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Downscale for sustainability Downscale 2016 Anna Bon


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Downscale for sustainability slides presented at Downscale 2016 (c) Anna Bon

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Downscale for sustainability Downscale 2016 Anna Bon

  1. 1. DownScaling the Web A sustainable framework for ICT4D DownScale Workshop - ICT4S Conference 20 16 29 August 2016 - Amsterdam Anna Bon, Hans Akkermans & Jaap Gordijn
  2. 2. Half the world population is “Unconnected” to the Web
  3. 3. What is the common approach to connect the unconnected? “Given that the Internet has become an indispensable tool for realizing a range of human rights, combating inequality, and accelerating development and human progress, ensuring universal access to the Internet should be a priority for all States.” Frank La Rue, 2011 UN Special Rapporteur
  4. 4. An alternative approach: “DownScaling the Web” • The current Web uses the Internet as its unique backbone; • Internet backbone is concentrated in large urban centres, in developed countries; • Needs electricity, datacenters, infrastructure; • Uses expensive devices; • Internet is expensive for the poor.
  5. 5. What do we mean by “DownScaling the Web”? • Facilitating information sharing and communication for people who are currently unconnected: • Creating inexpensive, sustainable solutions and contextualized technologies.
  6. 6. Sustainability of supply driven ICT solutions for development often questioned:
  7. 7. Linear approaches, required by donors (logframes)
  8. 8. Intervention vs adaptation in ICT
  9. 9. Donor-driven projects require a fixed path from start to end
  10. 10. Moreover: What is development? And who sets the development goals?
  11. 11. We propose a new low-resource aware framework for DownScaling “ICT4D 3.0”
  12. 12. Context analysis: reveals local constraints • Low levels of literacy • Many different languages spoken • Poor infrastructures: (no electricity in the villages, no internet, only radio/2G mobile) • Low purchasing power
  13. 13. Needs assessment: users set goals • Find local customers • Treat/prevent animal disease • Combat soil degradation • Predict rainfall • Receive flood alerts • Know more about regreening
  14. 14. Use case and requirements analysis
  15. 15. Iterative development, testing, deployment: examples Mali Milk 3.0 DigiVet Mr Meteo
  16. 16. innovation4dev • The Case of: Knowledge sharing for Food Security in Rural Africa through adaptive, collaborative technology (ICT) development, 2009 - ongoing Sustainability assessment
  17. 17. Best kept secrets of sustainable projects • Partnerships with local organizations • Talking frequently to end-users • Long term collaboration • Combining knowledge domains • Supporting local innovation • Building on local expertise • Starting from legacy work flows
  18. 18. Conclusion: How do we see the future Web?? DownScaled Contextualized Community-Based