Directions (Questions 1-4):Study the following graph to answer these questions.
01 Problem What fraction of the total expenditure is spent on education in family A? a. 9/13 b. 2/3 c. 13/21 d. 1/5
02 Problem If the total expenditure of family B is Rs. 10,000, then money spent on clothes by this family during the year is a. Rs. 2,000 b. Rs. 600 c. Rs. 200 d. Rs. 6,000
03 Problem If the total annual expenditure of family A is Rs. 30,000, the money spent on food, clothes and house rent is a. Rs. 21,000 b. Rs. 18,000 c. Rs. 18,500 d. Rs. 15,000
04 Problem What percentage is Bs expenditure on food over As expenditure on food, taking equal total expenditure ? a. 133.33% b. 70% c. 10% d. 75%
Directions (Questions 5-8):In a city, there were 2 lakh, 3 lakh, 4 lakh and 5 lakh men during the period 2001to 2004 respectively. In the same period, the numberof women increased at the rate of 10% every year beginning at 1.3 lakh in 2001.The number of boys in the city increased at 5% per year and was 1.2 lakh in 2004.The number of girls had been increasing at 25% and was 1 lakh in 2004. The bargraph below shows the percentage of literates in the city between the period2001 to 2004. Study the bar graph to answer these questions.
05 Problem In which year was the number of literates in the city maximum a. 2001 b. 2003 c. 2002 d. 2004
06 Problem In 2002, what was the approximate ratio of literate women to literate boys? a. 0.4 b. 0.52 c. 0.45 d. 0.35
07 Problem What was the percentage increase in the 9. number of literate girls from 2003 to 2004? a. 463% b. 526% c. 560% d. 426%
08 Problem In 2001, What was the total number of 10. literates in the city? a. 2 lakh b. 1.53 lakh c. 4.9 lakh d. 1.625 lakh
Directions (Questions 9-12):Answer these questions based on the information given. Fabric X has to gothrough three stages of manufacturing, viz., spinning, weaving and dyeing. InRimal Fabric Company, there are six spinning machines, ten weaving machinesand five dyeing machines. Each machine works for 10 hrs a day. One unit ofFabric X needs 40 minutes 12. on a spinning machine, 2 hours on a weavingmachine and 30 minutes on a dyeing machine in order to be completed.Similarly one unit of Fabric Y needs 60 minutes on a spinning machine, 30minutes on a weaving machine and 60 minutes on a dyeing machine in orderto be completed.
09 Problem In a day, how many units on Fabric Y can be completed at most? a. 20 b. 40 c. 3.30 d. 50
10 Problem If 20 units of Fabric Y are made in a day, how many units of Fabric X can be completed the same day? a. 0 b. 40 c. 20 d. 45
11 Problem If only 30 units of Fabric Y are made in a day, how many machine hours will be idle that day? a. 120 b. 135 c. 130 d. 150
12 Problem If one more dyeing machine is added, at the most how many more units of Fabric X can be made in a day? a. 0 b. 8 c. 5 d. 10
Directions (Questions 13-16):The following graph shows the number of successful candidates from differentschools (A to F) in different disciplines. Study the graph carefully to answer thesequestions.
13 Problem In which of the following institutes is the difference between the number of successful candidates in Engineering and that in Medical discipline the maximum? a. F b. C c. B d. D
14 Problem The total number of successful candidates from Medical discipline is approximately what per cent more than that from Law? a. 8% b. 15% c. 12% d. 10%
15 Problem The number of successful candidates from F in Engineering discipline is what per cent more than the number of successful candidates from A in Medical discipline? a. 30% b. 25% c. 33% d. 20%
16 Problem In which of the following institutes is the sum of the number of successful candidates in Engineering and Law disciplines 50% of the number of Medical students of the same institute? a. C b. E c. D d. B
17 Problem Which of the following organizations recently issued some guidelines related to Participatory Notes as used in the financial world? a. SEBI b. IRDA c. RBI d. AMFI
18 Problem Which of the following is a type of tax levied by the government on goods and services? a. PAN b. NET c. SAT d. VAT
19 Problem The UNO has declared year 2008 as the year of a. Water Harvesting b. Potato c. AIDS Prevention d. Social Justice to Children
20 Problem Who was the first Indian gold medal winner in the Beijing Olympic Games 2008? a. Vikram Rathore b. Avneet Kaur Sidhu c. Deepali Deshpandey . d. Abhinav Bindra
21 Problem Which of the following States has declared 2008 as the Tear of Education"? , a. Gujarat b. Bihar c. Haryana d. Uttar Pradesh
22 Problem The provision of credit and other financial services and products of very small amount to the poor in rural and semi-urban and urban areas to enable them to raise their income level and living standard is known as a. Micro Credit b. Personal Banking c. Corporate Banking d. Non-Banking Finance
23 Problem Who amongst the following was selected as the "Banker of the Year 2007" by the Business Standard? a. Anil Khandelwal b. K.C. Chakrabarty c. M.V. Kamath d. O.P. Bhatt
24 Problem India recently signed an agreement with which of the following countries which is named as "A Shared Vision for the 21st century"? a. China b. Singapore c. Russia d. France
25 Problem Which of the following State Governments launched a Rs. 40,000 crore "Ganga Expressway Project"? a. West Bengal b. Madhya Pradesh c. Bihar d. Uttar Pradesh
26 Problem Who received the Wisden Award for the Indian Cricketer of the 20th Century? a. Sunil Gavaskar b. KapilDev c. Sachin Tendulkar d. Anil Kumble
27 Problem Name the Indian scientist after whose name a minor planet 5718 CD4, has been named a. Dr. K. Rangarajan b. Dr. R. Rajmohan c. Dr. Sainudeen Pattazhy d. None of these
28 Problem Who has been awarded the Agricola Medal, the highest award of the FAO? a. Sonia Gandhi b. Manmohan Singh c. M.S. Swaminathan d. Sharad Pawar
29 Problem Who has been awarded the Rashtriya Krantiveer Award 2008? a. ArundhatiRoy b. ArunKejriwal c. Medhapatkar d. KiranBedi
30 Problem The percentage increase in production between the year 2006-07 and 2007-08 is: a. 25% b. 12.5% c. 8.8% d. 6.5%
31 Problem Which of the following owns the Easy Day retail stores? a. Reliance Retail b. Bharti Retail c. Wal-Mart d. Birla Retail
32 Problem Which of the following countries is not a part of G-8 Group of countries? a. Japan b. China c. Germany d. Britain
33 Problem Big Bazaar chain of stores is run by which group? a. Jindal Group b. Reliance Group c. Future Group d. Aditya Birla Group
34 Problem How many Indian companies figure on the latest Fortune 500 Global list? a. Seven b. Ten c. Five d. Six
35 Problem The worlds fastest motorbike ever The Hayabusa is a product of a. Honda b. Suzuki c. Yamaha d. Hyundai
36 Problem Recently, leaders of G-8 Countries endorsed a proposal to halve Carbon emissions by the year a. 2025 b. 2010 c. 2040 d. 2050
37 Problem Bajaj Auto has entered into joint venture with car maker Renault and to manufacture a small car in India by 2011. a. Honda b. Nissan c. Ford d. Suzuki
38 Problem Banking for all is the new tag fine that is used by which bank to promote itself now a days. a. HDFC b. IDBI Bank c. YES Bank d. ICICIBank
39 Problem Where will the 2012 Olympic Games be held a. Los Angeles b. Beijing c. Seoul d. London
40 Problem The total number of members of Afro-Asian Rural Development organisation is : a. 20 b. 45 c. 60 d. 30
41 Problem Who is the largest producer of coffee in the world? a. Sri Lanka b. Brazil c. China d. India
42 Problem Arthasastra relates to a. Polity b. Law c. Economics d. Science
43 Problem The term Fourth Estate applies to a. Press b. Parliament c. Judiciary d. Bureaucracy
44 Problem Who was the first gold medal winner of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games? a. Katerina Emmons b. Michael Phelps c. Nicole Cooke d. Xian Dongmei
45 Problem Who among the following won the Magsaysay Award 2008 for community leadership? a. Syafii Maarif b. Prakash Amte and Mandakini Amte c. Mahabir Pun d. None of these
46 Problem Michael Phelps who won the highest number of gold medals in Beijing Olympic Games 2008 broke the record of a. Crocker b. Rebeca Adlington c. Mark Spitz d. None of these
Directions (Questions 47-60):Study the following table to answer these questions. Service of EMU Trainsfrom Howrah Station. From To Train No. No. of Trips Distance / Each Daily Trip Covered Journey in km Time (Hour) Howrah Burdwan 56245 2 190 2I 2 Bandel 23021 4 82 li 4 Katwa 575 1 288 4 Kharagp 5200 3 232 3 ur Seoraph 328 8 58 1 ul
Midnapore 902 4 166 2I 4 Burdwan 34203 1 190 2± 2 Burdwan 19172 3 190 2l 2 Burdwan 7281 2 190 2± 2 Bandel 603 6 82 4 Kharagpur 931 2 232 3a. Trip indicates one to and fro journey.b. No. of departures of train delayed by less than 1 hour = 17c. No. of departures of train delayed by more than 1 hour = 2d. No. of arrivals of train delayed by less than 1 hour = 10e. No. of arrivals of train delayed by more than 1 hour = 3
47 Problem Which of the following trains has covered minimum distance in a day? a. 19172 b. 931 c. 23021 d. 328
48 Problem A station is said to operate at 100% efficiency if 90% of its EMU trains are on time. Accordingly, find the % efficiency of the Howrah station. a. 61.72 b. 86.4 c. 77.77 d. 55.55
49 Problem The schedule of which train will be affected most if it is delayed by more than one hour in any of its arrivals/departures? 1. 19172 2. 603 3. 5200 4. 902
50 Problem If the average earning of Howrah station for below 500 km of run of a train is Rs. 10 lakh, and for above 500 km of run is Rs. 10 lakh + Rs. 1.5 lakh per 100 km of run, then which train brings maximum revenue for Howrah? a. 19172 b. 902 c. 575 d. 5200
51 Problem A certain length of pathway has to be constructed. It is found that three men can construct one-fifth of all but one kilometer in two days, while 18 men can construct one kilometer more than two-fifths in one day. The length of the path is. a. 25 km b. 10 km c. 15 km d. 20 km
52 Problem The age of the father of two children is twice that of the elder one added to foutf times that of the younger one. If the geometric mean of the ages of the two children is 4^/3 and their harmonic mean is 6, then what is the fathers age? a. 48 years b. 32 years c. 40 years d. 56 years
53 Problem A cylinder is filled to 4/5th of its volume. It is then tilted so that the level of water coincides with one edge of its bottom and top edge of the opposite side. In the process, 30 cc of the water is spilled. What is the volume of the cylinder? a. 75 cc b. 96 cc c. Data insufficient d. 100 cc
54 Problem Suppose that a maximum of 25 gm of salt dissolves in 100 gm of water. Any more salt, if added, remains undisclosed and a sediment falls at the bottom. Now, water is evaporated from 1 kg of a 4% solution at the rate of 28 gm per hour. After how long will it start regimenting? a. 35 hrs (approx.) b. 29 hrs (approx.) c. 31 hrs (approx.) d. 23 hrs (approx.)
