WHAT IS AN OSCAR An Academy Award is an award bestowed by theAmerican Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize excellence of professionals in the film industry, including directors, actors, and writers.The Oscar statuette is officiallynamed the Academy Award ofMerit and is one of nine types of Academy Awards.
THE CEREMONY The formal ceremony at which the Awards of Merit are presented is one of the most prominent award ceremoniesin the world, and is televised live in more than 100 countries annually; however, the first broadcast was not televised. It is also the oldest award ceremony in the media; itsequivalents, the Grammy Awards (for music), Emmy Awards (for television), and Tony Awards (for theatre) are modeled after the Academy.
THE HISTORYThe first Academy Awards ceremony was held onMay 16, 1929, at the HotelRoosevelt in Hollywood to honor outstanding film achievements of the 1927/1928 film season. The 84th AcademyAwards, honoring films in 2011, was held at theHollywood and Highland Center on February 26, 2012.
OSCAR STATUETTE Made of gold-plated britannium on a blackmetal base, it is 13.5 in (34 cm) tall, weighs 8.5lb (3.85 kg) and depicts a knight rendered in Art Deco style holding a crusaders sword standing on a reel of film with five spokes. The five spokes each represent the original branches of the Academy: Actors, Writers, Directors, Producers, and Technicians.Margaret Herrick, first saw the award in 1931 and made reference to the statuettesreminding her of her "Uncle Oscar". That is the nick name since then.
BEST MOVIE NOMINEES• THE ARTIST • HUGO Graham King and Martin Scorsese,Thomas Langmann, Producer Producers• THE DESCENDANTS • MIDNIGHT IN PARISJim Burke, Alexander Payne and Jim Letty Aronson and Stephen Tenenbaum, ProducersTaylor, Producers • MONEYBALL• EXTREMELY LOUD & Michael De Luca, Rachael Horovitz and INCREDIBLY CLOSE Brad Pitt, ProducersScott Rudin, Producer • THE TREE OF LIFE• THE HELP Sarah Green, Bill Pohlad, Dede Gardner and Grant Hill, ProducersBrunson Green, Chris Columbus and • WAR HORSEMichael Barnathan, Producers Steven Spielberg and Kathleen Kennedy, Producers
BEST ACTOR• Demián Bichir – A Better Life as Carlos Galindo• George Clooney – The Descendants as Matt King• Gary Oldman – Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy as George Smiley• Jean Dujardin – The Artist as George Valentin• Brad Pitt – Moneyball as Billy Beane
BEST ACTRESS• Rooney Mara – The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo as Lisbeth Salander• Michelle Williams – My Week with Marilyn as Marilyn Monroe• Meryl Streep – The Iron Lady as Margaret Thatcher• Glenn Close – Albert Nobbs as Albert Nobbs• Viola Davis – The Help as Aibileen Clark
BEST SUPPORTING ACTOR• Kenneth Branagh – My Week with Marilyn as Laurence Olivier• Jonah Hill – Moneyball as Peter Brand• Nick Nolte – Warrior as Paddy Conlon• Max von Sydow – Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close as The Renter• Christopher Plummer – Beginners as Hal Fields
BEST SUPPORTING ACTRESS• Bérénice Bejo – The Artist as Peppy Miller• Octavia Spencer – The Help as Minny Jackson• Jessica Chastain – The Help as Celia Foote• Melissa McCarthy – Bridesmaids as Megan Price• Janet McTeer – Albert Nobbs as Hubert Page
BEST ANIMATED FILM• Rango – Gore Verbinski• A Cat in Paris – Alain Gagnol and Jean-Loup Felicioli• Chico and Rita – Fernando Trueba and Javier Mariscal• Kung Fu Panda 2 – Jennifer Yuh Nelson• Puss in Boots – Chris Miller
BEST FOREIGN FILM• Bullhead (Belgium) in Dutch and French – Michaël R. Roskam• A Separation (Iran) in Persian – Asghar Farhadi• Footnote (Israel) in Hebrew – Joseph Cedar• In Darkness (Poland) in Polish – Agnieszka Holland• Monsieur Lazhar (Canada) in French – Philippe Falardeau
BEST DOCUMENTARY• Undefeated – TJ Martin, Dan Lindsay, and Richard Middlemas• Hell and Back Again – Danfung Dennis and Mike Lerner• If a Tree Falls: A Story of the Earth Liberation Front – Marshall Curry and Sam Cullman• Paradise Lost 3: Purgatory – Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky• Pina – Wim Wenders and Gian-Piero Ringel
