With my Chinese wife 杨金豹and “our world citizen” Alex - 李曌宇
Hobbies Space travel & astronomy Active member of astronomical & aeronautical associations in Belgium, Ireland and Spain JVS Sirius/Murzim vzw in Aalst (since 1986) Travelling, archaeology and science
Education University College Ghent Mercator Faculty of Applied Business Bachelor Secretarial Management - Languages 1995 PCVO – Ghent & VTH – Aalst School for evening classes Chinese, Spanish, French and German 1995-2007 Vrij Technisch Instituut - Aalst Senior secondary technical school Diploma in A2 Electronics Certificate of competence 1991
Work experience (1995-now) Shenyang Aerospace University - China Flanders-China Chamber of Commerce - Ghent Flanders Investment & Trade/APAC - Brussels UZ Ghent AIJ Ibérica/Première Travel/Villapac - Spain UPS - Ireland Belgacom - Brussels Distrigas - Brussels
Shenyang situation Northeast China (Dongbei 东北 ) Capital of Liaoning province +/- 900km from Beijing Easy access by plane/rail/road from Beijing +/- 1 hour by plane +/- 4 hours by high speed train +/- 8 hours by bus
Largest cities in China (population in million)1. Chongqing 282. Shanghai 183. Beijing 124. Tianjin 115. Guangzhou 106. Harbin 9.87. Wuhan 8.98. Xi’an 8.39. Shenyang 8.1
Shenyang 沈阳 : a “2nd tier city” “Shenyang City” area: 3,464 km2 km2 (+/- West-Flanders) population: 5,743,718 (+/- Flanders) “Shenyang DC” area: 12,942 km2 km2 (+/- Flanders) population: 8,106,171 (Flanders+Wallonia) “Big size, many people” to Belgian standards
Shenyang “From rust belt to green belt” China’s industrial revolution started here! Heavy industry since 1930s: mining, steel, machinery, electrical equipment and heavy-duty machines. Past: One of the world’s most polluted cities Dirty, inefficient, polluting heavy industries Progress: In 1999 UN Model city for sustainable development Present: Renewing its heavy industry & introducing new industries Automotive (BMW, GM, Michelin,...) green energy (solar panels, wind turbines,...) Aerospace (SAI, SAC, SLAG, AVIC Shenyang,.. Parts for Airbus & Boeing Comac C919 ARJ21 Steel: 2 steel cord plants from Bekaert! Bekaert Shenyang Steel Cord Co. Ltd (BSSC) Bekaert Shenyang Advanced Products Co. Ltd (BSAP)
Shenyang weather Continental climate Annual average t°= 8C 4 seasons are distinctive Mild spring & autumn with some rain Dry cold winters (-11C average) Humid hot summers (+25C average) Extreme t°: −33C to +39 C Windy, few cloudy and rainy days
Shenyang’s “Forbidden City” 沈阳故宫 - Shenyang Gugong Imperial palace build between 1625 & 1636 by Nuerhachi (Taizu), 1st emperor Qing dynasty. 2nd largest palace in China (60 000m2): 114 buildings, >500 rooms “Mini version” of Beijing’s “Forbidden city” Since 2004 UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. About my job… Foreign Expert at Shenyang Aerospace University (SAU) Already 4 years In line with my education, experience and hobby 80% teaching (English/French) 20% “others” lectures, expos, negotiations,…
Teaching Courses (basic: 16 hours/week) Mostly Spoken English Chinese university students: Practical English: Bachelor/Master, all majors Aeronautical English: “Flyboys-girls” Pilots, Flight Attendants and Air Traffic Controllers Aircraft designers & engineers + Preparation of courses, administration,…
“Others” Giving lectures about aerospace Writing articles in journals Contact with foreign universities Organizing expos Receiving foreign delegations Member of the jury: language contests evaluation of French language teachers
“Made in space”Space applications in our daily life Presented by Kris Liebaut Foreign Expert, SAU March 18th 2011, 14h SAU, Friendship Villa, room 708
Organizing expos, e.g.:Belgium heart of Europe in 2011
Shenyang Aerospace University 沈阳航空航天大学 Shĕnyáng Hángkōng Hángtīan Dàxué
About SAU… Top 5 of Chinese aerospace universities Top 10 of universities in Liaoning Very strong in engineering Past: One of the six universities operated by the Chinese Ministry of Aviation Now: Joint-operated by Liaoning Provincial Department & Chinese Ministry of IT
SAU in a nutshell... “University city” in Shenyang, Liaoning province Located in the north of Shenyang (Shenbei New District) Founded in 1952 600,000 m2 floor space 120ha landscaped gardens. 1,600 staff of which 900 (incl.12 foreigners) are academic > 20,000 students (of which 200 foreigners) Library of > 2 million books
SAU offers… 43 majors for bachelor degrees 38 majors for master degrees Joint programs for PhDs Focus on engineering Recently enhanced with curricula in areas like science, management and arts.
