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Comparing COBIT


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Comparing COBIT

  1. 1. C i g COBIT4 1Comparing COBIT4.1 and COBIT 5 RO B E RT E ST RO U D C G E I T C R I S CRO B E RT E ST RO U D C G E I T C R I S C I S AC A ST R AT E G I C A DV I S O RY B OA R D V I C E P R E S I D E N T ST R AT E GY & I N N OVAT I O N C A T E C H N O LO G I E S © 2012 ISACA. All Rights Reserved.1
  2. 2. Comparing COBIT 4.1 and COBIT 5 AbstractAbstract COBIT 5 integrates Risk IT, Val IT, BMIS and COBIT 4.1 into a i l b i f k Thi i d h f ilisingle business framework. This integrated approach facilitates more effective delivery of value to stakeholders from the more appropriate and effective governance and management of enterprise IT assets. By now you are aware that COBIT 5 distinguishes between governance and management, but did you know that COBIT 5 is now organized around five governance of enterprise IT (GEIT) principles and seven enablers, delivers a new process reference model, covers enterprise activities end- to-end and much more? This session will provide you with information on the differences between COBIT 4.1 and COBIT 5 and provide you information you need to move forward with COBIT 5! 2 © 2012 ISACA. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. Robert E Stroud CRISC CGEIT Vice President Strategy & Innovation Evangelist Service Management, Governance & Cloud Computing Immediate Past International Vice President ISACAITGI ISACA Strategic Advisory Council 15 years Banking Experience C t ib t COBIT VALIT d RISK ITContributor COBIT, VALIT and RISK IT Immediate Past Executive Board itSMF Intl. Treasurer and Director Audit Standards & compliance Former Board Member USA itSMF Author Public Speaker & Industry GeeK 3 Author, Public Speaker & Industry GeeK
  4. 4. Where are we… COBIT 4.1, Val IT and Risk IT users who are already engaged in governance of enterprise IT (GEIT) Implementation activities can transition to COBIT 5 and b fi f h l d i d idbenefit from the latest and improved guidance COBIT 5 builds on previous versions ISACA IP 4
  5. 5. Stakeholder Value and  Business ObjectivesBusiness Objectives Enterprises exist to create value for their stakeholders Consequently, any enterprise, commercial or not—will have value creation as a governance objective Value creation: Realising benefits at anRealising benefits at an optimal resource cost while optimising risk Source: COBIT® 5, figure 3. © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved. 5
  6. 6. Stakeholder Value and Business ObjectivesBusiness Objectives  Principle 1. Meeting Stakeholder Needs: Stakeholder needs transformed into an enterprise’s actionableinto an enterprise s actionable strategy COBIT 5 goals cascade translatesCOBIT 5 goals cascade translates stakeholder needs into specific, actionable and customised goals ithi th t t f thwithin the context of the enterprise, IT-related goals and enabler goals 6 g Source: COBIT® 5, figure 4. © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  7. 7. Stakeholder Value and Business  ObjectivesObjectives (cont.) Stakeholder needs can be related to a set of generic enterprise goals These enterprise goals have been developed using the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) dimensions (Kaplan Robert S ;Balanced Scorecard (BSC) dimensions. (Kaplan, Robert S.; David P. Norton; The Balanced Scorecard: Translating Strategy into Action, Harvard University Press, USA, 1996) The enterprise goals are a list of commonly used goals that an enterprise has defined for itself Alth h thi li t i t h ti t t i ifiAlthough this list is not exhaustive, most enterprise-specific goals can be easily mapped onto one or more of the generic enterprise goals 7
  8. 8. Stakeholder Value and Business  Objectives (cont )Objectives (cont.) 8 Source: COBIT® 5, figure 5. © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  9. 9. Stakeholder Value and Business  ObjectivesObjectives (cont.) Goals cascade introduced in COBIT 4.0 in 2005 Goals cascade supports the COBIT 5 stakeholder needs principle The goals cascade has been revisited and updated for the COBIT 5 release 9
  10. 10. COBIT framework evolution Governance of Enterprise IT IT Governance scope V l IT 2 0 Management Control utionofs Val IT 2.0 (2008) Ri k IT COBIT 5 COBIT4 0/4 1COBIT3COBIT2 Audit COBIT1 Evol Risk IT (2009) COBIT4.0/4.1COBIT3COBIT2 An business framework from ISACA at www isaca org/cobit COBIT1 2005/7200019981996 2012 An business framework from ISACA, at 10 © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  11. 11. Governance and Management Defined Governance ensures that enterprise objectives arep j achieved by evaluating stakeholder needs, conditions and options; setting direction through prioritisation and decision making; and monitoring performance, compliance and progress against agreed-on direction and objectives (EDM)and objectives (EDM). Management plans, builds, runs and monitors activities in alignment with the direction set by theactivities in alignment with the direction set by the governance body to achieve the enterprise objectives (PBRM). 11 ( )