55 Problem In a defective 6 faced die with numbers 1 to 6 inscribed, the probability of getting an odd number is twice the probability of getting an even number. Find the probability of getting a 2 digit prime number on adding 2 successive throws of the die. a. 1/3 b. 2/81 c. 4/81 d. 1/9
Directions (Questions 56-59):Each of the following idioms is followed by four alternatives. Choose the optionwhich best expresses its meaning.
56 Problem Tempt providence a. take reckless risks b. achieve a fortune c. invite punishment d. have Gods favor
57 Problem Take umbrage a. be satisfied b. be offended c. feel depressed d. be pleased
58 Problem Get down to brass tacks a. Begin to talk in plain, straight forward terms b. Begin to discuss secret matters c. Start unraveling the mystery d. Get into the thick of a problem
59 Problem Ride hell for leather work hard for a small accomplishment adopt false means to succeed ride with furious speed earn money by all means
Directions (Questions 60-63):In each of the following questions, a related pair of words is followed by fourpairs of words. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to thatexpressed in the original pair.
60 Problem MOSAIC : TITLE : : document: author portrait: paint fabric: tapestry coverlet: cloth
61 Problem SAUNTER : STROLL : : a. amble: path b. gyrate : twist c. perambulate: walk d. baby carriage : walk
62 Problem AUTHOR : MANUSCRIPT : : a. optician: spectacles b. engineer: bridge c. architect: blueprint d. doctor: stethoscope
63 Problem LIBERTINE : IMMORALITY :: a. victim: depravation b. miser: selfishness c. altruist: selflessness d. policeman: law
Directions (Questions 64-66):In each of these questions, a group of three related words is given. Therelationship among the words can best be represented by one of the fourdiagrams (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below. Choose the diagram that representsthe group of words.
Directions (Questions 67-68):Each of the following questions consists of a question and two statementsnumbered I and II given below it. Decide whether the data provided in thestatements are sufficient to answer the question. Mark answer asa. If the data given in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.b. If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.c. if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.d. If the data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.
67 Problem How many doctors are practicing in this town? I. There, is one doctor per seven hundred residents. II. There are 16 wards with each ward having as many doctors as the number of wards.
68 Problem How many speeches were delivered in the two days programme? I. 18 speakers were invited to give at least one speech, out of which one-sixth of the speakers could not come. II. One-third of the speakers gave two speeches each.
69 Problem An anti-aircraft gun can take a maximum of four shots at an enemy plane moving away from it. The probabilities of hitting the plane at the first, second, third and the fourth shot are 0.4, 0.3, 0.2 and 0.1 respectively. What is the probability that the gun hits the plane? a. 0.6024 b. 0.0024 c. 0.8976 d. 0.6976
70 Problem A lawn is in the form of an isosceles triangle. The cost of turfing it came to Rs. 1200 at ,Rs. 4 per m2. If the base is 40 m long, the length of each side is a. 120 m b. 25 m c. 7.5 m d. None of these
71 Problem A batsmans runs just before the last match of the season, add up to 750. In his last two innings, he scores only 6 runs, and his average drops by 2. His final average of the season is a. 25 runs b. 30 runs c. 28 runs d. 24 runs
72 Problem The average marks of a student in 8 subjects are 87. Of these, the highest marks are 2 more than the one next in value. If these two subjects are eliminated, the average marks of the remaining subjects are 85. What are the highest marks now obtained by him? a. 89 b. 94 c. 91 d. 96
73 Problem Divide Rs. 671 among A, B, C such that if their shares be increased by Rs. 3, Rs. 7 and Rs. 9 respectively, the remainder shall be in the ratio 1:2:3. a. Rs. 110, Rs. 220 and Rs. 336 b. Rs. 112, Rs. 223 and Rs. 336 c. Rs. 105, Rs. 223 and Rs. 330 d. None of these.
74 Problem Three partners invested capital in the ratio 2:7:9. The time period for which each of them invested was in the ratio of the reciprocals of the amount invested. Find the share of the partner who brought in the highest capital, if profit is Rs. 1080. a. Rs. 120 b. Rs. 360 c. Rs. 540 d. Rs. 420
75 Problem An 8 litre cylinder contains a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen, the volume of oxygen being 16% of total volume. A few litres of the mixture is released and an equal amount of nitrogen is added. Then the same amount of the mixture as before is released and replaced by nitrogen for the second time. As a result, the oxygen content becomes 9% of the total volume. How many litres of mixture is released each time? a. 7 b. 8 c. 2 d. None of these
76 Problem Sonu is 4 years younger to Manu while Dolly is four years younger to Sumit by 1/5 times as old as Sonu. If Sumit is eight years old, how many times as old is Manu as Dolly. a. 3 b. 2 c. 1/2 d. 1
77 Problem Two coal loading machines each working 12 hours per day for 8 days handle 9,000 tonnes of coal with an efficiency of 90%; while 3 other coal loading machines at an efficiency of 80% are set to handle 12,000 tonnes of coal in 6 days. Find how many hours per day each should work. a. 20 hrs/day b. 18hrs/day c. 16 hrs/day d. 14 hrs/day
78 Problem If 36 men can dig a trench 200 metres long, 3 metres wide and 2 metres deep in 6 days working 10 hours a day, in how many days, working 8 hours 1 day will 10 men dig a trench 100 metres long, 4 m wide and 3 m deep? a. 15 days b. 27 days c. 20 days d. 54 days
79 Problem Six pipes are fitted to a water tank. Some of these are inlet pipes and the others outlet pipes. Each inlet pipe can fill the tank in 9 hours and each outlet pipe can empty the tank in 6 hours. On opening all the pipes, an empty tank is filled in 9 hours. The number of inlet pipes is a. 2 b. 4 c. 3 d. 5
80 Problem A ship 55 km from the shore springs a leak which admits 2 tonnes of water in 6 min.; 80 tonnes would suffice to sink her, but the pumps can throw out 12 tonnes an hour. The average rate of sailing that she may just reach the shore as she begins to sink is. a. 9.17 km/hr b. 0.97 km/hr c. 55 km/hr d. 5.5 km/hr
81 Problem A student purchased a computer system and a colour printer. If he sold the computer system at 10% loss "and the colour printer at 20% gain, he would not lose anything, But if he sells the computer system at 5% gain and the colour printer at 15% loss, he would lose Rs. 800 in the bargain. How much did he pay for the colour printer? a. Rs. 9,000 b. Rs. 16,000 c. Rs. 8,000 d. Rs. 5,334
82 Problem A long distance runner runs 9 laps of a 400 metres track every day. His timings (in min.) for four consecutive days are 88, 96, 89, and 87 respectively. On an average, how many metres/ minute does the runner cover? a. 17.78 b. 90 c. 40 d. None of these
Directions (Questions 83-86):Each of these questions has three groups of statements marked A- C. Identifythe group(s) in which the information given is logical.
