and images.
  11. 11. PERSONA ADDRESSEEThe speaker or persona The addressee is the one is the “narrator” of the addressed to by the persona of poem. the poem. POET The author becomes the direct speaker of the poem.
  12. 12. FORM : the appearance ofthe words on the pageLINE : group of wordstogether on one line of thepoemSTANZA : a group of linesarranged together
  14. 14. COUPLET: a 2-line stanzaTRIPLET (tercet) : a 3-line stanza QUATRAIN: a 4-line stanza QUINTET: a 5-line stanzaSESTET (sextet): a 6-line stanza SEPTET: a 7-line stanza OCTAVE: a 8-line stanza
  15. 15. the literary devices inpoetry Figures of Speech Sound Devices
  16. 16. Examples of SIMILE THERE is no frigate like a book To take us lands away, Nor any coursers like a page Of prancing poetry. - Emily Dickinson, XCIX
  17. 17. Flint An emerald is as green as grass, A ruby red as blood;A sapphire shines as blue as heaven; A flint lies in the mud. A diamond is a brilliant stone, To catch the worlds desire; An opal holds a fiery spark; But a flint holds a fire. - Christina Rossetti
  18. 18. Examples of METAPHORAll the world‟s a stage and all the men and women merely players. - William Shakespeare, As You Like It
  19. 19. And then Suhrab, that maddened elephantupleaping with a lion‟s spring - from Rustam and Suhrab
  20. 20. Two Sunflowers Move in the Yellow Room. "Ah, William, were weary of weather," said the sunflowers, shining with dew. "Our traveling habits have tired us. Can you give us a room with a view?"They arranged themselves at the window and counted the steps of the sun, and they both took root in the carpet where the topaz tortoises run. - William Blake
  21. 21. The Train I like to see it lap the miles, And lick the valleys up, And stop to feed itself at tanks; And then, prodigious, step Around a pile of mountains, And, supercilious, peer In shanties by the sides of roads; And then a quarry pareTo fit its sides, and crawl between, Complaining all the while In horrid, hooting stanza; Then chase itself down hill And neigh like Boanerges; Then, punctual as a start its own, Stop-docile and omnipotent- A stable door. - Emily Dickinson
  22. 22. O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done,The ship has weather‟d every rack, the prize we sought is won, The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting,While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring; But O heart! heart! heart! O the bleeding drops of red, Where on the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. - Walt Whitman, O Captain! My Captain!
  23. 23. All I have become is a shadow, a secret lover— Zany a person, O dear Devotion, how can I show her?Yearning courage, her mere presence makes me stammer. Lost in translation, shall I contend with this forever? Oh listen to my heartsong while „tis still summer! - V. Oclaret, Stupid Crazy Love
  24. 24. COMMONLY USEDHYPERBOLIC EXPRESSIONS: I nearly died laughing. I knocked on the door a million times. Concha was so scared she jumped out of her skin.
