Energy Conservation Provisions in Building

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Energy Conservation Provisions in Building

  1. 1. 1 1PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 ENERGY CONSERVATION
  2. 2. 1 2PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 ENERGY CONSERVATION IS THE PRACTICE OF DECREASING THE QUANTITY OF ENERGY USED. IT MAY BE ACHIEVED THROUGH EFFICIENT ENERGY USE, IN WHICH CASE ENERGY USE IS DECREASED WHILE ACHIEVING A SIMILAR OUTCOME, OR BY REDUCED CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY SERVICES. ENERGY CONSERVATION WILL RESULT IN INCREASE OF FINANCIAL CAPITAL, ENVIRONMENTAL VALUE, NATIONAL SECURITY, PERSONAL SECURITY, AND HUMAN COMFORT. INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE DIRECT CONSUMERS OF ENERGY MAY WANT TO CONSERVE ENERGY IN ORDER TO REDUCE ENERGY COSTS AND PROMOTE ECONOMIC SECURITY. INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL USERS MAY WANT TO INCREASE EFFICIENCY AND THUS MAXIMIZE PROFIT.
  3. 3. 1 3PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 AS AN ARCHITECT OUR PRIMARY OBJECT TO PROMOTE THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS THAT ARE ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE ,COMFORTABLE, ECO-FRIENDLY RESPONSIBLE PROFITABLE AND HEALTHY PLACE TO LIVE AND WORK. DEFINING SUSTAINABILITY ––““DEVELOPMENT THAT MEETS THE NEEDS OFDEVELOPMENT THAT MEETS THE NEEDS OF PRESENT GENERATIONS WITHOUTPRESENT GENERATIONS WITHOUT COMPROMISING THE ABILITY OF FUTURECOMPROMISING THE ABILITY OF FUTURE GENERATIONS TO MEET THEIR OWN NEEDS.GENERATIONS TO MEET THEIR OWN NEEDS.””
  4. 4. 1 4PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES THAT MEET SPECIFIED STANDARDS, RESOLVING MUCH OF THE NEGATIVE IMPACTS ON BUILDINGS ON THEIR OCCUPANTS AND ON THE ENVIRONMENT. WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING? ENERGYMATERIAL USE WATER MANAGEMENT SITE PLANNING INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY CONSIDER AND REDUCES ITS IMPACT ON THE HUMAN HEALTH. USE LESS ENERGY. USE LESS WATER. CONSIDERS THE LIFE CYCLE OF THE MATERIAL USED. US/IG BUILDING COUNCIL
  5. 5. 1 5PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 SAILENT FEATURES OF GREEN BUILDING EFFICIENT USE OF SOIL AND LANDSCAPE EFFICIENT USE OF WATER ENERGY EFFICIENCY &ECO-FRIENDLY EQUIPMENTS. EFFECTIVE CONTROL & BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS. USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY. USE OF RECYCLED OR RECYCLABLE MATERIALS. IMPROVED INDOOR AIR QUALITY FOR HEALTH AND COMFORT.
  6. 6. 1 6PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 WHY GREEN ?????? AVERAGE SAVINGS OF GREEN BUILDING US/IG BUILDING COUNCIL
  7. 7. 1 7PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 BENEFITS OF GREEN BUILDING TANGIBLE BENEFITS REDUCE OPERATING COST FROM DAY ONE. INTANGIBLE BENEFITS HEALTH AND SAFETY BENEFITS. IMPROVE PRODUCTIVITY OF OCCUPANTS. WORLD CLASS STANDARDS AND PROCEDURES.
  8. 8. 1 8PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 VARIOUS GREEN RATING SYSTEM TERI-GRIHA (INDIA) ECBC (ENERGY CONSERVATION BUILDING CODE) GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. IGBC – INDIAN GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL CURRENTLY LEEDS IN TAKING INITIATIVES AND HELPING VARIOUS INSTITUTIONS IN CONSERVING ENERGY THROUGH STANDARD APPLIED PROCEDURES AND TECHNIQUES AND IS DIRECTLY AFFILIATED WITH USGBC (UNITED STATES GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL)
  9. 9. 1 9PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 GREEN BUILDING RATING SYSTEM
  10. 10. 1 10PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 GREEN BUILDING WORLDWIDE ARE CERTIFIED WITH A VOLUNTARY, CONSENSUS-BASED RATING SYSTEM PLATINUMGOLDSILVERCERTIFIEDCERTIFICATION LEVELS 52 – 6939 – 5133 – 3826 – 32NEW CONSTRUCTION (NC) 45 – 6133 – 4428 – 3223 – 27CORE & SHELL (CS) 55 – 7947 – 5440 – 4632 – 39INDIVIDUAL 53 – 7545 – 5238 – 4430 – 37MULTI – DWELLING GREEN HOMES I.G.B.C. HAS FOUR LEVEL OF RATINGS
  11. 11. 1 11PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 75796169TOTAL POINTS AVAILABLE 04040505Innovation & Design Process 6 09101115Indoor Environmental Quality 5 10131113Materials & Resources4 19201417Energy & Atmosphere3 23230606Water Efficiency2 10091413Sustainable Sites1 MULTI- DWELLING INDIVIDU AL GREEN HOMESCORE & SHELL (CS) NEW CONSTRUCTION (NC) CHAPTERSS. No IGBC Green Homes is the first rating program developed in India, exclusively for the residential sector. It is applicable to both individual homes and multi-dwelling units.
