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Ai manual history


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inseminação Artificial em bovinos -Abspecplan

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Ai manual history

  1. 1. HISTORY <ul><li>ABS & THE A.I. INDUSTRY </li></ul>
  2. 2. Early A.I. <ul><li>A.I. Was Used by Arab Chieftains Centuries Ago </li></ul><ul><li>In 1780, Spallanzani, Conducted the First Reported Scientific Experiment With Dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Russians Began Widely Using A.I. in the 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-to-Late 1930s - First Use in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1950 Over 100 A.I. Studs Were in Operation </li></ul><ul><li>Today Only About 7 Units Remain </li></ul>
  3. 3. J. Rockefeller Prentice <ul><li>ABS Founder </li></ul><ul><li>Played a Major Role in Determining the Course of the A.I. Industry in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought for Principle of Free and Open Competition With No Geographic Restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Believed in Progeny Tested Sires </li></ul>
  4. 4. Founding Principles <ul><li>Good People </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Best in Their Respective Fields </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Free and Open Competition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To Instill Efficiency and to Best Serve the Public </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Top Progeny Tested Sires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Basis for the Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To Create a Sound Technical Basis for the Industry </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Founding Principles <ul><li>Capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To Underwrite the Rapid Progress of a Company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Profit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To Show a Return on the Investment and to Create the Wherewithal for Further Development </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Frozen Semen Development <ul><li>1947 Prentice Founded American Foundation for Biological Research </li></ul><ul><li>1950 First Calf Born From Embryo Transplant </li></ul><ul><li>1951 First Calf Born From Frozen Semen in UK </li></ul><ul><li>1952 Over 30 Cows Impregnated Through Frozen Semen at Cambridge University </li></ul><ul><li>May 29, 1953 First Calf Born From ABS Frozen Semen in North America </li></ul>
  7. 7. Frosty <ul><li>First ABS Calf Born From Frozen Semen </li></ul>
  8. 8. Semen Field Storage <ul><li>ABS Staff Recognized Advantage of Using Liquid Nitrogen for Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Worked With Linde Division of Union Carbide to Develop Small Travel Thermos-type Container </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Unit was Ready for Use in 1956 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1958 ABS Solely Used Liquid Nitrogen Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After Development, Product was Made Available to Whole A.I. Industry </li></ul>
  9. 9. Liquid Nitrogen Refrigerators Old . . . ~1960 Current . . . ~2000
  10. 10. High Quality <ul><li>ABS’ High Standards Set the Mark for the Industry in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bull Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ABS Has Always Been Known for Top Quality Fertility </li></ul>
  11. 11. ABS Programs <ul><li>Beef Progeny Test Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed in the 1960’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Played a Role in Selection and Importation of “Exotic” Breeds From Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Played a Major Role in Developing the Beef A.I. Industry in North America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International Department </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Started in 1956 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shipped First Frozen Semen to Peru </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semen is Now Shipped to Over 70 Countries </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Predicted Transmitting Abilities <ul><li>ABS Funded USDA Project in Late 1950s to Test New Sire Evaluation Technique Based on Daughter-Herdmate Comparison </li></ul><ul><li>In 1962, ABS Developed Estimated Daughter Superiority System Based Upon the USDA’s Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was Accepted and Adopted by USDA and Industry in 1965 and Renamed Predicted Difference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1989 USDA Produced Animal Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed Name to Predicted Transmitting Abilities </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Dairy Progeny Test Program <ul><li>Developed in 1962 – 1963 by Dr. Walton </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Three Steps: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a Super Group of Young Bulls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample Young Bulls in Scientifically Designed, Random Sample System, Using Several Hundred Well-Managed Commercial Herds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the Top 20% for Extensive Stud Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Today Only the Top 8 to 10% are Selected </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Today Over 300 Bulls are Tested Annually </li></ul>
  14. 14. International Headquarters <ul><li>In 1965 ABS Combined its Wisconsin, Indiana and Chicago Offices Into One Main Office Located in DeForest, WI </li></ul><ul><li>In 1974 ABS Constructed a Production Facility in Wellington, CO </li></ul><ul><li>In 1989 the Madison Storage and Truck Maintenance Center Was Moved to DeForest </li></ul>
  15. 15. International Headquarters 1965
  16. 16. International Headquarters Today
  17. 17. International Headquarters Today
  18. 18. Owner History <ul><li>Originally Founded and Owned by J. Rockefeller Prentice </li></ul><ul><li>In 1967 W.R. Grace Purchased ABS </li></ul><ul><li>ABS Was Sold to Protein Genetics, Inc. in 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>ABS Has Been a Part of Genus, plc. Since 1999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genus is a Large UK Company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has Holdings in Bovine A.I., Ag Consulting and Veterinary Supply Distribution </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Genus Headquarters
  20. 20. VALIANT <ul><li>Arranged in a Special Mating, 29 H2851 VALIANT Topped the A.I. Sires List For Many Years </li></ul><ul><li>Sons and Daughters Appeared in Significant Numbers Around the World in 1982 - 1983 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Exotics Introduced With A.I. <ul><li>In 1965 Canada Built a Maximum Quarantine Facility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All Cattle Imported From Europe Screened Primarily for Foot and Mouth Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bulls Stayed in Canada Even After Clearance </li></ul><ul><li>Semen Imported Into U.S. for Beef Breed Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed Breed Organization Rules and Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed Established Breeding Program Beliefs </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Global Growth <ul><li>In 1991 Jack Shelton Became President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He Built on Rock Prentice’s Foundation Stones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transformed ABS From an International Exporting Company to a Global Market Player With Business Units and Joint Venture Partners on Six Continents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today ABS Has Business Units or Joint Venture Partners in: Canada, UK, Italy, Australia, Mexico, and Brazil </li></ul>
  23. 23. Canada
  24. 24. Italy
  25. 25. Australia
  26. 26. Mexico
  27. 27. Brazil
  28. 28. Developing Nations <ul><li>ABS Established Itself as a Leader in Global Development Projects in the 1990’s </li></ul><ul><li>Developing Nations Became Viable Markets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ABS Has a Network of Government and Private-Sector Organizations, In-Country Partners and an Understanding of Different Cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Oldest ABS Development Project is in Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Today Development Projects Exist in Eastern Europe, Africa and Southeast Asia </li></ul>
  29. 29. SOUTHWIND <ul><li>May 19, 1995 He Produced His One-Millionth Unit of Semen </li></ul><ul><li>No Other Bull at ABS Has Reached This Level of Production </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Best Continues <ul><li>ABS Continues to Lead the Industry in Technological and New Product Advancements </li></ul><ul><li>New Offerings Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valiant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Line of Uddercare Products That Help Dairy Producers Improve Their Mastitis Prevention Programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RMS (Reproductive Management Service) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides Customers With a Comprehensive Package of Services, That Saves the Customer Time and Labor in Their Breeding Operation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Basic Principles Remain <ul><li>ABS is Dedicated to the Improvement of Dairy and Beef Cattle to Produce Milk and Meat More Efficiently </li></ul><ul><li>ABS Goals are Reached Through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive Use of the Best Progeny Tested Sires in A.I. </li></ul></ul>