In our daily life we see so many antennas everywhere, from simple radio transreceiver to big tower antennas and DTH antennas. Antenna is a magical element in the field of communication. Nobody can dream of wireless communication without the use of antennas. It’s the antenna which creates the magic in the air and makes wireless communication possible.
In this paper authors will discuss about the cellular antennas. They will concentrate mainly on fundamentals of antenna, relationship between frequency, wavelength and dipole wave propagation and parameters of antenna like Gain, VSWR, SFR and FBR etc.
Authors also discuss about types of down tilt, generic requirements of antennas, selection of antennas and beam forming and active antenna systems.