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How to publish in an isi journal حنان القرشي


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محاضرة How to publish in an ISI Journal إعداد الدكتورة حنان عبدالله القرشي
ضمن سلسلة محاضرات البحث العلمي لعام 1437هـ.
وكالة عمادة البحث العلمي للأقسام النسائية، جامعة الملك سعود.

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How to publish in an isi journal حنان القرشي

  1. 1. 1 ‫يسر‬ ‫العلمي‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫عمادة‬ ‫وكالة‬ ‫النسائية‬ ‫لألقسام‬
  2. 2. 2 ‫بعنوان‬ ‫محاضرة‬ ‫تقديم‬ «How To Publish a Scientific Paper in ISI Journal» ‫تلقيها‬ ‫د‬.‫القرشي‬ ‫عبدهللا‬ ‫حنان‬ ‫م‬ ‫أستاذ‬.‫التمريض‬ ‫وتعليم‬ ‫إدارة‬ ‫بقسم‬ ‫التمريض‬ ‫كلية‬ ‫سعود‬ ‫الملك‬ ‫جامعة‬
  3. 3. 3 ‫العلمي‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫محاضرات‬ ‫سلسلة‬ ‫ضمن‬ ‫عام‬1437
  5. 5. TYPES OF PAPERS 5 • Original research – Interventional/hypotheses testing/experimental paper – Descriptive paper – Method paper – Epidemiological paper • Review article • Case report • Letter to the editor • Short communication • New perspectives • Editorials/ from the editor
  6. 6. WHAT IS CONSIDERED AS A PAPER/ARTICLE ! 6 • A research which contributes to – Pushing the frontiers of science a bit further – Strengthening and confirming what is not well established – looking at an issue from a new angle – Proposing a new/previous technique for a particular purpose – Widening/narrowing the application of something
  7. 7. WHAT EDITORS AND REVIEWERS LOOK FOR IN A PAPER ? 7 • Originality–what’s new about subject, treatment or results? • Relevance to and extension of existing knowledge • Research methodology –are conclusions valid and objective? • Clarity, structure and quality of writing –does it communicate well? • Sound, logical progression of argument • Theoretical and practical implications (the ‘so what?’ factors!) • Recency and relevance of references • Adherence to the editorial scope and objectives of the journal
  8. 8. Preparing your paper- Structure 8 • Follow a standard pattern: – Abstract – Introduction – Methods – Results – Discussion – Conclusions • Use formal scientific style. • Use a short, pithy title that reflects the main conclusion. • Abstracts should summarize the article briefly: – Include motivation, what was done, how, what was found, and major conclusions; – Avoid abbreviations and references, unless absolutely necessary; – Keep it short <250 words in one paragraph. • The article should tell a story, set out to lead from one section to the next.
  9. 9. Preparing your paper- Format 9
  10. 10. Preparing your paper- Grammar 10 • Grammar and punctuation are important because they are fundamental to transmission of meaning. – Poor grammar, spelling and punctuation: – Lead to misinterpretations and ambiguities; – Give the impression of lack of care in preparation; – Suggest perhaps other aspects of the paper are careless; – Can upset some referees and make them more critical than otherwise; – Can be difficult to overcome, but it is essential to do so.
  11. 11. Preparing your paper- Grammar 11 • Be sure to: – Write complete sentences, not too long, not too short, – Use commas properly, – Be consistent in the use of tenses, – Avoid slang, colloquialisms and jargon, – Use no contractions –“don’t, couldn’t”, – Write in reasonably sized paragraphs.
  12. 12. Preparing your paper- Clarity 12 • To convey unambiguous meaning: • write as simply as possible, • use the correct words and terminology, • avoid padding “It is noteworthy that in this example…”, • delete meaningless or weak words – very, quite, shows, possibly, • ensure that pronouns “it, this, those etc” are unambiguous, • be consistent in the use of tenses, • use “significant” only in its statistical sense, • write in reasonably sized paragraphs.
  13. 13. Plagiarism, self- plagiarism and dual publication 13 Copying (or modifying) ideas, text, tables or figures from any source without explicitly acknowledging that source, deliberate or not, is plagiarism.
  14. 14. Plagiarism, self- plagiarism and dual publication 14 • Repeating ideas, text, tables or figures from your own published work without citing the source is self-plagiarism. • To avoid plagiarism, always cite your sources for paraphrased passages and place exact quotes inside quotation marks. • Copied figures should cite the source in the legend (and may need copyright permissions).
