#SMOOC2014
PRIVACY & ETHICS
MODULE 4
Promoting Lifelong Learning Through
Online Networks
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for...
#SMOOC2014
Webinar Rules of the Road
Interacting During the Webinar
•  Feel free to use the chat
•  Feel free to tweet usi...
#SMOOC2014
About the MOOC
•  Co-designed by graduate students in the Instructional
Systems Program at Florida State Univer...
#SMOOC2014
Topics Covered in Webinar
•  Why you should care about ethics and privacy
•  Levels of privacy
•  What the rese...
#SMOOC2014
POLL – How concerned are you?
How concerned are you about privacy and ethics in
education?
A.  Very concerned
B...
#SMOOC2014
Privacy + Ethics
Privacy
•  Governs decisions about:
•  Your identity
•  With whom you share
personal informati...
#SMOOC2014
Privacy + Ethics
Privacy
•  Governs decisions about:
•  Your identity
•  With whom you share
personal informati...
#SMOOC2014
Laws, Acts and Policies are Limited
•  Don’t count on others to make your ethical decisions
•  Policies provide...
#SMOOC2014
The Excitement
I’ll have my students blog
and tweet …
We’ll use Facebook, too …
I’ll reach the digital natives
...
#SMOOC2014
The Problem
This assignment
makes me
uncomfortable Of course someone
in HR will Google
you before we make
a job...
#SMOOC2014
•  Your future employer was able to hear everything you said
in a class 3 years ago?
•  Your ex tracked you dow...
#SMOOC2014
Is this space private? How private?
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Fl...
#SMOOC2014
Is this space private? How private?
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Fl...
#SMOOC2014
Is this space private? How private?
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Fl...
#SMOOC2014
Is this space private? How private?
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Fl...
#SMOOC2014
Is this space private? How private?
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Fl...
#SMOOC2014
Levels of Privacy
Private
Password
protected
Restricted to
known parties
Semi-private
Password
protected
Restri...
#SMOOC2014
Levels of Privacy
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State Univer...
#SMOOC2014
Research Findings
•  From a survey conducted by Dennen & Burner (2013)
•  Participants: College students (n=147...
#SMOOC2014
FINDINGS: Students & Profs
•  Look up information
•  Search engines – 67%
•  Facebook – 30%
•  Follow professor...
#SMOOC2014
FINDINGS: Social Media & Courses
•  OK with required course social media use: 10%
•  Encourage instructors to u...
#SMOOC2014
FINDINGS: Online Coursework
•  Concerned about quality of work posted online: 52%
•  Remove online coursework a...
#SMOOC2014
Discussion
•  Students have some online boundary concerns and
issues
•  Want to use tools in some contexts, but...
#SMOOC2014
POLL – Facebook and Student/Instructor
Friends?
Are you comfortable being Facebook friends with your
students o...
#SMOOC2014
The Special Case of Facebook
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida S...
#SMOOC2014
Who’s Connected to Me
Me
Mom
Great Aunt
Sally
College Friend
Friends of
Friends
High School
Friend Student Coll...
#SMOOC2014
Privacy and Facebook
•  Half of all users struggle with privacy setting (Madden,
2012)
•  15% of traditional co...
#SMOOC2014
Facebook & Learner Motivation
Evidence that questions the claim
•  Students act out of agency rather than gener...
#SMOOC2014
Informal vs Formal School Use
Informal
•  Students choose to
integrate FB with school
experiences by using it t...
#SMOOC2014
Digital Footprint Dilemma
•  Students who already have a Facebook account / digital
footprint are being asked t...
#SMOOC2014
Digital Footprint Dilemma
Options:
•  Create new account under real name
•  Problem: Must now leave digital foo...
#SMOOC2014
Friending Dilemma
•  Is it acceptable for professors and students to be friends?
•  At what point?
•  Who shoul...
#SMOOC2014
POLL – Do you have guidelines?
Do you have social media guidelines for use with your
students? Select the optio...
#SMOOC2014
Our P&E Awareness Journeys
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida Sta...