  12. 12. Governance and Management Defined 12 Source: COBIT® 5, figure 15. © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  13. 13. Areas of Change Major changes in COBIT 5 content New GEIT Principles Increased Focus on Enablers N P R f M d lNew Process Reference Model New and Modified Processes Practices and ActivitiesPractices and Activities Goals and Metrics Inputs and Outputsp p RACI Charts Process Capability Assessments 13
  14. 14. New GEIT Principles 14 Source: COBIT® 5, figure 2. © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  15. 15. New GEIT Principles (cont.) Val IT and Risk IT frameworks are principles-based Feedback indicated that principles are easy to understand and put into an enterprise context, allowing l b d i d f h i idvalue to be derived from the supporting guidance more effectively. ISO/IEC 38500 also incorporates principles to underpinISO/IEC 38500 also incorporates principles to underpin its messages to achieve the same market benefit delivery Principles in ISO/IEC 38500 and COBIT 5 differp 15
  16. 16. Focus on Enablers 16 Source: COBIT® 5, figure 12. © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  17. 17. Increased Focus on Enablers Information, infrastructure, applications (services) and l ( l kill d i ) COBITpeople (people, skills and competencies) were COBIT 4.1 resources Principles policies and frameworks were mentioned inPrinciples, policies and frameworks were mentioned in a few COBIT 4.1 processes Processes were central to COBIT 4.1 Organisational structure was implied through the responsible, accountable, consulted or informed (RACI) roles and their definitionsroles and their definitions Culture, ethics and behaviour were mentioned in a few COBIT 4.1 processes 17
  18. 18. New Process Reference  Model for COBIT 5Model for COBIT 5 Revised process reference model with a new governance domain Several new and modified processes Enterprise activities end-to-end Business and IT function areas Ali ith t b t ti ITIL TOGAFAligns with current best practices, e.g., ITIL, TOGAF, PMBOK, ISO/IEC 27000, etc. The new model can be used as a guide for adjusting asThe new model can be used as a guide for adjusting as necessary the enterprise’s own process model 18
  19. 19. 19 Source: COBIT® 5, figure 16. © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  20. 20. New and Modified Processes Five new governance processes that have leveraged and improved COBIT 4.1, Val IT and Risk IT governance approaches Thi idThis guidance: Helps enterprises to further refine and strengthen executive management-level GEIT practices and activitiesexecutive management-level GEIT practices and activities Supports GEIT integration with existing enterprise governance practices and is aligned withg p g ISO/IEC 38500 20
  21. 21. New and Modified Processes Single process reference model 21
  22. 22. New and Modified Processes New and modified processes: APO03 M t i hit tAPO03 Manage enterprise architecture APO04 Manage innovation APO05 Manage portfoliog p APO06 Manage budget and costs APO08 Manage relationships A O13 iAPO13 Manage security BAI05 Manage organisational change enablement BAI08 Manage knowledgeBAI08 Manage knowledge BAI09 Manage assets DSS05 Manage security service 22 DSS06 Manage business process controls
  23. 23. New and Modified Processes COBIT 5 processes now cover end-to-end business and IT activities, i.e., a full enterprise-level view This provides for a more holistic and complete coverage f i fl i h i i idof practices reflecting the pervasive enterprise-wide nature of IT use The involvement responsibilities and accountabilities ofThe involvement, responsibilities and accountabilities of business stakeholders in the use of IT more explicit and transparent 23
  24. 24. Practices and Activities The COBIT 5 governance or management practices are l d h COBIT 4 1 l bj i d V l ITrelated to the COBIT 4.1 control objectives and Val IT and Risk IT processes / / /V / g /W Have-All-the-Control-Objectives-Gone.aspx The COBIT 5 activities are related to the COBIT 4.1 control practices and Val IT and Risk IT managementcontrol practices and Val IT and Risk IT management practices COBIT 5 integrates and updates all of the previousg p p content into the one new model, making it easier for users to understand and use this material when implementing improvements 24 p g p