83 Problem A. To forgive is divine. Divine facts are rate. B. Forgiveness is rare. B. Pepsi contains added flavour. Coke contains permitted colours. Pepsi and Coke are cold drinks. C. Some beer is wine and some beer is vodka. All wine is vodka. All beer must be vodka or wine. a. A and C b. A and B c. Only A d. Only C
84 Problem A. Sensex crashes on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Nasdaq rises high or Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. Sensex follows the Nasdaq movement. B. Mt. Everest, the highest peak, is taller than the second highest peak in China. Mt. Sunfest is the highest peak in China. Mt. Everest may be higher than Mt. Sunfest. C. On the highway, going from East to West, town A comes after town B. Town C comes after town D. Towns C and A come after town B. a. Only B b. B and C c. Only C d. A and C
85 Problem A. Some substances are crystalline. Marble is crystalline. Marble is a substance. B. All greyhounds are dogs. Some dogs are cows. Some greyhounds are dogs. C. All locks are keys. Some keys do not open. Some locks do not open. a. A and C b. B and C c. Only A d. None of these
86 Problem A. All beautiful things are sad. She is beautiful. She is sad. B. All nice things are flat. TVs are flat. TVs are nice things. C. Potatoes are stems. All stems are fruits. Potatoes are fruits. a. Only C b. A and B c. Only A d. A and C
Directions (Questions 87-90):Read the followinginformation to answer these questions. Ankit is decorating his room and tryingto arrange six paintings on the east and west walls in his room. The paintingsare each multicolour representations of one of the letters of the alphabets E,H, M, O, R, T.Ankit does not want the three letters on each wall to make any commonEnglish word. Also, the colours of the O and E do not look good next to eachother, nor do the T and O go well together.
87 Problem If Ankit puts E, H and M on the east wall, which of the following must be true? a. R and M cannot face each other b. O cannot be in the center of the west wall. c. E cannot be in the center of the east wall. d. T and M cannot face each other
88 Problem If Ankits mother is coming to visit and he decides to celebrate .the visit by having his paintings spell "MOTHER", starting with the left most painting on the east wall and going around the room, which of the following will be false? a. O is opposite to E b. H is next to E c. T is next to O d. T is opposite to R
89 Problem Which of the following is not possible? a. T and O to be opposite to each other. b. T, H and E to be on the same wall. c. H, M and R to be on the same wall. d. M and O to be opposite to each other.
90 Problem If Ankit trades his M painting for another O painting just like the one he has now, which of the following must be false? a. Os can be on opposite walls in the middle. b. Either R or H will be next to an O. c. Either R or H will be next to either T or E. d. T will be opposite to either O or E.
91 Problem Statement : A notice: "Use of cell phones and pagers is not allowed inside the auditorium. Please switch off such devices while you are inside the auditorium." Assumptions: I. All those who have such devices will switch them off before they take their seat in the auditorium." II. Generally people do not bring such devices when they come to attend functions in the auditorium.
92 Problem Statement: An advertisement: "Fly X airways whenever you decide to go places. Our fares are leser than train fares." Assumptions: I. people prefer to travel by air when the fares are reasonable. II. The fares of other airlines are costlier than those of X airways.
93 Problem Statement: Dengue cannot be eradicated from our city unless we create a special Health- squad for it. Assumptions: I. Dengue is harmful. II. Creating Health-squad is impossible
94 Problem Statement: A warning: "do not smoke in public places as it is cognizable offence in our country.” Assumptions: I. People often neglect such warnings. II. People do not understand the implications of committing a cognizable offence.
Directions (Questions 95-98):A statement is followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. Assumeeverything in the statement to be true, and decide which course(s) of actionlogically follow(s) for pursuing. Mark answer as:if either course of action I or II follows:if only course of action II follows.if only course of action I followsif both I and II follow.
95 Problem Statement: The condition of the roads at many places has deteriorated due to incessant rains during the past few days resulting in slow movement of vehicular traffic. Courses of Action: I. All these parts of the roads should immediately be repaired by closing these roads from movement of vehicular traffic. II. Motorists should be alerted at various places by putting up sign boards about the bad patches of the roads to enable them to plan their journey accordingly.
96 Problem Statement: Many medical and engineering graduates are taking up jobs in administrative services and in banks. Courses of Action: I. All the professionals should be advised to refrain from taking up such jobs. II. The government should appoint a committee to find out the reasons for these professionals taking up such jobs and to suggest remedial measures.
97 Problem Statement: In the reimbursement of medical expenses as per mutual agreement due on an appointed date, the managers are agitated. They have decided to go on a half day strike. Courses of Action: I. The managers should not have fixed any date for the repayment of medical expenses. II. If the employees go on strike, then they should be warned about salary cut.
98 Problem Statement : The Transport Ministry said in a report that people should obey the rules of traffic. It will improve transport services and hence the number of road accidents will decrease. Courses of Action: I. The ministry should organise a consciousness campaign to raise awareness about rules relating to traffic. II. The licenses of men who disobey the rules of traffic should be cancelled.
Directions (Questions 99-103):Answer these questions based on the diagram given below:
99 Problem Asian Non-Christian females who are professionals are represented by a. 3 b. 10 c. 8 d. 11
100 Problem Asian females who are neither professional nor Christians are denoted by a. 6 b. 9 c. 10 d. 3
101 Problem Non-Asian professional Christian males are represented by a. 10 b. 11 c. 12 d. 9
102 Problem Christian females who are non-professional and Asian are represented by a. 5 b. 10 c. 9 d. None of these
103 Problem The shaded portion depicts a. Asian professional Christian males. b. Non-Asian professional female Christians. c. Non-Christian professional female Asians. d. Non-Asian unprofessional female Christians.
104 Problem Saroj is mother-in-law of Vani who is sister-in- law of Deepak. Rajesh is father of Ramesh, the only brother of Deepak. How is Saroj related to Deepak? a. Wife b. Aunt c. Mother-in-law d. Mother
105 Problem Pointing to a lady, a man said, "The son of her only brother is the brother of my wife." How is the lady related to the man? a. Maternal aunt b. Sister of father-in-law c. Mother-in-law d. Mothers sister
106 Problem There is a ring road connecting points A, B, C and D. The road is in a complete circular form but having several approach roads leading to the center. Exactly in the center of the ring road there is a tree which is 20 km from point A on the circular road. You have taken a round of circular road starting from point A and finish at the same point after touching points B, C and D. You then drive 20 km interior towards the tree from point A and from there, reach somewhere in between B and C on the ring road. How much distance to you have to travel from the tree to reach the point between B and C on the ring road? a. 80 km b. 15 km c. 20 km d. 40 km
107 Problem Sony is 4 years younger than Manu while Dolly is four years younger than Sumit but 1/5 times as old as Sonu. If Sumit is eight years old, how many times as old is Many as Dolly? a. 6 b. 1/2 c. 3 d. None of these
108 Problem The ratio of the ages of the father and the son at present is 7 : 1. After 4 years, the ratio will become 4:1. What is the sum of the present ages of the father and the son ? a. 29 years b. 35 years c. 32 years d. None of these
109 Problem A group consisting of 25 teachers, 20 engineers, 18 doctors and 12 salesmen visited a fair and spent Rs. 1330 altogether. It was found that 5 teachers spent as much as 4 engineers; 12 engineers spent as much as 9 doctors and 6 doctors spent as much as 8 salesmen. If every person in a professional group spent the same amount, the amount spent by each engineer is a. Rs. 18 b. Rs. 17.50 c. Rs. 14 d. Rs. 21
110 Problem In a family, each daughter has the same number of brothers as she has sisters and each son has twice as many sisters as he has brothers. How many sons are there in the family? a. 4 b. 3 c. 2 d. 5
111 Problem Between two book-ends in your study are displayed your five favourite puzzle books. If you decide to arrange the five books in every possible combination and move just one book every minute, how long would it take you? a. 3 hours b. 2 hours c. 1 hours d. 4 hours
112 Problem A girl counted in the following way on the fingers of her left hand: she started by calling the thumb 1, the index finger 2, middle finger 3, ring finger 4, little finger 5 and then reversed direction calling the ring finger 6, middle finger 7 and so on. She counted upto 1994. She ended counting on which finger ? a. Middle finger b. Index finger c. Thumb d. Ring finger
Directions (Questions 113-115):Raj gives a party at his place and four of his friends Sanjay, Arun, Mahesh andSahil come with their spouses Swate, Deepika , and Neelam not necessarily inthe same order. Rajs wife Simran is wearing a green Saree and the other fourladies are wearing sarees of four different colours-black, blue, red and orange.Each man dances with a lady who is not his own wife. Also.Sanjay does not dance with Swati or ShrutiShruli is wearing a red sareeDeepika is Aruns wifeSahil dances with NeelamMahesh dances with Simran and his wife Swati is wearing an orange saree
113 Problem Who is Sahils wife a. Swati b. Deepika c. Shruti d. Cannot be determined
114 Problem Who dances with shruti? a. Raj b. Sanjay c. Arun or Raj d. Arun or Sanjay
115 Problem What is the colour of the saree that Aruns wife is wearing? a. Blue b. Black c. Red d. 1 or 2
116 Problem Number of letters skipped in between adjacent letters in the series decreases by one. a. EJNQST b. CINRTU c. BGKNPR d. LQUXAP
117 Problem In the following series, the number of letters skipped in between the adjacent letters are in ascending order, i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4. Which one of the following letter groups does not obey this rule? a. GILPU b. DFIMR c. CEHLQ d. HJMPT
118 Problem A man walks half of the journey at 4 km/hr by cycle, does one-third of journey at 12 km/hr and rides the remainder journey in a horse cart at 9 km/hr, thus completing the whole journey in 6 hours and 12 minutes. The length of the journey is a. 40 km b. 153 km c. 36 km d. 28 km
119 Problem Two trains, 130 and 110 metrs long, while going in the same direction, the faster train takes one minute to pass the other completely. If they are moving in opposite directions, they pass each other completely in 3 seconds. The speed of the trains is a. 42 m/s and 38 m/s b. 38 m/s and 24 m/s c. 42 m/s and 24 m/s d. None of these
120 Problem A train consists of 12 bogies, each bogie is 15 metres long. The train crosses a telegraph post in 18 seconds. Due to some problem, two bogies were detached. The train now crosses a telegraph post in a. 15 sec b. 12 sec c. 18 sec d. 20 sec.