Partnerships network of 50 partnerships to provide practical training both inside and outside the campus Cooperative agreements with >70 universities & companies worldwide active exchange programs for teachers & students
International students 2012-2013 200 international students studying mainly: International Business Chinese Culture Aircraft Manufacturing Aerospace Propulsion Theory and Engineering
Universities with exchange programs Per continent Asia: 28 (mostly South Korea) Europe: 23 (*) America: 12 (**) (only USA & Canada) Oceania: 5 (only Australia) Africa: 5 */ Incl. Russia & Turkey **/ USA+Canada
Asia South Korea = 10 Seowon Univerity, Kyonggi University, Inha University, Korea Aerospace University, Konkuk University, Soongsil University, Far East University, Kwangju Womens University, Inha Technical College, Jaeneung College Bangladesh = 3 Aeronautical College of Bangladesh, Daffodil International University, Brac University Japan: Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Kobe International University Sri Lanka: South Eastern University, University of Sri Jayewardenepura Malaysia: University of Kuala Lumpur, University of Malaya Thailand: Burapha University, Thailand Chulalongkorn University Cambodia: University of Management and Economics Nepal: Tribuhuvan Univeristy Singapore: EASB Institute of Management Ngee Ann Polytechnic Indonesia : Malang State Polytechnic Laos : National University of Laos Pakistan : Mehran University, Jamshoro
Europe Russia Amur State University, MATI-Russian State Technological University, Komsomolsk-on-Amure State Technical University, South Ural University, Novosibirsk State Technical University, Siberian State Aerospace University France University of Picardy-Jules Verne Amiens, European Institute of Technology, Institut Polytechnique des Sciences Avancees (IPSA) England De Montfort University, University of Wales Aberystwyth Spain The University Group 9 (G-9), Universidad Europea de Madrid Ukraine National Technical University, National Aviation University Germany: Bauhaus University Weimar Portugal: Lusofona University Sweden: Karlstad University Turkey: Ankara university Poland: Lublin University of Technology Czechia: VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava Cyprus: Frederick University Greece: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
America USA = 9 Saginaw Valley University, Mississippi State University, University of Alaska, University of California, Long Beach Air Safety Flight Academy, Southern Virginia College, Bel-Air International, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, USA Aviation Flying School Canada = 3 National Institute of Aeronautic Techniques Southern Alberta Institute of Technology Canada International Education Center
Oceania (Australia) Central Queensland University Australia Griffith University University of Ballarat Swinburne University of Technology Flight Training Australia
Africa Kenya Moi University Kenya Aeronautical College Ethiopia Jimma University Senegal lUniversité Cheikh Anta Diop De Dakar Nigeria Nigerian College of Aviation Technology - Zaria
In Western Europe Very active exchange program with 2 French universities: University of Picardy - Jules Verne in Amiens Institut Polytechnique des Sciences Avancees (IPSA) – Paris/Toulouse
UNIVERSITE de Picardie LICENCE (professional bachelor) Commercial development and exchange management Production optimization A French-Chinese course
Institute of Technology (IUT) Licence (Bachelor degree) A French degree for Chinese students Production Optimization Commercial development and exchange management Year 1: Prep. year in Shenyang Intensive course on French language Year 2: Licence 1 in Shenyang 30% French lecturers Year 3: Licence 2 in Shenyang 30% French lecturers Year 4: Licence 3 in Amiens (France) 100% French lecturers
Current exchange programs 2+2: Bachelor’s & master’s students 3+1: 3 years SAU + 1 year foreign university 4+1: 4 years SAU + 1 year foreign university 1 for 1: exchange program 1 teacher/student SAU <> 1 from a foreign univ. Study trips Lectures from professors/teachers Summer camps Prospection visits Recognition of your degree in China …
Practical… Courses for international students taught in English and/or Chinese Education in Chinese: Pass Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK) E.g.: Level 6 for Bachelor of Arts E.g.: Level 3 for Bachelor in science Education in English: TOEFL score: min. 550 or equivalent
