2005 - May - MAT


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  • 2005 - May - MAT

    3. 3. PASSAGE IThe countrywide implementation of value added tax (VAT) finally got off the ground on April 1. But itremains as divisive as ever. Several states have chosen not to implement it. Eight major States, five undercontrol of the Bhartiya Janta Party, have postponed its implementation. Opposition to VAT remainsstrong. Traders across the country welcomed VAT with a three day nationwide strike. The divisions onVAT are quite sharp. While the big industry organisations welcomed it and lobbied aggressively for itsimplementation, small business, particularly retail traders, protested against it. The Bhartiya Janta Partywas quick to realize the potential of dissent from this substantial section. The party, which had initiatedthe move towards VAT, changed track. Two weeks before the regime was to take off, it announced thatstates under its control would not implement VAT, until requisite preparatory steps were taken by theunion Government. It said that Bhartiya Janta Party ruled states would not implement VAT until thecentre committed itself to a roadmap to phase out the union government levied Central state tax.VAT is an attempt to address the problem of taxing inputs. Proponents of the tax argue that since inputsthat go into the making of a product are already taxed once, they should be set off at the higher levelsalong the chain. They claim that this would avoid the TAX on TAX effect, which is inflationary. A union VATrate across the country, it is claimed, will replace the welter of sales tax rates that different states levy.Unified VAT rates would result in a pan-Indian market which manufacturers and traders can address. Itwill also half the practice of states indulging in a race to the bottom by offering competing incentives to
    4. 4. attract investment. Proponents of VAT argue that it will reduce prices and enable a more efficientallocation of resources in the market. Since entities along the supply chain have a stake in claimingsetoffs for value addition that they have carried out, each of them has a stake in maintaining accounts ina transparent manner.Why should a tax that appears so reasonable at first glance provoke so much acrimony? Theapprehensions about VAT can be broadly classified into three sets. First there are fears that VATsproponents grossly exaggerate of the Sales Tax which has been the single most important source ofrevenue for the states for the past 75 years. Only physical verification of individual invoices (of whichthere will be millions) can be used to weed out the bogus claims made by traders, dealers andmanufacturers. Once traders understand that the tax authorities are unable to track and examine theircredit filings, they will deluge the system with spurious claims. This is exactly what happened in severaladvanced countries. France, where the idea of VAT originated, has had problems with the tax. In 1981,according to Mukhopadhyay, the "net evasion" of VAT, defined as the deviation between actual andhypothetical revenue, amounted to 18 percent. This amounted to 6.6 percent of the total revenues, and0.7 per cent of Frances GDP. In India the mounting bogus claims on State finances by the VAT ableentities class can add significantly to the problem of diminished revenues that VAT itself may cause.
    5. 5. 01 Problem Which is/are the fear(s) about VAT? a. Advantage of VAT is grossly exaggerated. b. VAT undermines the Centre - State financial relations. c. VAT is more complicated as compared to Sales Tax. d. All the above
    6. 6. 02 Problem Which country is credited with originating the idea of VAT? a. India b. USA c. France d. UK
    7. 7. 03 Problem According to the passage, which one of the follow-ing statements is NOT true? a. Unified VAT rates will stop the practice of offering competing incentives by States to attract investment. b. VAT will solve the problem of tracing inputs at multiple levels. c. BJP ruled States will implement VAT after the Centre clarifies abolition of Central Sales Tax. d. Both big industry organizations and retail traders protested against the implementation of VAT.
    8. 8. PASSAGE IIAnxiety is a hot issue in psychiatry now. In the 1960s the hot topic was schizophrenia, and in the 1970s itwas mood disorders — depression and manic depression — and now it is anxiety disorders. This is notnecessarily because there is more anxiety around; as one psychiatrist has pointed out, researchers tendto gravitate toward research dollars, and an anxiety research is very popular among pharmaceuticalhouses that sell tranquillizers. So money is one reason for all this interest. Another is surely therevolution that has taken place in recent years in the way anxiety is defined and diagnosed. Each anxietydisorder is now described with great precision in terms of symptoms, which theoretically enables doctorsto study and treat the disorder more scientifically. The old grab bag term anxiety neurosis which coveredall sorts of anxious behaviour, has given way to diagnostic descriptions of specific forms of anxietyphobias (in which the fear is of something external), panic states (in which the fear is of the panicsensation itself), and the new favourite of the researchers, post-traumatic stress disorder (P.T.S.D. in thetrade), which has been much in the news. P.T.S.D. is a cluster of symptoms suffered by people who havebeen through deeply traumatic experiences. The obsessive reliving of these experiences, typically indreams and memories, is the central symptom of the disorder, according to Dr. Elizabeth A. Brett, anassociate clinical professor of psychiatry. She describes other symptoms: "The startle response — yourehypervigilant. War veterans, if they see a helicopter, will hit the ground, and always stand with theirbacks to the wall in crowded rooms. Numbing sensations. Becoming more emotionally constricted.
    9. 9. Trouble sleeping. Psychological responses — sweating, clamminess, stomach upset — to anythingresembling the original event." The range of victims of P.T.S.D. is as broad as the sodden spectrums ofcontemporary stress. Survivors of natural disasters; survivors of terrorist attacks; witnesses to horrors;victims of child abuse, rape, kidnapping — all these have been studied down to the nub of their anxiety.But nowhere in any of this, or in current research of any other anxiety disorder, is there ever talk of’neurosis. Earlier theories had it that anxiety usually emanates from neurosis. But in five days inMontreal, I never once heard the word and am told that it does not even appear (except in parenthesesfor historical continuity) in psychiatrys bible, the revised third edition of the Diagnostic and StatisticalManual of Mental Disorders, known as the DSM-III R, in which every disorder is set forth with this newdiagnostic precision. Instead, they now speak of vulnerability. Some of us are simply more vulnerableto anxiety than others because of a complex interaction of psychology, biology, past experience andstressful events. The first three belong to us — the events, which figure hugely in this theory, are the luckof the draw.