  15. 15. Plagiarism, self- plagiarism and dual publication 15
  16. 16. Common pitfalls: 16  Wrong journal  Dual publication  Bad preparation of MS  Weakly presented science  Localism  Lack of discussion  Insignificant conclusions  Poor response to reviews
  17. 17. Do you know ! 17 1. AHCI Arts and Humanities Citation Index 2. IF Impact Factor 3. ISI Institute for scientific Information 4. JCR Journal Citation Reports 5. SCI Science Citation Index 6. SSCI Social Sciences Citation Index 7. SJR SCImago Journal Rank
  18. 18. WHAT EDITORS AND REVIEWERS LOOK FOR IN A PAPER ? (CONT.) 18 • Checking the integrity: • The title, the purpose, the answer and the recommendations • The listing: sequence of information • The words and their relation to the type of the study: – Hypothesis paper: (unknown/problematic) examine, find out, to test, – Descriptive paper: define, describe, clarify – Method paper: develop, design, provide, make, manufacture, offer, – Epidemiological paper: report the incidence/prevalence, find out,
  19. 19. BEING PUBLISHED MEANS ... 19 • Your paper is permanent–published material enters a permanent and accessible knowledge archive –the ‘body of knowledge’ • Your paper is improved–through the interventions of editors, reviewers, sub- editors and proof-readers • Your paper is actively promoted–it becomes available to a far greater audience • Your writing is trustworthy–material which has been published carries a QA stamp.
  20. 20. TYPES OF JOURNALS 20 • Research journals * • Scientific journals * • Research /scientific journals * • News journals • News letters • Pamphlets
  21. 21. 21 Selection Of A Journal
  22. 22. ‫األكاديمية‬ ‫المكتبة‬ ‫اإللكترونية‬–‫جامعة‬ ‫سعود‬ ‫الملك‬ 22
  23. 23. ‫واجهة‬‫قاعدة‬‫بيانات‬ (ScienceDirect) ‫الرقمية‬ 23
  24. 24. ‫واجهة‬‫قاعدة‬‫بيانات‬ (ProQuest Medline) ‫الرقمية‬ 24
  25. 25. ‫واجهة‬‫قاعدة‬‫بيانات‬ (Web of Science) ‫الرقمية‬ 25
  27. 27. CERTAIN IMPORTANT POINTS BEFORE SENDING THE PAPER • “Many papers are rejected simply because they don’t fulfil journal requirements. They don’t even go into the review process.” • Identify a few possible target journals/series but be realistic • Follow the Author Guidelines — scope, type of paper, word length, references style, etc. • Find where to send your paper (editor, regional editor, subject area editor). Check a copy of the journal/series or the publisher’s web site • Send an outline or abstract and ask if this looks suitable and interesting (or how it could be made so) • Confirm how an editor would like a submission. e.g. e-mail; hard copy. • Read at least one issue of the publication — visit your library for access 27
  28. 28. ISI • HTTP://THOMDONTRUTERS.COM/PRODUCT S_SERVICES/SCIENCE/FREE/ESSAYS/JOURN AL_SELECTION_PROCESS/ • Thomson Scientific is a subsidiary of the Thomson Group and is based in Philadelphia, USA • Thomson Scientific’s ‘lSl Web of Science’ database scores 180,000 selected journals with ‘Impact Factors’ based on journal citations • The latest Thomson Scientific statistics were published in June 2015 for the year 2014 28
  29. 29. ISI (Cont.) • What is commonly referred to by academics as ‘lSl’,‘SSCl’ or ‘Impact Factors’ is actually Thomson Reuters now, and more specifically, its ‘Journal Citation Reports’ (JCR) • These reports index and rank the journals it has on its ‘lSl Web of Knowledge’ and is a collection of bibliographic information of over 9,000 evaluated scholarly journals • Journals are ranked in the JCR depending on how many times the articles included in that journal are cited in other lSl-ranked journals. The ranking is published every June and corresponds to the previous year’s data. • lSl uses a calculation of citation data over a three year period to produce an Impact Factor for a given year. 29
  30. 30. • Saudi Arabia: have a humble number of 10 journals and good‘ IF rate (3.725). 30
  31. 31. For More.. GO TO.. • U ARAB EMIRATES (38 journals): /JCR/JCR?RQ=LIST_SUMMARY_JOURNAL (4.295) • United States (2910): /JCR/JCR?RQ=LIST_SUMMARY_JOURNAL (144.8) • India (100): http://admin:apps.webofknowledg RNAL (2.203) 31
  32. 32. HOW TO EVALUATE JOURNAL IMPORTANT POINTS 1. Contrasted Scientific Quality • Peer reviewed. • High Impact Factor. • Scientific editorial committee. 2. Contrasted formal Quality • Celerity of process. • Priority of discovering assigned. • Accomplish publication time release. 3. Appropriated field of knowledge covered. 32
  33. 33. HOW TO EVALUATE JOURNAL IMPORTANT POINTS 4. Wide dissemination over scientific information channels. 5. Types of works accepted. 6. Copyright issues. – Owned by editorial? – Owned by author? 7. Fees. – Author fee? – Subscription fee? – Free? 33
  34. 34. SUBMITTING A SCIENTIFIC CONTRIBUTION THE PROCESS Follow Academic Publishing Steps (I): 1. Author submits manuscript to an academic journal editor. 2. Editor determines if the manuscript has sufficient merit to be reviewed. 3. If merit, manuscript is sent to reviewers, if not, is sent back to the author with a rejection letter. 4. Reviewers return the manuscript to the editor with comments and recommendations. 5. Editor sends manuscript back to the author with either a rejection letter or a request for revisions. 34
  35. 35. SUBMITTING A SCIENTIFIC CONTRIBUTION THE PROCESS 6. Author revises manuscript and resubmits to editor. 7. Editor sends revised manuscript back to external reviewers again. 8. Repeat steps 4 and 5. 9. Author provides editing or proofing of final copy before 10.Paper is eventually published in journal 35