121 Problem Muan and Sanjay ran a race which lasted a minute and a half. Muan gave Sanjay a start of 9 metres and beat him by 1 metre. Muan ran 40 metres while Sanjay ran 39 metres. The length of the course is a. 395 m b. 355 m c. 400 m d. 410 m
122 Problem What per cent selling price would be 34% of cost price if gross profit is 26% of the selling price? a. 25.16% b. 74.00% c. 17.16% d. 88.40%
123 Problem X and Y entered into partnership with Rs. 700 and Rs. 600 respectively. After 3 months X withdrew 2/7 of his stock but after 3 months, he puts back 3/5 of what he had withdrawn. The profit at the end of the year is Rs. 726. How much of this should X receive? a. Rs. 633 b. Rs. 366 c. Rs. 336 d. Rs. 663
124 Problem Anu owes Biresh, Rs. 1,120 payable 2 years hence, Biresh owes Anu, Rs. 1,081.50 payable 6 months hence. If they decide to settle their accounts forthwith by payment of ready money and the rate of interest be 6% per annum, then who should pay and how much? a. Anu, Rs. 70 b. Biresh, Rs. 50 c. Anu, Rs. 50 d. Biresh, Rs.70
125 Problem The average of marks obtained by 120 candidates was 35. If the average of the passed candidates was 39 and that of the failed candidates was 15, then the number of candidates who passed the examination. a. 100 b. 110 c. 120 d. 150
126 Problem Bhavika alone would take 8 hours more to complete the job than when Bhavika and Rita worked together. If Rita worked alone, she would take 4— hours more to complete the job than when Bhavika and Rita worked together. What time would they take if both Bhavika and Rita worked together? a. 5 days b. 4 days c. 3 days , d. 6 days
127 Problem Ten men can finish a piece of work in 10 days, whereas it takes 12 women to finish it in 10 days. If 15 men and 6 women undertake the work, how many days will they take to complete it? a. 4 1/2 days b. 4 days c. 5 days d. 6 days
128 Problem The speed of a boat in still water is 4 km/hr and the speed of current is 2 km/hr. If the time taken to reach a certain distance upstream is 9 hours, the time it will take to go to same distance downstream is: a. 3.5 hours b. 2.5 hrs c. 2 hrs d. 3 hrs
129 Problem Two buses, one moving towards north and the other towards east, leave the same place at the same time. The speed of one of them is greater than that of the other by 5 km/hr. At the end of 2 hours, they are at a distance of 50 km from each other. The speed of the bus going slower is a. 15 km/hr b. 12 km/hr c. 10 km/hr d. 20 km/hr
130 Problem If the ages of P and R are added to twice the age of Q ; the total becomes 59. If the ages of Q and R are added to thrice the age of P, the total becomes 68, and if the age of P is added to thrice the age of Q and thrice the age of R, the total becomes 108. What is the age of P? a. 17 years b. 19 years c. 15 years d. 12 years
131 Problem If 6 years are subtracted from the present age of Randheer and the remainder is divided by 18, then the present age of his grandson Anup is obtained. If Anup is 2 years younger to Mahesh whose age is 5 years, what is the age of Randheer? a. 84 years b. 48 years c. 60 years d. 96 years
132 Problem There are two concentric circular tracks of radii 100 m and 102 m, respectively. A runs on the inner track and goes once round the track in 1 min in 30 sec, while B runs on the outer track in 1 min 32 sec. Who runs faster? a. Both A and B are equal b. A c. B d. None of these
133 Problem The length and breath of playground are 36 m and 21m respectively. Poles are required to be fixed all along the boundary at a distance 3 m apart. The number of poles required will be. a. 39 b. 38 c. 37 d. 40
134 Problem The average of 11 results is 50. If the average of first six results is 49 and that of last six 452 the sixth result is: a. 60 b. 56 c. 64 d. 70
135 Problem Out of 20 consecutive positive integers, two are chosen at random. The probability that their sum is odd is a. 19/20 b. 10/19 c. 1/20 d. 9/19
136 Problem A sum of money is rounded off to the nearest rupee. The probability that the round off error is at least 10 paise is a. 82/101 b. 19/100 c. 19/101 d. 81/100
137 Problem A photo measures 0.9 x cm. by 0.94 x cm. It is to be enlarged so that the larger dimension wjll be 6 cm. The length of the enlarged shorter dimension will be (in cm). a. 5.74 x b. 5.4 x c. 5.64 x d. 7.09 x
138 Problem The captain of a football team of 11 players is 25 years old and the goalkeeper is 3 years older. If the ages of these two are excluded, the average age of the remaining players is 1 year less than the average age of the whole team. What is the average age of the whole team? a. 22.5 years b. 23.5 years c. 22 years d. 25 years
Directions (Questions 139-143):Choose the best option to fill the blanks.
139 Problem The best punctuation is that of which the reader is least conscious; for when punctuation, or lack of it, itself, it is usually because it_______ . a. conceals, recedes b. enjoins, fails c. obtrudes, offends d. effaces, counts
140 Problem Their achievement in the field of literature is described as_______ ; sometimes it is even called _______ . a. significant, paltry b. insignificant, influential c. magnificent, irresponsible d. unimportant, trivial.
141 Problem Companies that try to improve employees performance by _____________ rewards encourage negative kinds of behavior, instead of _____ a genuine interest in doing the work well. a. conferring, discrediting b. bestowing, discouraging c. giving, seeking d. withholding, fostering
142 Problem A growing number of these expert professionals_________ having to train foreigners as the students end up the teachers who have to then unhappily contend with no jobs at all or new jobs with drastically reduced pay packets. a. welcome, assisting b. resist, challenging c. resent, replacing d. are, supplanting
Directions (Questions 143-146):In these questions, four alternative summaries are given below each text.Choose the option that best captures the essence of the test.
143 Problem You seemed at first to take no notice of your school-fellows, or rather to set yourself against them because they were strangers to you, they knew as little of you as you did of them; this would have been the reason for their keeping aloof from you as well, which you would have felt as a hardship. Learn never to conceive a prejudice against others because you know nothing of them. It is bad reasoning, and makes enemies of half the world. Do not think ill of them till they behave ill to you; and then strive to avoid the faults which you see in them. This will disarm their hostility sooner than pique or resentment or complaint. a. You encountered hardship amongst your school-fellows because you did not know them well. You should learn to not make enemies because of your prejudices irrespective of their behaviour towards you. b. The discomfort you felt with your school-fellows was because both sides knew little of each other. Avoid prejudice and negative thoughts till you encounter bad behaviour from others, and then win them over by shunning the faults you have observed. c. The discomfort you felt with your school-fellows was because both sides knew little of each other. You should not complain unless you find others prejudiced against you and have attempted to carefully analyse the faults you have observed in them. d. You encountered hardship amongst your school-fellows because you did not know them well. You should learn to not make enemies because of your prejudices unless they behave badly with you.
