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Display Technology
Presented by:
Vasu jain(B120020303)
Presentation Outline
 History
 Introduction
 Motivation
 4K Resolution Specifications
 Difference b/w UHD and 4K
 RE...
History
 The first commercially available 4K camera for cinematographic
purposes was the Dalsa Origin, released in 2003. ...
Introduction
 4K is the new big thing in display technology.
 1920 x 1080 resolution - full HD TVs: Image of around 2 me...
Motivation
 The high definition comes in two flavors which are 720p (HD ready)
and 1080p (Full HD).
 Both standards offe...
 The real difference between 720p and 1080p is the minimum viewing
distance from TV about two meters.
 Increasing pixel ...
4K Resolution
4K Resolution Specifications
 "Ultra High-Definition", or "Ultra HD",
 Have an aspect ratio of at least 16:9
 Can prese...
 UHD is a resolution of 3840 pixels × 2160 lines (8.3 megapixels, aspect
ratio 16:9) and is one of the two resolutions of...
 The Digital Cinema Initiatives consortium established a standard
resolution of 4096 pixels × 2160 lines (8.8 megapixels,...
Recording in 4K
 The main advantage of recording video at the 4K standard is that fine
spatial detail is resolved well. T...
Difference b/w UHD and 4K
 Technically, "Ultra High Definition" is actually a derivation of the 4K
digital cinema standar...
How far should you sit from a 4K TV for
the best picture
 4K Ultra HD is a much more intimate viewing experience than Ful...
Viewing Distance
REC. 2020 Standard
 Recommendation 2020 defines
various aspects of ultra high
definition television (UHDTV) such
as displ...
Frame rate and Digital Representation
 Frame rate, also known as frame frequency and frames per second
(FPS), is the freq...
Beyond HDTV
Beyond
HD ?
2D
3D
1080p/50
UHD-1
UHD-2
Frame
Compatible
Service
Compatible
Expensive is the technology
 The first wave of 4K TVs were large, really large. Both Sony and LG
launched with 84-inch pa...
How small will 4K Ultra HD screens get
 In the short term, screen sizes are likely to stabilise at 55-inches and
upwards....
Growth of 4K
Are 4K televisions future-proof
 While there is no content yet that can take advantage of this higher
4K frame rate -- ap...
Hang on, what about 8K
 If 4K offers four times the resolution of Full HD, then 8K will deliver
16 times the definition. ...
Conclusion
 Complex implementation.
 Requires a large shift in the broadcast and entertainment
infrastructure.
 Current...
References
 1) 4K resolution, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4K_resolution.
 2) CIExy1931 Rec 2020 and Rec 709,
http://en....
4K Technology
4K Technology
4K Technology
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4K Technology

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4K is the new big thing in display technology.