  12. 12. 1 12PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 KEY AREAS & METHODS OF GOING GREEN & OPTIMIZING ENERGY USE BUILDING ORIENTATION & FOOTPRINT BUILDING ENVELOPE (FAÇADE, ROOF) & MATERIALS LANDSCAPING FEATURES STORM WATER MANAGEMENT & WATER USE REDUCTION HVAC AND INDOOR AIR QUALITY LIGHTING AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
  13. 13. 1 13PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 BUILDING ORIENTATION AND FOOT PRINT
  14. 14. 1 14PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 WHENEVER POSSIBLE THE LONG AXIS OF THE BUILDING SHOULD BE ORIENTED IN THE EAST-WEST DIRECTION TO HELP CONTROL THE EFFECT OF THE BUILDING ON HEATING AND COOLING LOADS. SOLAR GAIN THROUGH GLAZING ON THE EAST OF THE BUILDING (MORNING), AND ON THE WEST SIDE WHEN THE SUN IS LOW (EVENING) INCREASE THE AIR-CONDITIONING LOAD AND MAKES IT MORE DIFFICULT TO CONTROL THE BUILDING TEMPERATURE IN DIFFERENT PORTIONS OF A BUILDING. USE SIMULATION TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES WHICH CAN HELP IN DESIGNING THE ORIENTATION TO MINIMIZE HEAT INGRESS AND ENHANCE ENERGY EFFICIENCY. BUILDING ORIENTATION
  15. 15. 1 15PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 BUILDING ENVELOPE (FACADE ,ROOF) & MATERIALS
  16. 16. 1 16PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 TRANSPORTATION COST-FOR MATERIALS NOT AVAILABLE LOCALLY THE TRANSPORTATION COST CAN FORM A SIGNIFICANT PART OF ITS EMBODIED ENERGY. THEREFORE MATERIALS USED SHOULD BE EVALUATED IN TERMS OF ITS DISTANCE IN KILOMETERS FROM PROJECT SITE AND THEN CALCULATING THE OVERALL EMBODIED ENERGY. MATERIALS %RECYCLED CONTENT FLY ASH BLOCKS 30-40 GLASS 15-20 CERAMIC TILES 20-30 MDF WOOD 15 STEEL 20-25 FALSE ROOF 25-30 CEMENT 15 ALUMINUM BUILDING MATERIALS WITH GOOD RECYCLED CONTENT & LOW EMBODIED ENERGY Use materials which have good recycled content and Low embodied energy (Low embodied energy materials require less total energy to extract, manufacture, transport, construct, maintain and dispose of. In relation to ecological accounting, the goal is to reduce environmental impacts and energy expenditures through the life-cycle of a material (or a product). The embodied energy in the extraction and manufacture of common materials measured in kWh/kg) in order to obtain overall recycled content to 5-10% of overall material use.
  17. 17. 1 17PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 BLOCKS FACE SIZE- 600X200 SLABS FACE SIZE-600X600 THICKNESS RANGING FROM 75,100,125,150,200,230 SIZES: THEIR USAGE BY THEMSELVES CAN BRING DOWN THE A/C HEAT LOAD BY 20-30%. 60% RECYCLE CONTENT THE INSULATION PROPERTIES OF THESE BLOCK ARE 5 TIMES MORE THEN NORMAL BRICKS. A.A.C BLOCK(AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONC.) 70% FLY ASH IS USED. ALTERNATIVE MATERIAL FOR BRICK USED FOR CONSTRUCTION.
  18. 18. 1 18PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 FLY ASH BRICKS ENERGY SAVING 40%RECYCLED CONTENT U VALUE 0.65W/Sqm FLY IS A COAL PRODUCT GENERATED FROM COAL FIRED THERMAL POWER STATION.
