Detailed lesson plan - Crossing the Bar - giocosovivace
Republic of the Philippines
LAGUNA STATE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY
San Pablo City Campus
World Literature: 4th
Year High School English
I. Learning Objectives
At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:
1. define allegory as a literary device,
2. create their own allegory, distinguished the literal and symbolic meaning of it and
3. develo their social skills during the group activities.
II. Subject Matter
Main Topic: Crossing the Bar by Alfred Lord Tennyson
Specific Topic: Allegory
References: Communicate Effectively Through LITERATURE 4, Lorenzo, et. al., 61- 64,
Introduction to Alfred Tennyson’s, Crossing the Bar,
http:/www.kkhsou.in/main/evidya2/english/alfred_tennyson.html,2011 and “Their
conversation is awkward, especially when she mentions Wickham, a subject Darcy clearly
wishes to avoid” (SparkNotes Editors, 2002).
Materials: Prepared Hand- out (Poem) table and visual aids.
TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY
A. Preparatory Activity
Let us all stand for and place
ourselves in the presence of our
Lord. Student A please lead the
Good afternoon class!
We are (Names of the Instructors).
• Checking of Attendance
Is there any absentee for the day?
Very good! Perfect attendance!
B. Review of the Past Lesson
Yesterday we discussed about
metaphor. Let us just recap, what is a
Any questions or clarifications class?
If you don’t have any questions, we’ll
move to a new interesting topic.
Draw Me/ Meaning:
We’re going to divide the class into
(Student A, would lead the prayer together with
Good afternoon teacher(s)!
We don’t have any absentees for the day
A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes
a subject by asserting that it is, on some point
of comparison, the same as another otherwise
No more questions teacher(s).
(Students would be doing the activity in groups
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five groups. Each group will be given
a word, which each group would be
drawing in a sheet we’re going to
provide you with. Groups are allowed
to draw what they know about the
word or the meaning they associate
the word with. You are given 3
minutes to draw. Afterwards, one
representative from each group would
be explaining their drawing in front of
Well done class, you’ve produced
drawings. The reason behind this
activity is for us to see two sides of
things. Their literal meaning and their
deeper/ symbolic meaning which will
be connected for our topic for today.
Have you encountered the word
allegory? If you have, what do you
mean by it?
That’s right, thus an allegory is a
story/ poem with two meanings, a
literal meaning and
a symbolic meaning.
Today, we’re going to have an
allegorical poem by Alfred Lord
Tennyson entitled, “Crossing the
Let the class read the poem a loud,
each stanza per group:
Crossing the Bar
Alfred Lord Tennyson
Sunset and evening star,
And one clear call for me!
And may there be no moaning of the bar,
When I put out to sea,
But such a tide as moving seems asleep,
Too full for sound and foam,
When that which drew from out the boundless deep
Turns again home.
Twilight and evening bell,
And after that the dark!
And may there be no sadness of farewell,
When I embark;
For though from out our bourne of Time and Place
The flood may bear me far,
I hope to see my Pilot face to face
When I have crossed the bar.
While reading the poem class, what have
and present their master pieces in front of the
class and post their drawings on the board.)
I have encountered it teacher. An allegory is a
form of extended metaphor, in which objects,
persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated
with the meanings that lie outside the narrative
itself. The underlying meaning has moral,
social, religious, or political significance, and
characters are often personifications of abstract
(Students are going to read the poem.)
A ship/ boat sailing through the sea which is
about to cross the sandbar having a passenger
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Since this poem is an allegorical poem, do
you think what you’ve seen is the literal or
symbolic meaning of the poem, Crossing the
Let’s uncover the literal and the symbolic
meaning of the poem class! Let’s do it per
On the board is a table with three columns,
column: stanza number, 2nd
literal meaning and 3rd
Stanza # Literal Meaning Symbolic Meaning
In stanza number one, what do you see as
its literal meaning?
How about its symbolic meaning? What do
you think is the meaning of the word sunset,
evening star, and bar?
Well, done for the 1st
Can anyone share with us what they see as
the literal meaning of stanza two?
What then do you see as its symbolic
meaning? What does the speaker really
wanted considering that the voyage is about
crossing the borders between life and
That’s good! We’re halfway through!
What do you see as the literal meaning of
How about the symbolic meaning of it, being
that the evening bells signals the coming of
We’re almost there!
For the last stanza what do you think is its
What can you see as the symbolic meaning
of the last stanza? What can you say about
the emphasized words, “Time and Place”
and “Pilot”? How does this contribute to the
symbolic meaning of the stanza?
Wow, we’ve decoded the symbolic meaning
of the poem, Crossing the Bar by Alfred Lord
longing to be safe.
That’s the literal meaning of the poem teacher.
A ship sails through the sunset, the evening
star then rises in the heavens and the
passenger is hoping that they get through the
The coming of death and the speaker in the
poem is being reminded of it because of old
age. But with that the speaker as he dies
doesn’t want to disturb anyone or make a big
thing about it.
The speaker hopes that the sea would be deep,
for a tide for the ship and for the weather to be
perfectly calm and quiet to pass through the bar
The speaker wants to die calmly without
experiencing the usual pain.
The evening bells signal the coming of
darkness/ night, that as he leaves the harbour
that no one would be sad.
That the speaker is reminded of his death and
it’s fast approaching and only wishes that as he
passes away, that no one’s going to be sad nor
going to cry.
That the journey is significant to the speaker
because it’ll take hi beyond “Time and Place”
and takes confidence in the hopes of seeing his
“Pilot” face to face.
That the afterlife may be endless and the
speaker only hopes to see God face to face
when he dies.
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Tennyson. Well done class!
Create an Allegory
The class would once again be grouped
in five and will think of a life situation
you’d like to allegorize. Then think of an
object or action that could be the parallel
of your chosen life situation.
Afterwards, a group member would be
the one to explain the relationship of your
Again, class what’s an allegory?
Now, for your most favourite part of
every lesson, we’ll have a Quiz. In a
1/2 sheet of paper answer the
1. What is an allegory?
2. What is the mood present in the
3. How does the speaker see the
coming of death? Prove your
The students would go to their groups and
allegorize their statements.
An allegory is a form of extended metaphor, in
which objects, persons, and actions in a
narrative, are equated with the meanings that
lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying
meaning has moral, social, religious, or political
significance, and characters are often
personifications of abstract ideas. An allegory is
a story/ poem with two meanings, a literal
meaning and a symbolic meaning.
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Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity
Are there any questions? Added
If there aren’t any, well I have mine.
What is imagery? And how is it used as a
literary device? Write your answer in your
notebook in English. This will serve as your
homework which will be checked next
That would be all! You are dismissed,
cleaners please remain. Goodbye class!
No more questions teacher.
What’s your question teacher?
Goodbye and thank you teacher(s)!
Ms. G. Dijan
BSEd- 4S- English
ABRIL, JIVANEE S.
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