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Kasadaka and ICT4D at VU

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Kasadaka and ICT4D at VU as presented at Nationale dag voor duurzaamheid in het hoger onderwijs 2017 https://nddho.surf.nl/

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Kasadaka and ICT4D at VU

  1. 1. SUSTAINABILITY AND ICT4D ANNA BON , VICTOR DE BOER FRANCIS DITTOH, ANDRÉ BAART AND OTHERS
  2. 2. and almost 800 million people vulnerable for food shortages Currently, > 3 billion people in the world are “unconnected” …. http://internetcensus2012.bitbucket.org/paper.html
  3. 3. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)) No. 9c : “Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020.”
  4. 4. What about transferring technologies to developing regions?
  5. 5. How about e.g. a rural Sub- Saharan African context?”
  6. 6. What about sustainability?… According to the World Bank, the largest investor/donor in ICT4D Infrastructure & applications : spent 491 million US $ on ICT4D in SSA (2003- 2013) 1300 WB projects only 50 % achieved its objectives
  7. 7. The internet requires data centres
  8. 8. What about energy consumption? • “performing two Google searches from a desktop computer can generate about the same amount of carbon dioxide as boiling a kettle" or about 7g “f CO2 per search.
  9. 9. Let’s take a different perspective… • Scarce electricity • Low purchasing power • Low levels of text- literacy (especially women) • Many different languages spoken, no French, English, etc • ICTs here : only GSM and rural radio
  10. 10. Collaboration with local stakeholders
  11. 11. Meteo/rain data Chicken vaccination Animal health Matching customers Market information Milk information Etc. etc. What are the local information needs, e.g.
  12. 12. Requirement engineering workshops with farmers in Bamako
  13. 13. A portfolio of sustainable applications Bambara
  14. 14. Voice and speech technologies • In rural Mali and Burkina Faso adult illiteracy >50%
  15. 15. Building voice-systems for local languages • Languages are unresourced-> no TTS or ASR • Record utterances* from local users in Malian French dialect, Bambara and Bomu: co- creation with local users * TTS and ASR is built by Etienne Barnard from North-West University, South Africa
  16. 16. Sustainable hardware Poor Internet connections and scarce electricity require different infrastructural solutions than Internet, Cloud Solutions, Big Data etc.
  17. 17. Sustainable business models of local stakeholders, working with scenarios *) *)A useful approach is the e3-value method Gordijn & Akkermans 2003
  18. 18. Research challenges to ensure real ICT4D sustainability? • Sustainable, small hardware inexpensive solutions, rural conditions • Business sustainability through local value networks • Voice and speech technologies in local languages • Context/Use case and requirements analysis • Collaborative engineering, deploying, evaluating! • Organizing community of developers/users
  19. 19. To be continued students ICT4D@VU….
  20. 20. Kasadaka a rapid prototyping platform for the rural poor Victor de Boer, Andre Baart, Gossa Lo, Christophe Gueret, Anna Bon, Francis Dittoh, Hans Akkermans, Wendelien Tuijp,… Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
  21. 21. Victor de Boer Web & Media Group, Computer Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Web Science, Linked Data, … Cultural Heritage and Digital History ICT for Development
  22. 22. Can the Web (be made to) mean something for information sharing even under very constraining conditions? No internet, no computer, no electricity Multitude of languages, levels of literacy
  23. 23. Information sharing should be made 1. usable on small, affordable, hardware deployed in various connectivity contexts; 2. accessible to individuals with varied cultural backgrounds / literacy levels; 3. relevant and directly useful to the target public they aim to empower. Infrastructure Interface Relevancy
  24. 24. Infrastructure RelevancyInterface
  25. 25. https://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/7826373720 Mobile phones
  26. 26. Low-literacy One of the grand challenges of ICT4D Prevalent among the rural poor
  27. 27. Icon-based communication https://www.cnet.com/products/nokia-3310/preview/
  28. 28. Speech: The most natural user interface https://www.flickr.com/photos/adriansnood/14252302357/
  29. 29. Interactive voice response (IVR)
  30. 30. Interface Relevancy Infrastructure
  31. 31. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/16/health/16incubators.html?pagewanted=1&_r=3&partner=permalink&exprod=permalink
  32. 32. Appropriate, sustainable hardware affordable, low-power-consuming, repairable, durable, ownable, Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)
  33. 33. Voice service: Multiple solutions SIP over Ethernet HTTP Officeroute running Asterisk Orange Emerginov Platform GSM dongle DOWNSCALING Cheap, small hardware
  34. 34. Foroba Blon 2.0 Kasadaka
  35. 35. KASADAKA.com Low-power, ubiquitous, cheap hardware (rPi + gsm dongle) FLOSS components Rapid Prototyping + deployment Access information Voice services SMS-based Visual Internet or GSM network
  36. 36. Data transfer in an SMS ?
  37. 37. Infrastructure Interface Relevancy
  38. 38. Rapid Prototyping Use Case Gathe- ring Rapid Prototy ping Prototy ping Deploy ment Business Deploy ment
  39. 39. Weather Service (Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso) DigiVet (N-Ghana) Radio message service (Mali) Poultry vaccination service (Mali) Milk service (Mali Seed market (Mali and Burkina Faso)
  40. 40. Meteo
  41. 41. Mali Milk
  42. 42. What’s new in this ICT4D research ? New approach to innovation and ICT4D (e.g. bringing the Web to those without the internet) Validation of iterative approaches to ICT development in a low-tech context; Case studies from a rural area in Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana.
  43. 43. With the mainstream Dev. countries can leapfrog directly into the information age, jumping many phases of immature technologies Img: flickr/n3v3rv0id Development Informatics as mainstream computer science research.
  44. 44. ICT4D Course @ MSc Computer Science course This year 5th time (almost) unique in Europe Multidisciplinary Core Computer Science: CS4D Make students aware of importance of context Hands-on experience with KASADAKA Train CS researchers in ICT4D
  45. 45. CLASS OF 2017
  46. 46. http://W4RA.ORG

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