Personality | Varun Daahal


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This PPT is about: Personality

-What is Personality
-Theories on Personality
-Examples and creative comparison
-How understanding personalities can become productive at workplace

This Presentation is made as a part of MBA class assessment

Published in: Business
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Personality | Varun Daahal

  1. 1. <ul><ul><li>“ The first impression is the last impression” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>K Varun Daahal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MD8017 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Persona Latin, literally ‘mask, character played by an actor.’ Persona-lity &quot; Personality is a mask you believe in.” - Dr. White
  3. 5. Warren Buffet says “ Patience & Temperament creates Wealth “ Steve Jobs is notoriously bad tempered & impatient He says Innovation creates wealth
  4. 6. Rupert Murdoch has two phones always with him all the times. He says his wealth comes from never missing Out on the deal Richard Branson says he doesn’t even carry a phone. He has a team of people who do deal he says he is terrible at doing deals
  5. 7. J K Rowling (Harry Potter) says listen to your Heart not to the Market Place…. It doesn’t know What it wants until it sees it Lakshmi Mital (Mittal Steels) says that numbers don’t lie, so he doesn’t stray from them. He says Emotions cause people to Lose Money
  6. 8. Things that Contribute in Determining Personality Personality Words you Speak Body Language Way to meet people Ability to handle pressure Willingness to take challenges Your thoughts and ideas
  7. 9. <ul><li>Theories of Personality </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalytic Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Type Theories </li></ul><ul><li>Trait Theories </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Theory </li></ul>
  8. 10. Conscious Unconscious Superego Preconscious Id Ego Information which can easily be made conscious Thoughts, feelings, urges, and other information that is difficult to bring to conscious awareness Information in your immediate awareness Rational, planful, mediating dimension of personality Moralistic, judgmental, perfectionist dimension of personality Irrational, illogical, impulsive dimension of personality
  9. 11. © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 4 – <ul><li>Personality Types </li></ul><ul><li>Extroverted or Introverted (E or I) </li></ul><ul><li>Sensing or Intuitive (S or N) </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking or Feeling (T or F) </li></ul><ul><li>Perceiving or Judging (P or J) </li></ul>MBTI is one of the most widely used personality frameworks which has no hard evidence as valid measure of personality.
  10. 12. William Sheldon (1940, 1942, cited in Phares, 1991) classified personality according to body type. He called this a person’s somatotype. Sheldon identified three main somatotypes:  Sheldon's Somatotype Character Shape Sample Picture Endomorph [viscerotonic] relaxed, sociable, tolerant, comfort-loving, peaceful plump, buxom, developed visceral structure Mesomorph [somatotonic] active, assertive, vigorous, combative muscular Ectomorph [cerebrotonic quiet, fragile, restrained, non-assertive, sensitive lean, delicate, poor muscles
  11. 13. What trait “dimensions” describe personality? Combination of 2 or 3 genetically determined dimensions Expanded set of factors “ The Big 5” Extraversion/Introversion Emotional Stability/Instability
  12. 14. Emotional Stability Extraversion Openness Agreeableness Conscientiousness <ul><li>Calm/Anxious </li></ul><ul><li>Secure/Insecure </li></ul><ul><li>Sociable/Retiring </li></ul><ul><li>Fun Loving/Sober </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginative/Practical </li></ul><ul><li>Independent/Conforming </li></ul><ul><li>Soft-Hearted/Ruthless </li></ul><ul><li>Trusting/Suspicious </li></ul><ul><li>Organized/Disorganized </li></ul><ul><li>Careful/Careless </li></ul>
  13. 15. © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 4 – Sixteen Primary Traits
  14. 16. Self Theory : According to Roger Rogers's theory of personality is structured around the concept of self. The self is those perceptions the individuals have of themselves and their relationship with others and other aspects of life. The self is how people see their own behaviour and internal characteristics. Rogers theory assumes that individuals are constantly engaged in the process of fulfilling their potential, of actualizing the true self. Rogers suggest that each person has concept not only of self but also of an ideal self. An ideal self is the self that person would like to be. When correspondence exists between the real self and the ideal self, a person is generally happy .
  15. 17. Chris Argyris Theory of Immaturity-Maturity personality According to this theory Chris Argyris has identified specific dimensions of the human personality as it develops. Immaturity dimensions Maturity Dimensions Passivity Activity Dependence Independence Few ways of Behaving Diverse behaviour Shallow interest Deep interest Short time perspective Long term perspective Subordinate position Super ordinate position Lack of self awareness Self-awareness and control
  16. 18. <ul><li>How does one measure another’s personality? Methods include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>interviews and observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>projective personality tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>objective personality test </li></ul></ul>© 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 4 –
  17. 19. <ul><li>Personality Characteristics in Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Managers should learn as much as possible about personality in order to understand their employees. We have particular factors influences on individual behaviour in organizations. They are: </li></ul><ul><li>Need Pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Locus of control </li></ul><ul><li>Machiavellianism </li></ul><ul><li>Introversion and Extroversion </li></ul><ul><li>Self - Esteem & Self - Concept </li></ul><ul><li>Self – monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Taking </li></ul><ul><li>Type A/B Personality </li></ul>
  18. 20. © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 4 –
  19. 21. © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 4 – <ul><li>Conditions Favoring High Machs </li></ul><ul><li>Direct interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal rules and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Distracting emotions </li></ul>
  20. 22. © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 4 –
  21. 23. <ul><li>High Risk-taking Managers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make quicker decisions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use less information to make decisions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operate in smaller and more entrepreneurial organizations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low Risk-taking Managers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are slower to make decisions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require more information before making decisions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exist in larger organizations with stable environments. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk Propensity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aligning managers’ risk-taking propensity to job requirements should be beneficial to organizations. </li></ul></ul>© 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 4 –
  22. 24. © 2003 Prentice Hall Inc. All rights reserved. 4 –
  23. 25. “ Personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures.” - F. Scott Fitzgerald, U.S author