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Emerging Technologies in Authentic Learning Contexts Conference
August 2015, Cape Town, South Africa
Networked Scholars,
o...
What is Networked Scholarship?
What do networked scholars do online? What
do professors do on social media?
Why are profes...
What is Networked Scholarship?
What does it entail?
Discussion prompt #1
Networked Scholarship, or Networked
Participatory Scholarship, refers to:
“scholars’ use of participatory technologies
and...
Networked Scholarship
Networked Scholarship differs in distinct ways from:
Digital Scholarship – Using technology to impro...
What does “Networked” mean?
What does “Networked” mean?
What does “Networked” mean?
What does “Networked” mean?
What does “Networked” mean?
Networked Scholarship
Increasing desire to engage with with
open, digital, & networked
practices
in teaching, learning, an...
Emergent forms of scholarship are seen as
major breakthroughs in rethinking the ways in
which knowledge is created and sha...
Networks of scholars have arisen that
function (& succeed) outside formal
university structures
Why the increasing interes...
The ways that emerging technologies and
social media are used and experienced by
scholars are poorly understood
Open/digit...
What do scholars do on social
media?
•  Academic-specific technologies
•  Repurposed technologies
What technologies do they use?
Veletsianos (2013)
Announcements
Post draft papers
Author open textbooks
Share Syllabi + Activities
Live streaming
Live-Bl...
Veletsianos (2012)
Activities
Faculty use these Twitter to:
Share information, resources, and media
Open classrooms
Provid...
Activities
But how many engage in these activities?
Unclear.
Surveys in the US show:
Adoption increasing, personal > profe...
Activities
Adoption appears to be goal-oriented and often
tactical.
Universities encourage academics to adopt social
media...
Who are we when we are online? Do we
reveal everything about ourselves? What
don’t we reveal? Why do we reveal what we
do ...
Why are professors on social media?
Why are professors on social media?
•  Faculty use social media to:
–  Explore scholarly ideas
–  Share knowledge
–  Debat...
What challenges do faculty face on
social media?
Why challenges do faculty face on
social media?
•  Social media activities are rife with tensions,
dilemmas, and conundrum...
What are some social media participation
strategies that work (or might work) for you
and your needs?
Brainstorm
Certain practices question elements of
traditional scholarly practice
Social media transforms practice
Practice transforms...
Do Twitter metrics or other social media
metrics mean anything?
Should social media metrics be used to
evaluate a scholars...
Based on an analysis of 469 accounts we
found that, those scholars who
•  follow more users,
•  have tweeted more,
•  sign...
https://tags.hawksey.info/
“a free Google Sheet template which lets you setup
and run automated collection of search resul...
A free social network analysis
and visualization plugin for
Microsoft Excel.
FAQs: What are some tools I can use
to archiv...
A shoestring approach may also work depending
on your needs
E.g., In ethnographic studies:
A journal
A spreadsheet
Screens...
Public vs Private
Local laws
Local research ethics boards
Depending on your research, commonly used qualitative
techniques...
What else are you interested in discussing?
Discussion prompt #5
Forthcoming in 2016
Thank you!
Research available at:
http://www.veletsianos/
publications
This presentation:
www.slideshare.com/
veletsianos
...
Networked Scholars, or, Why on earth do academics use social media and why should we care? (workshop)
Networked Scholars, or, Why on earth do academics use social media and why should we care? (workshop)
Networked Scholars, or, Why on earth do academics use social media and why should we care? (workshop)
Networked Scholars, or, Why on earth do academics use social media and why should we care? (workshop)
Networked Scholars, or, Why on earth do academics use social media and why should we care? (workshop)
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Networked Scholars, or, Why on earth do academics use social media and why should we care? (workshop)

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This workshop is divided in 2 parts. In the first part, I will discuss how/why academics use social media and online networks for scholarship, and explore the opportunities and tensions that exist in these spaces. In the second part of the workshop, I will facilitate small group and large group conversations on this topic based on participant interests. Potential topics of exploration may include but are not limited to: social media participation strategies; self-disclosures on social media; capturing and analyzing social media data; ethics of social media research; social media use for networked learning.

Published in: Education

Networked Scholars, or, Why on earth do academics use social media and why should we care? (workshop)