Type of courses Required courses Chinese language Introduction to China Courses related with your major Elective courses Choose according to your interest
Programs for Bachelor DegreesCurrently available in English:1. Computer Science and Technology2. Telecommunication Engineering3. Mechanical and Electronics Engineering4. Aeronautical Engineering
All Bachelor Degree Programs01 Computer Science and Technology 02 Internet Engineering03 Areonautical Engineering(Aircraft Manufacture Engineering) 04 Engineering Mechanics05 Mechanical Design Manufacture & Automation 06 Aero-power Engineering07 Thermal Energy and Power Engineering 08 Environment Engineering09 Safety Engineering 10 Fire-fighting Engineering11 Insurance 12 Flight Technology13 Vehicle Engineering 14 Aircraft Design and Engineering15 Electronic Information Engineering 16 Telecommunication Engineering17 Measurement & Control Technology & Instruments 18 Automation19 Metal Materials Engineering 20 Material Forming and Control Engineering21 Macromolecule Material & Engineering 22 Public Affairs Management23 Information Management & Information Systems 24 Tourism Management25 Marketing 26 Industrial Engineering27 Human Resources Management 28 International Economics & Trade29 Finance 30 Information & Computational Science31 Industrial Design 32 Clothing Design & Engineering33 English 34 Japanese35 Art Design 36 Animation37 Numeral Medium Art 38 Advertisement39 Transportation 40 Mechanical and Electronics Engineering41 Detection, Guidance and Control Technology 42 Logistics Management43 Applied Physics
Programs for Master DegreesCurrently available in English:1. Enterprise Management2. Computer Applied Technology3. Mechanical Design and Theory4. Signal and Information Processing5. Mechatronics engineering6. Thermal energy engineering7. Aerospace Propulsion Theory and Engineering8. Aircraft Manufacturing Engineering9. Aviation Management
All programs for Master DegreesMechanical Manufacture and Automation Mechatronics engineeringMechanical Design and Theory Thermal energy engineeringMaterialogy Communication & Information systemsPattern Recognition & Intelligence Systems Computer software & theoriesComputer Software & Theory Computer system structuresComputer Applied Technology Digital signal & Information processingSafety Technology & Engineering Material processing engineeringAircraft Design General dynamics & Basic mechanicsAerospace Propulsion Theory & Engineering Solid mechanicsAircraft Manufacturing Engineering Engineering mechanicsMan-Machine & Environmental Engineering Engineering thermophysicsEducation in Ideology & Politics Power mechanics & engineeringArt Design Fluid machinery & engineeringEngineering Mechanics Vehicle engineeringEnterprise Management Control theories & engineeringAviation Management Detection technology & automationSystem engineering Technical economy & managementNavigation, guidance & control Basic principles of MarxismScience management & Engineering Research on sinicism of MarxismAccounting Research on modern Chinese history
Outstanding International Students’ scholarship (OISS) – SAU * 1st prize (min. avrge 85%, each course min 80%) 300RMB/month – 5% foreign students 2nd prize (min. avrge 80%, each course min 75%) 200RMB/month – 10% foreign students 3rd prize (min. avrge 70%, each course min 70%) 150RMB/month – 40% foreign students Single item scholarship (min. 65% all courses) Between 50 & 100RMB/month* For 2012-2013, Subject to change
CGS-UPP scholarship Chinese Government Scholarship – University Postgraduate Program Foreign Master degree students Not yet studying in Chinese universities Education background and age limits Excellent grades Not receiving any other scholarship at time of application Others: check website, subject to change For SAU, only following full-time postgraduate studies: Computer Science and Technology Mechanical Engineering Aerospace More info: http://laihua.csc.edu.cn http://www.csc.edu.cn
In BelgiumIn Belgium: Till 2010:coop. KU Leuven/Fac.Engineering Present: Contacts with Ghent University, Hasselt University, Group T, Liege University and… Howest Till now: no cooperation
More info about SAU? Check out the website: http://en.sau.edu.cn/ Chinese website in 5 foreign languages! English/French/Chinese/Japanese/Korean
