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Stimulating Classroom Environment

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This was a presentation at the Session on "Pedagogical Practices and Innovations" in a National Seminar on “Rejuvenation of Under-graduate Education in India” (Aug 10-11, 2018) organised by Center for Educational and Social Studies, Bengaluru, India

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Stimulating Classroom Environment

  1. 1. Prof. Vasudha Kamat Member, National Education Policy, GoI Former Vice Chancellor SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai kamatvasudhav@gmail.com National Seminar Rejuvenation of Undergraduate Education in India
  2. 2. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 2 Education and Learning www.heathermcgowan.net
  3. 3. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 3 Education Cycle Curriculum Pedagogy Assessment Goals Education
  4. 4. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 4 4th Industrial Revolution Manufacturing2020Report:byColumbus http://res.cloudinary.com/yumyoshojin/image/upload/v1/pdf/manufacturing-2020.pdf
  5. 5. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 5 4th Industrial Revolution Manufacturing2020Report:byColumbus http://res.cloudinary.com/yumyoshojin/image/upload/v1/pdf/manufacturing-2020.pdf Steam and Water Electricity to mass produce things Blurring the real world with the technological world Internet, communication technologies, digitalization of everything Forbes:https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacobmorgan/2016/02/19/what-is-the-4th- industrial-revolution/
  6. 6. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 6 21st Century learning skills In 2020 1. Complex Problem Solving 2. Critical Thinking 3. Creativity 4. People Management 5. Coordinating with others 6. Emotional Intelligence 7. Judgement and decision Making 8. Service Orientation 9. Negotiation 10. Cognitive Flexibility In 2015 1. Complex Problem Solving 2. Coordinating with others 3. People Management 4. Critical Thinking 5. Negotiation 6. Quality Control 7. Service Orientation 8. Judgement and decision Making 9. Active Listening 10. Creativity KLAUS SCHWAB: World Economic Forum https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/the-10-skills-you-need-to-thrive-in-the-fourth-industrial-revolution/
  7. 7. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 7 21st Century learning skillsKLAUSSCHWAB:WorldEconomicForum https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/the-10-skills-you- need-to-thrive-in-the-fourth-industrial-revolution/ Complex Problem Solving Critical Thinking Creativity People Management Coordinating with others Emotional Intelligence Judgement and decision Making Service Orientation Negotiation Cognitive Flexibility Complex Problem Solving Coordinating with others People Management Critical Thinking Negotiation Quality Control Service Orientation Judgement and decision Making Active Listening Creativity - + 2015 2020 - +
  8. 8. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 8 21st Century learning skills 1. Complex Problem Solving 2. Critical Thinking 3. Creativity 4. People Management 5. Coordinating with others
  9. 9. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 9 Education Cycle Curriculum Pedagogy Assessment Goals Education
  10. 10. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 10 The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is strongly advocating curricula that integrate knowledge, across subject disciplines, with skills development Curriculum for 4th Industrial Revolution https://www.oecd.org/site/eduistp2012/49850576.pdf Preparing Teachers and Developing School Leaders for the 21st Century: Andreas Schleicher (Ed)
  11. 11. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 11 Education should be “about making sure that students develop a reliable compass and the navigations skills to find their own way through an increasingly uncertain, volatile and ambiguous world”. Curriculum for 4th Industrial Revolution https://www.oecd.org/site/eduistp2012/49850576.pdf Preparing Teachers and Developing School Leaders for the 21st Century: Andreas Schleicher (Ed)
  12. 12. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 12 Education Cycle Curriculum Pedagogy Assessment Goals Education
  13. 13. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 13  Pedagogy refers to teacher interaction with learners “In the Class” as well as “Out of the Class”.  Pedagogy is concerned about student learning.  Pedagogy uses ‘theories of learning’ as well as ‘understanding about the learner’ (needs, interests, learning styles etc.) Pedagogy
  14. 14. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 14 Teacher determined Learner determined Group determined Teaching-Learning Pedagogies
