Turok Amman Aegis Jan 2010


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Turok Amman Aegis Jan 2010

  1. 1. AEGIS: an example of ongoing genebank integration process in Europe Jozef Turok, Bioversity International
  2. 2. <ul><li>European Cooperative Programme for Plant Genetic Resources (ECPGR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established in 1980 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase VIII (2009-2013) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Coordinators, Steering Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Member countries (43) provide funding and technical inputs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 Networks and 20 Working Groups </li></ul></ul>PGR Network in Europe
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Facilitate the long-term in situ and ex situ conservation of plant genetic resources in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased utilization of plant genetic resources in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen links between all plant genetic resources programmes in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage cooperation between all stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage the sharing of conservation responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase awareness of the importance of PGRFA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase the planning of joint activities - development of joint project proposals to be submitted to funding agencies </li></ul></ul>ECPGR objectives
  4. 4. ECPGR outputs <ul><li>62 European Central Crop Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Joint identification of research needs and development of projects; implemented in close collaboration with the ECPGR Working Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Publications: Working Group reports including state-of-the-art information on plant genetic resources in the European countries; collaborative workplans </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation guidelines and descriptors </li></ul><ul><li>Linkages with other research and conservation initiatives in Europe - SeedNet, FAO, Treaty, Global Crop Diversity Trust </li></ul>
  5. 5. Facts and figures <ul><li>1500 genebanks/germplasm coll. </li></ul><ul><li>app. 6 million accessions </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 2 million unique </li></ul><ul><li>500 genebanks/germplasm coll. </li></ul><ul><li>app. 2 million accessions </li></ul><ul><li>Only 30-40% unique (estimate) </li></ul><ul><li>> 40 European countries </li></ul><ul><li>Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Worldwide </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Concept of a virtual genebank in Europe, integrating conservation activities of all the partners </li></ul><ul><li>European Collection (of unique and important accessions) to be established </li></ul><ul><li>Formal MOU signed by member countries, taking responsibilities for long-term conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Quality management system, operational and technical standards to be developed </li></ul><ul><li>Central role of a strengthened information system (including evaluation data) </li></ul>
  7. 7. European Collection: elements <ul><li>Long-term conservation of public-domain European Accessions (including routine operations such as viability testing, regeneration, characterization and evaluation) </li></ul><ul><li>Safety duplication </li></ul><ul><li>Germplasm management activities (e.g., collecting and exchange, regeneration, information management) </li></ul><ul><li>Germplasm distribution </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>In the public domain (i.e. Annex I material that is in the MLS and non-Annex I material designated to AEGIS by governments or any other holder) </li></ul><ul><li>Genetically unique (i.e. genetically distinct accessions) </li></ul><ul><li>Agronomically and/or historically or culturally important </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Genetic Resources including medicinal, ornamental species and crop wild relatives </li></ul><ul><li>European origin or introduced germplasm of actual or potential (breeding/research) importance to Europe </li></ul>Most Appropriate Accession
  9. 9. Benefits of AEGIS <ul><li>Improved collaboration between countries </li></ul><ul><li>Cost efficient conservation activities </li></ul><ul><li>Improved quality standards </li></ul><ul><li>Increased effectiveness in regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated access and availability of germplasm </li></ul><ul><li>Improved security through safety-duplication </li></ul><ul><li>Improved sharing of knowledge and information </li></ul>
  10. 10. Model Crops <ul><li>-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetatively propagated material – biennial and perennial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non Annex I of ITPGRFA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avena </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bra s sica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prunus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allium </li></ul></ul>outcrossing selfing <ul><li>-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seed propagated material – annual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annex I of International Treaty for PGRFA </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Institutions and relationships Integral part of ECPGR – existing institutional framework ECPGR Steering Committee provides governance AEGIS Advisory Committee provides oversight Builds on capacity of all genebanks Important role and responsibilities of Crop Working Groups Contribution to the implementation process of the International Treaty Liaison with EU programmes (submission of a proposal for Research Infrastructures, December 2009)
  12. 12. Genebank q uality management system <ul><li>Quality assurance is based on principle that you (a) say what you do; (b) you do what you say; and (c) you let an independent audit check that you do what you say </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on genebank operations (e.g. seed storage, regeneration protocols) </li></ul><ul><li>ECPGR will develop a quality assurance system </li></ul><ul><li>Each genebank writes down its current procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Basis for discussing technical standards </li></ul><ul><li>Good feedback mechanism aimed at improving quality </li></ul>
  13. 13. EURISCO – PGR information search catalogue <ul><li>Launched by ECPGR in 2003, initially financed through an EU research project (EPGRIS) and maintained by Bioversity on behalf of the partners </li></ul><ul><li>“ one stop shop” window to European ex situ collections, an accession level passport information system based on National Inventories </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains a network of 44 National Focal Points from European countries </li></ul>> 1 million accessions > National inventories from 40 countries > 297 holding institutions > 217 country sources > 5.400 genera > 34.500 species Breeding material from >1000 institutions …
  14. 14. Simple/advanced & multiple searches Download what you searched View passport data Download Excel, CSV, XML Updated information PA materials available/download Follow up-feedback Publicly available in July 2008 New website and new search functionalities http://eurisco.ecpgr.org