BEST ANIMATED SHORT FILM• The Fantastic Flying Books of Mr. Morris Lessmore – William Joyce and Brandon Oldenburg• Dimanche – Patrick Doyon• La Luna – Enrico Casarosa• A Morning Stroll – Grant Orchard and Sue Goffe• Wild Life – Amanda Forbis and Wendy Tilby
BEST LIVE ACTION SHORT FILM• The Shore – Terry George and Oorlagh George• Pentecost – Peter McDonald and Eimear OKane• Raju – Max Zähle and Stefan Gieren• Time Freak – Andrew Bowler and Gigi Causey• Tuba Atlantic – Hallvar Witzø
BEST ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY• Midnight in Paris – Woody Allen• The Artist – Michel Hazanavicius• Bridesmaids – Kristen Wiig and Annie Mumolo• Margin Call – J.C. Chandor• A Separation – Asghar Farhadi
BEST ADAPTED SCREENPLAY• The Descendants – Alexander Payne, Nat Faxon, and Jim Rash from The Descendants by Kaui Hart Hemmings• Hugo – John Logan from The Invention of Hugo Cabret by Brian Selznick• The Ides of March – George Clooney, Grant Heslov, and Beau Willimon from Farragut North by Beau Willimon• Moneyball – Screenplay by Steven Zaillian and Aaron Sorkin; Story by Stan Chervin from Moneyball by Michael Lewis• Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy – Bridget OConnor and Peter Straughan from Tinker, by John le Carré
BEST SOUND EDITING• Hugo – Philip Stockton and Eugene Gearty• Drive – Lon Bender and Victor Ray Ennis• The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo – Ren Klyce• Transformers: Dark of the Moon – Ethan Van der Ryn and Erik Aadahl• War Horse – Richard Hymns and Gary Rydstrom
BEST SOUND MIXING• Hugo – Tom Fleischman and John Midgley• The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo – David Parker, Michael Semanick, Ren Klyce, and Bo Persson• Moneyball – Deb Adair, Ron Bochar, David Giammarco, and Ed Novick• Transformers: Dark of the Moon – Greg P. Russell, Gary Summers, Jeffrey, and Peter J. Devlin• War Horse – Gary Rydstrom, Andy Nelson, Tom Johnson, and Stuart Wilson
BEST ART DIRECTION• Hugo – Dante Ferretti and Francesca Lo Schiavo• The Artist – Laurence Bennett and Robert Gould• Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 – Stuart Craig and Stephanie McMillan• Midnight in Paris – Anne Seibel and Hélène Dubreuil• War Horse – Rick Carter and Lee Sandales
BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY• Hugo – Robert Richardson• The Artist – Guillaume Schiffman• The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo – Jeff Cronenweth• The Tree of Life – Emmanuel Lubezki• War Horse – Janusz Kamiński
BEST MAKEUP• The Iron Lady – Mark Coulier and J. Roy Helland• Albert Nobbs – Martial Corneville, Lynn Johnson, and Matthew W. Mungle• Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 – Nick Dudman, Amanda Knight, and Lisa Tomblin
BEST COSTUME DESIGN• The Artist – Mark Bridges• Anonymous – Lisy Christl• Hugo – Sandy Powell• Jane Eyre – Michael OConnor• W.E. – Arianne Phillips
BEST FILM EDITING• The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo – Angus Wall and Kirk Baxter• The Artist – Anne-Sophie Bion and Michel Hazanavicius• The Descendants – Kevin Tent• Hugo – Thelma Schoonmaker• Moneyball – Christopher Tellefsen
BEST VISUAL EFFECTS• Hugo – Rob Legato, Joss Williams, Ben Grossmann, and Alex Henning• Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 – Tim Burke, David Vickery, Greg Butler, and John Richardson• Real Steel – Erik Nash, John Rosengrant, Danny Gordon Taylor, and Swen Gillberg• Rise of the Planet of the Apes – Joe Letteri, Dan Lemmon, R. Christopher White, and Daniel Barrett• Transformers: Dark of the Moon – Scott Farrar, Scott Benza, Matthew E. Butler, and John Frazier
BEST ORIGINAL SCORE• The Artist – Ludovic Bource• The Adventures of Tintin – John Williams• Hugo – Howard Shore• Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy – Alberto Iglesias• War Horse – John Williams