    10. 10. 04 Problem More research is done in anxiety disorders at present because a. the modern people have to live in anxiety all around b. researchers are keen on making money c. the doctors want to analyse precisely the symptoms of the disease d. some provision has to be given for unemployed doctors
    11. 11. 05 Problem The best way to treat patients with anxiety disor-der would be a. to find out precise ideas about who get anxious and why b. to study and treat the disorder more scientifically c. to approach a psychologist d. None of the above
    12. 12. 06 Problem Theories in the past laid emphasis on the fact that a. there is a complex reaction of psychology and biology b. neurosis is the basic cause for anxiety c. psychological responses contributed to the study d. natural disorders added to the stress
    13. 13. PASSAGE IIIFor ages, the Indian psyche has been geared to devoting ones life to the welfare of all, sarvabhuta hileratha. It has also focused not on the individual self but on the entire globe; vasndhaiva kutumbakam wasalways the objective. The Western world remains unaware of the strength of Indian culture, traditionsand beliefs. It has good reason to do so. An accurate perception would have harmed its colonial interestsand exploitation of nations for which it was not entitled under any rationale, logic or tradition. Thislegacy, however, continues in another form. Those influenced by Western philosophy, attitude andapproach to life refuse to understand indigenous thought and culture even at this stage. To them, anymention of Indian tradition and culture is a conservative statement. If you think of highlighting Indiancontributions to global civilization, they immediately apprehend that India is going backward in thehistory. To them, self-respect, patriotism and the sense of pride in being an Indian are outdatedconcepts. The mere mention that spirituality is an important part of education is anathema to them.After World War II, the victorious Americans realized the futility of war, bombs, destruction and killings.A group of American school teachers planned a book on spirituality in 1945. This was published by theElementary School Teachers Association of America in 1947. The title is Spirituality in ElementarySchools. In India, the mere mention of the word Spirituality is attributed to political pressure. Recentlythe Director General of UNESCOs International School of Educational Planning, Paris, visited India andwas appraised of the proposed curricular changes in school education, which were under discussion. The
    14. 14. Director General, a former education minister of Norway, gave details of curriculum renewal in Norwayand indicated that in their curriculum for school education prepared in 1997, they have proposed toprepare a spiritual man through school education. Even a unitary society like Norway is gearing up forthe times when multi-ethnic people would be living there. There would be different religions, andconsequently, linguistic and ethnic diversities would emerge. In the Indian context, the focus onspirituality has always been there.The swift pace of educational change is emerging as a prime contributor to the pace of progress ofdevelopmental initiatives. The relevance of education will have to be ensured professionally in thecontext of social, cultural and economic changes. The global acceptance of education for social cohesionand for learning to live together deserves in-depth attention and consideration in the national context.The perpetration of a model of education transplanted by alien rulers, even after five decades ofIndependence, does not reflect positively on indigenous initiatives. Indian education must be rooted inIndian culture. At this juncture, everyone, whether educated, literate or illiterate, realizes thesignificance of education for future generations. Even the weakest are willing to contribute literallyeverything to educate their children. Such universal acceptance never existed before. Simultaneously, itis necessary that a national consensus emerges on the need for desirable educational change. This, ofcourse, is in conformity with the stipulations of experts and policy statements as well. The regular
    15. 15. revision of the school curriculum is a globally accepted phenomenon and any question of revising thecurriculum framework after more than a decade need not give rise to any apprehension in any quarter.Developing nations need peace, harmony and the will ingress to work together among its citizens andcommunities. India sorely needs this as it still has to win the battles against poverty, illiteracy and socio-economic inequalities. Only a total national effort can contribute effectively to these. Indias 50 lakhschool teachers can transform future society once they internalize the importance of their role and thetasks assigned to them. The commitment and performance of teachers, which is often projected as amatter of serious concern, can be changed only if public opinion is also transformed by political andreligious leaders on the one hand, and social workers, intellectuals, thinkers and educationists, on theother. The role of the media has somewhat been discouraging. Even the national channels find no timeto telecast, suitable programmes for children and teachers. Commercialization appears to haveovertaken national requirements, which should get top priority, like transforming society throughimparting the appropriate type of education, that inculcates values like respect, tolerance and creativityamong the , youth of this country. The Indian education system need not be bogged down by its oft-trumpeted failures. The achievements of the past are considerable. In the last five decades, we haveachieved a literacy rate of over 60 per cent. And this has been through indigenous efforts, undoubtedly,we have much more to achieve but that needs to be, done in, an environment of optimism and
    16. 16. motivation. The entire focus of school education both in and out of the classroom needs to prepare theindividual to understand his duties and responsibilities on the one hand, and the need to develop thenecessary competence, skills and attitudes to execute them on the other. Future education needs to begeared towards the culture of peace in which Indias diversities, pluralities and multiplicities will betreated as positive assets that contribute to national unity. School programmes functions, andcelebrations can reinforce these initiatives. Every school should have a mission statement. It shouldattempt to develop capacities and design activities to rediscover the local socio-cultural ethos that wouldcontribute to, developing a sense of belonging among children. It is the school education that needs toacknowledge and appropriately internalize among the learners the responsibility for the future and needto respect all life and living beings.
    17. 17. 07 Problem The essence of the Indian psyche has been a. to feel a universal emotionality b. to find the real self in the one divine c. centred not on the individual self but on the whole world d. dedication of oneself to the service of all humankind
    18. 18. 08 Problem The anathema to those influenced by the Western philosophy is the fact that a. spirituality has a major part to play in education b. India has its own tradition and culture c. India has contributed to the world civilization d. there are past historical truths of India
    19. 19. 09 Problem The Western countries have realised the need for spirituality in education because a. the Americans realised the worthlessness and waste of war and bombs b. the Director General of UNESCO visited India and brought in curricular changes c. a proposal to prepare a spiritual man through school education has been made d. of the religious, linguistic and ethnic diversities in Norway
    20. 20. 10 Problem India can win battles against socio-economic prob-lems of poverty and illiteracy only by a. focusing education to prepare individuals to do their duties and responsibilities b. desirable educational changes and fresh programmes for children and teachers c. encouraging to build an environment of optimism and motivation d. changing the opinions of the social workers and religious leaders
    21. 21. 11 Problem What the author means by mission statement is a. to base education on spirituality and respect for all living things b. that every school should focus on developing the capabilities of the students, creating a sense of belonging c. the task undertaken by the school to focus on the harmonious development of the child d. that there is the need to develop the competence, skills and attitudes of the children
    22. 22. PASSAGE IVA much safer way of preventing smallpox was through cowpox vaccination or, simply, vaccination. Theman who discovered vaccination was a country doctor called Jenner. As a boy Jenner had beeninoculated with smallpox. His interest in cowpox, however, was first roused when he was still a medicalstudent. He was at a friends place and the conversation was about smallpox. A milkmaid happened to bepresent & and she said carelessly, "I cannot get that disease, for I have had the cowpox." Jenner saidnothing at that time, but the milkmaids remark made him think deeply. He could, however, do nothingmore than think at that time. But soon after he started practising as a doctor in his village Berkeley,Jenner decided to find out, in his spare time, what truth there was in the milkmaids remark. He madeenquiries and found out that the remark was based on a popular belief. The belief was that smallpoxnever attacked a person who had earlier suffered from cowpox. Jenner mentioned this to other doctors,but they dismissed it as just a superstition among country people. Jenner was not discouraged. He beganto study cowpox. The disease appeared in the form of spots on the udders of cows. Human beingscaught it by touching the cows udders, usually during milking. Fortunately, the disease caused littlediscomfort to human beings. Jenner asked himself: if cowpox infection could prevent smallpox, why notuse it in place of the dangerous smallpox inoculation? It was Jenners duty as a country doctor to givepeople smallpox inoculations and he noticed one strange thing. The smallpox inoculations produced noeffect at all in people who had earlier suffered from cowpox. So the popular belief was right after all!
    23. 23. Jenner continued his observations. He went round examining cows and questioning milkmaids. Hebecame more and more certain and came out with his idea of cowpox vaccination to the other doctors inthe country. They did not take him seriously. Jenner then went to London hoping that London doctorsmight listen to him with greater respect. He received the same treatment in London too. "Where is thepractical proof?" they asked. Jenner now saw the weakness in his argument. He himself had neverproved that cowpox vaccination could prevent smallpox. So he decided to supply the proof. He returnedto Berkeley. Jenners first experiment was done on a boy named Phipps. Phipps was inoculated in thearm with the cowpox virus taken from the hand of a young woman suffering from cowpox. Later, the boywas inoculated with the smallpox virus, and to Jenners joy, it produced no effect in the boy. Jenner madetwo more successful experiments and he wrote a paper on the results of his experiments. But no onewould publish his paper. Jenner continued with his experiment and in 1798 published his results himselfin the form of a paper. To begin with, no one believed Jenner. Then one London doctor tried theexperiment on himself. Others came soon after and vaccination had come to stay. Later other countriesadopted the practice of vaccination, and Jenners name became a household word. But he did not wantall this fame. He wanted to be left in peace in his village, doing the work of an ordinary country doctor. Tothe last he remain a simple country gentleman. Jenner was not a laboratory scientist. I though he made agreat practical discovery, he did not know why the inoculation of cowpox should prevent smallpox. He
    24. 24. was interested in the results, not the reasons. The results of Jenners discovery were both immediateand far-reaching. Smallpox outbreaks wore controlled and finally they became a thing of the past.