  19. 19. 1 19PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 RAT TRAP BOND CONSTRUCTION FOR EXTERNAL WALLS INSTEAD ON NORMAL ENGLISH BOND CONSTRUCTION TO SAVE ON COOLING LOAD AS WELL AS REDUCE THE NO OF BRICKS AND REDUCE MORTARS. RAT TRAP BOND RAT TRAP BOND IS LAID BY PLACING THE BRICKS ON THEIR SIDES HAVING A CAVITY OF 4? (100 MM), WITH ALTERNATE COURSE OF STRETCHERS AND HEADERS. THE HEADERS AND STRETCHERS ARE STAGGERED IN SUBSEQUENT LAYERS TO GIVE MORE STRENGTH TO THE WALLS.
  20. 20. 1 20PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 CAVITY WALL REDUCED HEAT LOSS THROUGH WALLS BY UP TO TWO-THIRDS. REDUCED HEATING BILLS BY UP TO ONE THIRD. A COOLER HOUSE IN SUMMER. INCREASED VALUE OF YOUR HOME. REDUCED RISK OF CONDENSATION FORMING ON THE INSIDE SURFACE OF THE WALLS. U-VALUE (w/M2K) 0.650.50.320.310.27200 FLY ASHCON.BRICKCAVITYAACTHK.
  21. 21. 1 21PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 STEEL USED ON SITE SHOULD BE OBTAINED FROM ROLLING MILLS THAT ARE LOCAL THAT IS WITHIN 500 MILES AND THAT WHICH USE SCRAP (REROLLED STEEL) AND ELECTRIC ARC FUR NANCE IN ORDER TO GET RECYCLED CONTENT OF STEEL ALMOST TO 80%. (HELPS IN GETTING LEEDS POINTS) USE LOCALLY SOURCED MATERIALS THAT IS WITHIN 500 MILES FROM SITE AND ASK VENDOR/CONTRACTOR TO FURNISH CERTIFICATE OF THE SAME (LEEDS RATING REQUIREMENT). STEEL TYPE & LOCALLY SOURCED MATERIALS
  22. 22. 1 22PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 USE OF LOW VOC CARPET TOTAL VOC IS LESS THAN 0.5 MG/SQM HR. CARPET ADHESIVE TOTAL VOC LESS THAN 10MG/SQMT-HR AVOID HIGH VOC MATERIALS - ALL ADHESIVES, SEALANTS, CARPETS SHOULD MEET LEED RECOMMENDED PERMISSIBLE VOC (VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS) STANDARDS
  23. 23. 1 23PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 USE OF LOW VOC PAINTS
  24. 24. 1 24PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 ROOFING SYSTEM
  25. 25. 1 25PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 INSULATION SYSTEM CONVENTIONAL Roof construction with over deck insulation (meeting Codes requirement) and surface finish with high SRI > 78 (Solar reflective Index) to cover minimum 75% of total roof DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TWO IS IN THE PLACING OF WATERPROOFING MEMBRANE. INVERTED
  26. 26. 1 26PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 PROTECTION OF MEMBRANE FROM EXTREME TEMPERATURE CYCLES & FROM MECHANICAL DAMAGES ELIMINATION OF VAPOUR BARRIER INSTALLATION SPEED INCREASED MAINTENANCE COSTS REDUCED INCREASE OF MEMBRANE LIFE. ADVANTAGES OF INVERTED ROOFING SYSTEM
  27. 27. 1 27PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 ROOF INSULATION U-VALUE OF OVERALL ROOF ASSEMBLY REQUIRED IS 0.261 W/M2 K. MIN R-VALUE OF INSULATION ALONE REQUIRED IS 3.5 M2-DEG C/W. ROOF TOP SURFACE FINISH SPECS FLAT ROOF WITH SLOPE <= 2:12 - SRI>78 STEEPED ROOF WITH SLOPE >= 2:12 - SRI>29 USE ROOFING MATERIALS HAVING A SOLAR REFLECTANCE INDEX (SRI) EQUAL TO OR GREATER AS PER ABOVE FOR MINIMUM OF 75% OF TOTAL ROOF AREA. OR ALTERNATIVELY INSTALL A VEGETATED ROOF (TERRACE GARDEN) FOR AT LEAST 50% OF THE TOTAL ROOF AREA.
  28. 28. 1 28PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 VEGETATED ROOFING Vegetated roofing is one of the most exciting developments in sustainable building design. Depending on load capabilities and other application- driven requirements, green roofs can be planted with herbs, grasses, flowers, even trees, in an exciting variety of colors, textures, scents and heights. Patios and walkways can become a useable part of the roof environment. Insulating qualities mean reduced energy costs for building owners INSTALL 50% OF ROOF AS GREEN VEGETATED ROOG GARDEN (LEEDS REQUIRMENTS FOR POINTS)
  29. 29. 1 29PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 Reduce storm water run-off which in turn, reduces the stress on urban sewer systems and decreases run-off related pollution of natural waterways . Air quality improvement – lower rooftop temperatures mean less smog from the “urban heat island effect.” Noise pollution reduction – studies show noise levels in a building can be reduced by as much as 40 decibels Extended life of the roof system due to moderated temperature swings that cause a roof system to expand and contract as well as protection from everyday wear and tear.
