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Organization Development Future Forward


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21st century OD Models are emerging and coming from other fields of behavioral science.
Slow adoption and recognition by business schools.

Published in: Business, Education
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Organization Development Future Forward

  1. 1.  Organiza)onal  Development:  Future  Forward   ©2010 All rights reserved.
  2. 2. What is an Organization?   •  An organization is a legal fiction created to solve an ill defined problem with an ill defined solution. (Wm Passmore) •  An organization neither has a conscience or soul, only the people in the organization have them. •  An organization is a series of conversations or dialogues, external and internal in pursuit of the solution. (Wm Passmore) •  … People today expect companies to demonstrate technical excellence, to be efficient, and to create wealth, they also expect them to behave as moral actors, exhibiting the range of competencies required of other moral actors. ©2010 All rights reserved.
  3. 3. Among these [competencies] are the ability to frame their own purposes, to conform their activities to basic ethical standards, to show consideration for others, to exercise moral judgment in conducting their affairs, to accept responsibility for their errors and misdeeds, and to contribute to the larger community to which they belong. (Lynn Paine – Value Shift) “The  decision  to  recall  these  vehicles,  a   voluntary  decision,  was  Toyota’s,”  Mr.  Lentz   said.  “We  had  a  legal  and  an  ethical   requirement”  to  stop  selling  the  vehicles.     NY  Times  2/1/10   ©2010 All rights reserved.
  4. 4. What is Organization Development? OD involves (1) planned, (2) organization-wide action (3) managed through its internal hierarchy which (4) increases organizational efficiency and sustainability through (5) use of planned interventions into organizational processes that are informed by behavioral-science knowledge. (Beckhard) ©2010 All rights reserved.
  5. 5. What is Organization Development? "Organization development is a system-wide application of behavioral science knowledge to the planned development and reinforcement of organizational strategies, structures, and processes for improving an organization's effectiveness.” -- Cummings and Worley, "Organization Development and Change", Sixth Edition, South-Western Publishing, 1997, p.2. ©2010 All rights reserved.
  6. 6.  Organiza)on  Management  Roots  Overall   Effec%veness/Efficiency  / Growth/Sustainability/ Innova%on   Total  Quality  Management  –  E.  Deming   Convergence   Management  Consul)ng   experts   Organiza)on  Development   process   Compu&ng  Technology   Taylor  1880  –  90’s   1930’s   1940’s              50’s  –  60’s              70’s  -­‐80’s      90  –  2000          2010   ©2010 All rights reserved.
  7. 7. OD  -­‐  Roots     Effec%veness/Efficiency  / Growth/Sustainability/ Innova%on   Convergence   NTL  –Na)onal   Training  Labs   T  Group  Method  -­‐   Exxon        Douglas  McGregor  –  Union  Carbide        Dick  Beckhard  –  General  Mills   Survey    Feedback  –  Rensis  Likert     Tavistock  –  UK  –  Sociotechnical  systems   Emery  and  Trist  –  Welsh  Mines,  Hawker  Sidley   Hawthorne     Compu&ng  Technology   Taylor  1880  –  90’s   1930’s   1940’s              50’s  –  60’s              70’s  -­‐80’s      90  –  2000          2010   { { ©2010 All rights reserved. { Stable   Transi)on   Recession  
  8. 8. OD  –  80’s  Forward     Effec%veness/Efficiency  / Growth/Sustainability/ Innova%on   Open   Diversity   Networks   Approaches   Convergence   Learning  Org.   Social   Media   TQM   Quan)ta)ve   Coaching/Mentoring   Socio-­‐cultural   Neuroscience approaches   Interdisciplinary   Anthropology   Ethnography   Compu&ng  Technology   Taylor  1880  –  90’s   1930’s   1940’s              50’s  –  60’s              70’s  -­‐80’s      90  –  2000          2010   { { { { { ©2010 All rights reserved. Stable   Transi)on   Recession   Globaliza)on   VUCA  
  9. 9. ©Marvin  Weisbord   ©2010 All rights reserved.
  10. 10. Leadership  Models  Reflect  the  stage  of  Science  and   Technology  or  Not   Collabora4ve   Integra4ve   Heroic   Theories   Charisma4c  and     Transforma4onal   Followership  or   Theories   Power-­‐Influence   Con4ngency   Behavior   Theories   Theories   50’s-­‐60s   60’s-­‐70’s   80’s   90’s   00’s   ©2010 All rights reserved. Axelrod  Becker  Consul)ng  -­‐   21st  Century  Organiza)on  
  11. 11. Wiki URL ©2010 All rights reserved.