144 Problem The human race is spread all over the world, from the polar regions to the tropics. The people of whom it is made up eat different kinds of food, partly according to the climate in which the live, and partly according to the kind of food which their country produces. In hot climates, meat and fat are not much needed; but in the Arctic regions they.seem to be very necessary for keeping up the heat of the body. Thus, in India, people live chiefly on different kinds of grains, eggs, milk, or sometimes fish and meat. In Europe, people eat more meat and less grain. In the Arctic regions, where no grains and fruits are produced, the Eskimo and other races live almost entirely on meat arid fish. a. In hot countries, people eat mainly grains while in the Arctic, they eat meat and fish because they cannot grow grains. b. Hot climates require people to eat grains while cold regions require people to eat meat and fish. c. Food eaten by people in different regions of the world depends on the climate and produce of the region, and varies from meat and fish in the Arctic to predominantly grains in the tropics. d. While people in Arctic regions like meat and fish and those in hot regions like India prefer mainly grains, they have to change what they eat depending on the local climate and the local produce.
145 Problem Although, almost all climate scientists agree that the Earth is gradually warming, they have long been of two minds about the process of rapid climate shifts within larger periods of change. Some have speculated that the process works like a giant oven or freezer, warming or cooling the whole planet at the same time. Others think that shifts occur on opposing schedules in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, like exaggerated seasons. Recent research in Germany examining climate patterns in the Southern Hemisphere at the end of the last Ice Age strengthens the idea that warming and cooling occurs at alternate times in the two hemispheres. A more definitive answer to this debate will allow scientists to better predict when and how quickly the next climate shift will happen. a. Research in Germany will help scientists find a definitive answer about warming and cooling of the Earth and predict climate shifts in the future in a better manner. b. Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earths climate happen all at once or an opposing schedules in different hemispheres; finding a definitive answer will help them better predict climate shifts in future. c. Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earths climate happen all at once or on opposing schedules in different hemispheres; research will help find a definitive answer and better predict climate shifts in future. d. More research rather than debates on warming or cooling of the Earth and exaggerated seasons in its hemispheres, will help scientists in Germany predict climate changes better in future.
146 Problem Local communities have often come in conflict with agents trying to exploit resources, at a faster pace, for an expanding commercial- industrial economy. More often than not, such agents of resource- intensification are given preferential treatment by che state, through the grant of generous long leases over mineral or fish stocks, for example, or the provision or raw material at an enormously subsidized price. With the injustice so compounded, local communities at the receiving end of this process, have no recourse except direct action, resisting both the state and outside exploiters through a variety of protest techniques. Those struggles might perhaps be seen as a manifestation of a new kind of class conflict. a. Preferential treatment given by the state to agents of resource-intensification for an expanding commercial-industrial economy exacerbates injustice to local communities and leads to direct protests from them, resulting in a new type of class conflict. b. The grant of long leases to agents of resource-intensification for an expanding commercial industrial economy leads to direct protests from the local community, which sees it as unfair. c. A new kind of class conflict arises from preferential treatment given to agents of resource- intensification by the state, which the local community sees as unfair. d. Local communities have no option but to protest against agents of resources- intensification and create a new type of class conflict when they are given raw material at subsidized prices for an expanding commercial-industrial economy.
Directions (Questions 147-150):Choose the order of the sentences marked, A, B, C, D and E to form a logicalparagraph.
147 Problem A. The story that shocked her most, who bought a pair of boots for her boy serving in Iraq. B. The ones he had been given were useless, the women said; they were melting in the heat, her son was getting foot row. C. So she bought him a new pair. D. Only she couldnt afford to post the two together. E. She had to send one, then wait till the next benefit payment had come through to send the other. a. ABECD b. ABEDC c. ABDEC d. ABCDE
148 Problem A. The British government plans to insist that spouses should have to learn English before they are allowed into Britain to join their husbands or wives have run into a barrage of opposition and warnings that the idea could breach human rights laws. B. The responses to an official consultation on the proposal published on Thursday was more than two to one against the proposal, with many warning it could break up marriages because many cannot afford or access English lessons. C. Immigration lawyers have told ministers that spouses and fiancees should not be barred from joining a partner in the U.K. for language reasons and that the plan could breach the human rights conventions guarantees to the right to marry and have a family life. D. The anonymised responses were 68 to 31 against the pre-entry English test for spouses. E. Other immigration organizations said the measure would discriminate against those from rural areas in South Asia, where the opportunities to learn English are limited. a. ABECD b. ABDCE c. ABCDE d. ACDBE
149 Problem A. Obviously when the raging inflation is underpinned to a large extent by food prices, the determination of procurement prices for paddy and wheat has an enormous contextual significance. B. After the last winter crop, the government claims to have procured ample quantities of wheat for sustaining the public distribution system. C. The high procurement price has been an effective inducement. D. While some of these might be revisited in the light of satisfactory harvests and procurement, the delay in fixing the MSPs is retrograde. For paddy, the MSP, even if ad hoc, has now been announced, but for other major crops the prices are yet to be declared. E. The governments other measures to contain food prices included a ban on the export of non- basmati rice - and a few other commodities. a. BCDEA b. ABEDC c. ABCED d. DCEAB
150 Problem A. Eight years after starting the programme of providing single-dose nevirapine to cut mother-to-child transmission of HIV, the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) is reassessing the monotherapy strategy. B. Although hailed as a miracle that reduces the chances of vertical transmission by 45- 55 per cent and protects thousands of children around the world from getting infected with HIV at the time of birth, the single-dose regime has been found to cause drug resistance in mothers and babies. C. Drug resistance is a major problem, especially where the drugs available to treat the virus are few and the cost of second-line drugs is prohibitive. D. There is a great compulsion to maintain the efficacy of existing drugs and reduce the risk of treatment failure. E. With drug resistance rising steadily for various reasons, including a lack of compliance by those undergoing treatment, compounding the risk though wrong medical intervention is obviously unacceptable. a. ABCED b. ABDEC c. ADEBC d. ABCDE
Directions (Questions 151-170)Read the passages to answer these questions.
PASSAGE-IMost of us, who are concerned about global warming agree that an important part of any strategydesigned to stem the ongoing build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will be to capture andstore C02. Potential storage sites include spent oil fields, saline aquifers, layered basalts and the deepocean. While Greenpeace accepts the inevitability that CO, will be captured and stored, it stronglyopposes storage in the deep sea. As it is clear that virtually all the C02 released to the atmosphere as aresult of fossil fuel burning will ultimately find its way to the deep sea, its objection is focused on the"point pollution" created by purposeful injections of C02. The fear is that such an activity will put at riskbenthic biota— the community of creatures and plants in the deep sea — living in the vicinity of theinjection sites. In February 2007,1 contacted Bill Hare, a senior scientist at Greenpeace, asking him toreconsider his organisations stance against experiments to evaluate the environmental consequences ofC02 injected into the deep sea. I pointed out that if marine disposal proves to be economically favorable,and if push comes to shove, forces more powerful than Greenpeace will probably intervene and deepsea disposal will commence without adequate testing and evaluation.Hare agreed to reconsider this matter in consultation with members of his and other like-midedorganizations. Ir} June 2007, he reported back that no change in policy would be made. What is knownabout deep ocean storage? First, in order to ensure that the injected C02 has adequate time to mixthroughout the deep sea, injection should be at depths greater than 3,500 metres — that is, the depth
below which "liquid" C02 becomes more dense than sea water. Experiments conducted by Peter Brewer,of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, not only confirm that this is the case but alsodemonstrate that the C02 injected rapidly reacts with sea water to form a solid clathrte, which is moredense than both liquid C02 and sea water. Hence, the injected C02 would end up on the sea floor as aslush. This would gradually dissolve, releasing the C02 to the surrounding sea water, where it would reactwith the dissolved carbonate and borate ions to become chemically bound in the form of bicarbonateion. As the concentration of carbonate and borate ions is small, the neutralization would take placegradually as the C02 rich sea water mixed into the surroundings. We know that, based on radiocarbonmeasurements, the residence time of water in the abyssal Atlantic is in the order of 200 years. For theIndian Ocean, it is about 800 years, and for the Pacific about 1,000 years. As the deep Pacific has thelargest volume, and is adjacent to earthquake-prone land areas where below- ground storage could notbe safely done, it will be a prime target for storage. A conservative upper limit on the storage capacity ofthe deep Pacific would be to require that the C02 concentration in the water returning to the surface notbe allowed to exceed the concentration in cold surface water at equilibrium with the atmosphere. Wasthis the limit to be adopted, then the capacity of water deeper than 1,500 metres in the Pacific would beabout 480 gigatons of C02 or about 130 gigatons of carbon for each 100 parts per million rise inatmospheric C0 content. We know enough to say with confidence that keep ocean disposal of C0 is
certainly feasible, but unless small-scale pilot experiments are conducted, information necessary toassess the impact on the macro abyssal biota will remain obscure. The injections could be made fromships equipped for deep sea drilling, and if the C02 were tagged with radiocarbon its dispersal away fromthe sea floor clathrate pile could be sensitively monitored. Studies of the costs associated with oceandisposal would also be conducted. The C02 would have to be sent through pipelines from its collectionpoint to a port, where it would be loaded on tankers that would carry it to a floating ocean station, fromwhich it would be piped to the abysis. Putting aside the opposite by the environmental community,ocean disposal will become a viable option only if the costs are competitive with those associated withstorage in hyper-saline continental aquifers. As any strategy designed to stem the build-up ofgreenhouse gases will have adverse environmental consequences, we must seek to minimize theirimpact. To the extent that we could capture and store C02 produced by fossil fuel burning, we wouldreduce the acidification of the surface ocean, and hence the. If so, assuming the limit described abovewere to be observed, then once spread through the deep sea, the injected C02 would not adverselyimpact on benthic biota. However, I sympathise with those who claim that the benthic world is a fragileone. Hence, before we poke it with C02, we should do our homework. Therefore, I challenge Greenpeacerelax its stand and allow a pilot project to proceed.