  25. 25. Goals and Metrics COBIT 5 follows the same goal and metric concepts as COBIT 4.1, Val IT and Risk IT, but these are renamed enterprise goals, IT-related goals and process goals reflecting an enterprise level viewreflecting an enterprise level view COBIT 5 provides a revised goals cascade based on enterprise goals driving IT-related goals and thenenterprise goals driving IT related goals and then supported by critical processes COBIT 5 provides examples of goals and metrics at the enterprise, process and management practice levels. This is a change to COBIT 4.1, Val IT and Risk IT, which went down one level lower 25 which went down one level lower
  26. 26. Inputs and Outputs COBIT 5 provides inputs and outputs for every management practice, whereas COBIT 4.1 only provided these at the process level Addi i l d il d id f d i iAdditional detailed guidance for designing processes to include essential work products and to assist with inter- process integrationprocess integration 26
  27. 27. RACI Charts COBIT 5 provides RACI charts describing roles and responsibilities in a similar way to COBIT 4.1, Val IT and Risk IT COBIT 5 id l d il d dCOBIT 5 provides a more complete, detailed and clearer range of generic business and IT role players and charts than COBIT 4.1 for each management practice,charts than COBIT 4.1 for each management practice, enabling better definition of role player responsibilities or level of involvement when designing and i l tiimplementing processes 27
  28. 28. RACI Charts (cont.) Source: COBIT® 4.1, page 39. © 2007 IT Governance Institute® All rights reserved. 28 Source: COBIT® 5: Enabling Processes, page 31. © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  29. 29. Process Capability Assessments COBIT 4.1, Val IT and Risk IT CMM-based capability i d lli h i dmaturity modelling approach terminated New process capability assessment approach based on ISO/IEC 15504 and the COBIT AssessmentISO/IEC 15504, and the COBIT Assessment Programme A PAssessment-Programme.aspx COBIT 4.1, Val IT and Risk IT CMM-based approaches are not considered compatible with the ISO/IECare not considered compatible with the ISO/IEC 15504 approach because the methods use different attributes and measurement scales. 29
  30. 30. Process Capability Assessments COBIT 4.1/5 30 © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  31. 31. Process Capability Assessments The COBIT Assessment Programme approach is id d b ISACA b b li bl dconsidered by ISACA to be more robust, reliable and repeatable as a process capability assessment method The COBIT Assessment Programme supports:The COBIT Assessment Programme supports: Formal assessments by accredited assessors Less rigorous self-assessments for internal gap analysisg g p y and process improvement planning The COBIT Assessment Programme potentially enable an enterprise to obtain an independent and certifiedan enterprise to obtain an independent and certified assessments aligned to the ISO/IEC standard 31
  32. 32. Process Capability Assessments COBIT Process Assessment Model (PAM): Using COBIT 4 1COBIT 4.1 Serves as a base reference document for the performance of a capability assessment of an organisation’s current IT processes against COBITagainst COBIT COBIT Assessor Guide: Using COBIT 4.1 Provides details on how to undertake a full ISO-compliantp assessment COBIT Self-assessment Guide: Using COBIT 4.1 P id id h t f b i lf t fProvides guidance on how to perform a basic self-assessment of an organisation’s current IT process capability levels against COBIT processes 32
  33. 33. Process Capability Assessments COBIT 4.1, Val IT and Risk IT users wishing to move to the new COBIT Assessment Programme approach will need to: li th i i tirealign their previous ratings adopt and learn the new method initiate a new set of assessmentsinitiate a new set of assessments 33
  34. 34. Process Capability Assessments COBIT 4.1, Val IT and Risk IT users wishing to continue with the CMM-based approach, either as an interim or ongoing approach, can use the COBIT 5 guidance but must use the COBIT 4 1 generic attributeguidance, but must use the COBIT 4.1 generic attribute table without the high-level maturity models. 34
  35. 35. COBIT 5 delivers value! COBIT 5 helps enterprises create optimal value from ITp p p by maintaining a balance between realising benefits and optimising risk levels and resource use. COBIT 5 enables information and related technology to be governed and managed in a holistic manner The COBIT 5 principles and enablers are generic – generally applicable! A series of publications, education and online collaboration will drive COBIT forward! 35
  36. 36. COBIT 5 Product Family 36 Source: COBIT® 5, figure 11. © 2012 ISACA® All rights reserved.
  37. 37. COBIT 5 Future Supporting  ProductsProducts • Professional Guides: • COBIT 5 for Information Security • COBIT 5 for Assurance • COBIT 5 for Risk • Enabler Guides: COBIT 5 E bli I f ti• COBIT 5: Enabling Information • COBIT Online Replacement • COBIT Assessment Programme:COBIT Assessment Programme: • Process Assessment Model (PAM): Using COBIT 5 • Assessor Guide: Using COBIT 5 37 g • Self-assessment Guide: Using COBIT 5