    25. 25. 12 Problem Jenner started studying cowpox because a. he wanted to know whether there was any connection between cowpox and smallpox b. he had great faith in the popular belief which connected cowpox and smallpox c. he had a lot of spare time d. he had a large number of patients suffering from cowpox
    26. 26. 13 Problem When Jenner gave smallpox vaccinations to people, he found that in some of them they produced no effect at all because: a. they were quite strong b. they had earlier suffered from cowpox c. the inoculation was not properly done d. they were all milkmaids
    27. 27. 14 Problem When Jenner spoke to the London doctors about cowpox vaccination they did not believe him be-cause a. he was only a country doctor b. they were jealous of him c. they did not like new ideas d. he gave them no practical proof
    28. 28. 15 Problem The thing that most helped Jenner to make his dis-covery was that a. his duties as a country doctor did not take up much time. b. there were plenty of cases of cowpox in his village Berkeley c. he had an open mind and did not dismiss as baseless a popular belief among country people d. he was a scientist
    29. 29. PASSAGE VPunctuality is a necessary habit in all public affairs of a civilized society. Without it nothing could ever bebrought to a conclusion, everything would be in a stage of chaos. Only in a sparsely populated ruralcommunity is it possible to disregard it. In ordinary living there can be some tolerance of unpunctuality.The intellectual, who is working on some abstruse problem, has everything coordinated and organizedfor the matter in hand. He is therefore forgiven, if late for the dinner party. But people are oftenreproached for unpunctuality when their only fault is cutting things fine. It is hard for energetic, quick-mined people to waste time, so they are often tempted to finish a job before setting out to keep anappointment. If no accidents occur on the way, like punctured tyres, diversion of traffic, sudden descentof fog, they will be on time. They are often more industrious and more useful citizens than those whoare never late. The over-punctual can be as much a trial to others as the unpunctual. The guest whoarrives half an hour too soon is the greatest nuisance. Some friends of my family had this irritatinghabit. The only thing to do was to ask them to come half an hour later than the other guests. Then theyarrived just when we wanted them. If you are catching a train, it is always better to be comfortably earlythan even a fraction of a minute too late. Although being early may mean wasting a little time, this willbe less than if you miss the train and have to wait an hour or so for the next one. And you avoid thefrustration of arriving at the very moment when the train is drawing out of the station and being unableto get on it. And even a harder situation is to be on the platform in good time for a train and still to see
    30. 30. it go off without you. Such an experience befell a certain young girl the first time she was travellingalone. She entered the station twenty minutes before the train was due, since her parents hadimpressed upon her that it would be unforgivable to miss it and cause the friends with whom she wasgoing to stay to make two journeys to meet her. She gave her luggage to a porter and showed him herticket. To her horror he said that she was two hours too soon. She felt in her handbag for the piece ofpaper on which her father had written down all the details of the journey and gave it to the porter. Heagreed that a train did come in the station at the time on the paper and that it did stop, but only to takeon water, not passengers. The girl asked to see a timetable, feeling sure that her father could not havemade such a mistake. The porter went to fetch one and arrived back with the Station- Master, whoproduced it with a flourish and pointed out a microscopic o* beside the time of the arrival of the trainat his station. The girl, tears streaming down her face, begged to be allowed to slip into the guards van.But the Station-Master was adamant: rules will not be broken. And she had to watch that traindisappear towards her destination while she was left behind.
    31. 31. 16 Problem The author feels that it is necessary to be punctual in a civilized society, because a. it makes people think that you are a good tempered person b. it elevates your social status c. it helps to conduct things without confusion d. it makes your friends trust you
    32. 32. 17 Problem The authors family asked some of their friends to come half an hour later than others because a. they did not like their friends b. they did not want them to meet other guests c. these friends had to meet some other people on the way d. they were in the habit of arriving too early
    33. 33. 18 Problem The author implies that it is better to arrive early at the station so that a. there is no chance of missing your train b. there is a chance of meeting the important people who travel by train c. you can get into the compartment of your choice d. you can find porters to help you and carry your luggage
    34. 34. 19 Problem The expression to her horror used in the passage comes nearest in meaning to a. she was very scared to see b. she was disgusted to discover c. she was disappointed to find d. she was surprised to find
    35. 35. Directions for questions 20 to 23:Each of the sentences below has blank spaces. Following each sentence, four setsof words are given numbered 1 to 4. Select the appropriate set of words thatmakes the sentence most meaningful.
    36. 36. 20 Problem We can coax physical nature into___________ many of our wishes but we cannot ________ authority over it or make it change its ways one jot. a. granting, empower b. satiating, display c. satisfying, exercise d. stimulating, exercise
    37. 37. 21 Problem War has been, throughout history, the chief _____________ of social cohesion; and since sci-ence began, it has been the strongest__________ to technical progress. a. reason, encouragement b. origin, boost c. cause, provocation d. source, incentive
    38. 38. 22 Problem Genetic engineering in humans should be used to ___________ diseases, not to ________ genetic uniformity. a. treat, foster b. eradicate, cater c. cure, generate d. avoid, promote
    39. 39. 23 Problem The conflict of man with physical nature is turned into a ___________ in proportion as man learns the_______ of nature and thereby becomes able to co-operate with her. a. cohesion, mysteries b. unity, puzzles c. harmony, secrets d. collation, riddles
    40. 40. Directions for questions 24 to 28:Each sentence has four underlined parts marked A, B, C & D. Identify the partthat must be changed to make the sentence correct.
    41. 41. 24 Problem Of all the problems that have confronted human A beings since the beginning of recorded history, B perhaps the most significant have been the C riddle of their own origin. D a. A b. B c. C d. D
    42. 42. 25 Problem The water flows at about 2.5 m per second for A about 12 hours when the tide is rising through the B channel, paused at high tide and then reverses reaction. C D a. A b. B c. C d. D
    43. 43. 26 Problem Vimlas two sisters are both very intelligent and A B hardworking, still, 1 dont know why, I like C the former the most. D a. A b. B c. C d. D
    44. 44. 27 Problem She would have asked Sita to leave her room A that very minute if her brother would have been in B C the house that day. D a. A b. B c. C d. D
    45. 45. 28 Problem It is a pity that a son born from very good parents AB hould live a life of misery and deprivation of C the worst order. D a. A b. B c. C d. D
    46. 46. Directions for questions 29 to 32:In each question a sentence has been jumbled and each part is marked P, Q, R, S& T. Arrange the parts in such a way that the whole sentence becomesmeaningful. Choose from the options given.
    47. 47. 29 Problem P. the image dies as soon as it is seen Q. and based on a delicate system of filming and recording; R. its working does not consist in storing or record-ing an image; S. the science of television is highly sophisticated T. it rather catches and reflects an image like a mirror; a. PRTSQ b. SQRTP c. QTRPS d. PQRST
    48. 48. 30 Problem P. as time passed the layer of sludge became very thick and covered with mud, Q. when they died they sank to the ocean bed and decayed into sludge, R. the weight of water’ and mud pressing down on the sludge S. countless tiny sea animals lived in the ocean mil-lions of years ago T. changed it into tiny drops of oil a. PQRST b. QSTPR c. QPRST d. SQPRT
    49. 49. 31 Problem P. the chief reason is that it is considered rude to differ with them Q. moreover, even agreeing with them completely is not considered good manners R. in England it is not easy to keep up conversation with women in company; S. nor can you ask them to give a reason for the opinion they profess; T. you are also afraid of imposing your views upon them, a. PSTQR b. RPSTQ c. PQRST d. RSTPQ
    50. 50. 32 Problem P. and was at once convinced Q. he sent a few copies of the book to well-known poetry critics R. Shaw read the first few lines of the volume S. and awaited their reaction T. that what he was reading was real poetry, a. RPTQS b. QSTPR c. RSPQT d. QPRST
    51. 51. Directions for questions 33 to 36:Each question comprises of a brief passage. Answer the question based on whatis presented or implied in the passage.
    52. 52. 33 Problem Once while traveling by train, Gandhiji was asked by the white passengers to leave the first class com-partment and shift to the van compartment. This event was a turning point in his life and he decided to stay back in S. Africa and fight against this bla-tant injustice. The passage implies that: The white people asked Gandhiji to leave the first class compartment because: a. they wanted to annoy him b. they wanted to avenge themselves on Gandhiji c. they treated Indians as inferior to them d. they wanted to talk to Gandhiji
    53. 53. 34 Problem Men living in the same neighborhood may live vastly different lives. But it is not the neighborhood which is quarrelsome, but the man within us. And we have it in our power to change our neighborhood into a pleasant one by simply changing our own ways. According to the author, the world is: a. one of the loveliest and quietest places b. an unpleasant and turbulent place c. ones own excessive sensitivity that makes it a bad place d. a sordid place for those who suffer in life
    54. 54. 35 Problem Surveys conducted in many of our primary schools reveal the enormous heterogeneity of the linguistic and cultural background of the children, contrary to the belief that they all come from Hindi-speaking backgrounds. In the given context, "The enormous heterogeneity of the linguistic and cultural background of the chil-dren" implies that these children a. speak different languages b. come from various states c. belong to different classes of society d. come from different cultural backgrounds
    55. 55. 36 Problem Many sociologists have argued that there is a func-tional relationship between education and economic systems. They point to the (net that mass formal education began in industrial society and is an es-tablished part of all industrial societies. The author argues that: a. formal education can be traced to industrial society b. industrial society changed the pattern of education c. industrial society is responsible for expansion of education at the mass level d. formal education has suffered a setback due to industrial society
    56. 56. Directions for questions 37 to 40:The sentence against each question has a portion or the whole underlined. Eachsentence is followed by four alternative versions of the underlined portion. Selectthe alternative best suited according to standard written English; without alteringthe original meaning. Answer (1) is the same as the original version.