151 Problem The residence time of water in the abyssal of the Indian Ocean is about _________ as per radiocarbon measurements. a. 1000 years b. 800 years c. 200 years d. None of these
152 Problem Greenpeace referred to in the passage is a/an a. Environmental activist group. b. body under United Nations. c. research and development organization. d. aquarium research institute
153 Problem The recommendation of the author of the passage as regards storage of C02 is to a. carry out cost benefit study. b. store in spent oil fields. c. oppose storage in the deep sea. d. undertake the pilot project.
154 Problem Which one of the following is/are true? a. The community of plants and organisms in the deep sea living in the vicinity of injection sites will be at great risk. b. An important strategy to check the atmospheric increase of greenhouse gases is to capture and store C02. c. Feasibility of deep ocean disposal of C02 is to be assured through small scale experiment. d. All these.
PASSAGE IIThe IPL cricket mania across the country is over. Every sports lover in India was glued to the TV sets towatch some of the finest actions of overseas as well as fringe players for over a month. It was interestingto see the intense battle from all the participating teams. The event gave immense opportunities toplayers like Asnodkar, Kohli, Yusuf Pathan, Badrinath and Dhawan to exhibit their true potential, whetherthey make it to the India XI or not. The mega extravaganza must have helped them to pocket hefty prizemoney and organizers must have earned in millions signifying the commercial interest in thechampionship. The country has conveniently forgotten the rest of the sports and total attention has onceagain shifted to cricket. Will the new sports minister do something to spruce up the prospects of othergames too? Not many of the present generation would know that India had even entered the quarterfinals of the Olympics football once upon a time. India had produced some of the all-time greats likeMilkha Singh, Dhyan Chand, Vijayan and P.T. Usha in different sports. But, now other than cricket andtennis, no game gets as much attention as it deserves. From being the supreme power in hockey, we arenow fighting to qualify for major tournaments. Who is responsible for this dismal state of affairs insports? It is high time the government gave serious thought to revive the fortunes of other sports withsome initiatives. It is a fact that we have immense potential to excel in any sport but quite unfortunatelywe do not have a proper system to develop out resources. First, we have to evolve a three-tier systemthat would enable developing the resources from school. As is happening in other countries, the process
should start right from the school level. Spoils should be integrated with regular school curriculum andthere should be a sports body in every district to identify potential children under different disciplinesand they should be given adequate and quality training. There should be more number of district leveltournaments at regular intervals to improve the standard of trainees. The second tier would be Districtlevel and those successful at school level would come under this category. The final one is State categoryand the players would qualify for being the part of State team. The training and development should bea continuous process at all the three levels so that performers would continue to emerge at all agegroups. This system may be good enough to spot and groom potential sports personnel but if the parentsare not interests, what can be done? But not many parents encourages their children to take up sports astheir profession as it would never offer a definitive source of livelihood at a later date. Again not allsports offer a viable source of income except cricket where one can mint money as long as he is playing.At present, it is only the government PSUs, Banks and Petroleum companies that offer employment tosports persons. Private companies may endorse players in their commercials but hardly offer anypermanent employment. They too should come forward to accommodate sports persons in theircompanies. Because, mere honours and medals would do no good to players as they would remain in thelimelight only when they are active and successful.I have read that our ace swimmer Kutraleeswaran is now actively pursuing his studies and has given up
swimming in the absence of continuous support and lucrative career. In our country, sports is a Statesubject and the finding for this is neither allocated nor spent properly. The Central Governmentshould make adequate budgetary provision for each State and a monitoring mechanism be set up tooversee the progress made. There should be no hesitation to spend on hiring good coaches to train allplayers. If such sincere efforts are made, players with world class caliber can be groomed and Indiacan expect to excel in different disciplines other than cricket also.
155 Problem As per the Constitution of India, Sports is a subject. a. falling under the domain of both the Central as well as the State Government and about which each can independently promulgate laws and lay down rules. b. falling under exclusive domain of the individual State Governments and Union territories and from which the Central Government is specifically excluded. c. falling under absolute domain of the Central Government of the Indian Union and from which the States or the Union territories are specifically excluded. d. None of these
156 Problem According to the passage, many parents are not encouraging their children to take up sports as their profession because a. sports personnel do not get employment other than in PSUs, Banks and Petroleum companies. b. all sports do not offer a viable sources of income except cricket where one can mint money as long as he is playing c. it would never offer a definite source of livelihood. d. All these.
157 Problem According to the passage, which one of the following games is the most popular and viable source of income? a. Cricket b. Football c. Hockey d. Tennis
158 Problem Which of the following statements is true? a. Children should be given adequate and quality training. b. There should be a sports body in every district to identify children having potential under different disciplines. c. Sports should be integrated with regular school curriculum. d. All these
PASSAGE IIIThis is not a sudden and unexpected crisis: the signs have been around for some time now. Even thoughinternational bureaucrats have been referring to the current problems in the world food situation as "asilent tsunami", the truth is that this one could easily have been seen to be coming. Even so, its impacthas been powerful and quite devastating as food shortages and rapidly rising prices of food haveadversely affected billions of people, especially the poor in the developing world. It is also very much aman- made crisis, resulting not so much from ineluctable forces of global supply and demand as from themarket-oriented and liberalizing policies adopted by choice or compulsion in almost all countries. Thesepolicies have either neglected agriculture or allowed shifts in global prices to determine both croppingpatterns and the viability of farming, and also generated greater possibilities of speculative activity infood items. Cultivators in developing countries have been ravaged by the fearsome combination ofexposure to import competition from highly subsidized agriculture in developed countries, removal ofdomestic protection of inputs and reduced access to institutional credit — to the point that even theglobal increase in agricultural prices after 2002 did not compensate sufficiently to alleviate the pervasiveagrarian crisis in much of the developing world. What are the symptoms of this crisis? The mostimmediately evident feature is the rise in food prices. Globally, the prices of many basic foodcommodities have not risen faster for more than three decades. In fact, even in recent years, food pricesinternationally had shown only a modest increase until early 2007. But since then they have zoomed,
such that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) data show more than 40 per cent increase in worldfood prices over 2007, and even more rapid increases in the first three months of this year. The foodprice index of the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) which includes national prices as well asthose in cross-border trades, suggests that the average index for 2007 was nearly 25 per cent above theaverage for 2006. Apart from sugar, nearly eery other food crop has shown significant increases in pricein world trade over 2007. This trend has accelerated in the first few months of 2008. The increase hasbeen marked in essential food-grains, which are staples for most of the worlds population. Global pricesof whet increased by 77 per cent in 2007 and of rice by nearly 20 per cent, which are some of the mostrapid annual increases in the past half- century. Since the start of 2008, world rice prices have soaredeven more, increasing by nearly one-and- a-half items just in the first 100 days of the year. Wheat priceshave been highly volatile in the current year, increasing by 25 per cent in one day and th falling evenmore sharply in early April, but still well above the levels of most of last year,. The price of corn —another manor staple especially in Latin America — has more than doubled in the past two years. Acrossdeveloping countries there is evidence of growing shortage of food in retail trade, even if not always indomestics production. The rice of food-grains have varied in intensity with the ability of differentgovernments to manage the global impact and ensure domestic supply. And prices of other food items— ranging from meat and vegetables to edible oils — have also skyrocketed. The impact has been felt
most sharply in poor countries where the majority of people tend to spend around half of their familybudgets on food items, There have already been food riots in countries as far apart as Haiti, Guinea,Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Egypt, Senegal Uzbekistan, Yemen, Bangladesh, the Philippines andIndonesia. And many more countries are threatened by social unrest as rising food prices cause notmerely dissatisfaction but the spread of hunger. In several countries in Asia, such as Pakistan andThailand, troops have been deployed to guard food stocks and present seizure of grain from warehouses.Even the institutions that have encouraged policies that have brought the situation to this pass have hadto sit up and take notice. World Bank President, Robert Zoellick, now estimates that such high foodprices could push more than 100 million people in low-income countries into deeper poverty.