5. The Foreign Expert in China Short history of the Foreign Experts What’s a Foreign Expert? How to be a Foreign Expert?
What’s a Foreign expert? (FE) VAP = Value-Added PersonA foreigner whose knowledge cannot be found (easily) in China
Short history of the Foreign Experts1. Pioneers (7th-13th century)2. Missionaries (1557-1949)3. Soviet era (1949-1959)4. Close door era (1960-1978)5. Go global era (1979-now)
Pioneers (7th-13th century)• “Foreigners via the silk road”• Willem Van Rubroeck: Before Marco Polo!• Marco Polo: First Foreign Expert?“First taste of China in the West and vice versa”
Tang dynasty (618-907)• Via silk route several foreigners enter China• New religions Buddhism, Islam, Mazdeism, Christianity,… are introduced• Culture strong influence of western (mostly Indian/Persian) art, dance, music and even foreign restaurants!• Strong foreign influence ends in 845 – Will resume during Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty (1271-1368)• Mongolian leader Khubilai Khan, ruler of China and Mongolia (1215-1294)• Completed conquest of China in 1271 + start Yuan dynasty• First contacts with Christian monks from Europe:• Willem Van Rubroeck (William of Rubruck), born in Kassel, French-Flanders (over de Schreve). – On behalf of the French King Louis IX, he travelled in 1253 as far as Karakorum (Qara Qorum), then capital of the Mongol empire. – On his return in 1255, William presented to Louis IX a very clear and precise report in Latin one of the great masterpieces of medieval geographical literature.
Marco Polo The first foreign expert?• Italian explorer Marco Polo (1254-1324)• Son of a rich Venetian merchant• Arrives in Beijing at Khubilai Khan’s court in 1274 and works for him as a “foreign expert”.• Travels 17 years through Asia.• Returns in Venice in 1295.• His report “Il Milione” is the most famous book written about the Asian countries and people he met underway.
Zheng He “The Chinese Columbus”• Zheng He (1371-1435), China’s famous admiral• 300 giant ships and 30 000 sailors• 7 sailing trips to Southeast Asia, Arabia and Africa• Some of his ships discovered America long before Columbus?• After him, China closed itself again and would pay a heavy price for it…
Missionaries (1557-1949)West opened the door to China 1557: Portuguese trade post Macao ( 澳门 ) 1624-1661: Dutch VOC rule of Taiwan Christian missionaries entering China via Macau Most famous one: our “Ferdinand Verbiest” first Belgian Expert in China.. from West-Flanders!
Ferdinand Verbiest 南怀仁 °1623 Pittem, +1688 Beijing Born in Pittem, West-Flanders, Jesuit missionary during the Qing dynasty. 1st “Foreign Expert” at court of Chinese emperor Kangxi 康熙 . Astronomer, inventor, diplomat and engineer Improved Chinese astronomy by using European knowledge. ”Steam engineer”: designed the first ever small steam engine to propel a toy car/ship. Emperor’s diplomat & translator could speak and write 7 languages! “Project manager”: e.g.: construction of aquaducts & dikes, casting of modern 132 cannons for the imperial army. In 1670-1674: designed 6 new astronomical instruments for the Old Observatory in Beijing: instruments still on display! Died in 1688, only westerner in Chinese history with posthumous name given by the Emperor.
Philippe Couplet - 柏应理 The man who brought China to Europe• Philippe Couplet (°1623 - 1693) was a Belgian Jesuit missionary in China.• He was born in Mechelen, Belgium (then: Spanish Netherlands).• Philippe Couplet left for China in 1656 where he took various responsibilities.• Upon his return to Europe in 1685, he brought with him 2 Chinese converts, including Michael Shen Fu-Tsung (Miguel Shen Fuzong).• Shen Fu-Tsung was one of the first Chinese men to visit Europe.• Both Couplet and Shen answered questions about the nature of the Chinese language posed by linguists in Oxford, Berlin and Vienna.• In 1687 Couplet published the book: "Confucius, Philosopher of the Chinese".• This was a translation of 3 books from which the study of the Confucian canon traditionally started.• Couplet’s preface to the translation highly praised the works of Confucius.• With his book, Couplet was the first in history to introduce Chinese Confucian thinking to the Western world!
