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DATA GOVERNANCE
Definition <ul><li>Refers to ‘the exercise of decision making and authority of data related matters’. </li></ul><ul><li>It...
<ul><li>In simple words, data is one of the most important intangible assets of an organisation. </li></ul><ul><li>If lost...
<ul><li>Imagine a situation where you lose all your data due to a virus attack …. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine the loss of re...
Data Experts <ul><li>Data Owner </li></ul><ul><li>Data Steward </li></ul><ul><li>Data Architect </li></ul><ul><li>Data Mod...
The Beginning… <ul><li>Data gov. gained importance since Sept 9/11 attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>The Enron fraud scandal of N...
Initial Struggles <ul><li>Data gov. has been around for quite some time, but without its present terms. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Reasons for its Initial Failure <ul><li>Lack of data stewards result in their unlikeness to single handedly carry out a da...
Organizational Challenges…  <ul><li>Vague authority and accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective planning </li></ul><u...
When does the need arise for DG? <ul><li>When the organisation gets too large </li></ul><ul><li>When the organisation gets...
Goals of a Data Gov Program <ul><li>Ensure transparency of process </li></ul><ul><li>Protect needs of stakeholders </li></...
Principles <ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Auditability </li></ul><ul><li>Accountabilit...
Focus Areas of Data Gov <ul><li>Data governance with a focus on: </li></ul><ul><li>Policy, Standards & Strategy </li></ul>...
Data Governance Process
Benefits.. <ul><li>Improved business-IT alignment  </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced decision-making and authority </li></ul><ul>...
New Best Practices In Data Gov. <ul><li>Begin with a Key initiative – get buy in from executives for critical data governa...
Contd.. 4. Change the influencers, not the leaders. Also, the chair is not the executive sponsor 5. Manage the Data Lifecy...
Case Study 1 - World Health & Relief Organization <ul><li>Collects data from its own efforts and conditions from 98 countr...
<ul><li>Expected to generate tens of millions of dollars and man-hours </li></ul><ul><li>Promise of actionable & shareable...
References <ul><li>http://www.datagovernance.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.datagovernancematters.com/ </li></ul><ul><l...
Contd. <ul><li>Moseley, Marty “Keys to Data Governance Success: Teamwork and an Iterative Approach”, Information Systems C...
Vasanthi Nagappan
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Data governance, Information security strategy

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Data governance, Information security strategy

  1. 1. DATA GOVERNANCE
  2. 2. Definition <ul><li>Refers to ‘the exercise of decision making and authority of data related matters’. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not a hardware/software/manpower solution. </li></ul><ul><li>It mainly brings together cross functional teams to identify data issues that affect the company as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires communication between business and IT. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In simple words, data is one of the most important intangible assets of an organisation. </li></ul><ul><li>If lost, it becomes irreplaceable </li></ul><ul><li>Information Week study found that the average company’s data volumes nearly double every 12 to 18 months </li></ul><ul><li>According to the latest statistics, data breaches in 2008 increased 47% from 2007. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Imagine a situation where you lose all your data due to a virus attack …. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine the loss of reputation of your company due to data loss… </li></ul><ul><li>These potential disasters necessitate the inclusion of Data governance </li></ul>
  5. 5. Data Experts <ul><li>Data Owner </li></ul><ul><li>Data Steward </li></ul><ul><li>Data Architect </li></ul><ul><li>Data Modeler </li></ul><ul><li>Data Analyst </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Beginning… <ul><li>Data gov. gained importance since Sept 9/11 attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>The Enron fraud scandal of Nov 2001 along with Worldcom & other fraudulent accounting practices, led to a number of governmental regulations and requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>These new rules mandated financial reporting of public companies and required auditing firms to be objective & independent of their clients. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Initial Struggles <ul><li>Data gov. has been around for quite some time, but without its present terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Companies tried to align & formulate data policies around cross-functional databases in 1970s, but to no avail </li></ul><ul><li>Premature abandonment of attempts at data gov., along with a disillusioned viewing of data governance only as ‘data’ resulted in its failure. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reasons for its Initial Failure <ul><li>Lack of data stewards result in their unlikeness to single handedly carry out a data governance effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Data gov. councils simply fade away – start with a bang & end with a whimper </li></ul><ul><li>Executive involvement recedes soon. </li></ul><ul><li>Enlisting people before proper definition of processes & outcomes of governance. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Organizational Challenges… <ul><li>Vague authority and accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective planning </li></ul><ul><li>Poor expectations management </li></ul><ul><li>Unclear or ineffective communications </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of decision-making protocols </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of perceived value </li></ul>
  10. 10. When does the need arise for DG? <ul><li>When the organisation gets too large </li></ul><ul><li>When the organisation gets too complicated </li></ul><ul><li>When the Data Architects and other related groups need a cross-functional program to support them </li></ul><ul><li>When Regulation, contractual or compliance requirements call for formal Data gov. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Goals of a Data Gov Program <ul><li>Ensure transparency of process </li></ul><ul><li>Protect needs of stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Operational friction </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Costs & Increase Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Enable better decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Train management & staff </li></ul><ul><li>Build standard, repeatable processes </li></ul>
  12. 12. Principles <ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Auditability </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Stewardship </li></ul><ul><li>Checks & Balances </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization </li></ul><ul><li>Change Management </li></ul>
  13. 13. Focus Areas of Data Gov <ul><li>Data governance with a focus on: </li></ul><ul><li>Policy, Standards & Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Data Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy, Compliance & Security </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture Integration & Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Data Warehouse & BI </li></ul><ul><li>Management Alignment </li></ul>
  14. 14. Data Governance Process
  15. 15. Benefits.. <ul><li>Improved business-IT alignment </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced decision-making and authority </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent and open processes </li></ul><ul><li>Value realization </li></ul>
  16. 16. New Best Practices In Data Gov. <ul><li>Begin with a Key initiative – get buy in from executives for critical data governance support </li></ul><ul><li>Make the (better-qualified) Data steward the Change agent </li></ul><ul><li>Data governance & data Management are bi-directional </li></ul>
  17. 17. Contd.. 4. Change the influencers, not the leaders. Also, the chair is not the executive sponsor 5. Manage the Data Lifecycle & Maintian transparency 6. Engage the Right Vendors can help streamline data governance policies better.
  18. 18. Case Study 1 - World Health & Relief Organization <ul><li>Collects data from its own efforts and conditions from 98 countries </li></ul><ul><li>WHRO realised structuring the data needed </li></ul><ul><li>WHRO built a KM system based on MS Sharepoint </li></ul><ul><li>System had strong ROI </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Expected to generate tens of millions of dollars and man-hours </li></ul><ul><li>Promise of actionable & shareable information on the health and economic conditions of the world’s poor </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge was to make experts, field workers, stakeholders to agree to these standards. </li></ul><ul><li>(according to the Data Governance Institute) </li></ul>
  20. 20. References <ul><li>http://www.datagovernance.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.datagovernancematters.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://datagovernanceblog.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Data Governance Conference Europe, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Data Governance Annual Conference, 2009 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Contd. <ul><li>Moseley, Marty “Keys to Data Governance Success: Teamwork and an Iterative Approach”, Information Systems Control Journal, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Dyche, Jill “A Data Governance Manifesto: Designing & Deploying Sustainable Data Governance”, 2007. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Vasanthi Nagappan

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