ENVIRONMENTALPROTECTION AND WASTE      MANAGEMENTBy:Alok Agrwal-CMSRSL, New Delhi                                      RIS...
Basics of Pollution• Definition: Undesirable elements in  environment that can affect life and property  adversely• Source...
Health Effects of of CommonPollutants • Suspended particulate: Chokes lung, carrier for several other   pollutant • SO2: I...
(contd…) Health Effects of Common Pollutants• Lead: Brain, kidney and reproductive system, convulsions in later  life• Bar...
Why Environmental Management?• Pollutants have long lasting effects on human  body• Difficult to separate once mixed with ...
Why Environmental legislation?•   Act?•   Rules?•   Notification?•   Guidelines?                                        RI...
Environmental Legislation Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act 1974 Water (Prevention&Control of Pollution) Ces...
Rules under EPA: Rules for Manufacture, Use, Import, Export, and Storage of  Hazardous Micro Organisms, Genetically Engin...
 Ozone Depleting Substances           (Regulation   &   Control)  Amendment Rules 2001 Municipal Solid Wastes (Managemen...
Important Notifications under EPA: Restriction of certain activities on Antop Hills, Dahanu, Murad-  Janjira, Doon Valley...
 Utilisation of Fly Ash Exemption of EIA for pipeline, EPH compulsory in each distr.  for P/L & highway, raising investm...
Public Liability Insurance Act 1991 National Environmental Tribunal Act 1995 National Environment Appellate Authority A...
Other Important Acts: Factories Act Land Acquisition Act Insecticide Act Merchant Shipping Act Central Motor Vehicle ...
Beyond Legislation •   Waste Management •   EMS/ISO 14000 •   Due Diligence •   Responsible Care •   Global Reporting Init...
Waste Management•   Municipal waste•   Biomedical Waste•   Radioactive waste•   Industrial waste•   Electronic waste•   SO...
Industrial Waste… other than byproduct•   Sludge from ETP•   Fuel Residue/Spillage•   Metal Scrap, used liners, insulation...
Waste during Supply Chain•   Mining•   Refining•   Transportation•   Material transfer•   Processing•   Product refining• ...
Waste Minimisation• Waste minimisation involves any technique, process or activity  which either avoids, eliminates or red...
Waste Management –governing parameters• Purity of raw material• Selection of technology• Optimising operational parameters...
Thanks            RISK         MANAGEMENT
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Env protnandwastemanagement (1)

  1. 1. ENVIRONMENTALPROTECTION AND WASTE MANAGEMENTBy:Alok Agrwal-CMSRSL, New Delhi RISK MANAGEMENT
  2. 2. Basics of Pollution• Definition: Undesirable elements in environment that can affect life and property adversely• Source: Naturally occurring and manmade• Types/Forms?: Air, Water, Soil , Noise, Radioactive• Various Pollutants? RISK MANAGEMENT
  3. 3. Health Effects of of CommonPollutants • Suspended particulate: Chokes lung, carrier for several other pollutant • SO2: Irritant, aggravates heart & lung disease, supports Cancer • NOx: Morphological changes in lung, irritant • CO: Generates COHb impairing release of oxygen from Hb • Benzene: Damages bone marrow, may cause cancer, Anemia/leukemia, affects peripheral nerves/spinal chord • PAH: Responsible for tumor, destroys genetic cells of DNA • Ozone: reduces immune system, aggravated pulmonary diseases RISK MANAGEMENT
  4. 4. (contd…) Health Effects of Common Pollutants• Lead: Brain, kidney and reproductive system, convulsions in later life• Barium: Muscular and Cardiovascular disorder, kidney damage• Chromium: Skin disorder, liver damage, known to be carcinogenic• Mercury:Heart, brain, CNS, kidney• Copper: Toxic to aquatic life and microorganisms• Nickel/cobalt: Carcinogenic• Cadmium: Kidney, flu like disorder, high BP, sterility among males Silver: Darkening of the skin and eyes• Solvents: Mostly Carcinogenic• Cyanide: Highly toxic• Pesticides: Mostly carcinogenic RISK MANAGEMENT
  5. 5. Why Environmental Management?• Pollutants have long lasting effects on human body• Difficult to separate once mixed with environment• End -of- pipe not successful• Raw materials depleting fast• Huge loss to economy• Env mgt: By enforcement or incentives RISK MANAGEMENT
  6. 6. Why Environmental legislation?• Act?• Rules?• Notification?• Guidelines? RISK MANAGEMENT