Difficult times for “foreign experts”• Start of the 18th century: – Pope forbids confucianism, worship of ancestors and doesn’t recognize the emperor as a god – Emperor’s reaction: – 1721: all catholic missionaries must leave China – 1724: China closed for foreign religions• Start of difficult relations with foreigners, starting from the end of the 18th century till the middle of the 20th century!• Dangerous times few western missionaries Change into non-missionary “Foreign Experts” like Paul Splingaerd
Paul Splingaerd - 林輔臣 From foundling to Belgian mandarin• Paul Splingaerd (Brussels, 1842 - Xian, 1906) was a Belgian foundling who became a high official or mandarin in the late Qing government.• In China he was known by many names, including Lin Fuchen ( 林輔臣 ), Su Pe Lin Ge Er de ( 斯普林格尔德 ) , Lin Balu, Lin Baoluo, Bilishi Lin, Lin Darin or Lin Ta Jen.• While running a trading business in Mongolia (1872–1881), Paul was called by viceroy Li Hongzhang to serve as Customs Inspector at Jiuquan （酒泉） , Gansu province. During his 14 years as a mandarin in Jiuquan, he ran the Small Pox clinic and fostered understanding and appreciation of westerners, their culture and technology.• Paul acted as a liaison on various Sino-Belgian projects in the late nineteenth century.• The best known are the negotiations for Belgium to build the first major railway in China, the Beijing-Hankou Railroad and the development of Belgian-Chinese enterprises in Lanzhou, capital of Gansu province.• In 2008 the city of Jiuquan, erected a statue in his honor.
Bloody interludium “Tough times”1911: “The last emperor” of the Qing dynasty Start of the Republic of China1911-1926: Chaotic period with warlords & increasing influence of Japan1926-1937: 1st Civil War between nationalistic army of Chiang Kai-Shek (Jiang Jieshi) and communists of Mao Zedong Long March 1934-19351937-1945: Chinese-Japanese War1945-1949: 2nd Civil War, ending with Jiang Jieshi’s flight to Taiwan and start of the People’s Republic of China on Oct.1“Foreign Experts” mostly military advisors, businessmen or missionaries working for own account or a foreign country
Soviet era (1949-1959)• First 10 years of “New China”• Foreign Experts mostly from Soviet Union and called “Soviet Experts” or Soviet Consultants• New China was learning (copying Soviet model)• Soviet experts exerted strong influence on architecture, industry, agriculture, education, administration,,,• Influence can still be seen today!
Close door era (1960-1978)• August 1960: All Soviet experts left Hostility between Soviet Union & China 1966-1976: Cultural revolution• Result: – Expulsion of most foreigners – Very few foreign experts – China’s “stand still”
Foreign Teaching Experts “Employing few but essential” (1979-1991)• After 1978: Denx Xiaoping’s Reform & opening-up policy• “Project of Introduction of Foreign Intelligence”• Foreign Experts reappeared mostly Foreign Teachers• All foreign teachers• introduced as Foreign Experts, regardless of academic fields & educational qualifications• selected by State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs to taught in colleges & universities• most from developed countries, employed in “institutions” to teach almost everything from foreign languages to subjects at “university level”• Slogan: “Employing few but essential”
“Go global & diversify” (1991-now) China’s globalization process• 1991: Economical boom huge demand for Foreign Experts! – Increasing opening-up & reform towards capitalism – Policy and social attitude more open towards foreign teachers• 1996: Administrative measures for educational institutions (EI’s). Right for EI’s ,eligible to recruit foreign teachers, to decide number+who to employ• List of institutions qualified to employ foreign experts, published by State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs, also has Kindergartens, language training and middle schools, public and private schools.• In 1994: 1130 institutions, 2001: 2087 institutions and 2009 already 5751 in March of that year!• Explosive increase not only in numbers but also in type of foreign experts• Not only in education, but also in business, industry,..• Since 1996: “Foreign Professionals” replaced the term “Foreign Experts” Not only foreign experts and teachers in education, but also foreign CEOs in joint ventures
Foreign Experts in China “You are not alone”!1979 : 1171989: 2571981: 4011986-1991 : >6002011: 529,000!
