Amazonas Natalie

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Amazonas Natalie

  1. 1. BRAZIL Case Study: Amazonas point of view
  2. 2. Fonte: CEUC/SDS <ul><li>NAMA: 80% deforestation reduction target (2020) </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary target 36-38% reduction (2020): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National REDD regime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...adhering to the International regime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...nested with subnational: WHAT IS OUR CONTRIBUTION? </li></ul></ul>BRAZIL BRAZIL CASE STUDY : Amazonas
  3. 3. <ul><li>Forest cover 98% of territory </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnical diversity 66 indigenous peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Diversity fauna, flora </li></ul><ul><li>Ecossystem services Climate, biodiversity conservation, water cycles, carbon sinks </li></ul><ul><li>Water resources consumption, fishery, energy </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism ecological, cultural, scientific </li></ul><ul><li>Protected Areas 51,8% (11,9% UC Federal, 12,1% UC State and 27,7% indigenous lands) </li></ul>AMAZONAS © AGECOM / Chico Batata Government of State of Amazonas: actions on Climate and Forests
  4. 4. WORLD 70-75% - Fossil Fuels Burning 20-25% - Deforestation BRAZIL/AMAZON 70% - Deforestation 4 º major CO2 emitter AMAZONAS 4,67% in relation to overall Amazon's emissions (1988-2009) (AM: 33,66 mil km²) (AMAZON: 720.324,2 km²) © AGECOM / Chico Batata Government of State of Amazonas: actions on Climate and Forests
  5. 5. <ul><li>Small-scaled </li></ul><ul><li>Scattered </li></ul><ul><li>Linked to the development of road transportation system </li></ul><ul><li>“ Contagious deforestation from other states” </li></ul>DEFORESTATION PROFILE IN AMAZONAS Characteristics Fonte: INPE/PRODES 1987/2008 Government of State of Amazonas: actions on Climate and Forests
  6. 6. Áreas Protegidas do Amazonas (2009) Deforestation associated to road building/pavement DESMAT. NO ENTORNO DE 50km DAS RODOVIAS RODOVIA ÁREA DO BUFFER ÁREA DESMATADA % DESMAT BR-319 3.788.580,37 260.420,57 6,87 BR-230 4.091.656,91 294.277,63 7,19 BR-317 624.075,19 211.426,61 33,88 BR-174 1.438.315,09 191.602,07 13,32
  7. 7. 7/13/10
  8. 8. Áreas Protegidas do Amazonas (2009) Áreas Protegidas do Amazonas (2009)‏
  9. 9. REDD+ in JUMA reserve Work in progress 3,6 million tCO2e (2006 – 2016) validated by Tüv Süd in accordance to CCBA standards Government of State of Amazonas: actions on Climate and Forests RDS DO JUMA 2006 – Creation of Juma Sustainable Development Reserve 2009 – Bolsa Floresta Income: R$ 118.375,00 – Bolsa Floresta Social: R$ 118.350,00 2010 – RDS do Juma has Management Plan and Management Council 589.612 ha Area 3 rd July 2006 Created in 22 Communities 322 Famílies
  10. 10. Ações do Governo do Amazonas 2003 - 2010 Government of Amazonas actions On Climate & Forests 2003-2010 1.558 km2 Deforestation In Amazonas 406 km2 Deforestation In Amazonas 73,9% reduction Law N3135 Amazonas Climate Change policy Juma REDD pilot starts 16% world's protected areas created in 2009 CEUC CECLIMA FAS created Creation of Secretary of Environment Environmental Crimes Police & Strategy Group implemented Start up of Bolsa Floresta Climate Multi- Stakeholder Forum meets Ecosystem Services Law Structuration (REDD+) 6,325 families 14 protected areas 10 mllion ha 2 new REDD pilots: RDS Madeira and Mosaico do Apuí Action Plan on Prevention and Control Of Deforestation approved Law N53 State System Of Protected Areas
  11. 11. GDP Deforestation Fonte: INPE/PRODES 2009 0 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 400 200 Deforestation (km 2 ) 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1558 R$ Billions 406 775 788 610 604 1232 2009 42,0 46,2* 39,1 33,3 30,3 25,0 49,6* Fonte: SEPLAN 2010 (*) PIB estimado pelo DEPI/SEPLAN – sujeito a alterações SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Deforestation decrease (73,94%) GDP increase between 2003 and 2009 Government of State of Amazonas: actions on Climate and Forests
  12. 12. Fonte: CEUC/SDS Prevent the syndrome of &quot;we-have-to-protect-the-nature-protected areas-then-the-rest-of-planet-can-be-destroyed&quot; Its effects can seriously compromise the effectiveness of protected areas. Biodiversity depends on the biological processes that also occur outside the units Structuring cooperation mechanisms to ensure resources for mitigation of climate change / strengthen welbeing and identity of the Amazonas population What now? Government of State of Amazonas: actions on Climate and Forests Áreas Protegidas do Amazonas (2009) Área (ha)‏ Em relação ao Estado (%)‏ Unidade de Conservação Federal 18.591.553 11,92 Unidade de Conservação Estadual 19.007.033 12,19 Terras Indígenas 43.195.987 27,70 TOTAL 83.584.516 51,81
  13. 13. Fonte: CEUC/SDS State-wide framework for Ecosystem Services and REDD: * REDD readiness: legal framework, land tenure addressed * adhere to a national system or regime * include indigenous lands, federal conservation unit, private areas Not waiting Government of State of Amazonas: actions on Climate and Forests
  14. 14. Fonte: CEUC/SDS <ul><li>Brazil Cap & Trade System: sectorial dialogue and/or states dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>MRV System </li></ul><ul><li>REDD inserted into this logic </li></ul><ul><li>ARENAS: dialogue with National Government </li></ul>NEXT STEPS Government of State of Amazonas: actions on Climate and Forests Áreas Protegidas do Amazonas (2009) Área (ha)‏ Em relação ao Estado (%)‏ Unidade de Conservação Federal 18.591.553 11,92 Unidade de Conservação Estadual 19.007.033 12,19 Terras Indígenas 43.195.987 27,70 TOTAL 83.584.516 51,81
  15. 15. Obrigada!

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