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PPT ON WOMEN ASTRONAUTS

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PPT ON WOMEN ASTRONAUTS

  1. 1. WOMEN ASTRONAUTS SCIENCE
  2. 2. VALENTINA VLADIMIROVNA TERESHKOVA  Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova born March 6, 1937) is a retired Soviet cosmonaut, and was the first woman in space. She was selected out of more than four hundred applicants, and then out of five finalists, to pilot Vostok 6 on the 16 June, 1963, becoming both the first woman and the first civilian to fly in space, as she was only honorarily inducted into the USSR's air as a condition on joining the Cosmonaut Corps.
  3. 3. During her three-day mission, she performed various tests on herself to collect data on the female body's reaction to spaceflight. she studied at the Zhukov sky Air Force Academy and graduated with distinction as a cosmonaut engineer. In 1977 she earned a doctorate in engineering. Due to her prominence she was chosen for several political positions: from 1966 to 1974 she was a member of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, from 1974 to 1989 a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, and from 1969 to 1991 she was in the Central Committee of the Communist Party. In 1997 she was retired from the air force and the cosmonaut corps by presidential order.
  4. 4. Valentina Tereshkova received the Order of Lenin and Hero of the Soviet Union awards for her historic flight. Later she served as the president of the Soviet Women's Committee and became a member of the Supreme Soviet, the USSR's national parliament, and the Presidium, a special panel within the Soviet government. In recent years, she has led a quiet life in Moscow.
  5. 5. SALLY KRISTEN RIDE Sally Kristen Ride (born May 26, 1951) is an American physicist and a former NASA astronaut. Ride joined NASA in 1978, and in 1983 became the first American woman—and then-youngest American, at 32—to enter space. In 1987 she left NASA to work at Stanford University's Center for International Security and Arms Control. Ride has received numerous awards, including the National Space Society's von Braun Award, the Lindbergh Eagle, and the NCAA's Theodore Roosevelt Award.
  6. 6. She has been inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame and the Astronaut Hall of Fame, and has twice been awarded the NASA Space Flight Medal. Ride is the only person to serve on both of the panels investigating Shuttle accidents (those for the Challenger accident and the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster). Two elementary schools in the United States are named after her: Sally K. Ride Elementary School in The Woodlands, Texas, and Sally K. Ride Elementary School in Germantown, Maryland
  7. 7. On December 6, 2006, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver inducted Ride into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women, and the Arts.
  8. 8. ANNA LEE TINGLE FISHER Anna Lee Tingle Fisher (born August 24, 1949) is an American chemist and a NASA astronaut. Fisher was selected as an astronaut candidate in January 1978. In August 1979, she completed her training and evaluation period, making her eligible for assignment as a mission specialist on space shuttle flight crews. Fisher decided to take an extended leave 1988 to 1996 to raise her family. When she first returned to the Astronaut Office, she was assigned to the Operations Planning
  9. 9. Branch to work on the procedures and training issues in support of the International Space Station. She served as the Branch Chief of the Operations Planning Branch from June 1997- June 1998.Fisher was a mission specialist on STS-51A which launched November 8, 1984. She was accompanied by Frederick Hauck (spacecraft commander), David Walker (pilot) and fellow mission specialists Dr. Joseph Allen and Dale Gardner. With the completion of her flight, Fisher logged a total of 192 hours in space . Fisher became the first mother in space when she went up on STS-51-A .
  10. 10. she was awarded a National Science Foundation Undergraduate Research Fellowship in 1970, 1971.She was assigned to the Operations Planning Branch to work on the procedures and training issues in support of the International Space Station. She served as the Branch Chief of the Operations Planning Branch from June 1997-June 1998.She graduated from UCLA cum laude and with honors in chemistry. Recipient of: NASA Space Flight Medal; Lloyd’s of London Silver Medal for Meritorious Salvage Operations; Mother of the Year Award 1984; UCLA Professional Achievement Award, UCLA Medical Professional Achievement Award. NASA Exceptional Service Medal, 1999. she was honored by all
  11. 11. TAMARA ELIZABETH JERNIGAN Tamara Elizabeth "Tammy" Jernigan, Ph.D. (born May 7, 1959, in Chattanooga, Tennessee) is an American scientist and former NASA astronaut and a veteran of five shuttle missions. Jernigan attended Santa Fe High School in Santa Fe Springs, CA. She graduated in 1977. Jernigan attended Stanford University, where she earned a B.S. degree in physics in 1981, an M.S. in engineering science in 1983. At the University of California, Berkeley, she received an M.A. in astronomy in 1985.
  12. 12. In 1988 she was awarded a Ph.D. in space physics and astronomy from Rice University. She is the member of the American Astronomical Association, the American Physical Society, and the United States Volleyball Association.

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