  15. 15. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 15 Teaching-Learning Pedagogies Teacher determined Learner determined Group determined
  16. 16. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 16 Teacher determined Learner determined Group determined  Transmitting information  Expectation of remembering information  Assessment based on memory  Authoritative role of Teacher Teaching-Learning Pedagogies
  17. 17. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 17 Teacher determined Learner determined Group determined  Individualised Learning  Learner control/Freedom to learner (decision making)  Assessment can be based on memory or higher order outcomes  Role of Teacher as facilitator Teaching-Learning Pedagogies
  18. 18. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 18 Teacher determined Learner determined Group determined  Cooperative Learning  Creating Learning Communities  Empowering students  Assessment based on higher order outcomes  Cooperation, Exploration, Communication,  Role of Teacher as facilitator Teaching-Learning Pedagogies
  19. 19. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 19 Teaching-Learning Pedagogies Flipped Learning MakerspaceSOLE
  20. 20. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 20 T Direct Instruction shifted to T Flipped Classroom Flipped Learning
  21. 21. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 21 T Flipped Classroom Flipped Learning
  22. 22. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 22 Cooperative Learning Flipped Classroom
  23. 23. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 23 Flipped Classroom Cooperative Learning
  24. 24. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 24 Group (Cooperative) Learning Davies, W. M. (2009). Groupwork as a form of assessment: common problems and recommended solutions. Promotes  Deep Learning as opposed to Surface Learning  Active Learning as opposed to Passive Learning  Experiential learning and Collaborative Learning  Construction of knowledge and enhancement of problem-based learning among students
  25. 25. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 25 Cooperative Learning Strategies  Jigsaw  Fishbowl  One Stray  Four Corners  Brainstorming (Round Robin)  Team-Pair-Solo  Six Thinking Hats  Three Step Interview  Peer Instruction (PI)  Think-Pair-Share (TPS)  Predict-Observe-Explain (POE)  Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL)
  26. 26. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 26 Makerspaces A makerspace is a physical location where people gather to share resources and knowledge, work on projects, network, and build. Makerspaces provide tools and space in a community environment - a library, community center, private organization, or campus. https://library.educause.edu/resources/2013/4/7-things-you-should-know-about-makerspaces
  27. 27. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 27 BEFORE: Verrado Middle School’s Computer Lab AFTER: the same room at Verrado, transformed to a Makerspace Makerspaces
  28. 28. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 28  Students take control of their own learning, take ownership of projects they have not just designed but defined.  Students often appreciate the hands-on use of emerging technologies.  Enjoy comfortable acquaintance with the experimentation that leads to a completed project.  They provide a physical laboratory for inquiry-based learning. https://library.educause.edu/resources/2013/4/7-things-you-should-know-about-makerspaces Implications for Teaching-Learning Makerspaces
  29. 29. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 29 Self Organising Learning Environment  Within a SOLE students are given the freedom to learn collaboratively using the internet.  An educator poses a Big Question and students form small groups to find an answer.  During a SOLE session students are free to move around, change groups and share information at any time.  Towards the end of a session they have the opportunity to share what they learned with the whole group. http://school-in-the-cloud.dev.indigo.ws/how-to/benefits-of-sole/ What is a SOLE SOLE sessions are characterised by discovery, sharing, spontaneity and limited teacher intervention.
  30. 30. 8/10/2018 Prof. Vasudha Kamat 30 Self Organising Learning Environment Benefits of SOLE  Collaboration and Communication skills  Creativity and Innovation skills  Critical Thinking skills  Self-direction skills  Global and Local Connections  Technological Fluency http://school-in-the-cloud.dev.indigo.ws/how-to/benefits-of-sole/ Prof. Sugata Mitra
  31. 31. Prof. Vasudha Kamat Member, National Education Policy, GoI Former Vice Chancellor SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai kamatvasudhav@gmail.com National Seminar Rejuvenation of Undergraduate Education in India Thank you!!!

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