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OpenDevCamp 2014 Downscale slies


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Downscaling the Semantic Web / Linked Data for Development slides presented at Open Development Camp 2014. Includes a slide on Downscale2014

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OpenDevCamp 2014 Downscale slies

  1. 1. DOWNSCALE: Linked Data for Development Victor de Boer - Anna Bon- Christophe Guéret Open Development Camp 2014
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Need for information sharing in rural developing areas • Agriculture – Market Prices – Business opportunities – Support – Sharing indigenous knowledge – Etc. • Health – Prevention – Access to healthcare – Detection of disease outbreak – etc. • Education • Etc. Based on
  4. 4. Barriers to the Internet 1. Technology: The lack of connectivity and electricity, cost of devices and cost of connection are limiting the adoption and usage of new technologies; 2. Capacity: Lack of time and resources limits the participation in data sharing processes. There are also issues related to low education levels, low capacity to interpret data, and illiteracy; 3. Relevance: Power balance, culture, apathy, lack of incentives, lack of interest and dis-empowerment are also all threats to having citizens engage in data sharing.
  5. 5. Information sharing should be made 1. usable on small, affordable, hardware deployed in various connectivity contexts; 2. accessible to individuals with varied cultural backgrounds / literacy levels; 3. relevant and directly useful to the target public they aim to empower. Infrastructure Interface Relevancy
  6. 6. Why the Semantic Web? • Information (from NGOs) in silos – Specific products – Specific communities • Lot of knowledge is lost due to lack of publication  Sharing (heterogeneous) knowledge is essential • LD is well-suited because of: – Language-agnostic – Interface-agnostic – De-centralised authoring • Slicing – Re-usability • Local • Global Img: flickr/elcovs
  7. 7. Web of Documents (WWW) Linked Documents
  8. 8. Web of Data Linked Data Semantic Web
  9. 9. With the mainstream • Dev. countries can leapfrog directly into the information age, – jumping many phases of immature technologies • Linked Data is mainstream computer science research. – Let’s worry about the 4.5 B unconnected prosumers now! Img: flickr/n3v3rv0id
  10. 10. Interface: Mobile phones and Community radios
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Can the Web (be made to) mean something for knowledge sharing even under very constraining conditions? •No internet, no computer, no electricity •Multitude of languages, levels of literacy Market Information Citizen Journalism Event Organiser
  13. 13. Bottom-up •Involvement of local communities –Trust and ownership –Co-creation •Bottom-up: field visits, workshops, demos, roadshows, etc •Local communities: innovation co- creation, “Living Labs” socio- technical approach –Use case gathering –Observation and prototyping –Test, adapt
  14. 14. rm:offering0001 rm:shea_butter rm:1000 rdfs:label rdfs:label “Amande de Karité”@fr “Shea Nuts”@en speakle:voicelabel_ba rm:audio_shea_nl.wav rm:audio_shea_ba.wav speakle:voicelabel_nl rdfs:label “1000” speakle:voicelabel_ba rm:audio_1000_nl.wav rm:audio_1000_ba.wav speakle:voicelabel_nl rm:Mazankuy_Diarra rm:kilo rdfs:label “kilo”@en speakle:voicelabel_ba rm:audio_kilo_nl.wav rm:audio_kilo_ba.wav speakle:voicelabel_nl rm:has_contact Speakle voice labels
  15. 15. Low-powered hardware • OLPC XO laptop • Raspberry Pi • Sheevaplug etc.
  16. 16. ERS: Distributed Networks Mesh VS Infrastructure network
  17. 17. Christophe Gueret
  19. 19. ICT4D Course •MSc Computer Science course –this year 3rd time –Core Computer Science: CS4D •Make students aware of importance of context •Hands-on experience •Train CS researchers in ICT4D
  20. 20. Nichesourcing for pluvial data digitization for the Sahel [M.Sc. thesis by Binyam Tesfa]
  21. 21. 1.How does violent conflict in recipient countries affect aid activities? 2.How does aid spending as registered in the IATI standard compare to World Bank indicators? IATI2LOD (Kasper Brandt)
  22. 22. Voice Interface design for low-literate users •Design guidelines (Deepak Chhettri) •Evaluation experiment (Onur Akgun and Serdar Parlak) •Access to DBpedia / Wikipedia (Rianne Nieland)
  23. 23. Icon-based interaction (Project Julia Salomons)
  24. 24. Knowledge sharing platform (aka “The Box”) •Brings together many strands •Rapid prototyping platform –Flexible use cases •Rainfall, land rights, market places, seed exchange, messaging platfomr –Knowledge sharing on multiple levels –Small, low-power, low-cost hardware –Multi-model interface –Privacy and data sharing VU Network Institute Research Assistant Project w/ Julie Ferguson (Org. Sci)
  25. 25. DOWNSCALE 2014 ICT4D 3.0 : Complex adaptive system User-centric Different backgrounds DISTRIBUTED IATI/CONTRACTING: ERS-like networks for local and global sharing of data PRIVACY AND DATA CONTROL Multi-layered architecture can help with privacy/ Linked Private Data?
  26. 26. More information?