Chapter 13 English Grammar Made Easy

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Thirteenth set is more about ‘Modals’; here they are detailed further how to form polite questions, ask permission, give instruction, to order, to make it compulsory with help of modals.

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Chapter 13 English Grammar Made Easy

  1. 1. By VanSight
  2. 2. COPYRIGHT 2009 VANSIGHT division of Synbiz Solutions Pvt Ltd No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of VanSight Division of Synbiz Solutions Pvt Ltd. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. VanSight is trademark of Synbiz Solutions Pvt Ltd. All other product and service names mentioned and associated logos displayed are the trademarks of their respective companies. Data contained in this document serves informational and educational purposes only. The information in this document is proprietary to Synbiz Solutions Pvt Ltd. This product contains training material for English or Soft Skills or Personality Development. Synbiz assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in this document. Synbiz does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of the information, text, graphics, links, or other items contained within this material. This document is provided without a warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. 2
  3. 3. Chapter 13 Modals Part II CONTENTS 13-1 Using should 13-2 Using have + infinitive (have to/has to) 13-3 Using must 13-4 Polite questions: may I, could I, and can I 13-5 Polite questions: could you and would you 13-6 Imperative sentences 13-7 Modal auxiliaries 13-8 Summary chart: modal auxiliaries and similar… 13-9 Using let’s 3
  4. 4. 13-1 USING SHOULD My hair is very long. I should cut it. 4
  5. 5. 13-1 USING SHOULD (a) My hair is very long. I should cut it. (b) Ali is hungry. He should eat lunch. (c) You are tired. You should go home. should = This is a good idea. (advice) 5
  6. 6. 13-1 USING SHOULD (d) I You She He should go. It We They should + simple form of verb 6
  7. 7. 13-1 USING SHOULD (d) He should go. He should goes. ? He should to go. ? should + simple form of verb 7
  8. 8. 13-1 USING SHOULD (e) You should not go out in the rain. You will get wet. (f) You shouldn’t go out in the rain. NEGATIVE: should not CONTRACTION: should + not = shouldn’t 8
  9. 9. 13-1 Let’s Practice wash them try harder call your mother learn to drive go to the library stop smoking Your clothes are dirty. You should ___________. 9
  10. 10. 13-1 Let’s Practice wash them try harder call your mother learn to drive go to the library stop smoking Your mother called. You should ___________. 10
  11. 11. 13-1 Let’s Practice wash them try harder call your mother learn to drive go to the library stop smoking Your books are due. You should ______________. 11
  12. 12. 13-1 Let’s Practice wash them try harder call your mother learn to drive go to the library stop smoking Your car is new. You should _____________. 12
  13. 13. 13-1 Let’s Practice wash them try harder call your mother learn to drive go to the library stop smoking You are not trying hard. You should _____________. 13
  14. 14. 13-1 Let’s Practice wash them try harder call your mother learn to drive go to the library stop smoking Smoking is not healthy. You should _____________. 14
  15. 15. 13-2 USING HAVE + INFINITIVE (HAVE TO/HAS TO) People need to drink water. People have to drink water. 15
  16. 16. 13-2 USING HAVE + INFINITIVE (HAVE TO/HAS TO) (a) People need to drink water. same (b) People have to drink water. meaning (c) Lance needs to work. same (d) Lance has to work. meaning have + infinitive = need 16
  17. 17. 13-2 USING HAVE + INFINITIVE (HAVE TO/HAS TO) (e) I had to work yesterday. PAST FORM: had + infinitive 17
  18. 18. 13-2 USING HAVE + INFINITIVE (HAVE TO/HAS TO) (f) Does she have to work tonight? (g) What time do you have to work? (h) Why did you have to work today? QUESTION FORM: do, does, did used with have to 18
  19. 19. 13-2 USING HAVE + INFINITIVE (HAVE TO/HAS TO) (i) I don’t have to work today. He doesn’t have to go home. (j) The bus was early. We didn’t have to wait. NEGATIVE FORM: don’t, doesn’t, didn’t used with have to 19
  20. 20. 13-2 Let’s Practice What do you have to do next week? (click and type) 20
  21. 21. View full presentation at www.vansight.net 21

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