Thinking About The Concept Of Government

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Understanding the idea of \'government\'

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Thinking About The Concept Of Government

  1. 1. Thinking about the concept of 'government' Prof. Lourdes Veneracion-Rallonza, PhD Department of Political Science Ateneo De Manila University
  2. 2. Liberalist Tradition Importance of equality Focus on ‘rights-carrying’ individual Less government interference ....Vene'sVideosThe Cycle of Freedom Cartoon.mp4
  3. 3. Civic Republicanism and Communitarianism Dynamic civic life Based on the character of citizens Works for the common good ....Vene'sVideosYouth in Action - Get involved! -.mp4
  4. 4.  Perfect freedom  Perfect equality John Locke  Restraint from invading the rights of others  Consent to make ‘one Community, one Body Politick’ --- power to act as one Body through the will and determination of the majority (act of the whole)  First and fundamental positive law: creation of a Legislature  as check to ambitions of the Crown
  5. 5. John Stuart Mill Contested idea that absolute power must be in the hands of an eminent individual (‘good despotism’) Sovereign power resides in the people --- power must be vested in the entire aggregate of the community Perfect government: representative
  6. 6. Jean-Jacques Rousseau  Rule of general will  Citizens to protect their own freedoms and equality  Point of establishment of a ‘republic’: based on moral and civic aspirations of a community  Deputies/stewards of people; not representatives
  7. 7. Government as an ‘institution’  Institutional state structure to create order in a society  primary task is to govern  Separation of powers – checks and balances in the system
  8. 8. Key functions…  Rule-making (legislative)  Rule-execution (executive)  Rule-adjudication (judiciary)
  9. 9. Sub-functions  Political communication  Political socialization  Political recruitment  Interest articulation  Interest aggregation  Policy-making  Policy-implementation

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