  25. 25. I love thee with the breath,Smiles, tears, of all my life! - Elizabeth Browning, Sonnet 43
  26. 26. Why then, O brawling love! O loving hate! O heavy lightness, serious vanity; Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms!Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health! - William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet
  27. 27. 20 Common Idiomatic Expressions & Their Meanings1. She was tickled pink by the good news. 11. This assignment is a piece of cake. Made very happy Very easy2. You were hands down the best player on the team. 12. Although he broke the rules, he was only given a slap on the wrist. There was no competition A mild punishment3. Ive been feeling pretty down in the dumps lately. 13. Yikes! This shirt costs an arm and a leg. Sad or depressed It is extremely expensive.4. Im feeling sick as a dog! 14. No, I was just pulling your leg. Very sick Just joking5. Ive been feeling under the weather. 15. Its Greek to me! Not well I dont understand.6. Rise and shine! 16. Keep your chin up. Wake up and be happy! Be happy.7. Close, but no cigar. 17. Hold your horses. You were very close, but you did not make it. Be patient.8. I could play outside till the cows come home. 18. Were all in the same boat. For a very long time All of us are in the same position.9. Wow! Its raining cats and dogs out there! 19. Hes a bit of a loose cannon. Very hard rain Unpredictable10. That sound is driving me up the wall! 20. I will clean my room when pigs fly. Making me very annoyed Never
  28. 28. The Road Not Taken TWO roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; 5 Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing thereHad worn them really about the same, 10 And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I kept the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back. 15 I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. 20 - Robert Frost
  29. 29. A tunnel walled and overlaidWith dazzling crystal: we had readOf rare Aladdin‟s wondrous cave,And to our own his name we gave. - John Greenleaf Whittier, Snowbound
  30. 30. By heart-sight, I share the glory of a strange Eden nigh beneath me,beaming blossoms „round the peak—heavenly vistas caught my tiny optics. O how pleasant! How everlasting!to be upon Eagle‟s Wings‟ odyssey— so splendid is every second spent better than a million earth days. - V. Oclaret, Glimpse of Eden
  31. 31. ScaredCreak, squeak, bump in the night I wake up in such a fright I jump up to turn on the light! - LuAnn Slough
  32. 32. Riches I hold in light esteem, And Love I laugh to scornAnd lust of fame was but a dream That vanished with the morn - Emily Brontë, The Old Stoic
  33. 33. Swooning and swaying of your marvelous sting shall spring silent ecstasy in me,So smooth and sometimes speechless but altogether loud and mute.I for you stand still like a spider‟s victim or a worm enshrouded in sheaths of clay - V. Oclaret, Classical Music
  34. 34. Hear the mellow wedding bells - Golden bells!What a world of happiness their harmony foretells! Through the balmy air of night How they ring out their delight! From the molten-golden notes, And all in tune, What a liquid ditty floats To the turtle-dove that listens, while she gloats On the moon! - Edgar Allan Poe, The Bells
  35. 35. Pidder-padder pidder-padder .... It doesnt matter, no no it doesnt matter One little word that you may have overheardDoesnt mean to say that my love for you is dyin So dont start cryin over second hand lyinCos it doesnt matter, you know it doesnt matter - Lynsey de Paul, Storm in a Teacup
  36. 36. Water, water, every where, And all the boards did shrink ; Water, water, every where, Nor any drop to drink.- Samuel Taylor Coleridge, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  37. 37. Tyger! Tyger! burning bright In the forests of the night, What immortal hand or eyeCould frame thy fearful symmetry? Tyger! Tyger! burning bright In the forests of the night, What immortal hand or eyeDare frame thy fearful symmetry? - William Blake, Thy Tyger
  38. 38. Mom & Dad Are Home Slam! Slam! Go the car doors. Jangle! Jangle! Go the house keys. Jiggle! Jiggle! Go the keys in the door. Squeak! Goes the front door! Thump! Thump!That is me running down the stairs. Guess what? Mom and Dad are home!!
  39. 39. Camping Crack! Crack! The fire crackles under the stars. Sizzle! Sizzle! The water sizzles above the fire. Crunch! Crunch! The campers crunching on potato chips. Click! Clack! Click! Clack! The tent poles clicking and clacking together. Rustle! Rustle!As we prepare our sleeping bags to go to sleep. Chirp! Chirp! The crickets say, “good-night”.
  40. 40. Heartbreaking by Jody KuperavageHe broke my heart But he walked awayEvery piece shattered Right in the middle of paradiseAll I wanted was his love Every beat of my heartReal, as he promised Aches for his loveTrue, as mine for him Keeping the flame aglow I will wait by the light Never losing the hope God will send him back to me
  41. 41. CinquainLINE 1: NounLINE 2: Description of NounLINE 3: ActionLINE 4: Feeling or EffectLINE 5: Synonym of Line 1
  42. 42. angels kind beyond words they protect and forgiveand make feelings of blissfulness cherubim - Erin Holbrook
  43. 43. Heaven God‟s dwelling placefrom where all blessings flow.Creations bow in awe of Him— Jesus. - V. Oclaret
  44. 44. Emo likes all things black, wallows in mud of doubts—deprived of joy, provoked by silent pride— sadly very dark. - V. Oclaret