  30. 30. 1 30PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 FACADE SYSTEM
  31. 31. 1 31PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 HIGH PERFORMANCE GLASS SUCH AS SOLAR CONTROL LOW-E- GLASS OR ADVANCED THERMALLY INSULATED GLASS (DGU) ON EXTERIORS WITH SHADING CO- EFFICIENT LOWER THAN 0.25 W/M2K AND U VALUE LOWER THAN OR EQUAL TO 1.8 W/M2K OR USE OF CAVITY WALL CONSTRUCTION OR INSULATION TECHNIQUES ON FACADES GETTING DIRECT HEAT GAIN.
  32. 32. 1 32PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 AREAS WHERE HIGH PERFORMANCE GLASS CAN BE UTILIZED FOR OBTAINING LEED RATINGS
  33. 33. 1 33PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 HIGH PERFORMANCE GLASS SPECIFICATIONS FOR CURTAIN WALL (VALID FOR LEED RATINGS) TYPE OF SYSTEM: DOUBLE GLASS UNIT (DGU) LT-40-70% U-VALUE- 1.7-3.0w/m2deg K U-VALUE OF CLEAR 4mm GLASS IS 5.8W/M2 deg k SHADING COEFFICIENT – 0.1-0.4 INTERNAL REFLECTION – 15-20% SOLAR FACTOR - 0.3-0.4 REDUCE ENERGY BILLS (PAY BACK OF 3-4 YEARS) REDUCED FIRST COST OF MECHANICAL EQUIPMENTS. INCREASED OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY. REDUCE FUTURE RETROFITS WHY COST EFFECTIVE
  34. 34. 1 34PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 EXTERIOR SOLAR CONTROL THE GENERAL CONCEPT IS TO INTERCEPT DIRECT SUN BEFORE IT ENTERS THE BUILDING. ONCE DIRECT SUN ENTERS THE BUILDING, THE ONLY WAY IT CAN GET BACK OUT IS THROUGH REFLECTION OR INDIRECTLY BY CONVECTION AND LONG-WAVE RADIATION. LOUVERS AND BLINDS ARE COMPOSED OF MULTIPLE HORIZONTAL OR VERTICAL SLATS. SLATS CAN BE EITHER FLAT OR CURVED. WITH DIFFERENT SHAPE AND REFLECTIVITY, LOUVERS AND BLINDS ARE USED NOT ONLY FOR SOLAR SHADING, BUT ALSO FOR REDIRECTING DAYLIGHT. WHILE FIXED SYSTEMS ARE DESIGNED MAINLY FOR SOLAR SHADING, OPERABLE SYSTEMS CAN BE USED TO CONTROL THERMAL GAIN, REDUCE GLARE, AND REDIRECT SUNLIGHT.
  35. 35. 1 35PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 OPERABLE SYSTEMS (WHETHER MANUAL OR AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLED) PROVIDE MORE FLEXIBILITY BECAUSE THE BLINDS CAN BE RETRACTED AND TILTED, RESPONDING TO THE OUTDOOR CONDITIONS. LOUVERS AND BLINDS PERFORM WELL IN ALL CLIMATES. FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS IN HOT CLIMATES, THE SYSTEM MAY BE MORE ENERGY-EFFICIENT IF PLACED ON THE EXTERIOR OF THE BUILDING WHILE BLOCKING SOLAR RADIATION. FOR BUILDINGS IN COLD CLIMATES, THE SYSTEM CAN BE USED TO PROVIDE MORE DAYLIGHT AND ABSORB SOLAR RADIATION. SKETCHES OF VARIOUS EXTERIOR SHADING SYSTEMS HORIZONTAL OVERHANG PROTECTS SOUTH FACADES FROM HIGH-ANGLE SUN DURING THE DAY.
  36. 36. 1 36PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 DOUBLE SKIN FACADE SYSTEM DOUBLE SKIN FACADE SYSTEM CAN REDUCE SUBSTANTIALLY THE COOLING DEMAND (NATURAL OR HYBRID VENTILATED CASES) UPTO 50% SAVING. AIR FLOW WINDOWS CAN IMPROVE THE THERMAL COMFORT CONDITIONS MOSTLY DURING WINTER.