#SMOOC2014
Our P&E Awareness Journey
1.  Stalker
2.  Googling
3.  Research Participants
4.  Public Blunders
5.  Time to Te...
#SMOOC2014
Situation 1: Stalker
Context: Online course, around 1998
•  Student had an active stalker
•  Was fearful of int...
#SMOOC2014
Situation 2: Googling
Context A: Reflective blog for course (mandatory
assignment)
•  While vanity googling dur...
#SMOOC2014
Situation 3: Research Participant
Context: Student (preservice teacher) tweeting under real
name, both for clas...
#SMOOC2014
Situation 4: Public Blunders
Context: Student was given an assignment to get
information from an expert.
•  Stu...
#SMOOC2014
Situation 5: Time to Teach Technology
Context: Teaching various social media tools to
undergraduates
•  Student...
#SMOOC2014
Situation 6: Plagiarism / Copying
Context: A college level course
•  Students grabbing content from online site...
#SMOOC2014
Social Media Guidelines
•  What are the most important elements for you?
•  What guidelines do you already have...
#SMOOC2014
Wrap Up
•  Think about how social media guidelines could help you
perform your job better
•  What would you inc...
#SMOOC2014
THANKS FOR JOINING US!
Time for Questions
Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Denne...
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Social Media for Active Learning MOOC - Privacy & Ethics Webinar Slides

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Slides from the Privacy & Ethics Webinar. Part of the Social Media for Active Learning MOOC. http://meme.coe.fsu.edu/smooc

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Social Media for Active Learning MOOC - Privacy & Ethics Webinar Slides

  1. 1. #SMOOC2014 PRIVACY & ETHICS MODULE 4 Promoting Lifelong Learning Through Online Networks Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 1 Jiyae Bong Vanessa Dennen
  2. 2. #SMOOC2014 Webinar Rules of the Road Interacting During the Webinar •  Feel free to use the chat •  Feel free to tweet using #SMOOC2014 If You Need Help •  TAs will help in the chat During the Q&A •  Raise your (virtual) hand if you want to speak. We’ll call on you and enable your audio. •  Type questions for the speakers into the chat. Start with a Q: to indicate it’s a question for the speakers. Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 2
  3. 3. #SMOOC2014 About the MOOC •  Co-designed by graduate students in the Instructional Systems Program at Florida State University •  This week’s module design team is: •  Julie Carter •  Ben Emihovich •  Christopher Jackson Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 3
  4. 4. #SMOOC2014 Topics Covered in Webinar •  Why you should care about ethics and privacy •  Levels of privacy •  What the research says •  The special case of Facebook •  Our social media privacy and ethics journeys •  Developing social media guidelines Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 4
  5. 5. #SMOOC2014 POLL – How concerned are you? How concerned are you about privacy and ethics in education? A.  Very concerned B.  Concerned C.  Slightly concerned D.  Not at all concerned Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 5 Vote here!
  6. 6. #SMOOC2014 Privacy + Ethics Privacy •  Governs decisions about: •  Your identity •  With whom you share personal information •  Who can search for and find information about you •  What information these people can find Ethics •  Governs decisions about: •  What social media tools to use •  How to use them •  When to use them •  How much to use them Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 6
  7. 7. #SMOOC2014 Privacy + Ethics Privacy •  Governs decisions about: •  Your identity •  With whom you share personal information •  Who can search for and find information about you •  What information these people can find Ethics •  Governs decisions about: •  What social media tools to use •  How to use them •  When to use them •  How much to use them Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 7 Both are focused on ensuring online experiences are safe and comfortable for learners.