    57. 57. 37 Problem Visiting Agra for the first time, the Taj Mahal in moonlight was truly impressive. a. Visiting Agra for the first time, the Taj Mahal in moonlight was truly impressive. b. Visiting Agra for the first time, I found the Taj Mahal truly impressive in the moonlight. c. Visiting Agra for the first time, I found the Taj Mahal in moonlight truly impressive. d. Visiting Agra the first time, I find the Taj Mahal in moonlight was truly impressive.
    58. 58. 38 Problem The policemen attempted to tactfully pacify the quar-relling families. a. The policemen attempted to tactfully pacify the quarrelling families. b. The policemen tactfully attempted to pacify the quarreling families. c. The policemen attempted tactfully to pacify-the quarrelsome families. d. The policemen attempted to pacify tactfully the quarrelling families.
    59. 59. 39 Problem Modern films have a detrimental effect on child psychology for they make the children think that violence is justifiable. a. for they make the children think that violence is justifiable. b. for these films make them think that violence is justifiable. c. for they make them think that violence is justifiable. d. for they make those children think that violence is justifiable.
    60. 60. 40 Problem The war victims needed nurses to bandage their wounds badly. a. The war victims needed nurses to bandage their wounds badly. b. The victims of war needed nurses to bandage their wounds badly. c. The war victims badly needed nurses to bandage their wounds. d. The war victims needed nurses badly for bandaging their wounds.
    62. 62. 41 Problem Train A travelling at 60 km/hr leaves Mumbai for 47. Delhi at 6 p.m. Train B travelling at 90/hr also leaves Mumbai for Delhi at 9 p.m. Train C leaves Delhi for Mumbai at 9 p.m. If all the three trains meet at the same time between Mumbai and Delhi, what is the speed of Train C if the distance between Delhi and Mumbai is 1260 km? a. 60 km/hr b. 90 km/hr c. 120 km/hr d. 135 km/hr
    63. 63. 42 Problem A man invests Rs. 5000 for 3 years at 5% p.a. compound interest reckoned yearly. Income tax at the rate of 20% on the interest earned is deducted at the end of each year. Find the amount at the end of the third year. a. Rs. 5624.32 b. Rs. 5630.50 c. Rs. 5788.125 d. 5627.20
    64. 64. 43 Problem In a class of 50 students, 23 speak English, 15 speak Hindi and 1 8 speak Punjabi. 3 speak only English and Hindi, 6 speak only Hindi and Punjabi and 6 speak only English and Punjabi. If 9 can speak only English, how many speak all the three? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 5
    65. 65. 44 Problem Two spinning machines A and B can together pro-duce 3,00,000 metres of cloth in 10 hours-If ma-chine B alone can produce the same amount of cloth in 15 hours, how much cloth can machine A alone produce in 10 hours? a. 2,00,000 metres b. 1,00,000 metres c. 1,50,000 metres d. 50,000 metres
    66. 66. 45 Problem The average of 10 numbers is 40.2. Later it is found that 2 numbers have been wrongly added. The first is 18 greater than the actual number and the sec-ond number added is 13 instead of 31. Find the cor-rect average. a. 40.2 b. 40.4 c. 40.6 d. 40.8
    67. 67. 46 Problem A class photograph has to be taken. The front now consists of 6 girls who are sitting. 20 boys are stand-ing behind. The two corner positions are reserved for the 2 tallest boys. In how many ways can the students be arranged? a. 181x1440 b. 6! x 1440 c. 18! x 2! x 1440 d. None of these
    68. 68. 47 Problem If 22x-1 + 4x = 3X-1/2 + 3x+1/2 then x equals, a. 1/2 b. 2/3 c. 1 d. 3/2
    69. 69. 48 Problem The length of a rectangular plot is increased by 25%. To keep its area unchanged, the width of the plot should be a. kept unchanged b. increased by 25% c. increased by 20% d. reduced by 20%
    70. 70. 49 Problem A man has 1044 candles. After burning, he can make a new candle from 9 stubs left behind. Find the maximum number of candles that can be made a. 116 b. 120 c. 130 d. 140
    71. 71. 50 Problem A country follows a progressive taxation system under which the income tax rate applicable varies for different slabs of income. Total tax is computed by calculating the tax for each slab and adding them up. The rates applicable are as follows: TABLE* If my annual income is Rs. 1,70,000, what is the tax payable by me? a. Rs. 51,000 b. Rs. 17,000 c. Rs. 34,000 d. Rs. 25,000
    72. 72. 51 Problem If the length and width of a rectangular garden plot were each increased by 20 percent, what would be the percent increase in the area of the plot? a. 20% b. 24% c. 36% d. 44%
    73. 73. 52 Problem The population of a bacteria culture doubles every 2 minutes. Approximately how many minutes will it take for the population to grow from 1,000 to 500,000 bacteria? a. 10 b. 12 c. 14 d. 18
    74. 74. 53 Problem The population of a city increases at a rate of 4% per annum. There is an additional annual increase of 1 % in the population due to the influx of job seek-ers. The % increase in the population after 2 years is therefore a. 10 b. 10.25 c. 10.50 d. 10.75
    75. 75. 54 Problem The sides of a triangle are in the ratio of 1/2 : 1/3 : 62. 1/4. If the perimeter is 52 cm, the length of the smallest side is a. 9 cm b. 10 cm c. 11cm d. 12 cm
    76. 76. 55 Problem The ratio of the rate of flow of water in pipes var-ies inversely as the square of the radius of the pipes. What is the ratio of the rates of flow in 2 pipes of diameters 2 cm and 4 cm? a. 1:2 b. 2:1 c. 1:8 d. 4:1
    77. 77. 56 Problem A tap can fill a tank in 16 minutes and another can empty it in 8 minutes. If the tank is already Vi full and both the taps are opened together, will the tank 64. be filled or emptied? How long will it take before the tank is either filled completely or emptied com-pletely as the case may be? a. Emptied; 16 minutes b. Filled; 8 minutes c. Emptied; 8 minutes d. Filled; 12 minutes
    78. 78. 57 Problem If x + y > 5 and x-y > 3, then which of the follow-ing gives all possible values of x? a. x > 3 b. x > 4 c. x > 5 d. x < 5
    79. 79. 58 Problem The LCM of two numbers is 4800 and their HCF is 160. If one of the numbers is 480, then the second number is a. 16 b. 16000 c. 160 d. 1600
    80. 80. 59 Problem If x and y are negative, then which of the following statements is/are always true? I. x+ y is positive II. xy is positive III. x-y is positive a. I only b. II only c. Ill only d. I and III only
    81. 81. 60 Problem A pond 100 m in diameter is surrounded by a circu-lar grass walk 2 m wide. How much sq. m of grass is there on the walk? a. 98 b. 100 c. 204 d. 202
    82. 82. 61 Problem A tree 6 m tall casts a 4 m long shadow. At the same time a flag pole casts a shadow 50 m long. How long is the flag pole? a. 75m b. 100m c. 150m d. 50m
    83. 83. 62 Problem Two series of a question booklet for an aptitude test are to be given to twelve students. In how many ways can the students be placed in two rows of six each so that there should be no identical series side by side and that the students sitting on behind the other should have the same series? a. 2 x 12C6 x (6!)2 b. 6! x 6! c. 71x7! d. None of these