  37. 37. 1 37PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 FACADE STRATEGIES
  38. 38. 1 38PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 SEASONAL OPERATION OF CLIMATE ENVELOPE TYPICAL FLOOR PLATE DOUBLE GLASS WALL SECTION
  39. 39. 1 39PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 ASSESSMENT OF DOUBLE SKIN FAÇADE SYSTEM CAVITY VENTILATION SYSTEM SUMMER NIGHT TIMEOCCASIONAL
  40. 40. 1 40PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 LANDSCAPING, STORM WATER MANAGEMENT , WATER USE REDUCTION & WASTE WATER RECYCLING
  41. 41. 1 41PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 PARKING PAVERS REDUCING THE LANDSCAPE IN PARKING AREAS BY USE OF GRASS PAVERS WHICH NOT ONLY HELP IN MAKING THE LANDSCAPE GREENER, BUT ALSO REDUCE SOLAR HEAT GAIN AND EFFECTIVELY GENERATING A COOLER MICROCLIMATE. Plan the vegetated space on the site such that it is 25% more than the local zoning's requirement of the vegetated spaces. (Leeds Recommendations) REDUCING HEAT ISLAND EFFECT & MANAGING STORM WATER AT SITE BY INCREASING THE PERMEABLE AND GREEN SURFACES AS DESCRIBED
  42. 42. 1 42PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 PERMEABLE PAVING ALTERNATIVES THESE SURFACES PROVIDE REDUCE SITE RUNOFF BY INCREASING INFILTRATION INTO THE SOIL. THERE ARE A NUMBER OF PERMEABLE PAVING SURFACES AVAILABLE FROM PAVER BLOCK SYSTEMS TO GEOWEB REINFORCED GRASS SURFACES. THESE SYSTEMS CAN BE DESIGNED TO INFILTRATE VIRTUALLY ANY DESIGN STORM INCLUDING THE 100-YEAR STORM OR THEY CAN BE USED STRATEGICALLY WITH IMPERVIOUS SURFACES TO CAPTURE THE HIGH FREQUENCY LOWER INTENSITY STORMS. IN ADDITION TO HYDROCARBONS, HEAVY METALS, SALTS AND OTHER MOTOR VEHICLE RELATED CONTAMINANTS, PERMEABLE PAVING ALTERNATIVES REDUCE TMDL CONTAMINANTS AND THERMAL POLLUTION.
  43. 43. 1 43PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 NATIVE & DRAUGHT TOLERANT LANDSCAPE PLANT: - WILL REDUCE THE TIME AND MONEY SPENT ON IRRIGATION. THEY ARE HARDY AND REQUIRE POOR TO AVERAGE SOILS THEREBY REDUCING DEPENDENCE ON VALUABLE HUMUS. LANDSCAPE LIGHTING VIA SOLAR POWER, SOLAR PANELS TO BE KEPT ON UNUSABLE ROOFS OF THE BUILDINGS LIKE GENERATOR, AND MAINTENANCE BLOCK. NON CRITICAL FUNCTIONS LIKE LANDSCAPE LIGHTING, TELEPHONE BOOTHS, TO BE KEPT ON SOLAR POWER. DRIP IRRIGATION & WASTE RECYCLED WATER: - THEREBY REDUCING WASTAGE OF PRECIOUS WATER RESOURCE AS WELL AS WELL AS DEPENDENCE ON HUMAN RESOURCES, MECHANICAL IRRIGATION SYSTEMS. TREATED WATER FROM SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT TO BE USED FOR ALL IRRIGATION PURPOSES.
  44. 44. 1 44PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 CONCAVE MEDIANS These are essentially constructed similarly to rain gardens and biocells except that they are placed in a median strip between two lanes of traffic or in parking lots. Depending on the setting, they may be confined to narrow cross- sections, which may restrict their capacity to low intensity storms. Raised medians can be retrofitted by excavation and curb cuts to allow water to enter.
  45. 45. 1 45PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 USING VEGETATED SWALE IN PARKING AREA VEGETATED SWALE ALONG PARKING AREA
  46. 46. 1 46PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 BIO (VEGETATED) SWALES A VEGETATED SWALE IS A BROAD ,SHALLOW, TRAPEZOIDAL OR PARABOLIC CHANNEL, DENSELY PLANTED WITH A VARIETY OF TREES, SHRUBS, AND GRASSES. IT IS DESIGNED TO ATTENUATE AND IN SOME CASES INFILTRATE RUNOFF VOLUME FROM ADJACENT IMPERVIOUS SURFACES, ALLOWING SOME POLLUTANTS TO SETTLE OUT IN THE PROCESS.
  47. 47. 1 47PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 A VEGETATED SWALE IS AN ALTERNATIVE TO STANDARD BELOW GROUND STORM WATER SEWERS. THEY INTERCEPT OR RECEIVE IMPERVIOUS SURFACE RUNOFF AND BLEND INFILTRATION AND SLOW CONVEYANCE OF STORM WATER. THE SOIL MATRIX OF THE SWALE CAN BE AMENDED TO ENHANCE INFILTRATION AND PERCOLATION.