  8. 8. #SMOOC2014 Laws, Acts and Policies are Limited •  Don’t count on others to make your ethical decisions •  Policies provide general guidelines, but don’t cover every case •  What may be acceptable by law may not feel right to you or your learners •  Policies are created at a moment in time; technology and its use is ever-changing Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 8
  9. 9. #SMOOC2014 The Excitement I’ll have my students blog and tweet … We’ll use Facebook, too … I’ll reach the digital natives … Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 9
  10. 10. #SMOOC2014 The Problem This assignment makes me uncomfortable Of course someone in HR will Google you before we make a job offer. Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 10
  11. 11. #SMOOC2014 •  Your future employer was able to hear everything you said in a class 3 years ago? •  Your ex tracked you down based on information about a course assignment? •  A class discussion attracted media attention? •  Scholars in your field belittled and ridiculed you for your naïveté when you were just trying to do your coursework? •  A student at another university found your assignment and turned it in as her own? What if … Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 11
  12. 12. #SMOOC2014 Is this space private? How private? Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 12
  13. 13. #SMOOC2014 Is this space private? How private? Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 13
  14. 14. #SMOOC2014 Is this space private? How private? Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 14
  15. 15. #SMOOC2014 Is this space private? How private? Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 15
  16. 16. #SMOOC2014 Is this space private? How private? Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 16
  17. 17. #SMOOC2014 Levels of Privacy Private Password protected Restricted to known parties Semi-private Password protected Restricted but possibly fluid membership Semi-public May require an account, but membership open to all Public Anyone can see or participate Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 17 Adapted from Elm (2009)
  18. 18. #SMOOC2014 Levels of Privacy Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 18 Private Email Semi-private Learning management system with closed enrollment Semi-public Online groups with open self- enrollment Public Blogs, Twitter, YouTube, etc.
  19. 19. #SMOOC2014 Research Findings •  From a survey conducted by Dennen & Burner (2013) •  Participants: College students (n=147) •  Focus •  Awareness of social media privacy in higher education setting •  Social media use preferences in higher education setting Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 19
  20. 20. #SMOOC2014 FINDINGS: Students & Profs •  Look up information •  Search engines – 67% •  Facebook – 30% •  Follow professors •  Blog – 18% •  Twitter – 16% •  Become a contact •  Facebook – 37% •  Twitter – 11% •  Look for •  Course information – 94% •  Academic credentials – 76% •  Scholarly work – 24% •  Personal information – 14% •  63% did not believe profs would search for their information •  “THAT IS CREEPY” Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 20
  21. 21. #SMOOC2014 FINDINGS: Social Media & Courses •  OK with required course social media use: 10% •  Encourage instructors to use social media: 29% •  Comfortable sharing personal info with class via social media: 20% •  Want to connect with classmates: 43% •  Want to connect with instructor: 10% Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 21
  22. 22. #SMOOC2014 FINDINGS: Online Coursework •  Concerned about quality of work posted online: 52% •  Remove online coursework at end of course: 54% •  Instructor should be only audience for assignments: 67% •  Have learned from examples posted by other students online: 62% Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 22
  23. 23. #SMOOC2014 Discussion •  Students have some online boundary concerns and issues •  Want to use tools in some contexts, but not others •  Want to observe, but not always be observed •  Refutes suggestion that social media use in education will motivate and excite students Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 23
  24. 24. #SMOOC2014 POLL – Facebook and Student/Instructor Friends? Are you comfortable being Facebook friends with your students or instructors? A.  Yes, the more the merrier B.  Yes, but only after our instructor-student relationship has ended C.  Only under select conditions (e.g., we work closely, we have developed a friendly relationship) D.  No, not at all Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 24 Vote here!