  1. 1. Emerging Technologies in Authentic Learning Contexts Conference August 2015, Cape Town, South Africa Networked Scholars, or, Why on earth do academics use social media and why should we care?  George Veletsianos, PhD Canada Research Chair in Innovative Learning & Technology Associate Professor School of Education and Technology Royal Roads University Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
  2. 2. What is Networked Scholarship? What do networked scholars do online? What do professors do on social media? Why are professors on social media? What are some of the challenges they face? Small-group discussions Large group discussions Overview
  3. 3. What is Networked Scholarship? What does it entail? Discussion prompt #1
  4. 4. Networked Scholarship, or Networked Participatory Scholarship, refers to: “scholars’ use of participatory technologies and online social networks to share, reflect upon, critique, improve, validate, and further their scholarship” (Veletsianos & Kimmons, 2012) •  A non-deterministic perspective What is Networked Scholarship?
  5. 5. Networked Scholarship Networked Scholarship differs in distinct ways from: Digital Scholarship – Using technology to improve various scholarly processes (e.g., data sharing infrastructures). Social Scholarship – Emphasizes use of social tools for collaboration, sharing, etc Open Scholarship - Emphasizes broadening access and reducing barriers (with or without technology) (Kimmons, 2014)
  6. 6. What does “Networked” mean?
  7. 7. What does “Networked” mean?
  8. 8. What does “Networked” mean?
  9. 9. What does “Networked” mean?
  10. 10. What does “Networked” mean?
  11. 11. Networked Scholarship Increasing desire to engage with with open, digital, & networked practices in teaching, learning, and scholarship.
  12. 12. Emergent forms of scholarship are seen as major breakthroughs in rethinking the ways in which knowledge is created and shared (Nielsen, 2012; Weller, 2011). Hope for a variety of positive outcomes (lower costs, increasing scholarly impact & reach) Examining networks & social media = understanding & advancing scholarship Why the increasing interest?
  13. 13. Networks of scholars have arisen that function (& succeed) outside formal university structures Why the increasing interest?
  14. 14. The ways that emerging technologies and social media are used and experienced by scholars are poorly understood Open/digital/social scholarship are largely driven by advocacy rather than evidence (Kimmons, 2014) We need to understand “state-of-the-actual” rather than the “state-of-the-art” (Selwyn, 2011) Why the increasing interest?
  15. 15. What do scholars do on social media?
  16. 16. •  Academic-specific technologies •  Repurposed technologies What technologies do they use?
  17. 17. Veletsianos (2013) Announcements Post draft papers Author open textbooks Share Syllabi + Activities Live streaming Live-Blogging Collaborative authoring Debates + commentary Open teaching Public P&T materials The doctoral journey (e.g., #PhDChat) Crowdsourcing Activities
  18. 18. Veletsianos (2012) Activities Faculty use these Twitter to: Share information, resources, and media Open classrooms Provide opportunities for learning Request assistance Provide help and support
  19. 19. Activities But how many engage in these activities? Unclear. Surveys in the US show: Adoption increasing, personal > professional use, Some surveys show that adoption varies by tool: 50-70% adoption Others show 15-40% adoption (Bowman 2015; Greenhow et al 2015; Moran, Seaman, & Tinti-Kane, 2011; Moran & Tinti-Kane, 2013).
  20. 20. Activities Adoption appears to be goal-oriented and often tactical. Universities encourage academics to adopt social media for scholarly purposes (eg raise citations), but adoption often seems to be guided by community- seeking. Adoption also seems to vary by role (e.g,. Faculty vs students)
  21. 21. Who are we when we are online? Do we reveal everything about ourselves? What don’t we reveal? Why do we reveal what we do reveal? Discussion prompt #2
  22. 22. Why are professors on social media?
  23. 23. Why are professors on social media? •  Faculty use social media to: –  Explore scholarly ideas –  Share knowledge –  Debate & critique –  Advice & reflect –  Connect with other researchers –  Reach multiple audiences –  Re-envision their identities (as public intellectuals) –  Activism and social justice Kjellberg, 2010; Kirkup, 2010; Martindale & Wiley, 2005; Mewburn & Thompson, 2013; Kimmons & Veletsianos 2015; Veletsianos & Kimmons 2015)
  24. 24. What challenges do faculty face on social media?
  25. 25. Why challenges do faculty face on social media? •  Social media activities are rife with tensions, dilemmas, and conundrums. –  High-profile cases (e.g., Salaita, Kansas Board of regents) –  Time demands & Homophily –  Surveillance & termination –  Mismatch between social media conventions and academia •  what counts as scholarship expands to include new, non- institutional terms (Stewart (2015) –  personal-professional boundaries –  concerns regarding academic freedom –  Context collapse & unwanted attention
  26. 26. What are some social media participation strategies that work (or might work) for you and your needs? Brainstorm
  27. 27. Certain practices question elements of traditional scholarly practice Social media transforms practice Practice transforms how we use social media How can universities support and encourage networked participation without fear? Implications
  28. 28. Do Twitter metrics or other social media metrics mean anything? Should social media metrics be used to evaluate a scholars’ reach or impact? Discussion prompt #3
  29. 29. Based on an analysis of 469 accounts we found that, those scholars who •  follow more users, •  have tweeted more, •  signal themselves as professors, •  and have been on Twitter longer will have more followers. Discussion prompt #3
  30. 30. https://tags.hawksey.info/ “a free Google Sheet template which lets you setup and run automated collection of search results from Twitter.” FAQs: What are some tools I can use to archive and analyze tweets?
  31. 31. A free social network analysis and visualization plugin for Microsoft Excel. FAQs: What are some tools I can use to archive and analyze tweets?
  32. 32. A shoestring approach may also work depending on your needs E.g., In ethnographic studies: A journal A spreadsheet Screenshots …and a lot of patience FAQs: What are some tools I can use to archive and analyze tweets?
  33. 33. Public vs Private Local laws Local research ethics boards Depending on your research, commonly used qualitative techniques may be helpful to consider (e.g., asking for participant preferences, revising quotes to reduce incidence of identification) But, is it ethical? And increasingly: who has the power and means to collect and analyze such data? FAQs: Is it ethical to capture, store, and analyze social media data?
  34. 34. What else are you interested in discussing? Discussion prompt #5
  35. 35. Forthcoming in 2016
  36. 36. Thank you! Research available at: http://www.veletsianos/ publications This presentation: www.slideshare.com/ veletsianos Contact: veletsianos@gmail.com @veletsianos on Twitter

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