Unit 3 Education


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Unit 3 Education

  1. 1. EducationEducation is a process of socialization andenculturation of people through which theydevelop physical and intellectual abilities,skills, study skills and ways of behavingordered with a social purpose (values,moderation of dialogue and debate, hierarchy,teamwork, physiological regulation, care of theimage, etc..).
  2. 2. How scholar education could becompleted ? Encourage the structuring of thought, creativeimagination, forms of expression and verbal andgraphic communication. Encourage the maturation process of children in thesensory-motor, recreational and aestheticmanifestation, sports and artisticinitiation, growth, socio-affective, and ethical values​​. Encourage healthy social integration, groupliving, solidarity and cooperation and environmentalconservation. Develop individual creativity. Strengthen the link between the school and the family. Preventing and addressing inequalitiesphysical, psychological and social differences arisingin biological, nutritional, environmental and familythrough special programs and coordinated actions
  3. 3. Compulsory education in the world
  4. 4. literacy level
  5. 5. Differences education systemElementary SchoolCompulsory education begins at five years of age in grades onethrough six. Learn subjects like English, Mathematics and Science.High SchoolStudents enter secondary school at age 11 and is compulsory for fiveyears. In the year 10, they begin to prepare for the presentation of aseries of exams - General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE).Students are usually evaluated in nine or ten subjects.A-level examsAfter passing GCSE examinations, students choose to leave schooland start working, follow training programs at technical colleges or twoyears studying for entrance exams to college - "A-Levels". On averagea student takes three to four subjects. The higher score, the better theoptions to colleges that the student has chosen.
  6. 6. Class time In almost all countries of the northernhemisphere kicking classes the first week ofSeptember, after the fall, there after thatChristmas break, started the New Year weeksafter the semester ends there for Spring Break inMarch or April and classes usually end in June orearly July to begin summer holidays to give wayto the next school year. By contrast in some countries in the SouthernHemisphere classes begin in March or April, alsobefore the fall, classes are interrupted in theWinter in June or July, there are other holidays inSeptember or October for Spring Break, andends shortly after the year in December orJanuary where besides celebrating Christmassummer holidays begin.
  7. 7. demic Ranking of Worldversities The AcademicRanking of WorldUniversities (ARWU), commonly known asthe ShanghaiRanking, is apublication that wasfounded andcompiled bythe ShanghaiJiaotong University torank universitiesglobally.Categories HighereducationFrequency AnnualPublisher Shanghai JiaoTong University;since 2009published by theShanghaiRankingConsultancyCountry ChinaLanguage EnglishWebsite ARWU
  8. 8. The Academic Ranking of World Universitiesis regarded to be one of the three mostinfluential and widely observed internationaluniversity rankings, along with the QS WorldUniversity Rankings and the Times HigherEducation World University Rankings.] It issaid that its consistent and objectivemethodology is praised when compared withother rankings. However, it has also beencriticized for its heavy focus on the naturalsciences over the socialsciences or humanities, and over the qualityof instruction.
  9. 9. The table below contains the overall rankings as ordinal numbers (i.e., 1 isbest, 2 is second best, etc.) from 2003 to 2012 for all universities that ranked inthe top 100 in one of the years tabulated.[1] The ranking is omitted for years inwhich the school did not land within the top 100. Note the full ranking containsover 500 universities. If a university is not listed in this table, it did not rank inthe top 100 in any of the years tabulated.
  10. 10. The Ivy League (Ivy League or Ivy League)is a sports conference in the NCAA eightprivate universities in the northeasternUnited States.Before becoming the official name of thesports conference in 1954 and is alreadyinformally called this group ofuniversities, which have in commonconnotations of academic excellence andelitism for its age and selective admission.Also referred to universities in thisconference as "the eight ancient" or "Ivy"(ancient eight or the Ivies, in English).
  11. 11. Origin of the nameThe league is named after Ivy (English ivy), climbingplant that covers the walls of this British-styleuniversities.Universidad Localización Fundación Tipo EquipoUniversidad BrownProvidence, RhodeIsland1764 Privada BearsUniversidad deColumbiaNueva York, NuevaYork1754 Privada LionsUniversidad Cornell Ithaca, Nueva York 1865 Privada Big RedDartmouth CollegeHanover, NuevoHampshire1769 Privada Big GreenUniversidad deHarvardCambridge, Massachusetts1636 Privada CrimsonUniversidad dePensilvaniaFiladelfia, Pensilvania1740 Privada QuakersUniversidad dePrincetonPrinceton, NuevaJersey1746 Privada TigersUniversidad deYaleNewHaven, Connecticut1701 Privada BulldogsMember
  12. 12. Institución Founded Founding affiliationHarvard University 1636 as New College Calvinist (Congregationalist Puritans)Yale University 1701 as Collegiate School Calvinist (Congregationalist)University of Pennsylvania 1740 as Unnamed Charity SchoolNonsectarian, founded by Church ofEngland/Methodists members[Princeton University 1746 as College of New JerseyNonsectarian, founded byCalvinist Presbyterians[Columbia University 1754 as Kings College Church of EnglandBrown University1764 as the College in the EnglishColony of Rhode Island andProvidence PlantationsBaptist, founding charter promises"no religious tests" and "full liberty ofconscience"Dartmouth College 1769 Calvinist (Congregationalist)Cornell University 1865 NonsectarianYear foundedIvy covering West College, Princeton University
  13. 13. The 2009 Brown-Harvard football gameThe Palestra, Penns basketball areA cartoon portrait of the stereotypicalColumbia man in the 20th centuryA Cornell BigRed collegebaseball player from1908.The Yale Bowl during The Gam
  14. 14. Sorority and fraternityAdvantage: Friendships.When you join a fraternity or sorority, not only dofriendships with members of your own organization. Thesegroups often have many activities outside the same house.In them, interact with members of other fraternities orsororities and facilitates the formation of new friends ofboth sexes, something that will help the growth of yoursocial circle.Disadvantage: Lack of diversity.Normally, one does not choose who will live in dormitories.No choice is good because it makes you interact withpeople you had not spoken originally, something thatteaches you to be tolerant and maybe even help youdiscover new tastes and interests. If you choose yourgroup, the type of people you associate with will always bethe same.