    84. 84. 63 Problem The probability of rain on Day 1 is 0.2 and the prob-ability on Day 2 is 0.3. What is the probability of it raining on both the days? a. 0.2 b. 0.1 c. 0.6 d. 0.25
    85. 85. 64 Problem There are five boxes in a cargo hold. The weight of the first box is 200 kg and the weight of the second box is 20% higher than the weight of the third box, whose weight is 25% higher than the first boxs weight. The fourth box at 350 kg is 30% lighter than the fifth box. The difference in the average weight of the four heaviest boxes and the four light-est boxes is a. 51.5 kg b. 75 kg c. 37.5 kg d. 112.5 kg
    86. 86. 65 Problem Which of the following is true? a. log17 275 = log19 375 b. log17 275 < log19 375 c. log17275 > log19 375 d. Cannot be determined
    87. 87. 66 Problem A contractor undertakes to build a wall in 50 days. He employs 50 people for the same. However, af-ter 25 days he finds that the work is only 40% com-plete. How many more men need to be employed to complete the work in time? a. 25 b. 30 c. 35 d. 20
    88. 88. 67 Problem Three containers A, B and C are having mixtures of milk and water in the ratio of 1 : 5,3 : 5 and 5 : 7 respectively. If the capacities of the containers are in the ratio 5:4:5, find the ratio of milk to water, if the mixtures of all the three containers are mixed together. a. 51:115 b. 52:115 c. 53:115 d. 54:115
    89. 89. 68 Problem At what price should I buy a share, the value of which Rs. 100 paying a dividend of 8%, so that my yield is II %? a. Rs. 70 b. Rs. 72.72 c. Rs. 75 d. Rs. 84
    90. 90. 69 Problem How many 5 digit numbers can be formed by using all the 0,2,4,7 and 5; which are not divisible by 75? a. 14 b. 18 c. 78 d. 82
    91. 91. 70 Problem In how many ways can a selection be made of 5 letters out 5As, 4Bs, 3Cs, 2Ds and IE? a. 70 b. 71 c. 15C 5 d. 15P 5
    92. 92. 71 Problem If the elevation of the sun changes from 30° to 60°, then difference between the lengths of shadows of a pole 15m h at these two elevations of the sun, is a. 7.5 m b. 15 m c. 10V3m d. 15V3m
    93. 93. 72 Problem The length of a string between a kite and a point on the ground is 85 m. If the string makes an angle + with the level ground such that tan + = 15/8, how high is the kite? a. 78.05 m b. 75 m c. 316 m. d. 226 m
    94. 94. 73 Problem The numbers 1 to 29 are written side by side as follows 1234567891011………… 2829.1fthenumber is divided by 8 what is the remainder? a. 3 b. 1 c. 0 d. None of these
    95. 95. 74 Problem A ship 77 km from the shore, springs a leak which admits 2 —tones of water in 5— minutes. 92 tonnes of water would sink her. But, the pumps can throw out 12 tonnes per hour. Find the average rate of sailing so that she may just reach the shore as she begins to sink. a. 10.5 kmph b. 11 kmph c. 10 Kmph d. 12.5 kmph
    96. 96. 75 Problem The number 6n2 + 6n for natural n is always divis-ible by a. 6 only b. 18 only c. 12only d. 6 and 12
    97. 97. 76 Problem A brother and a sister appear for an interview against two vacant posts in an office. The probabil-ity of the brothers selection is 1/5 and that of the sisters selection is 1/3. What is the probability that only one of them is selected? a. 1/5 b. 2/5 c. 1/3 d. 2/3
    98. 98. 77 Problem Visitors to a show were charged Rs. 15 each on the first day, Rs. 7.50 on the second day and Rs. 2.50 on the third day and the attendance on the three days was in the ratio 2:5: 13. The average charge per person for the whole show was a. Rs. 6.33 b. Rs. 9 c. Rs. 5 d. Rs. 7.50
    99. 99. 78 Problem A trader marks his goods at such a price that he can deduct 15% for cash and yet make 20% profit. Find the market price of an item which cost him Rs. 90. 3 a. Rs. 105 21 b. Rs. 135 11 13 1 c. Rs. 127 17 1 95 a. Rs. 21
    100. 100. 79 Problem A conical cavity is drilled in a circular cylinder of 15 cm height and 16 cm base diameter. The height and base diameter of the cone are the same as those of the cylinder. Determine the total surface area of the remaining solid. a. 440 cm2 b. 215 cm2 c. 542 cm2 d. 376 cm2
    101. 101. 80 Problem 40% of the students in a college play basketball, 34% of the students play tennis and the number of students who play both the games is 234. The num-ber who play neither basketball nor tennis is 52%. Determine the student population in the college. a. 800 b. 1050 c. 900 d. 850
    103. 103. Directions for questions 81 to 86:
    104. 104. Examine the Bar Chart and the information given to answer these questions.The following additional information is available:Total worldwide working population : 2.5 billion (2500 million)Working population in low income economies : 1400 millionWorking population in middle income economies : 660 millionWorking population in high income economies: 440 million Total unemployedpopulation : 120 million The following definitions hold true :Poor or low income economies : Annual per capita income less than $695 Rich orhigh income economies : Annual per capita income more than $8626
    105. 105. 81 Problem Approximately what percentage of the poor econo-mies total workforce is in agriculture? a. 43% b. 52% c. 60% d. 78%
    106. 106. 82 Problem Approximately what percentage of the middle in-come economies total workforce is in services? a. 23% b. 38% c. 49% d. 62%
    107. 107. 83 Problem The ratio of rich economies workforce working in industry to poor economies workforce working in services sector is closest to a. 1:7 b. 1:6 c. 1:5 d. 1:4
    108. 108. 84 Problem Which of the following statements is/are not true? I. Of the total workforce in services, over 50% do not come from the poor economies. II. Poor economies account for nearly one-third of the total unemployed workers in the world. III. High income economies account for over 25% of the total industrial workforce. IV. Middle income economies account for nearly one-third of the total services sector employees in the world. a. All of the above b. Ill only c. Ill and IV d. None of these.
    109. 109. 85 Problem Which of the following statements is/are true ? a. Unemployed workforce accounts for approximately 7% of the worlds total working population. b. For both high and middle income economies, the services sector is the highest provider of employment. c. Low income economies contribute a higher proportion of the total workforce engaged in the services sector than either the high or the middle income economies, yet the services sector is not the biggest provider of jobs in the low income economies. d. Both 2 and 3.
    110. 110. 86 Problem Approximately what percentage of the total work-ing population in the world earns less than $695 p.a. ? a. 42% b. 56% c. 70% d. Cant be determined
    111. 111. Directions for questions 87 to 92:Study the following figures and answer the questions which follow.