  36. 36. IMPORTANT POINT  If you are asked to choose a peer reviewer: • Be fair • Choose someone in your field; specially someone in the references • Not someone in your count 36
  37. 37. IMPORTANT POINT (Cont.) • Use of the Digital Object Identifier • The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. • The assigned DOI never changes Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press’ because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. The correct format for citing a DOI is shown as follows • When you use the DOI to create URL hyperlinks to documents on the web, they are guaranteed never to change. 37
  38. 38. REVISING THE PAPER • Acknowledge the editor and set a revision deadline • Clarify understanding if in doubt—‘This is what I understand the comments to mean...’ • Consult with colleagues or co-authors and tend to the points as requested • Meet the revision deadline • Attach a covering letter which identifies, point by point, how revision requests have been met (or If not, why not) 38
  39. 39. THE LETTER FOR REVISION [EXAMPLE] Dear editor I would appreciate the revisions done by the reviewer on my manuscript titled. “the effect of X on Y in Z". l have followed all the comments and revised the manuscript which is attached. The revisions are as follow. 1. The title is changed into “the effect of X on Y in Z” and the word comparison is omitted. 2. line one in the introduction is changed into “CCCCCCCC”. 3. In line 10, the word “modified” is changed into "altered" as revised by the reviewer. 4. In Line 11, the ambiguous sentence was deleted and replaced by the following sentences “CCCCCCCC”. 5. In line 16, Sentence“ CCCCC" was added to clarify the idea. 6. In line 18 of the methodology, the justification for the selection of the participants was added. 7. In line 22, “CCCCC” was added to justify the method and explicit the reason for the selection of the method. 8. I am afraid the change suggested by the reviewer in line 35 was not confirmed by the co-authors, for the following reasons: – Aaaaaaa – Bbbbbb I am looking forward to hearing from you at your earliest convenience. Sincerely yours Hanan Alkorashy 39
  40. 40. WHAT TO DO WHEN THE PAPER IS REJECTED 40 • Ask why, and listen carefully! Most editors will give detailed comments about a rejected paper. Take a deep breath, and listen to what is being said. • Try again! Try to improve the paper, and re-submit elsewhere. Do your homework and target your paper as closely as possible. • Don’t give up! At least 50% of papers in business and management don’t get published. Everybody has been rejected at least once. • Keep trying!
  41. 41. Dear Editor Enclosed please find a copy of my manuscript titled “the effect of X in Y in Z” for publication in your accredited journal: ‘American y The justification for the publication in your accredited journal is that: 1. 2. 3. This submission is original, not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and we are aware of the Submission process and guidelines and agree to its publication. Sincerely yours Hanan Alkorashy 41
  42. 42. CONFLICT OF INTEREST • All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. 42
  43. 43. CONFLICT OF INTEREST Example Statement Dear Editor All the authors confirm that there is no actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately Influence, or be perceived to in influence, their work. Hanan Alkorashy Correspondent author 43
  44. 44. Reference Style • Text; All citations in the text should refer to: 1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication; 2. Two authors: both authors’ names and the year of publication; 3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed al.’ and the year of publication. Citations may be made d (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be l' ' alphabetically, then chronologically. • List: References should be arranged first alphabetically further sorted chronologically i necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the publication. 44
  45. 45. Examples: • Chhokar.J.S..Wal|in,j.A., I984. Improving safety through applied behavior analysis.journal of Safety Researc l5, I4I-I5I. • Cook,T.D., Campbell. D.T., Peracchio L., I990. Quasi experimentation. In: Dunnette,j.D., Hou h. L.M. (Eds.), Handbook of industrial and Organizational Psychology. pp. 49 | - 76. Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto, CA. • Hale A.R.. Hovden J., I998. Management and culture: the third age of safety.A review of approaches to organizational aspects of safety health and environment. In:WiIIiamson,A., Feyer,A.-M. (Eds.), Occupational Injury: Risk, [j Prevention and Injury.Taylor & Francis. • Harborview Medical Center Injury Prevention and Research Center, I997. Systematic Reviews of Childhood Injury Prevention Interventions. (Oct. 22, I997). • Lipsey, M.W.. I990. Design ensitivity. Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA. Harvard style APACitationMethods-1.pdf 45
  46. 46. JOURNAL ABBREVIATIONS SOURCE • Journal names should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus journal abbreviations: • List of serial title word abbreviations: online.php CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service): 46
  47. 47. 47 “As we have just five mins left, I will take just 3 million questions.”
  48. 48. 48 ‫تحيات‬ ‫مع‬ ‫العلمي‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫عمادة‬ ‫وكالة‬ ‫النسائية‬ ‫لألقسام‬ *‫للمحاضر‬ ‫محفوظه‬ ‫النسخ‬ ‫حقوق‬