Michael McDonald at Open Economics Workshop

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  • This work. “The Public Mapping Project”, by Micah Altman (http://redistricting.info) is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.
  • Michael McDonald at Open Economics Workshop

    1. 1. Dr. Michael McDonald ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR GEORGE MASON UNIVERSITY NON-RESIDENT SENIOR FELLOW BROOKINGS INSTITUTION ELECTIONS.GMU.EDU
    2. 2. Open Data GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY DATA FORMATUSE: CAUTIONARY TALE
    3. 3. Open Data GOVERNMENTACCOUNTABILITY
    4. 4. The Problem: Do as I say, not as I do…United States redistricting: Highly decentralized: to states and localities Highly politicized: those drawing districts are those who represent them. Highly litigated: political losers seek redress from the courts. Closed process: data and software generally not widely available. Little public input.
    5. 5. www.districtbuilder.org www.publicmapping.orgMichael McDonald Micah AltmanGeorge Mason University MITBrookings Institution Brookings Institution
    6. 6. Builds on Best-of-ClassOpen Source Software 6
    7. 7. Where has DistrictBuilder been used? Used in 10 states More than 1000 legal plans created by the public Thousands of public participants Millions of viewers 7
    8. 8. How has DistrictBuilder been used? For Transparency:  Dissemination  Public understanding  Evaluation/comparison For Education:  Staff training  Classroom teaching  Student competitions For Participation:  Integrated into official decision process  Non-partisan public organizations For Election Administration:  Internal collaboration/analysis sharing  Support for commissionPPR-México 8
    9. 9. Open DataDATA FORMAT
    10. 10. Google/Pew Voting Information Project
    11. 11. Google/Pew Voting Information Project
    12. 12. Open DataUSE: CAUTIONARY TALE
    13. 13. Purposeful Misuse of Open Data Early voting – some U.S. states permit persons to vote in advance of the election. Primaries – elections where party nominees are selected by voters Party registration – some states restrict participation in primaries to persons who register with a party Some states publish on the web real-time open data on early voters
    14. 14. Purposeful Misuse of Open Data Ohio  Critical battleground state would likely determine winner of presidential election  Permits early voting  Does not have party registration, but records last party primary a voter participated in as “party”  ~0.5 million voted in 2012 Democratic primary  ~1.3 million voted in 2012 Republican primary  Ohio localities publish individual records of early voters on the web.
    15. 15. Purposeful Misuse of Open Data Professors at the University of Akron knowingly published a report of Ohio early voting statistics by what they called “party registration” to claim Romney was winning Ohio Disseminated by Romney campaign Reported by news organizations like CNN and FOX
    16. 16. Dr. Michael McDonald ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR GEORGE MASON UNIVERSITY NON-RESIDENT SENIOR FELLOW BROOKINGS INSTITUTION ELECTIONS.GMU.EDU

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