    112. 112. Directions for questions 87 to 92:Information on the polypropylene industry in India
    113. 113. 87 Problem When consumption is more than the production, the government has to import the shortfall. What per-centage of consumption was imported in 2003 - 04? a. 5.77% b. 7.36% c. 6.12% d. 5.65%
    114. 114. 88 Problem What was the percentage increase in installed ca-pacity in the year 2003 - 04? a. 10.09% b. 11.22% c. 12.14% d. 13.35%
    115. 115. 89 Problem Capacity utilization was the maximum in which of the following years? a. 2000-01 b. 2001-02 c. 2002-03 d. 2004-05
    116. 116. 90 Problem In which year was production as a percentage of installed capacity the least? a. 2000-01 b. 2001-02 c. 2002-03 d. 2003-04
    117. 117. 91 Problem The installed capacity of HP (in 000 tonnes) in 2003 - 04 was (Assume the same share of capac-ity for HP as it had in 2001 - 02). a. 68 b. 76 c. 78 d. 83
    118. 118. 92 Problem If TC will double its installed capacity of2003 -04 in the year 2005 - 06, what would be the installed capacity of the industry in 2005 - 06? (Assume that no other manufacturer adds to their capacity in 2005 - 06 and that TC had a 46% share in 2003 - 04). a. 2723 b. 2763 c. 2827 d. Cant be determined
    119. 119. DIRECTIONS for questions 93 to 97:Study the table below to answer these questions. Industry 1989 1991 No. of Bank Overdoes No. of Bank Overdues Sick Units (Rs. in crore) Sick Units (Rs. in crore) Engineering 19474 416 476.92 476.92 (10.4) (18.6) (11.3) (17.1) Cotton Textiles 4123 97.42 6057 134.16 (2-2) (4.3) (2.7) (4.8) Electricity 15308 151.12 16149 171.78 (8.2) (6.7) (7.3) (6.2) Sugarcane 203 12.75 287 6.18 (0.1) (0.6) (0.1) (0-2) Paper 1881 46.02 2634 36.51 (1.0) (2.1) (1.2) (1.3) Copper 953 36.50 2063 39.63 (0.5) (1.6) (0.9) (1-4) CR Steel 405 13.61 737 20.35 (0.2) (0.6) (0.3) (0.7) HR Steel 2356 110.49 2952 129.68 (1.3) (4.9) (1.3) (4.6)
    120. 120. Cement 371 14.27 384 14.06 (0.2) (0.6) (0-2) (0.5) Petroleum 6751 206.45 8208 262.15 (3.6) (9.2) (3.7) (10.1)Miscellaneou 134616 1138.00 157075 1480.61 s (72.3) (50.8) (71.0) (53.1) 186441 2242.63 221487 2772.03 Total (100.0) (100.0) (100.0) (100.0)
    121. 121. 93 Problem Which of the following statements is/are true? a. There has been a net increase in the number of sick units between 1989 to 1991. b. While the number of sick units under the miscellaneous category has gone up, the bank overdues of such sick units as a percentage of the total bank overdues have gone down. c. Cement companies have been doing worse during the period. d. Both 1 and 2
    122. 122. 94 Problem Which of the following industries have shown an increase in the number of sick units from 1989 to 1991? I. Cotton Textiles II. Petroleum III. Paper a. I only b. II only c. I and II only d. I, II and III only
    123. 123. 95 Problem Which sector has shown the maximum percentage increase in the number of sick units? a. Electricity b. Engineering c. Cotton Textiles d. None of these
    124. 124. 96 Problem The least change in the ratio of bank overdoes per sick unit between the two years is exhibited by which sector? a. Petroleum b. CR steel c. Cotton Textiles d. None of these
    125. 125. 97 Problem Which industry can show a major impact if the gov-ernment were to turn around a small number of units to get the maximum benefits from the 1991 data? (Assume that the bank overdues are evenly distributed amongst all sick units). a. Petroleum b. HR Steel c. Paper d. Cement
    126. 126. Directions for questions 98 to 102:Each of the questions given below consists of two quantities, one in column Aand one in Column B. You are to compare the two quantities and mark theanswer asa. if the quantity in column A is greater.b. if the quantity in column B is greater.c. if the two quantities are equal.d. if the relationship cannot be determined from the information given.
    127. 127. 98 Problem Narain Karthikeyan is a sportsman in the Held of a. shooting b. car racing c. chess d. golf
    128. 128. 99 Problem El Nino is a. a sea storm b. a warm ocean current c. a tropical disturbance d. another name of typhoon
    129. 129. 100 Problem Which of the following industries are the major beneficiaries of the Mumbai port ? a. Sugar and cotton textile industry b. Iron and Steel industry c. Cotton textile and Petrochemical industry d. Engineering and Fertilizer industry
    130. 130. Directions (Questions 101 - 104) :Fill in the blanks.
    131. 131. 101 Problem Professionals focus their ___________ on fulfill-ing their responsibilities and achieving re-sults, not on ____________ a particular image. a. leadership—attributing b. planning—devising c. abilities — contributing d. energies— portraying
    132. 132. 102 Problem When you are living with your __________ values and principles you can be straightfor-ward, honest and_______ a. inherited — distinct b. core — up-front c. innate — durable d. cultural — perceptive
    133. 133. Directions for questions 103 to 108:In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions markedA and B. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions anddecide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.Mark answer as1. if only assumption A is implicit2. if only assumption B is implicit3. if either A or B is implicit4. if neither A nor B is implicit
    134. 134. 103 Problem Statement : Detergents should be used to clean clothes. Assumptions : A. Detergents form more lather. B. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.
    135. 135. 104 Problem Statement : The private bus services in the city have virtually collapsed because of the ongoing strike of its employees. Assumptions . A. Going on strikes has become the right of every employee. B. People no more require the ser-vices of private bus operators.
    136. 136. 105 Problem Statement : In Bombay, railway trains are indis-pensable for people in the suburbs to reach their places of work on time. Assumptions . A. Railway trains are the only mode of transport available in the suburbs of Bombay. B. Only railway trains run punc-tually.
    137. 137. 106 Problem Statement : The government has decided to re-duce the custom duty on computer peripherals. Assumptions : A. The domestic market price of computer peripherals may go up in the near future. B. The domestic manufacturers may oppose the decision.
    138. 138. 107 Problem Statement : I cannot contact you on phone from Karshik. Assumptions : A. Telephone facility is not avail-able at Karshik. B. Nowadays it is difficult to con-tact on phone.
    139. 139. 108 Problem Statement : Even with the increase in the num-ber of sugar factories in India, we still continue to import sugar. Assumptions : A. The consumption of sugar per capita has increased in India. B. Many of the factories are not in a position to produce sugar to their fullest capacity.
    140. 140. Directions for questions 109 to 113:Use the graph given below to answer these questions.Given in graph is the profile of values of a college student marked as personalprofile. The normative profiles are given as average male profile and averagefemale profile. Examine the graph and answer the questions.
    141. 141. 109 Problem In the given personal profile, which is the value with the lowest score? a. Theoretical b. Religious c. Social d. Economic
    142. 142. 110 Problem In the given personal profile, which is the value with the lowest score? a. Theoretical b. Religious c. Social d. Aesthetic
    143. 143. 111 Problem In which value score does there exist maximum difference between average profiles and personal profiles? a. Theoretical b. Religious c. Economic d. Political
    144. 144. 112 Problem In which value score does there exist convergence between personal profile and average female pro-file? a. Theoretical b. Social c. Aesthetic d. None of these
    145. 145. 113 Problem In which value score does there exist a no differ-ence state between the personal profile and aver-age male profile? a. Economic b. Social c. Aesthetic d. None of these
    146. 146. Directions for questions 114 to 118:There are two statements marked A, B against each question. To answer thequestion, one or both statements can be used. Give your answer as if statement A ALONE is sufficient to answer the question, but statement B aloneis not.if statement B ALONE is sufficient to answer !he question, but statement A aloneis not.]if both statements TOGETHER are sufficient to answer the question, but neitherstatement is independently sufficient to answer the question.if both statements are INDEPENDENTLY sufficient to answer the question.
    147. 147. 114 Problem How many hours will it take for all the students and teachers together to put up a tent? A. There are 4 teachers and 7 students. B. All the teachers working together can put up . the tent in 5 hours while all the students working together can do so in 3 hours.
    148. 148. 115 Problem What is the remainder when the square of N is divided by 5? A. When N is divided by 5 the remainder is 3. B. N is an even integer.
    149. 149. 116 Problem What is the value of the 2 digit number ab? a. The difference between its digits is 4. b. The sum of its digits is 4.
    150. 150. 117 Problem a, b, and c are the three digits of a number abc. abc is a multiple of 3. Find (a + b + c). a. a = 3, b = 4. b. c is an odd number.
    151. 151. 118 Problem N is an integer between 1 and 93. What is the value of N? a. N is both the square of an integer and the cube of an integer. b. The square root of N is divisible by 8.