  7. 7. Environmental Legislation Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act 1974 Water (Prevention&Control of Pollution) Cess Act 1977 Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act 1981 Environment (Protection) Act 1986 Environmental Protection Rules 1986 RISK MANAGEMENT
  8. 8. Rules under EPA: Rules for Manufacture, Use, Import, Export, and Storage of Hazardous Micro Organisms, Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells 1989 Coastal Regulation Zone Rules 1991 Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness & Response) Rules 1996 Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 1998 Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules 2001 Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules 2000 RISK MANAGEMENT
  9. 9.  Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation & Control) Amendment Rules 2001 Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 Manufacture, Storage & Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules 1989 Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Amendment Rules 2003 Environment (Siting for industrial projects) Rules 1999-draft Plastics Manufacture, Sale & Usage Rules 1999 RISK MANAGEMENT
  10. 10. Important Notifications under EPA: Restriction of certain activities on Antop Hills, Dahanu, Murad- Janjira, Doon Valley, Mahabaleshwar Panchgani, Kaziranga, Aravali Hills, Matheran (draft). Prohibiting handling azodyes & benzidine based dyes Prohibiting Open burning of waste oil Formation of CGWB & Aquaculture Authority Environmental Impact Assessment 1994 Public Hearing for EIA projects 1997 Taz Trapezium Zone Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority Laboratories permitted to use pathogens or GM organisms in 2000 Exemption for certain power projects from MoEF clearance 1997 RISK MANAGEMENT
  11. 11.  Utilisation of Fly Ash Exemption of EIA for pipeline, EPH compulsory in each distr. for P/L & highway, raising investment ceiling for EIA in certain cases, exemption from MoEF clearance for certain irrigation project etc. in June 2002 EC for new construction/ industrial projects Aug 2004 Relaxation from EC for widening of irrigation canals in May 2003 Exempting EPH for SSI within industrial estate/SEZ, highway widening, August 2001 List of approved hazardous waste reprocessors List of approved laboratories RISK MANAGEMENT
  12. 12. Public Liability Insurance Act 1991 National Environmental Tribunal Act 1995 National Environment Appellate Authority Act 1997Biodiversity Act 2002 Forest Conservation Rules 2003 Wildlife Protection Act 2002 RISK MANAGEMENT
  13. 13. Other Important Acts: Factories Act Land Acquisition Act Insecticide Act Merchant Shipping Act Central Motor Vehicle Act Prevention of Food Adulteration Act Customs Act RISK MANAGEMENT
  14. 14. Beyond Legislation • Waste Management • EMS/ISO 14000 • Due Diligence • Responsible Care • Global Reporting Initiative • Corporate Social Responsibility • Climate Change/Global Warming RISK MANAGEMENT
  15. 15. Waste Management• Municipal waste• Biomedical Waste• Radioactive waste• Industrial waste• Electronic waste• SOURCE? RISK MANAGEMENT
  16. 16. Industrial Waste… other than byproduct• Sludge from ETP• Fuel Residue/Spillage• Metal Scrap, used liners, insulation etc.• Unused Raw material/discarded product batch• R & D lab• Packaging• Used Batteries• Municipal waste• Electronic Waste (from Manufacturing of PCB, Semiconductors, CRT, assembly and Repair shops, disposal of Electronic Gadgets etc) RISK MANAGEMENT
  17. 17. Waste during Supply Chain• Mining• Refining• Transportation• Material transfer• Processing• Product refining• Packaging• Marketing• End of Product Life RISK MANAGEMENT
  18. 18. Waste Minimisation• Waste minimisation involves any technique, process or activity which either avoids, eliminates or reduces a waste at its source, usually within the confines of the production unit or allows reuse or recycling of the waste for benign purposes. It also provides for safe handling, treatment and disposal of residual, unusable waste.• Reduce• Reuse• Recycle• Recover RISK MANAGEMENT
  19. 19. Waste Management –governing parameters• Purity of raw material• Selection of technology• Optimising operational parameters viz. residence time, interchange, press. Temp. etc.• Housekeeping• Cleaner Production RISK MANAGEMENT
  20. 20. Thanks RISK MANAGEMENT

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