Chapter 10 presentation -- the reproductive system

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Chapter 10 presentation -- the reproductive system

  1. 1. The Reproductive System Veronica Deja DeRosa Biology 120
  2. 2. The Birthing Process - The Three Stages of Labor <ul><li>Dilation Stage (First Stage) </li></ul><ul><li>- Contractions start and are anywhere between 5-30 minutes apart. </li></ul><ul><li>- Cervix becomes dilated at approximately 4 -7 centimeters apart and then continues to increase until fully dilated at 10 inches apart. </li></ul><ul><li>- The baby applies pressure and the mother will feel the need to push, but must not push until instructed by the medical team. The mother should practice breathing techniques to help alleviate the need to push too early. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Birthing Process - The Three Stages of Labor <ul><li>Expulsion Stage (second stage) </li></ul><ul><li>- The cervix is fully dilated at 10 inches apart. </li></ul><ul><li>The pressure of the baby and for the mother to push is strong. The mother may begin to push, but should rest between contractions and save her energy for pushing when the contractions are occurring. </li></ul><ul><li>- The baby is delivered. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Birthing Process - The Three Stages of Labor <ul><li>Placental Stage (Third Stage) </li></ul><ul><li>- Delivery of the placenta (after birth) happens usually 20 – 30 minutes after the baby is delivered. </li></ul><ul><li>- The placenta is also delivered through contractions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Menopause <ul><li>Menopause is a transitional phase occurring in the woman’s body between the ages of 40 – 55 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>The ovaries stop producing eggs and menstrual periods will stop or slow to eventually stop. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Menopause <ul><li>Symptoms of menopause are caused by the changes in estrogen and progesterone levels in a woman’s body and can be mild depending on the woman’s body. </li></ul><ul><li>Some symptoms may include the following: </li></ul><ul><li>-Heart racing </li></ul><ul><li>-Hot flashes and sweats </li></ul><ul><li>-Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>-Vaginal dryness and infections </li></ul><ul><li>-Aches and pains in the back and joints </li></ul>
  7. 7. Menopause <ul><li>If symptoms of menopause are severe, there are treatments and medications available to ease this natural transition of a woman’s body. </li></ul><ul><li>Medications </li></ul><ul><li>- Hormone replacement medications such as estrogen and progesterone. </li></ul><ul><li>- Antidepressant medication </li></ul><ul><li>- High blood pressure medication </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>- Avoid caffeine </li></ul><ul><li>- Exercise regularly </li></ul><ul><li>- Receive adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D </li></ul><ul><li>- Practice slow breathing and meditative techniques, such as yoga or tai chi. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Total Abdominal Hysterectomy Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy <ul><li>Surgery procedure entailing the removal of a woman’s uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries due to disease infection of the area – i.e ovarian cancer. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Total Abdominal Hysterectomy Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy <ul><li>The operation includes general anesthesia and may include blood transfusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Risks and Complications of surgery include: </li></ul><ul><li>- Wound complications due to infections </li></ul><ul><li>-Damage to other organs such as the bladder and urethras. </li></ul><ul><li>-Deep vein thrombosis </li></ul>
  10. 10. Resources <ul><li>www.mothernature.com/.../Books/32/18.cfm </li></ul><ul><li>www.amermedinternational.com/menopause.php </li></ul><ul><li>catalog.nucleusinc.com/generateexhibit.php?ID... </li></ul>

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