159 Problem The term ineluctable used in the message means a. inescapable b. unavoidable c. Both (1) and (2) d. None of these
160 Problem The food that forms the basis of traditional diet in Latin America is/are a. corn b. rice c. wheat d. All these
161 Problem The food crisis is mainly caused by a. hoarding b. market oriented and liberalizing policies c. forces of supply and demand. d. Tsunami
162 Problem The international food prices have increased by__________ per cent since 2007 as per IMF. a. 77 b. 20 c. 25 d. 40
PASSAGE IVHistorians and anthropologists have over the years provided us with a fairly good understanding of thepeopling of India, its evolution over centuries to its current diverse compositional fabric, its populationgroupings in terms of geography, language,, culture and ethnicity as well as its characteristically uniquesocietal stratification and hierarchies. The billion-plus people of India today comprise 4,693communities, which include several thousands of endogamous groups, speak in 325 functioninglanguages and write in 25 different scripts. Now, as a result of what is perhaps the largest multi-institutional research effort (at least in biology) in this country, we have a genetic basis to thisunparalleled diversity. This research effort began about five years ago under the name of the IndianGenome Variation Consortium (IGV). It has involved many Indian anthropologists and over 150 scientistsdrawn from six laboratories of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR); the IndianStatistical Institute (ISI), Kolkata; and The Centre for Genomic Application (TCGA), an institution in NewDelhi set up in the public-private-partnership (PPP) mode by the CSIR and the Chatteijee Group ofKolkata. The six CSIR institutes are: the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (GIB), Delhi, thenodal institution for the consortium; the Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow; the IndianInstitute of Toxicology Research or IITR (formerly the Industrial Toxicology Research Centre), Lucknow;the Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH), Chandigarh; the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology(IICB), Kolkata; and the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad. (Interestingly, the
letters in the acronym of the PPP institute — T, C, G, A also stand for the molecules called bases innucleotides, the fundamental structural units of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, whose-ordering orsequence in DNA codes for genetic information.) Many studies in the population genetics of the Indianpeople have been carried out in the past, primarily from an anthropological perspective, but most ofthem have been limited to certain identified population groups, This study, however, is unique becausethe genetic information generated is of biomedical relevance. To obtain population-specific geneticinformation, genes were selected on the basis of their established, or suggested but not proven, linkagesto certain common diseases and disorders. The study thus becomes significant from the perspective ofpharmacokinetics, or genetic-information-based medicine. The IGVC was launched as a response to theInternational Hap Map Consortium launched in 2002 to map global genomic diversity, the Hap Mapstudy, which cost $100 million, covered 45 Japanese, 45 Chinese, 90 Caucasian and 90 Africanindividuals. Significantly, it failed to cover India. Even if it had, a population sample of the order of 45would hardly have captured the diversity that is evident in a population that accounts for one-sixth ofthe world population. Besides Hap Map, there are other genetic databases on worldwide populations —such as DBSNP (2001), Celera (2002) and HGVBase (2004) — and on specific populations — such as theJapanese JSNP (2002) — in the public domain. The Indian subcontinent is not represented in any of theseas well. The independent Indian effort has already provided considerable. genetic insight into the
people(s) of India. Its conceptually different approach focused on a smaller set of apparently "functional"genes — because of the suggested disease linkages — and was carried out at about l/20th the cost of theHap Map study (Rs. 25 crore as of date). "The budget was significantly scaled down from the originalproposal of Rs. 113 crore based on a Hap Map-like approach," says Samir K. Brahmachari, Director-General of the GSIR and former Director of the IGIB. The aim of the IGVC project is to obtain data onabout 1,000 such genes is 15,000 individuals drawn from different sub- populations so as to provide acomprehensive genetic mapping of the country as a whole. This could serve as the template foridentifying reference sub- populations or groups predisposed to specific diseases. Appropriate medicalintervention could then target these populations.
163 Problem What is the unique nature of the research effort referred to in the passage? a. The genetic information generated is of biomedical relevance. b. There are over 150 scientists involved. c. It has involved Indian anthropologists. d. It collects population specific genetic information.
164 Problem The nodal institution for Indian Genome Variation Consortium is a. Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology. b. Indian Statistical Institute. c. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. d. Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology.
165 Problem Which of the following did not cover Indian population? a. HGVBase b. JSNP c. Hap Map d. All these
166 Problem The objective of Indian Genome Variation Consortium project is to a. focus on functional genes. b. carry out a cost effective study. c. provide comprehensive genetic mapping of the whole country. d. All these
PASSAGE VOver the next few months the number of direct- to-home (DTH) satellite television players will double.And though the current players have campaigned significantly for the DTH platform, consumers canprepare to see and hear of the many virtues of the new medium, and be wooed by a wide range of offersand packages. DTHs current reach may account for less than a tenth of the cable and satellite market at7-8 lakhs, but thanks to the big time investment that Tata Sky and Dish TV have made in their brands andin consumer education, awareness of the platform is quite high. Something that the new entrants suchas Reliance, Bharti and Videocon will surely be glad for. But given the huge untapped market to beconverted into DTH homes, no one is going easy on the advertising and marketing spends just yet. Fromthe promise of superior technology, prices comparable to those of analogue cable, and language- andgeography-sensitive packages, consumers will have lots to look forward to. More interactive features andfreebies will he used as baits. Clever advertising campaigns will accompany the marketing efforts. Thenew players are hoping to match, if not outdo, Sun Direct, Tata Sky and Dish TV in promoting theirservices. If we do the maths then, based on what current players are believed to be spending, it will takethe category to about Rs. 800 crore next year. That explains the profile of the lice nee-holders; bigplayers with deep pockets. Dish TV, the largest and oldest of the pay DTH players, spent nearly Rs. 100crore on advertising last financial, almost 23 per cent of its annual net revenues. Nonetheless, it will stillhike its budget. Videocon plans to spend more than Rs. 150 crore on brand and service communication
of its direct-to-home service, D2H+, according to its Director, Saurabh Dhoot. Tata Sky is not listed andwould not share or comment on its ad and marketing spends but is believed to spend just as much if notmore. Reliance said it wouldnt be outdone. Industry sources say its budget is estimated at Rs. 200 crorea year, with 20 per cent reserved for the launch month a few weeks away. Jawahar Goel, ManagingDirector, Dish TV, describes it as land grab mode. Theres time yet for the brands to fight each Other. Fornow they are all betting on the fast growing share of the DTH pay-TV platforms in cable and satellitehouseholds and rising average revenue per user. "All the spends will certainly help grow the category."No matter how clever a campaign, when you get to the retailer, who, let me remind you, gets acommission, he may just convince you to pick a competitors product. Or you may just change your minddepending on the offer available at the moment, says Gool Big TVs being test run since January and is tolaunch with arour 250 channels, at least 32 of which will be movie channels, some of them Reliancesown. A special discounted offer has already been made to the Reliance Communications network of STDbooth operators. The company dismissed reports of a free television" at launch offer, but tie-ups withLCD television makers themselves offering big discounts to Big TV customers was not ruled out. Newplayers will have to take a cue from current ones and subsidies hardware; Sun Direct is offering its brandfor a monthly service charge of just Rs. 75. Dish TV announced an offer recently that gave away thehardware