The future… Quality before quantity• Since 2011• China Foreign Expert Bureau – Start “Top Foreign Expert Program” – Incl. “1000 Foreign Experts plan”• Already employed 100 people.Goal: In 10 years to employ500 -1000 “Top Foreign Expert”
In Liaoning > 30 000 Foreign Experts in 2012 Speech Liaoning governor Chen to attract 1500 new experts/year to “renew” Liaoning’s old industrial base Election “Best Foreign Expert” Companies & institutions 60 laureates in 2012: Dutchmen Hemmo Luijeirink (Fuwa Global Heavy Industry) Others: Vice-Presidents of Brilliance-BMW & Bombardier
Friendship Award 中华人民共和国友谊奖 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Youyì Jiǎng• Literally "The Peoples Republic of China Friendship Award“• Peoples Republic of Chinas highest award for "foreign experts who have made outstanding contributions to the countrys economic and social progress“• First established in 1950s experts from Soviet Union and East European countries by premier Zhou Enlai and foreign minister Chen Yi. Friendship award abolished from 1960s till 1991.• New Friendship Award in 1991• Winners selected by State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA) under the State Council.• Consist of a medal + award certificate. Medal decorated with picture of the Great Wall + inscription "Friendship Award" in Chinese (" 友谊奖 ")• Besides the national friendship award, various local foreign expert awards are also being made at the provincial, regional, and municipal levels.• One of the laureates was Geert Roelens, Group Executive Vice-President Bekaert, Belgium (2009)
What do you need to be a FE? Motivation Preparation Education Experience Guanxi (Networking)
MotivationWhy working abroad? Why China?Take a paper with 2 columns: +/-to check if China is your “cup of tea”Large difference if you go to China for your Belgian (based) company for short/long term!If so: check paractical details with your company!Remember:grass is always greener on the other side!working abroad = last one on the road!Life in China = Laws of MurphyYou will not change China, China will change you!
Preparation• Make your homework!• Provide enough “start-up” money!Willing to:• learning the country, language and culture• leave family & friends• make a study tour!
Preparation (6 months-1year)1. Idea2. Reading & learning about China3. Learning Chinese/Meeting Chinese4. Job searching 1. Check Belgian administration 2. Check Chinese administration 3. Guanxi / Job sites / Job fairs5. Sending your application letter + CV (English/Chinese)6. Interviews by phone/in Belgium7. Preparation tour to China (appointments already made)8. Interview, discussion + sign/don’t sign the contract9. Inform Belgian administration10.Inform Chinese administration11.Arrange practical details12.Work
Belgian administration• Your bank• Passport (your city)• Your employer/university• Health insurance CM, BM,NZ,…• Social security Union, DOSZ,…• Unemployment office VDAB• Tax office• City admin “Dienst Bevolking”• …
Chinese administration• Visa (Chinese embassy)• Documents from Employer/University/Hotel in China• Medical examination• Switch from Z visa to residence permit• Opening a Chinese bank account
Chinese visa for foreigners Z visa – “Work visa”: foreigner who come to China to work D visa – “Green card”: foreigner who want to be resident in China X visa – “Student long visa”: student/short term study/internship >6 months F visa – “Student short/Business visa”: visitor/business/science&technology exchange/short term study/internship <6 months L visa: “Tourist visa”: foreigner who wants to travel, family visiting or other private business, group visa >9 foreigners G visa – “Transit visa”: foreigner who only pass China C visa – “Transport visa”: air & navy staff, intern. train conductors, sailors J-1 visa – “Press resident visa”: press reporters resident in China J-2 visa – “Press temp visa”: temporary foreigner reporters Source: Website Chinese central government : http://www.gov.cn/banshi/2005-05/26/content_1300.htm
Education• Going to China to study – Good way to know China is something for you without taking too many risks – Check with your university or another Belgian university possibilities & conditions• Going to China to work – Check if your educational background is sufficient ！ – To work: • Good health • Min. Bachelor degree • Very good knowledge of English and basic Chinese (spoken)
Experience• Not necessary if you go as a student• If you want to work: – Experience in studying/working in an English- speaking country! UK,IRL,US,Can,Aus,NZ – Chinese prefer native speakers or people studied/worked in an English-speaking country! – Relevant work experience in your/another country
Guanxi (Networking)Meeting Chinese students & business people in Belgium• Events organized by Belgian universities E.g.: Chinese New Year’s parties, job fairs, …• B-2-B meetings organized by: Flanders-China Chamber of Commerce, FIT, VOKA, UNIZO, Vlamingen in de Wereld,…
Evaluation system for foreign expert (if you don’t have guanxi) http://evaluation.safea.gov.cn/login.php• Developed together with the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs, Peoples Republic China (PRC) and the Capital University of Economics and Business.• Designed to carry out the recently promulgated Administrative Licensing Law of the Peoples Republic of China.• The Law is being instituted in order to regulate the issuance of permits for foreign experts and to resolve current problems of introducing oral English teachers into the nations public education services.• This system consists of three subsystems: resume, written test, and an online interview.• The tests comprise a general personnel evaluation profile and a general knowledge test on China and other current world topics.• This system will automatically analyze these tests and generate an evaluation report.• The results will help employers evaluate the candidates basic information and his/her abilities to become a successful professional worker in China.• Put in your id password code, you have to register for it
How to find a job in China? Guanxi Job sites www.chinahr.com zhaopin.com www.51job.com Job fairs Search & selection companies, e.g. Randstad,…
Social security in Chinahttp://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-09/10/content_15747940.htm120,000 expats covered by Chinese social insurance• More than 120,000 foreigners have subscribed to Chinas social security system so far, said Hu Xiaoyi, Chinas vice-minister of HR and social security• Hu said that local governments have been actively promoting the work since China offered to cover foreign employees by its social safety net last year.• The social insurance scheme that took effect October 15 2011 allows foreigners with work permits in China to receive the same retirement, unemployment, medical, work injury and maternity benefits as Chinese citizens.• The ministry has maintained communication with foreign organizations and enterprises in China to solve problems in the detailed implementation of the scheme, he said.• The ministry is also negotiating with 13 countries and regions on bilateral social insurance agreements, Hu added.
