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REDDeX Carvalho


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REDDeX Carvalho

  1. 1. REDD National Policy in Brazil Fernanda Carvalho Senior Policy Advisor
  2. 2. Amazon Fund <ul><li>FUNBIO – $ 11m for ARPA (Protected Areas in the Amazon); </li></ul><ul><li>FAS – $ 10.6m for Bolsa Floresta; </li></ul><ul><li>TNC – $ 9m for CAR in 12 municipalities in Pará and Mato Grosso </li></ul><ul><li>IMAZON – $ 5m for mobilization for CAR in 11 municipalities in Pará </li></ul><ul><li>Ouro Verde Institute – $ 3m for forest recovery in 1,2 m ha in 6 municipalities in Mato Grosso </li></ul>
  3. 3. National Climate Change Policy and Plan <ul><li>Voluntary commitments: 36,1 to 38,9 % reductions of projected emissions by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>5 sectoral plans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of deforestation in the Amazon (564 m ton CO²) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of deforestation in Cerrado (104m ton CO²) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restoration of grazing land (83 to104m ton CO²) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron and steel - replacing charcoal from deforestation with charcoal from planted forests (8 to 10m ton CO²) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency, biofuels, hydropower, alternative sources (up to 133m ton CO²) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Draft Bill 5586/09 <ul><li>Creates a “national REDD+ system” </li></ul><ul><li>UREDD and CREDD+ </li></ul><ul><li>National REDD Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Safeguards for biodiversity and indigenous peoples </li></ul><ul><li>National Registry at the Federal Level </li></ul><ul><li>Reference levels for biomes, states and municipalities </li></ul>
  5. 5. Forest Code <ul><li>All illegal ocupations till 2008 “forgiven” </li></ul><ul><li>Burden shift – regularization plans must be done by Governments in 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>No legal reserves for small properties (2.5 million properties; 100m ha) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced permanent preservation areas in rivers 5m wide to 15 meters </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation of legal reserves in other states </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal deforestation permits </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>To offset or not to offset – that is the question. </li></ul>