  48. 48. 1 48PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 THESE SYSTEMS CAN BE ENGINEERED TO ABSORB THE HIGH FREQUENCY LOW INTENSITY STORMS BUT CAN CONVEY THE LARGE STORM EVENTS WHILE PROVIDING VEGETATIVE FILTERING. BIO SWALES CAN DISCHARGE TO GROUNDWATER, STORM SEWER INTAKES, OR DIRECTLY TO SURFACE WATER.
  49. 49. 1 49PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 GRASS SWALE GRASS SWALES ARE ESSENTIALLY CONVENTIONAL DRAINAGE DITCHES. THEY TYPICALLY HAVE MILDER SIDE AND LONGITUDINAL SLOPES THAN THEIR VEGETATED COUNTERPARTS. GRASS SWALES ARE USUALLY LESS EXPENSIVE THAN VEGETATED SWALES. HOWEVER, THEY PROVIDE FAR LESS INFILTRATION AND POLLUTANT REMOVAL OPPORTUNITIES. GRASS SWALES ARE TO BE USED ONLY AS PRETREATMENT FOR OTHER STRUCTURAL BMPS.
  50. 50. 1 50PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 WET SWALE WET SWALES ARE ESSENTIALLY LINEAR WETLAND CELLS. THEIR DESIGN OFTEN INCORPORATES SHALLOW, PERMANENT POOLS OR MARSHY CONDITIONS THAT CAN SUSTAIN WETLAND VEGETATION, WHICH IN TURN PROVIDES POTENTIALLY HIGH POLLUTANT REMOVAL. A HIGH WATER TABLE OR POORLY DRAINED SOILS ARE A PREREQUISITE FOR WET SWALES. THE DRAWBACK WITH WET SWALES, AT LEAST IN RESIDENTIAL OR COMMERCIAL SETTINGS, IS THAT THEY MAY PROMOTE MOSQUITO BREEDING IN THE SHALLOW STANDING WATER. INFILTRATION IS MINIMAL.
  51. 51. 1 51PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 DRY SWALE WITH FILTER MEDIA THE DRY SWALE (OR BIO-SWALE) CONSISTS OF AN OPEN CHANNEL THAT HAS BEEN MODIFIED TO ENHANCE ITS WATER QUALITY TREATMENT CAPABILITY BY ADDING A FILTERING MEDIUM CONSISTING OF A SOIL BED WITH AN UNDER DRAIN SYSTEM. THE DRY SWALE SYSTEM IS SIZED TO ACCEPT THE ENTIRE WQV AND ALLOW IT TO BE FILTERED THROUGH THE TREATMENT MEDIUM AND/OR INFILTRATE THROUGH THE BOTTOM OF THE SWALE. THE DRY SWALE SYSTEM IS DESIGNED TO DRAIN DOWN BETWEEN STORM EVENTS WITHIN ABOUT ONE DAY. SINCE THIS SYSTEM IS DRY MOST OF THE TIME, IT IS THE PREFERRED SYSTEM FOR RESIDENTIAL APPLICATION.
  52. 52. 1 52PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 THE MOST EFFECTIVE METHOD TO MINIMIZE STORM WATER RUNOFF VOLUME IS TO REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF IMPERVIOUS AREA. TO MINIMIZE IMPERVIOUS SURFACES AND TO ENCOURAGE THE NATURAL PROCESS OF EVAPORATION AND INFILTRATION, CONSIDER SUCH METHODS AS INSTALLING GREEN ROOFS AND PAVING WITH PERVIOUS MATERIALS. STORM WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN THE STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM SHOULD BE DESIGNED SUCH THAT 80% OF AVERAGE ANNUAL TSS (TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS) ARE REMOVED. ANY STORM WATER LEAVING THE SITE SHOULD BE TREATED BEFORE LETTING INTO THE MUNICIPAL DRAIN. RAINWATER HARVESTING SYSTEM SHOULD INCORPORATE FILTRATION MEDIA TO REDUCE TSS LEVEL. (LEEDS REQUIREMENT FOR POINTS)
  53. 53. 1 53PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 DO NOT USE POTABLE WATER FOR LANDSCAPE IRRIGATION. USE RECYCLED WATER/STORM WATER. INSTALL MOISTURE SENSOR ON PLANTS FOR WATER CONSERVATION USE RECYCLED WATER FOR HVAC SYSTEM USE RECYCLED WATER FOR TOILET FLUSHING MONITOR WATER CONSUMPTION THROUGH ON-LINE CONTROLS CAPTURE STORM WATER FROM IMPERVIOUS AREAS OF THE BUILDING FOR GROUND WATER RE-CHARGE OR REUSE.