  15. 15. Advantage: volunteer work.Most organizations have a cause to which they are dedicated. Some work to help cureAlzheimers, others to find a cure for diabetes. Participating in these activities not onlyprovides support to causes in need, but also tend to be fun and exciting times!Disadvantage: Time.Participate in meetings, student adapt to a different style, help volunteer activities, goingto parties, decorating the house, etc.., All this takes time which is valuable in your collegecareer. If you are completely disorganized, could affect your notes and consequently,your future.Advantage: Time Management.Although time consuming, balancing all these activities, your social life (in and out of thefraternity or sorority), and studies is very good practice for life after your college career. Ifyou have not learned this before finishing college, balance work and your social life isgoing to make it much harder. Many fraternities and sororities consider academicperformance to keep a permanent position within the organization and this ends up beinga positive pressure for many people.Disadvantage: Wrong Group.If you choose a group of people that are not compatible, youre not going to go well. Thevast majority of social fraternities or sororities share a house and interact with people withwhom one does not get along all that well every day, can give you a hard time
  16. 16. Advantage: You learn to be tolerant.Even if you pick a group with whom you are compatible, there will always be someone who fillsyou patience. As you have to interact with these people every day, you learn to tolerate manythings that previously you had bothered and sometimes even end up being your best friends.Disadvantage: Money.For more help you receive monetary scholarships and your family, being involved with a groupcosts money. You have to pay to keep the house, to decorate for events and festivals, topromote activities, to donate, to help organizations, etc.. There is a free experience.Advantage: Investment.All these organizations have opportunities to interact with alumni and will create a circle whereyou can create connections to help you after you graduate either to find work or to get ahead. Ifyou have the opportunity to have a leadership position in the organization (president, vicepresident, treasurer, etc..), This would show on your resume your ability to handleresponsibilities. These are some of the reasons to consider the money used in the fraternity orsorority as an investment.The most important thing when youre comparing university housing types is to know yourpersonality and know your limitations and atmosphere suits your personality. If afterconsidering the advantages and disadvantages you feel there is a reason to do something ornot, let yourself be guided by your instincts. Joining a fraternity or sorority, in any case, is adecision that will bring fond memories and friends.
  18. 18. NURSERY There are public and privatekindergartens. The difference is inthe price. Only have 3 children under 2 yearsper teacher. The registration lists are very long.You can take months to come. Educational institutions morerepresentative of this stage are thenursery schools. They studiedstudents aged 2 to 5 years.
  19. 19. Nursery and early stimulationYou can attend from oneyear of age; are enrolledeven before his birth,by the quota.For the younger children, have a more expensivefee.LEYF (London Early Years Foundation, the companydedicated to the care of children and charitylargest UK)
  20. 20. BEFORE 12 YEARS!
  21. 21. Before 2 years of age usuallyattend kindergarten, and tobegin their second birthdaywith his preschool education.Before 2 years old, before 12 years oldSchooling is compulsory from the age of five until age sixteen.The stages are typically:Edad 2-5 _ Educación preescolar (pre-school)Edad 5-11 _ Educación primaria (primary education)Edad 11-16/18 _ Educación secundaria (secondary education).
  22. 22. What are bodies which regulate educationsystems in each country?Escocia: Scottish Executive Education DepartmentGales: Learning WalesInglaterra: Department for Education and SkillsIrlanda del Norte: Department for EducationNorthern Ireland
  23. 23. Curiosities•There is an international program, PISA (Programme forInternational Student Assessment), which evaluates thecapabilities of students in 30 countries.• Secondary education may last up to 18 years old• The university is free in some areas.
  24. 24. PosgraduatesA postgraduate course in the UK givesyou the best opportunity to pursue yourinterests specialization. Courses last fromone to four years and can choose fromthousands of opportunities in thearts, sciences, social sciences andhumanities.To start a postgraduate course in the UKneed to have a bachelors degree.