    152. 152. Directions for questions 119 to 120:The bar chart given below shows the consumption of fertilizers innutrient terms. Examine the graph to answer these questions.Consumption of Fertilizer in Nutrient terms ("000 tonnes of nutrients)
    153. 153. 119 Problem Total consumption of Nitrogenous Fertilizers, Phos-phatic Fertilizers and Potassic Fertilizers during the period 1997 - 2002 has been in the ratio of a. 10:28:74 b. 37:14:5 c. 5:2:1 d. None of these
    154. 154. 120 Problem Which one of the following fertilizers has shown a consumption pattern of increase and decrease in alternate years? a. Nitrogenous Fertilizers b. Phosphatic Fertilizers c. Potassic Fertilizers d. No such trend is discernable
    156. 156. 121 Problem A certain number of horses and an equal number of men are going somewhere. Half of the owners are on their horses back while the remaining ones are walking along leading their horses. If the num-ber of legs walking on the ground is 70, how many horses are there? a. 10 b. 12 c. 14 d. 16
    157. 157. 122 Problem In a certain code, 15789 is written as XTZAL and 2346 is written as NPSU. How is 23549 written in that code? a. NPTUL b. PNTSL c. NPTSL d. NBTSL
    158. 158. 123 Problem If VICTORY is coded as YLFWRUB, how can SUCCESS be coded? a. VXEEIVV b. VXFFHVV c. VYEEHVV d. None of these
    159. 159. 124 Problem Choose the term which will continue the following series: P 3 C, R 5 F, T 8 I, V 12 L, ? a. Y 17 O b. X 17M c. X 17 O d. X 16 O
    160. 160. 125 Problem Which term of the series 5, 10,20,40,.... is 1280? a. 10th b. 9th c. 8th d. None of these
    161. 161. 126 Problem The number of boys in a class is three times the number of girls. Which one of the following num-bers cannot represent the total number of children in the class? a. 48 b. 44 c. 42 d. 40
    162. 162. 127 Problem What is the smallest number of ducks that could swim in this formation : two ducks in front of a duck, two ducks behind a duck and a duck between two ducks? a. 3 b. 5 c. 7 d. 9
    163. 163. 128 Problem The post office is to the east of the school while my house is to the south of the school. The market is to the north of the post office. If the distance of the market from the post office is equal to the distance of my house from the school, in which direction is the market with respect to my school? a. North b. East c. North-east d. South-west
    164. 164. 129 Problem A watch reads 4.30. If the minute hand points East, in what direction will the hour hand point? a. North b. North-west c. South-east d. North-east
    165. 165. Directions for questions 130 to 133:In each of the following questions, a statement is given followed by twoconclusions I and II.Mark your answer as1. if only conclusion I follows2. if only conclusion II follows3. if neither I nor II follows4. if both I and II follow
    166. 166. 130 Problem Statement : Sealed tender are invited from competent conn actors experienced in executing construction jobs. Conclusions: I. Tenders are invited only from experienced contractors. II. It is difficult to find competent tenderers in construction jobs.
    167. 167. 131 Problem Statement : The distance of 900 km by road between Bombay and Jafra will be reduced to 280 km by sea. This will lead to a saving of Rs. 7.92 crores per annum on fuel. Conclusions : I. Transportation by sea is cheaper than that by road. II. Fuel must be saved to the greatest extent.
    168. 168. 132 Problem Statement : The manager humiliated Sachin in the presence of his colleagues. Conclusions : I. The manager did not like Sachin. II. Sachin was not popular with his colleagues.
    169. 169. 133 Problem Statement : Any young man who makes dowry as a condition for marriage discred-its himself and dishonours woman-hood. Conclusions : I. Those who take dowry in mar-riage should be condemned by society. II. Those who do not take dowry in marriage respect woman-hood.
    170. 170. Directions for questions 134 to 137:In each question there is a statement followed by two courses of action I and II.Assume everything in the statement to be true, and then decide which of the twosuggested courses of action logically follows.Mark your answer as1. if only I follows2. if only II follows3. if neither 1 nor II follows4. if both I and II follow
    171. 171. 134 Problem Statement : Every year, at the beginning or at the end of the monsoons, we have some cases of conjunctivitis, but this year, it seems to be a major epi-demic witnessed after nearly four years. Courses of action ; I. Precautionary measures should be taken after every four years to check this epidemic. II. People should be advised to drink boiled water during rainy season.
    172. 172. 135 Problem Statement : Exporters in the capital are alleg-ing that commercial banks are vio-lating a Reserve bank of India di-rective to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in for-eign currency at international inter-est rates from January this year. Courses of action : I. The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended. II. The RBI should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks.
    173. 173. 136 Problem Statement : Courts take too long in deciding important disputes of various de-partments. Courses of action : I. Courts should be ordered to speed up matters. II. Special powers should be granted to officers to settle dis-putes concerning their depart-ment.
    174. 174. 137 Problem Statement : The Chairman stressed the need for making education system more flex-ible and regretted that the curricu-lum has not been revised in keep-ing with the pace of the changes taking place. Courses of action : I. Curriculum should be reviewed and revised periodically. II. System of education should be made more flexible.
    175. 175. Directions for questions 138 to 141:Read the following information to answer the questions.The Director of an Institute has announced that six guest lectures on differentareas like Leadership, Decision Making. Quality Circle, Motivation, AssessmentCentre and Group Discussion are to be organised one on each day from Mondayto Sunday.1. Motivation should be organised immediately after Assessment Centre2. Quality Circle should be organised on Wednesday and should not be followed by Group Discussion.3. Decision Making should be organised on Friday and there should be a gap of two days between Leadership and Group Discussion.4. One day there will be no lecture (Sunday is not that day), just before that day Group Discussion will be organised.
    176. 176. 138 Problem Which of the pairs of lectures were organized on first and last day? a. Quality Circle and Motivation b. Group Discussion and Quality Circle c. Group Discussion and Decision Making d. None of these
    177. 177. 139 Problem How many lectures are organized between Moti-vation and Quality Circle? a. One b. Two c. Three d. None of these
    178. 178. 140 Problem Which day will the lecture on Leadership be orga-nized? a. Tuesday b. Wednesday c. Friday d. None of these
    179. 179. 141 Problem On which day is there no lecture? a. Sunday b. Monday. c. Tuesday d. None of these
    180. 180. Directions for questions 142 to 145:One statement regarding composition of participants in get-togethers is givenagainst each of these questions. A set of four logically equivalent statementsmarked 1, 2, 3 and 4 follow these statements. Select the logically equivalentstatement matching the original statement.
    181. 181. 142 Problem The number of female participants is less than the number of male participants, which is not as large as the number of child participants
    182. 182. 143 Problem The number of female participants is less, than that of male participants, which is larger than that of the child participants.
    183. 183. 144 Problem The number of female participants is the same as the number of male participants but is not so small as the number of child participants.
    184. 184. 145 Problem The numbers of male and female participants are both less than the number of child participants and the former two numbers are same. a. The number of male participants is the same as the number of female participants but is not quite so large as the number of child participants. b. The number of male participants is larger than both, the number of female participants and that of the child participants. c. The number of child participants is larger than the number of male participants which is larger than the number of female participants. d. The number of female participants is the same as the number of male participants but the number of child participants is less than that of female participants.
    185. 185. Directions for questions 146 to 149:Read the information to answer these questions.1. In a family of six persons A, B, C, D, E and F, there are two married couples.2. D is grandmother of A and mother of B.3. C is wife of B and mother of F.4. F is the grand-daughter of E.
    186. 186. 146 Problem What is C to A? a. Grandmother b. Mother c. Cannot be determined d. None of these
    187. 187. 147 Problem How many male members are there in the family? a. Three b. Four c. Cannot be determined d. None of these
    188. 188. 148 Problem Which of the following is true? a. A is sister of F b. D has two grandsons c. B has two daughters d. None of these
    189. 189. 149 Problem Who among the following 3 of the couples? a. DE b. EB c. Cannot be determined d. None of these
    190. 190. Directions for question 150 to 153:Each question below consists of u statement followed by two arguments I and II.Decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weakargument.Mark your answer asa. if only argument I is strong.b. if only argument II is strong.c. if neither I nor II is strong.d. if both I and II are strong
    191. 191. 150 Problem Statement : Should Central Government open well-equipped hospitals for every subdivision of every district? Arguments : I. Yes. Health and well-being of ev-ery citizen is the primary respon-sibility of the government. II. No. It is not possible. Society must come forward to help govern-ment.
    192. 192. 151 Problem Statement : Should articles of only deserving au-thors be allowed to be published? Arguments : I. Yes. It will save a lot of paper which is in short supply. II. No. It is not possible to draw a line between the deserving and the undeserving.
    193. 193. 152 Problem Statement : Does India need so many plans for development? Arguments : I. Yes. Nothing can be achieved without proper planning. II. No. Too much time, money and energy is wasted on planning.