  54. 54. 1 54PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 WATER EFFICIENCY
  55. 55. 1 55PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 WATER EFFICIENT LANDSCAPING: LIMIT OR ELIMINATE THE USE OF POTABLE WATER FOR LANDSCAPE IRRIGATION. REQUIREMENT USE HIGH EFFICIENCY IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGIES USE CAPTURED RAIN WATER OR RECYCLED RAIN WATER. REDUCE POTABLE WATER CONSUMPTION BY 50% USE ONLY CAPTURED RAIN WATER OR RECYCLED RAIN WATER DO NOT INSTALL POTABLE WATER IRRIGATION SYSTEM. POTENTIAL TECHNOLOGIES & STRATEGIES PERFORM SOIL /CLIMATE ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE APPROPRIATE LANDSCAPE. USE INDIGENOUS PLANTS USE HIGH EFFICIENCY IRRIGATION SYSTEM.
  56. 56. 1 56PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 USE WATER EFFICIENCY FIXTURES LIKE: Low Volume Dual Flush WC - less than 1.6 GPF Infra red sensors for Urinals or Waterless Urinals - less than 1.0 GPF Shower heads and Faucets with aerators - less than 2.5 GPF (AIM - TO REDUCE WATER USE DEDUCTION BY 30% AS COMPARED TO WATER USE CALCULATION BASELINE - LEEDS) - LEEDS REQUIREMENT
  57. 57. 1 57PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 WATER USE REDUCTION: MAXIMIZE WATER EFFICIENCY WITHIN BUILDINGS TO REDUCE THE BURDEN ON MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY AND WASTEWATER SYSTEMS. REQUIREMENT EMPLOY STRATEGIES THAT IN AGGREGATE USE 20% LESS WATER THAN THE WATER USE BASELINE CALCULATED FOR THE BUILDING (NOT INCLUDING IRRIGATION) AFTER MEETING THE FOLLOWING. 2.5SHOWERHEADS GPM 1URINALS GPF 1.6WATER CLOSETES GPF FLOW REQ.FIXTURE 0.25METERING FAUCETS 2.5REPLACMENT AERATORS(GPM) 2.5FAUCETS GPF FLOW REQ.FIXTURE
  58. 58. 1 58PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 REDUCE THE GENERATION OF WASTEWATER AND POTABLE WATER DEMAND, WHILE INCREASING THE LOCAL AQUIFER RECHARGE. WATER LESS URINALS CARTRIDGE WITH SEALING LIQUID BLUE LIQUID 95% BIODEGRABLE ACT AS A SEAL DENSITY LOWER THAN URINE CUT OF SMELL USE HIGH EFFICIENCY FIXTURES. USE WATER LESS URINALS USE COMPOSTING TOILETS. USE ON SITE WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT
  59. 59. 1 59PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 HVAC & INDOOR AIR QUALITY
  60. 60. 1 60PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 HVAC SYSTEM & INDOOR AIR QUALITY HVAC SYSTEMS AND THE BUILDING ENVELOPE SHOULD BE DESIGNED AS PER THE ASHRAE STANDARD 55-2004. (LEEDS RECOMMENDED) THE ASHRAE STANDARD 55-2004 SPECIFIES THE COMBINATIONS OF INDOOR SPACE ENVIRONMENT AND PERSONAL FACTORS THAT WILL PRODUCE THERMAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS ACCEPTABLE TO 80% OR MORE OF THE OCCUPANTS WITHIN A SPACE. THE ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ADDRESSED ARE TEMPERATURE, THERMAL RADIATION, HUMIDITY, AND AIR SPEED; THE PERSONAL FACTORS ARE THOSE OF ACTIVITY AND CLOTHING. INDOOR AIR QUALITY (IAQ) SHOULD MEET ASHRAE 62-2004 STANDARDS SO AS TO AVOID IAQ PROBLEMS IN THE BUILDING.
  61. 61. 1 61PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 VFDS FOR AHUS, CHILLER & CONDENSER WATER PUMPS, CT FAN, RADIATOR FANS IN DG SETS WITH FEEDBACK CONTROL AND VAV FOR AIR DISTRIBUTION. CO2 MONTORING FOR DEMAND VENTILATION & INDOOR AIR QUALITY THROUGH BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM INSTALLED CO2 SENSORS. • RETURN AIR DUCTS •OUT SIDE BUILDING LEED REQUIREMENT •530PPM DIFFRENTIAL CONTROL FRESH AIR INLET ACCORDINGLY.