for free, but sold consumers hours of video on demand. A free set- top box finally, then? The entry pricewill be critical; however, set-top boxes may not be dished out for free by others. "My personal view isthat offering your brand for free is not a good idea. You can price it competitively, and even offerfreebies, but giving it away for nothing reduces the value of the brand," says Anirudhha Banerjee,President and COO of Publicis Ambience, the agency, which has bagged Videocons D2H+ account.Dhoot, however, hints at "bigger surprises" when the brand is launched. Exclusive D2H+ stores that willalso provide after sales service and recharge vouchers through home delivery have been planned foracross the country. It will also have to its advantage Videocons access to 85 per cent of 55,000 retailpoints in the consumer electronics space, and after sales service that it claims makes five millionconsumer contacts. "Along with this we will leverage our existing Next and Planet. M network along withour logisties and service infrastructure," says Dhoot, stressing that its DTH brand, however, will bedistinct from the Videocon brand. Reliance will similarly leverage its telecom business for bundlingbillings and its chain of 250 Web Worlds across 105 cities and Reliance communication franchise stores. Ifrequired, Tata Sky says, it can also draw on associated companies for similar synergies. But for now itsfocused on offering consumers "affordable packages" such as the Rs. 200 package that its currentlyadvertising. "Its a price point thats cheaper than that of cable too. And we are offering our consumerschoice, and attractive schemes as well as value-added services," says Vikram Mehra, Chief Marketing
Officer. Like a package of non -English channels that has mass appeal, and cooking recipes on demand forupmarket audiences. Before December, Tata Sky will start marketing its Personal Video Recorder,allowing for more convenient and non-linear manner of viewing television content. Dish TV has plans forDigital Video Recorders. Forward through the anchor intros in talent shows, rewind and watch yourfavourite cricketer hit a six many times over if you please, or delight in the vamp slapping the bahu threetimes again. The new entrants are likely to highlight their more current technology. "Our services will beunique as well will provide bouquets with a regional flavour. We will be on MPEG4 platform with DVB S2,a striking difference when compared to the current services available from the competition. It will be thefirst time in the world, says Dhoot, Reliance, which will also run on MPEG4 technology, has also set up a"redundant" or back-up uplinking station in Bangalore for disruption-free telecast. More friendlymultilingual user interfaces, regional packages and a larger and more current library of movies are someof the other features to look forward to. For advertisers a DTH client is not just a big spender. As PublicisBanerjee explains, the combination of media and entertainment lends itself to some interesting and funcreative work. "There is always something new to work on, be it the multi- angle cricket telecast or thevalue-added service of Active Darshan. For the latter, we did something very different but still managedto maintain the jhingalala proposition of fun," says Ashutosh Karkhanis, Creative Director at RediffusionDY&R, which handles the Tata Sky account. Shah Rukh Khan, who endorses Dish TV, and is expected to
do so till end of the year, is also expected to have competition. What strategy Bharti and Reliance willadopt for their brands is being guarded fiercely as the launch dates approach. The primary game,however, will still be that of category selling. "Our research shows us that the consumer is aware of itbeing a better product, but there hasnt been enough motivation for them to make the move. The costfactor is just one of the reasons, but the other argument has been that the local operator provides somesort of familiarity and comfort," says Publicis Ambiences Banerjee. Consumers also tend to shrug offclaims of superior quality. Thats why Tata Sky has buses and minivans on the road as part of its below-the-line marketing activities that also cover road shows and melas. Seeing is believing-. "Weve seen thatin cities such as Mumbai or Gurgaon, when we install our dish in one house within a month or two theentire building has made the switch and is ours," says Mehra, whose company is facilitating subscriptionsthrough credit card payments via telephones. The DTH players could have, like they did in the past,benefited from an extension of the conditional access system (CAS). When pockets of the three metrosof Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata were deprived of their favourite pay channels, Tata Sky and Dish TVscooped up stranded television audiences. With talk of elections, the next phase of CAS proposed in newpockets of the three metros could be pushed to beyond December, as forcing the citizen to pay more foranything, including their daily dose of television entertainment, will never be welcome.
167 Problem According to the passage, the new DTH entrants will be glad due to the consumer education imparted by a. Dish TV b. Tata Sky c. Both (1) and (2) d. None of these
168 Problem Which of the following is true? a. Clever campaign need not necessarily be productive. b. Seasonal offers may change the mind-set of the consumers. c. Retailer may convince the consumer to pick up competitors brand. d. All these
169 Problem According to Publicis Ambience official, in spite of the consumer being aware of better products, the reason that the consumer does not buy those is a. lack of motivation b. cost factor c. familiarity with local operator d. Both (2) and (3)
170 Problem Which DTH television player has offered the hardware free? a. Tata Sky b. D2H+ c. Dish TV d. None of these
Directions (Questions 171-175):Read the following table carefully to answer these questions.Details of Leading Openers Performance in 20 One-day Cricket Matches No. of matches Total Highest with runs Openers Runs Runs 100 or 50-99 0s more A 994 141 5 3 1 B 751 130 1 8 2 C 414 52 — 2 2 D 653 94 - 4 1 E 772 85 - 7 -
171 Problem What is the difference between the average runs of top two openers in terms of highest runs, if matches having 0s were ignored? a. 11.1 b. 13.7 c. 4,7 d. None of these
172 Problem If matches having zero runs and the one with highest runs is ignored, what will be the average runs for opener C? a. 20.7 b. 21.79 c. 21.29. d. 21.17
173 Problem By how much, does the difference between the two highest total runs differ from the difference between the two lowest total runs? a. More by 4 b. More by 18 c. Lower by 18 d. None of these
174 Problem Which of the given pairs of openers have ratio 3:2 in their highest runs? a. A and D b. B and C c. B and D d. D and C
175 Problem Excluding the match with the highest runs and matches with 50-99 runs, what will be the approximate average runs for opener B? a. 10 b. 15 c. 25 d. None of these
Directions (Questions 176-178):The bar-graph and line graph show the numbers of males and femalestwo towns X and Y respectively.
176 Problem Find the ratio of the average number of males of X and that of Y for the given period. a. 49:48 b. 48:49 c. 237:230 d. 230:237
177 Problem The population of X and Y in 2004 is how many times that in 2002? a. 1.02 b. 0.94 c. 1.06 d. 0.91
178 Problem Find the number of years in which the number of females for X and Y are less than their respective average numbers. a. 3 b. 4 c. 2 d. 5
Directions (Questions 179-184):Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statementsnumbered I and II. Decide whether the data provide in the statements aresufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and mark answer asa. if the question can be answered with the help of both the statements, but not with the help of either of the statements by itself.b. if the question can be answered with the help of statement II alone.c. if the question can be answered with the help of statement I alone.d. if the question cannot be answered even with the help of both the given statements.
179 Problem Is x/18 an integer? I. x/6 is an integer. II. x/3 is an integer.
180 Problem Is Q an integer or a fraction? a. P + Q is an odd integer. b. P - Q is an odd integer
181 Problem k > 100. Is it a prime number ? a. When k is divided by 16, the remainder is 9. b. 7 k is not a prime number.
182 Problem P > Q > R > S, S is positive. Is PQ/RS an integer? a. P and Q are prime numbers. b. R and S are prime numbers.
183 Problem p and q are integers. Is q even? I. 4p + 6q is even. II. Ap + 7 q is even.
184 Problem a, b, c, d, e, f and g are consecutive integers. Is e oda? a. bf is even b. a/is even.
Directions (Questions 185-186):Study the following line graph to answer these questions.Railway Time Schedule of an Express Train X Running Between city A and City Ha -> Arrival of train d —> Departure of trainA, B, C, D, E, F, G, H -» Cities through which train runs.o — d Indicates stoppage/halting of the train at the city station.
185 Problem Between how many pairs of consecutive stations does the speed run below the overall average speed of the entire trip? a. 1 b. 3 c. 4 d. 2
186 Problem The train begins its onward journey from city A and it is extended to beyond city H to a city M due to some unavoidable reason. The train starts is return journey immediately after it reached city M. The train returns with a speed of 90 km/hr without any stoppages in between and reaches city At 2.25 AM. The distance between city H and city M is a. 90 km b. 70 km c. 40 km d. 900 km
187 Problem In its thirteenth flight PSLV-C9 successfully launched ten satellites with a total weight of 820 kg. Which of the following satellites launched by PSLV-C9 is not a nano satellite? a. RUBIN-8A b. NLS-5 c. NLS-4 d. IMS-1
188 Problem Entero Virus 71 (EV 71) is responsible for a. skin infection b. a new form of bird flu c. Japanese encephalitis d. hand-foot-mouth disease
189 Problem The cyclone that struck Myanmar in May 2008 was a. Fanoos b. Nargis c. Willy-Willy d. Nasim
190 Problem Recently SEBI has exempted the people of__________ for mentioning Permanent Account Number (PAN) while trading mutual funds. a. Nagaland b. Arunachal Pradesh c. Sikkim d. Jammu and Kashmir
191 Problem Presently the Postal Index Number (PIN) is in six digits. But from 2009, the government has proposed to introduce PIN containing. a. 9 digits b. 8 digits c. 7 digits d. 10 digits
192 Problem 27 March, 1995, was Monday, then what day of the week was 1 November 1994. a. Monday b. Sunday c. Tuesday d. Wednesday