Biodiversity Around  My Town
Plants
Juniperus communis <ul><li>Type of conifer from cypress family. </li></ul><ul><li>Т he amount varies from branched near gr...
Black elderberry <ul><li>Its branches have a common core. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used for colds, pneumonia, bronchitis, t...
White fir <ul><li>In Bulgaria, reaches a height of 35 meters and a diameter of about 50-60 cm. </li></ul><ul><li>The crown...
Yellow Gentian <ul><li>The stems reach a height of 1 m. </li></ul><ul><li>They are unbranched, straight and smooth, with o...
Mountain Cream <ul><li>Has up to 1 m stem is leaved with multiple consecutive leaves, and the top has 2-3 large golden yel...
Birds
Spotted Nutcracker <ul><li>The body length is about 32-35 cm. </li></ul><ul><li>Its plumage is dark brown with small white...
Great Spotted Woodpecker <ul><li>It has colorful plumage. </li></ul><ul><li>On top of the body is black with a bluish glow...
Coal Tit <ul><li>It is long with the tail about 11 cm and weighs 10 grams. </li></ul><ul><li>Has carbonaceous black hat on...
Big hawk <ul><li>The body length is 53-66 cm. </li></ul><ul><li>wingspan is 100-120 cm </li></ul><ul><li>weighs between 65...
Balkan Lark <ul><li>The body length is about 18 cm. </li></ul><ul><li>Weight is 35-40 g. </li></ul><ul><li>Plumage is gray...
Animals
Red forest ant <ul><li>It has rubiginous color. </li></ul><ul><li>The body is long 4-8 mm. </li></ul><ul><li>It eats honey...
Brook trout <ul><li>Side has red spots. </li></ul><ul><li>Back is dark covered with bright points. </li></ul><ul><li>Size ...
Deer <ul><li>It is a medium-sized herbivorous mammal. </li></ul><ul><li>Body length from 95 to 135 cm, width at front legs...
Greater Horseshoe Bat <ul><li>It is between 57 and 71 mm long. </li></ul><ul><li>It has 35–43 mm tail and a 350–400 mm win...
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biodiversity

  1. 1. Biodiversity Around My Town
  2. 2. Plants
  3. 3. Juniperus communis <ul><li>Type of conifer from cypress family. </li></ul><ul><li>Т he amount varies from branched near ground shrub to tree height 10m. </li></ul><ul><li>The leaves are sharp needles, grouped in three vertebrae, green in color with a single white stripe on the inside. </li></ul><ul><li>Used in horticulture as a decorative shrub. </li></ul><ul><li>Appears in Vitosha Nature Park. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Black elderberry <ul><li>Its branches have a common core. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used for colds, pneumonia, bronchitis, tuberculosis, cough. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s distributed near the settlements around the bushes and forests. </li></ul><ul><li>Appears in Vitosha Nature Park. </li></ul>
  5. 5. White fir <ul><li>In Bulgaria, reaches a height of 35 meters and a diameter of about 50-60 cm. </li></ul><ul><li>The crown is narrow pyramidal, with short, slightly ascending branches </li></ul><ul><li>It has a thin, grayish-green leaves which are needles, collected by 5 in a strand. </li></ul><ul><li>Appears in Vitosha Nature Park. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Yellow Gentian <ul><li>The stems reach a height of 1 m. </li></ul><ul><li>They are unbranched, straight and smooth, with opposite, ovate-elliptical. </li></ul><ul><li>The flowers are golden yellow wreaths. </li></ul><ul><li>In the middle stand five stamens with long handles and fused anthers. </li></ul><ul><li>Appears in Vitosha Nature Park. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mountain Cream <ul><li>Has up to 1 m stem is leaved with multiple consecutive leaves, and the top has 2-3 large golden yellow flowers. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves are highly curved back and have brown spots inside. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy brick red anthers are pendulous on long stalks, and between them there is a three-part orange stigma. </li></ul><ul><li>The stem is very tough. </li></ul><ul><li>Appears in Vitosha Nature Park. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Birds
  9. 9. Spotted Nutcracker <ul><li>The body length is about 32-35 cm. </li></ul><ul><li>Its plumage is dark brown with small white spots, with the exception of flying feathers. </li></ul><ul><li>Beak is long, pointed and strong. </li></ul><ul><li>Appears high in the mountains, in coniferous and mixed forests . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Great Spotted Woodpecker <ul><li>It has colorful plumage. </li></ul><ul><li>On top of the body is black with a bluish glow. The face is pale, the crown and occiput are bright red. </li></ul><ul><li>Cheeks, shoulders and a thin longitudinal strip on the neck are white. The underside of the body is grayish white and red tail feathers over. Wings are black with white spots. </li></ul><ul><li>It inhabits deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests, parks and orchards. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Coal Tit <ul><li>It is long with the tail about 11 cm and weighs 10 grams. </li></ul><ul><li>Has carbonaceous black hat on his head, whitish cheeks and elongated whitish spot on nape. </li></ul><ul><li>Logistics bright spot serves as a visual link between the tits in the dark coniferous forests. </li></ul><ul><li>It inhabits coniferous forests. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Big hawk <ul><li>The body length is 53-66 cm. </li></ul><ul><li>wingspan is 100-120 cm </li></ul><ul><li>weighs between 650 and 1 500 g. </li></ul><ul><li>It nests in trees. </li></ul><ul><li>The territory of Bulgaria is a protected species. </li></ul><ul><li>Appears in Vitosha Nature Park. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Balkan Lark <ul><li>The body length is about 18 cm. </li></ul><ul><li>Weight is 35-40 g. </li></ul><ul><li>Plumage is gray and brown. </li></ul><ul><li>The head is colored in yellow and black. </li></ul><ul><li>Beak is short and relatively weak. </li></ul><ul><li>Eats mostly insects. </li></ul><ul><li>Inhabits open plains and mountain areas. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Animals
  15. 15. Red forest ant <ul><li>It has rubiginous color. </li></ul><ul><li>The body is long 4-8 mm. </li></ul><ul><li>It eats honeydew from aphids, insects, carrion, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>It destroys many harmful insects and their larvae in the coniferous forests </li></ul><ul><li>Appears in coniferous forests. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Brook trout <ul><li>Side has red spots. </li></ul><ul><li>Back is dark covered with bright points. </li></ul><ul><li>Size is 25-30 cm, but there are larger species. </li></ul><ul><li>Typical weight is 0.3 to 3 kg. </li></ul><ul><li>Inhabits clean and cold, rich in oxygen rivers. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Deer <ul><li>It is a medium-sized herbivorous mammal. </li></ul><ul><li>Body length from 95 to 135 cm, width at front legs 65-75 cm, height at withers 65-75 cm and a total weight between 15 and 30. </li></ul><ul><li>It eats mainly grass, small fruits, leaves and shoots. </li></ul><ul><li>It lives in high places or mountains. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Greater Horseshoe Bat <ul><li>It is between 57 and 71 mm long. </li></ul><ul><li>It has 35–43 mm tail and a 350–400 mm wingspan. </li></ul><ul><li>It weighs up to 30 grams. </li></ul><ul><li>The fur is soft and fluffy. </li></ul><ul><li>The dorsal side hair is grey brown and the ventral side -grey-white. </li></ul><ul><li>It lives in warmer regions of areas of open trees and scrub, near areas of standing water, areas of limestone and human settlement. </li></ul>

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