The Chinese Revolution - Vanessa.F


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English ppt about the Chinese Revolution and Chairman Mao

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The Chinese Revolution - Vanessa.F

  1. 1. The Chinese Revolution Cultural Revolution
  2. 2. Mao Ze Dong~ chairman Mao <ul><li>Born to a Hunanese family in 26 th December 1893 </li></ul><ul><li>He was the founder of the “people’s republic” </li></ul><ul><li>He led the Communist Party of China to victory against the nationalists “Kuomintang” after more than 20 years of civil war </li></ul><ul><li>He died in 9 th September 1976 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Maoism- His revolutionary ideas <ul><li>Mao was greatly influenced by Marxism, a political idea formed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engel. They also developed communist theory </li></ul><ul><li>A book written by Karl Marx, called “The Communist Manifesto” strongly influenced Mao’s political ideas. The book is about how proletarians should rebel against bourgeoisies to bring about a “classless” society. </li></ul><ul><li>Karl Marx feels that the bourgeoisies are exploiting the proletarians. He says that “Religion is the opiate of the people” because the proletarians are just accepting their situation and are not taking action against the injustice of being exploited and having to endure their suffering </li></ul>
  4. 4. What Mao taught… <ul><li>Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun </li></ul><ul><li>people, not weapons, are decisive in waging war </li></ul><ul><li>The proletariat must forge military strategy and tactics which can bring into play its particular advantages, by unleashing and relying upon the initiative and enthusiasm of the revolutionary masses </li></ul><ul><li>insisted on the need to lead the masses in carrying out revolutionary transformations and to develop these politically, economically and culturally in the service of advancing revolutionary warfare. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Public Humiliation Trials… <ul><li>Pull hair </li></ul><ul><li>Force to drink water/ other liquids </li></ul><ul><li>Kneel in broken shards of glass </li></ul><ul><li>Have your alleged “crimes” called out to while kneeling in front of an audience </li></ul><ul><li>Public beating </li></ul><ul><li>Stoning </li></ul><ul><li>hanging </li></ul>
  6. 6. Personal anecdote <ul><li>Before 1949 Oct.1 st - grandpa- lawyer; established own law firm in China- Guangzhou </li></ul><ul><li>Realized that the communists were gaining a lot of power since KMT & Jiang jieshe went to Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Escaped from Guangzhou to HK for a year </li></ul><ul><li>HK law is different </li></ul><ul><li>Started doing business- very unsuccessfully </li></ul><ul><li>Went to Macau- had peace for a while </li></ul><ul><li>Started teaching in schools and later on, opened tuition centre in home </li></ul>
  7. 7. Anecdote continued… <ul><li>The CPC (communist party of China) had been busy getting rid of traces of history and destroyed historic relics as Mao was obsessed with people looking up to him as the only leader. Mao did not like people to know about history and about Kings and royalties as he should be the only one in control </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural revolution affected Macau- 1967 Dec 3 rd Macau riot </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dai Sijie <ul><li>Dai Sijie was born in China in 1954. </li></ul><ul><li>He came from an educated middle-class family </li></ul><ul><li>Maoist government sent him to a re-education camp in rural Sichuan from 1971 to 1974 during the Cultural Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>After his return, he was able to complete high school and university, where he studied art history. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1984, he left China for France on a scholarship. </li></ul>