  62. 62. 1 62PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 DISTRICT COOLING SYSTEM A DISTRICT COOLING SYSTEM (DCS) DISTRIBUTES THERMAL ENERGY IN THE FORM OF CHILLED WATER OR OTHER MEDIA FROM A CENTRAL SOURCE TO MULTIPLE BUILDINGS THROUGH A NETWORK OF UNDERGROUND PIPES FOR USE IN SPACE AND PROCESS COOLING. THE COOLING OR HEAT REJECTION IS USUALLY PROVIDED FROM A CENTRAL COOLING PLANT, THUS ELIMINATING THE NEED FOR SEPARATE SYSTEMS IN INDIVIDUAL BUILDINGS. TANGIBLE BENEFITS BETTER QUALITY OF COOLING MAXIMUM COST EFFECTIVENESS CAPITAL COST ELIMINATION SPACE SAVING DECREASE IN SOUND POLLUTION ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY
  63. 63. 1 63PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 EARTH AIR TUNNELS USE OF EARTH TUNNELS BELOW BASEMENT TO SUPPLY AIR AT 22 TO 25 DEG TO BE USED AS FRESH AIR MAKEUP. THE REDUCTION IN A/C LOAD DUE TO FRESH AIR SUPPLY AT 25 DEG.
  64. 64. 1 64PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 WIND CATCHERS USE OF WIND CATCHERS WITH PCC JALLIS TO CREATE VENTURI EFFECT , THE WIND THUS PRE COOLED BY APPROX 10DEG TO BE CHANNELED AND TO BE USED AS FRESH AIR SUPPLY TO AIR WASHERS FOR MAINTENANCE AND BACK OF THE HOUSE AREAS. WIND CATCHER TECHNOLOGY PROVIDES NATURAL VENTILATION WITHOUT ANY MOVING PARTS. USING COMPARTMENTALIZED VERTICAL VENTS, FRESH AIR IS BROUGHT INTO THE ROOM AND STALE WARM AIR EXPELLED USING THE NATURAL EFFECTS OF THE WIND.
  65. 65. 1 65PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 IN SUMMER MONTHS DOORS AND WINDOWS ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE OPENED AND THIS WILL AID CROSS FLOW VENTILATION, WITH FRESH AIR COMING IN THROUGH WINDOWS ON THE WINDWARD SIDE OF THE BUILDING AND BE EXHAUSTED THROUGH THE PASSIVE STACK ELEMENT. WIND SYSTEM. WARM AIR WILL NATURALLY RISE AND BE EXHAUSTED THROUGH THIS PASSIVE STACK ELEMENT. IN ADDITION NATURAL VENTILATION WILL BE AIDED BY THE EXTERNAL WIND MOVEMENT, CREATING A NEGATIVE OR SUCTION ZONE TO ONE SIDE OF THE WIND SYSTEM AS WELL AS THE BUILDING, WHICH HAS THE EFFECT OF SLIGHTLY PRESSURIZING THE BUILDING.
  66. 66. 1 66PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 LIGHTING AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
  67. 67. 1 67PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 ENERGY SAVING APPROACH IN BUILDING DESIGN IN SUCH A WAY THAT THE BUILDING GETS MAXIMUM DAY LIGHTING. OVERALL LIGHTING POWER DENSITY CAN BE DESIGN AS LESS AS 1.0 w/sq.ft. USE DAY LIGHT CUM DIMMER CONTROL INSTALL OCCUPANCY SENSORS
  68. 68. 1 68PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 DAYLIGHT AND VIEWS DAY LIGHTING MORE THAN 75% OF PERMANENTLY OCCUPIED AREA. VIEW 90% OF PERMANENTLY OCCUPIED AREA POTENTIAL TECHNOLOGIES AND STRATEGIES ADOPT SITE LIGHTING CRITERIA TO MAINTAIN MINIMIZE THE SITE LIGHTING WHERE USE FULL CUT OFF LUMINARIES.
  69. 69. 1 69PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
  70. 70. 1 70PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM A BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MINIMIZES ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND MAXIMIZE INDOOR COMFORT, MAKING IT A VALUABLE TOOL FOR ANY SUSTAINABLE DESIGN. OPERATIONAL ENERGY SAVING TO THE EXTENT OF 15-20%. MAINTENANCE OF COMFORT CONDITION. ENHANCE INDOOR AIR QUALITY. PROVIDES CRITICAL ALARM AND REMEDIAL ACTIONS. INSTALLING BMS CAN HELP IN CONTRIBUTING TO FOLLOWING CREDIT POINTS UNDER THE LEED RATING SYSTEM: ENHANCED COMMISSIONING. MEASUREMENT AND VERIFICATION. OUTDOOR AIR DELIVERING MONITORING. THERMAL COMFORT, VERIFICATION GREEN BUILDING IN INDIA WHERE BMS IS INSTALLED: CII-GODREJ GREEN BUSINESS CENTER,HYEDERABAD. ITC GREEN CENTRE GURGAON. WHIPRO TECHNOLOGIES' DEVELOPMENT CENTRE,GURGAON.
  71. 71. 1 71PROJECT: ARCOP ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.CLIENTS: JAN,2009 ANY QUESTIONS ??????

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