  25. 25. #SMOOC2014 The Special Case of Facebook Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 25
  26. 26. #SMOOC2014 Who’s Connected to Me Me Mom Great Aunt Sally College Friend Friends of Friends High School Friend Student Colleague Former Student Acquaintance Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 26
  27. 27. #SMOOC2014 Privacy and Facebook •  Half of all users struggle with privacy setting (Madden, 2012) •  15% of traditional college student age group has posted content they later regret (Madden, 2012) •  There are high levels of discrepancy between actual and desired settings (Madejski, Johnson & Bellovin, 2012) •  Privacy protecting behavior is most common among people who have already had a negative experience (Christofides, Muise & Desmarais, 2012) Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 27
  28. 28. #SMOOC2014 Facebook & Learner Motivation Evidence that questions the claim •  Students act out of agency rather than generational destiny (Jones & Healing, 2010) •  Students use different technologies in personal lives than in classroom (Margaryan, Littlejohn & Vogt, 2011). •  Social and school-based computing have different means/ ends Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 28
  29. 29. #SMOOC2014 Informal vs Formal School Use Informal •  Students choose to integrate FB with school experiences by using it to share course information, provide emotional support and perform academic identity (Selwyn, 2009). Formal •  Fewer than ¼ of their students wanted to use Facebook to support formal learning activities (Prescott, Wilson & Becket, 2013). •  Students using Elgg online social network for a course focused on graded activities, not social networking (Veletsianos & Navarrete, 2012) Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 29
  30. 30. #SMOOC2014 Digital Footprint Dilemma •  Students who already have a Facebook account / digital footprint are being asked to consider it as a learning space in addition to a social one •  Students who do not already have an account are being asked to create one and leave a digital footprint Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 30
  31. 31. #SMOOC2014 Digital Footprint Dilemma Options: •  Create new account under real name •  Problem: Must now leave digital footprint •  Create new (or second) account under fictitious name •  Problem: Violates Facebook’s terms of service •  Opt out •  Problem: Student is excluded from part of learning experience Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 31
  32. 32. #SMOOC2014 Friending Dilemma •  Is it acceptable for professors and students to be friends? •  At what point? •  Who should initiate the friending? •  What would be awkward interactions between professor and student friends? Options: •  Check institutional policies •  Allow students to initiate •  Create and share your own policy Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 32
  33. 33. #SMOOC2014 POLL – Do you have guidelines? Do you have social media guidelines for use with your students? Select the option that best represents the guidelines you use MOST. A.  Institutional guidelines B.  Professional organization guidelines C.  Personal guidelines D.  No guidelines Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 33 Vote here!
  34. 34. #SMOOC2014 Our P&E Awareness Journeys Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 34
  35. 35. #SMOOC2014 Our P&E Awareness Journey 1.  Stalker 2.  Googling 3.  Research Participants 4.  Public Blunders 5.  Time to Teach Technology 6.  Plagiarism / Copying Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 35
  36. 36. #SMOOC2014 Situation 1: Stalker Context: Online course, around 1998 •  Student had an active stalker •  Was fearful of interacting in the learning management system under her real name Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 36
  37. 37. #SMOOC2014 Situation 2: Googling Context A: Reflective blog for course (mandatory assignment) •  While vanity googling during a job search, the student realized the blog was still online years later. No harm done, but a moment of self-consciousness. Context B: Social event at the university •  A student came up to me and mentioned some items related to my personal life / events long passed. No harm done, but a moment of self-consciousness. Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 37
  38. 38. #SMOOC2014 Situation 3: Research Participant Context: Student (preservice teacher) tweeting under real name, both for class and socially. The part below was social – but nonetheless public. •  Jane Doe: F*** yeah! It’s my 19th birthday!!! •  Jane Doe: Check me out, b*****s! I’m 19 today! Worship me! •  Jane Doe: (twitpic with friends, beers in hand) •  Jane Doe: Head hurts. F***** awesome birthday party. Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 38
  39. 39. #SMOOC2014 Situation 4: Public Blunders Context: Student was given an assignment to get information from an expert. •  Student posted to a popular academic forum, asking for help in a very general way. •  Responses criticized the student heavily. (A few helped or were at least kind.) •  The interactions remain archived and searchable. Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 39
  40. 40. #SMOOC2014 Situation 5: Time to Teach Technology Context: Teaching various social media tools to undergraduates •  Students struggle to remember usernames and passwords •  Students struggle with purpose •  It can be as de-motivational as it is motivational Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 40
  41. 41. #SMOOC2014 Situation 6: Plagiarism / Copying Context: A college level course •  Students grabbing content from online sites (e.g., blogs) and posting it to the discussion as if it is their own. Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 41
  42. 42. #SMOOC2014 Social Media Guidelines •  What are the most important elements for you? •  What guidelines do you already have in place? •  What do you struggle with? •  Share in the chat Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 42
  43. 43. #SMOOC2014 Wrap Up •  Think about how social media guidelines could help you perform your job better •  What would you include in your guidelines? •  Keep sharing on this topic … in the discussion forum, on Twitter, on Facebook •  We can’t wait to see your projects! Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 43
  44. 44. #SMOOC2014 THANKS FOR JOINING US! Time for Questions Privacy & Ethics Social Media for Active Learning • Dr. Vanessa Dennen • Florida State University 44

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