Chapter 7 presentation


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Drug Prescriptions

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Chapter 7 presentation

  1. 1. Chapter 7 presentationDrug Prescriptions<br />Antihistamines<br />Antitussives<br />Decongestants<br />
  2. 2. Antihistamines<br />Antihistamines are a type of drug medicine used for allergies and hay fever symptoms such as:<br />Runny nose / itchy nose<br />Sneezing<br />Watery eye<br />
  3. 3. Antihistamines <br />Many Antihistamines are available over the counter and come in many forms:<br />Nasal spray<br />Tablet<br />Liquid forms<br />
  4. 4. Antihistamines<br />Some examples of brand name Antihistamines are the following:<br />
  5. 5. Antihistamines<br />How do they work?<br />The histamine from the medication acts as a competitive inhibitor and blocks the histamine from binding to the histamine’s receptor site to cause allergy like symptoms.<br />
  6. 6. Antihistamines <br />Precautions<br />Avoid alcohol, sedatives, tranquilizers or any drug that may cause drowsiness.<br />Do not use if breastfeeding, have narrow-angle glaucoma or have allergies to Antihistamines<br />Side Effects<br />Drowsiness, dry mouth, urine retention and blurred vision<br />
  7. 7. Antitussives<br />Type of drug medicine used to suppress and relieve cough symptoms such as the following:<br />Dry cough (cough suppressant)<br />Coughs with phlegm (cough exportant)<br />
  8. 8. Antitussives<br />Many Antitussives are available over the counter and come in mostly two forms:<br />Liquid<br />Cough drops<br />
  9. 9. Antitussives<br />Some examples of brand name Antitussives are the following:<br />
  10. 10. Antitussives<br />Precautions<br />Can cause complications for people who have asthma, heart failure, high blood pressure, glaucoma or enlarged prostate<br />Don’t overuse! Some products contain alcohol<br />Side Effects<br />Drowsiness<br />
  11. 11. Decongestants<br />Decongestants are a type of drug medicine to reduce nasal congestion symptoms such as the following:<br />Watery eyes<br />Stuffy head and nose<br />
  12. 12. Decongestants <br />Many Decongestants are available over the counter and come in the following forms:<br />Liquid capsules<br />Liquid<br />Nasal spray<br />
  13. 13. Decongestants <br />Some examples of brand name decongestants are the following:<br />
  14. 14. Decongestants <br />How do they work?<br />Reduce nasal decongestion by narrowing blood vessels and reduce blood flow to nasal passage<br />
  15. 15. Decongestants <br />Precautions<br />Use only as temporary relief. Longer than needed use can cause worse congestion<br />Individuals should not use if have high blood pressure, coronary heart disease or narrow-angle glaucoma<br />Side Effects<br />May increase blood pressure, swell nasal passage with overuse, cause difficulty sleeping<br />