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4K Technology

  1. 1. Display Technology Presented by: Vasu jain(B120020303)
  2. 2. Presentation Outline  History  Introduction  Motivation  4K Resolution Specifications  Difference b/w UHD and 4K  REC. 2020 Standard  Frame rate and Digital Representation  8K technology  Conclusion  References
  3. 3. History  The first commercially available 4K camera for cinematographic purposes was the Dalsa Origin, released in 2003. The projection of films at 4K resolution at cinemas began in 2011 .The first 4K home theatre projector was released by Sony in 2012.  YouTube began supporting 4K for video uploads in 2010. Users could view 4K video by selecting "Original" from the quality settings until December 2013, when the 2160p option appeared in the quality menu.  Sony is one of the leading studios promoting UHDTV content, as of 2013 offering a little over 70 movie and television titles via digital download to a specialized player that stores and decodes the video.
  4. 4. Introduction  4K is the new big thing in display technology.  1920 x 1080 resolution - full HD TVs: Image of around 2 megapixels  UHDTV - 8 megapixel image from hi-resolution cameras.  4K denotes a very specific display resolution of 4096 x 2160.  Proposed by NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories and defined and approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).  It will soon become a format for both broadcast TV and Blu-ray.
  5. 5. Motivation  The high definition comes in two flavors which are 720p (HD ready) and 1080p (Full HD).  Both standards offer more picture information than the standard definition formats.  The more pixels that make up an image, the more detail you see - and the smoother the appearance of curved and diagonal lines.  Ultra HD takes that on to the next level.  A high pixel count also enables images to go larger before they break up, which suits the trend to bigger TVs.
  6. 6.  The real difference between 720p and 1080p is the minimum viewing distance from TV about two meters.  Increasing pixel density leads to closer viewing distance without the pixel grid becoming obvious to viewer.  A 4K image - or Ultra HD - enables user to sit 1.6m from the screen.
  7. 7. 4K Resolution
  8. 8. 4K Resolution Specifications  "Ultra High-Definition", or "Ultra HD",  Have an aspect ratio of at least 16:9  Can present native video at a minimum resolution of 4096 x 2,160 pixels.  4K UHDTV (2160p) is 4096 pixels wide by 2160 pixels tall (8.3 megapixels), which is four times more pixels than 1920 x 1080 (2.1 megapixels).  8K UHDTV (4320p) is 7680 pixels wide by 4320 pixels tall (33 megapixels), which is sixteen times more pixels than current 1080p HDTV, which brings it closer to the detail level of 15/70 mm IMAX.  The p in 2160p and 4320p stands for progressive scan.
  9. 9.  UHD is a resolution of 3840 pixels × 2160 lines (8.3 megapixels, aspect ratio 16:9) and is one of the two resolutions of ultra high definition television targeted towards consumer television, the other being FUHD which is 7680 pixels × 4320 lines (33.2 megapixels). UHD has twice the horizontal and vertical resolution of the 1080p HDTV format, with four times as many pixels overall. ULTRA HD
  10. 10.  The Digital Cinema Initiatives consortium established a standard resolution of 4096 pixels × 2160 lines (8.8 megapixels, aspect ratio ~17:9) for 4K film projection. This is the native resolution for DCI- compliant 4K digital projectors and monitors; pixels are cropped from the top or sides depending on the aspect ratio of the content being projected. The DCI 4K standard has twice the horizontal and vertical resolution of DCI 2K, with four times as many pixels overall. DCI 4K does not conform to the standard 1080p Full HD aspect ratio (16:9), so it is not a multiple of the 1080p display. DIGITAL CINEMA
  11. 11. Recording in 4K  The main advantage of recording video at the 4K standard is that fine spatial detail is resolved well. This contrasts with 2K resolutions in which fine detail in hair is displayed poorly. If the final video quality is reduced to 2K from a 4K recording more detail is apparent than would have been achieved from a 2K recording. Increased fineness and contrast is then possible with output to DVD and Blu-ray.
  12. 12. Difference b/w UHD and 4K  Technically, "Ultra High Definition" is actually a derivation of the 4K digital cinema standard. However while your local multiplex shows images in native 4096 x 2160 4K resolution, the new Ultra HD consumer format has a slightly lower resolution of 3840 X 2160.  This is one reason why some brands prefer not to use the 4K label at all, sticking with Ultra HD or UHD instead. However, the numerical shorthand looks likely to stick. As a broad brush label it's so much snappier!
  13. 13. How far should you sit from a 4K TV for the best picture  4K Ultra HD is a much more intimate viewing experience than Full HD. In many respects, the best way to view 4K is analogous to the way we view films in a cinema. Old style cinemas were shoe-box shaped and most patrons sat typically 3-5 screen heights away, because that was the most comfortable viewing distance.  Consequently, a large 4K screen is probably best viewed at a distance of between 2-3m
  14. 14. Viewing Distance
  15. 15. REC. 2020 Standard  Recommendation 2020 defines various aspects of ultra high definition television (UHDTV) such as display resolution, frame rate, chroma subsampling, bit depth, and color space.  The wavelength of the Rec. 2020 primary colors is:  630 nm for the Red primary color.  532 nm for the Green primary color  467 nm for the Blue primary color.
  16. 16. Frame rate and Digital Representation  Frame rate, also known as frame frequency and frames per second (FPS), is the frequency (rate) at which an imaging device produces unique consecutive images called frames. The term applies equally well to film and video cameras, computer graphics, and motion capture systems.  120p, 60p, 59.94p, 50p, 30p, 29.97p, 25p, 24p, 23.976p.  Only progressive scan frame rates are allowed.  The NHK is planning for their UHDTV system, Super Hi-Vision, to use 12- bits per sample RGB.
  17. 17. Beyond HDTV Beyond HD ? 2D 3D 1080p/50 UHD-1 UHD-2 Frame Compatible Service Compatible
  18. 18. Expensive is the technology  The first wave of 4K TVs were large, really large. Both Sony and LG launched with 84-inch panels Consequently, they were saddled with price tags in excess of ₹18,00,000 . Not to be outdone, Samsung weighed in with the 85-inch S9 at ₹33,00,000 , clearly aimed at footballers Generally speaking, a market-leading 65-inch 4K TV like the Sony KD-65X9005B will set you back a little over ₹2,00,000... and they're getting cheaper.
  19. 19. How small will 4K Ultra HD screens get  In the short term, screen sizes are likely to stabilise at 55-inches and upwards. That's because as the screen size shrinks the advantage of having such a pixel dense display starts to diminish. There's also an irrefutable relationship between screen resolution and viewing distances.  While seating will vary from home to home, generally speaking a large 4K TV will provide an upgrade for a smaller 1080p screen. However, the 4K resolution will ultimately be about more than just definition.
  20. 20. Growth of 4K
  21. 21. Are 4K televisions future-proof  While there is no content yet that can take advantage of this higher 4K frame rate -- apart from PC games -- we consider HDMI 2.0 a must- have for any 4K TV going forward. In addition to including it in their 2014 4K TVs, many makers also offer an upgrade path that enables their 2013 4K TVs to be upgraded to HDMI 2.0. Compared to 1080p TVs they still demand a premium.
  22. 22. Hang on, what about 8K  If 4K offers four times the resolution of Full HD, then 8K will deliver 16 times the definition. 8K screens comprise a staggering 33 million pixels.This is an order of magnitude beyond any display technology currently available, and only one broadcaster, Japanese state owned NHK, has publically said it intends to commercialise the technology. NHK has since pledged to shoot and transmit the 2020 Tokyo Olympics in the format.
  23. 23. Conclusion  Complex implementation.  Requires a large shift in the broadcast and entertainment infrastructure.  Currently the only devices to offer Ultra HD play-out are ultra high resolution PC graphics cards, which typically use a quartet of SDI or HDMI outputs to deliver 8MP of video.
  24. 24. References  1) 4K resolution, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4K_resolution.  2) CIExy1931 Rec 2020 and Rec 709, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CIExy1931_Rec_2020_and_Rec_709.svg  3) Rec. 2020, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rec._2020  4) Ultra high definition television, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultra_high_definition_television  5) Ultra HD and 4K TV: Everything you need to know, http://www.techradar.com/news/home-cinema/high-definitionultra-hd- everything-you-need-to-know-about-4k-tv-1048954

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