    194. 194. 153 Problem Statement : Should cutting of trees be banned altogether? Arguments : I. Yes. It is very much necessary to do so to restore ecological bal-ance. II. No. A total ban would harm tim-ber based industries.
    195. 195. Directions for questions 150 to 153:There are four statements marked A, B, C and D against each question, Examinethe statements carefully and find out which two of the statements cannot be truesimultaneously, but can both be false.
    196. 196. 154 Problem A. All animals are carnivorous. B. Some animals are not carnivorous. C. Animals are not carnivorous. D. Some animals are carnivorous. a. A and B b. B and C c. A and C d. C and D
    197. 197. 155 Problem A. All children are inquisitive. B. Some children are inquisitive. C. No children are inquisitive. D. Some children are not inquisitive. a. A and C b. A and D c. B and C d. C and D
    198. 198. 156 Problem A. Some nations wish for peaceful coexistence. B. All nations wish for peaceful coexistence. C. Some nations are not wishing for peaceful co-existence. D. No nation is wishing for peaceful coexistence. a. A and B b. A and C c. B and D d. C and D
    199. 199. Directions for questions 157 to 160:A set of Assertion (A) and Reason (R) is given in each of these questions. Markyour answer as per choices given below.1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.2. A is true but R is false.3. A is false but R is true.4. Both A and R are false.
    200. 200. 157 Problem Assertion (A) : Bangladesh imports jute from In- dia. Reason (R) : Bangladesh has most of the jute mills.
    201. 201. 158 Problem Assertion (A) : Most of the Himalayan rivers are perennial. Reason (R) : They are fed by melting snow.
    202. 202. 159 Problem Assertion (A) : We prefer to wear white clothes in winter. Reason (R) : White clothes are good reflectors of heat.
    203. 203. 160 Problem Assertion (A) : We feel comfortable in hot and humid climate. Reason (R) : Sweat evaporates faster in humid climate.
    205. 205. 161 Problem Which state of India has been officially recognized by China as part of India during the visit of the Chinese Premier to India in April 2005? a. Arunachal Pradesh b. Nagaland c. Sikkim d. Manipur
    206. 206. 162 Problem Who has been named the new CEO of Hewlett- Packard? a. Mark 1 lurd b. Y K Harnied c. GRGopinath d. Richard Branson
    207. 207. 163 Problem Which FMCG major has recently acquired Balsara for Rs. 143 crore in an all-cash deal? a. HLL b. Godrej c. Dabur d. None of these
    208. 208. 164 Problem Which car company brand has the tagline - For a special journey called life? a. Suzuki b. Ford c. Fiat d. Chevrolet
    209. 209. 165 Problem Sachin Tendulkar does unendorsed a. Coke b. Adidas c. Airtel d. Boost
    210. 210. 166 Problem Which country does not belong to G-4, a group formed by four leading contenders for a permanent seat in an expanded UN Security Council? a. Japan b. Brazil c. India d. China
    211. 211. 167 Problem Car Tucson has been launched by a. Honda b. Ford c. Suzuki d. None of these
    212. 212. 168 Problem Which is not an Indian pharma company? a. Ranbaxy b. Pfizer c. Cipla d. Nicholas Piramal
    213. 213. 169 Problem Next Olympic Games are scheduled to be held in a. Beijing b. Sydney c. New Delhi d. London
    214. 214. 170 Problem The merger between P & G and Gillette will create______________ consumer goods company. a. the worlds second largest b. the worlds largest c. a reasonably big d. None of the above is true
    215. 215. 171 Problem Which is not a brand from Godrej Group? a. Ezee b. Fair Glow c. Harpic d. Cinthol
    216. 216. 172 Problem PC maker company "Lenovo Group, presently 8th largest in the world, and which is entering Indian market also, is a company from a. China b. Malaysia c. Japan d. South Korea
    217. 217. 173 Problem Which company was adjudged the Best Employer in the year 2004? a. Bharti Televentures b. res c. N T PC d. Procter & Gamble India
    218. 218. 174 Problem The Indo-Russian joint venture supersonic cruise missile Brahmos, which was test-fired for the first time in a land-to-land role recently, has a range of ________ km. a. 100 b. 200 c. 500 d. 250
    219. 219. 175 Problem Third World refers to a. Developing countries b. Developed countries c. Capitalist nations d. None of these
    220. 220. 176 Problem Which American President was assassinated while still in office? a. Abraham Lincoln b. James A. Garfield c. John F. Kennedy d. All of them
    221. 221. 177 Problem Headquarters of International Civil Aviation Organisation (1CAO) are located in a. Geneva b. Rome c. Montreal d. Vienna
    222. 222. 178 Problem National Institute of Nutrition is located in a. Bhopal b. Indore c. Karnal d. Hyderabad
    223. 223. 179 Problem Sariska Reserve Forest is located in a. Uttaranchal b. Maharashtra c. Jharkhand d. None of these
    224. 224. 180 Problem Who is the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize for Literature? a. Mahatma Gandhi b. Jawaharlal Nehru c. Rabindranath Tagore d. Sarojini Naidu
    225. 225. 181 Problem Which city has emerged as the biggest IT job pro-vider? a. Bangalore b. Chennai c. Hyderabad d. Mumbai
    226. 226. 182 Problem _________ is a book written by Late Dr. Mulkraj Anand, the eminent English author. a. Coolie b. The Barbers Trade Union c. Two Leaves and a Bud d. All of these
    227. 227. 183 Problem International Womens Day is observed on a. 28 February b. 03 March c. 05 March d. 08 March
    228. 228. 184 Problem In the recent past, USA and European Union made moderate progress towards efforts to put a cap on global warming at a UN Conference on Climate Change held in a. Tokyo b. Buenos Aires c. Paris d. New Delhi
    229. 229. 185 Problem The Neticket scheme, which allows a passenger to fly without ever visiting a reservation counter has been introduced by a. Jet Airways b. Sahara Air c. Indian Airlines d. None of these
    230. 230. 186 Problem Headquarters of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) are located in Mumbai. Its regional office is not located at a. New Delhi b. Bangalore c. Kolkata d. Chennai
    231. 231. 187 Problem World Trade Organization (WTO) has its headquar-ters in a. Geneva b. Rome c. Manila d. Algiers
    232. 232. 188 Problem Sunderlal Bahuguna is associated with protests against Tehri Dam project and a. Green Revolution b. White Revolution c. Chipko Andolan d. None of these
    233. 233. 189 Problem Which Indian business group acquired Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd. (VSNL) in 2002? a. Birla Group b. Tata group c. Reliance Group d. Godrej Group
    234. 234. 190 Problem Cricket World Cup in 2007 will be hosted by a. West Indies b. New Zealand c. South Africa d. Kenya
    235. 235. 191 Problem S.S. Kohli is associated with a. Indian Bank b. Punjab National Bank c. State Bank of India d. HDFC Bank
    236. 236. 192 Problem Who is designated as the next President of World Bank with effect from 01 June 2005? a. David C. Mulford b. Warren Buffett c. Paul Wolfowitz d. Phillip Purcell
    237. 237. 193 Problem Haier is known to be worlds ___________ home Appliances brand. a. second largest b. largest c. third largest d. fifth largest
    238. 238. 194 Problem From which modern day Indian state does the dance form Mohiniattam originate? a. Tamil Nadu b. Kerala c. Karnataka d. Andhra Pradesh
    239. 239. 195 Problem BirjuMaharaj is famous dancer. a. Bharatnatyam b. Kathakali c. Kathak d. Odissi
    240. 240. 196 Problem Which state in India has the smallest area? a. Haryana b. Tripura c. Sikkim d. Goa
    241. 241. 197 Problem Capital of Zambia is a. Harare b. Hanoi c. Lusaka d. Kampala
    242. 242. 198 Problem Recently released famous book The Alchemy of Desire has been written by a. Tarun J. Tejpal b. RuskinBond c. Khushwant Singh d. JackHiggins
    243. 243. 199 Problem The Indian Constitution Recognizes______________ languages. a. 20 b. 18 c. 25 d. 12
    244. 244. 200 Problem Which is not a neighbouring state of Jharkhand? a. Madhya Pradesh. b. Bihar c. West Bengal d. Orissa