Your contract Rules & regulations Difference: Foreign/Mixed/Chinese Company or official institution Do your homework, don’t sign before you understand your contract 100% Don’t hesitate to ask English copy you understand! Ask questions before signing Need thrustworty Chinese person
What you need Min. Bachelor degree Very good knowledge of English Very good knowledge of Chinese culture Practical knowledge of Chinese A thrusthworty Chinese person
Tips & tricksWhat you need business cards (Chinese/Western name and contact details), Presents: pure Belgian chocolate, small bottle of Belgian alcoholic drinks (fruit beer), souvenirs (Manneke Pis, Atomium, photo book,…) Real Chinese friends : need liable interpreter/translator Flexibility: Take your time in negotiating a contract, keep searching for a job unless you both agree and sign the contract Chinese never say “no” Yes can mean yes but also maybe or no! Don’t wait for a reply but contact others instead… Good knowledge of English + knowledge of elementary Chinese is much appreciated Read between the lines, Chinese will not say anything without reason Remember: face, respect Contract is based on thrust not written, contents never fixed, try to solve via relations and talk a lot phone/face to face rather than e-mail Clothing: you are what you dress Always clean your shoes! Comb your hair! Shave! Be on time! Best 10 minutes earlier. If you are going to be too late (eg traffic jam): call person and explain raison!
Useful info 1Belgian websitesFlanders-China Chamber of Commercehttp://www.flanders-china.be/Flanders Investment & Trade http://www.fitagency.be/Unizo www.unizo.be/internationaalVlamingen in de wereld www.viw.beEmbassy of Belgium in Beijing6 San Li Tun Lu I Beijing 100600 I PR ChinaTel: (+86 10) 6532 1736 I Fax: (+86 10) 6532 5097www.diplomatie.be/beijing I www.belgiuminchina.com
Useful info 2Chinese websitesChinese government http://www.gov.cnForeign affairs website http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/default.shtmlMinistry of Commerce of the PRC: www.mofcom.gov.cnPeople’s government of Liaoning province: www.ln.gov.cnDept. of Education of Liaoning province: www.lnein.gov.cnDept. of Labour & Social Security of Liaoning province: www.ld.ln.gov.cnTourism Administration of Liaoning province: www.lntour.gov.cnPeople’s government of Shenyang city: www.shenyang.gov.cnShenyang International Industrial Park www.sysh.gov.cnShenyang-EU Economic Development Zone www.syeu.gov.cnPeople’s government of Anshan city: www.anshan.gov.cnPeople’s government of Dalian city: www.dl.gov.cnChina National Tourism Administration www.cnta.comChina Daily newspaper: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn
Useful info 3 De China toolkit “Stoemp met stokjes” Handleiding voor de Vlaamse ondernemer die zaken wil doen in China, 2006 Doing business in Liaoning province of China: MOFCOM China, 2006 China business handbook China Daily: 18/9/2009, 1/6/2011, 29/6/2011, 9/7/2012 Mainland China: an introductory guide for expatriates: Deloitte, 2005 China voor Vlamingen: Jan Van Meenen, Lannoo, 2007 De Smurfen : Peyo (slide 111)
My contact info…Kris Liebaut (Mr.)Foreign ExpertShenyang Aerospace UniversityE-mail: email@example.com