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Higher Education and Research Funding:Some trends and their impact on theuniversityFrans van Vught(with some help by Ben J...
Contents1. Resources for HE and R&D2. HE and R&D system performance3. HE funding: models, trends & goals4. Lessons learned
Expenditure on education core services, R&D andancillary services in tertiary educational institutions as apercentage of G...
Expenditure on tertiary education institutionsas % of GDP1995, 2000, 2005, 2009Source: OECD (2012)
R&D spendingby country,2012Netherlands• $13.7B Gross Expenditureon R&D 2012• #17 globally• 1.9% of GDP spent on R&D
R&D spending as % of GDP, 2000-2010SwedenDKDEBNLUKEUavgSource: OECD. MSTI
00.10.20.30.40.50.60.70.80.91Higher Education R&D as a % of GDP(2011 or latest available year)Source: OECD, MSTI
Population that has attained tertiary education (2010)Percentage, by age groupSource: OECD (2012)
The U21 Rankingof National HigherEducationSystems 2012The position of a system ismeasured by variables underfour main head...
Publications per 100 (fte) researchers, 2010Source: VSNU
Share (%) of internationalco-publications (left axis)Impact score (right axis)
In terms of resources and performance,the picture for Dutch HE & R&D looks pretty goodbut……effects of financial crisis sti...
Graph 3: Four funding systemscentralised(regulated)approachesQ1 Q2input outcomeorientation orientationQ4 Q3decentralised(m...
Funding sources of the 200 most research-intense universities in EuropeGov’t: most important(57%)Industry: 6%Non-profit or...
International policy-focus on HE systemstructures and institutional profilesGermany Excellence Initiative (2006)France Pol...
All of this to:• allow room for diversification of institutionalmissions, incorporating “3rd mission”• increase networking...
Two main types of funding
020406080100% Government funded, project-based Government funded, institution-basedGovernment funding of R&D in HEby type ...
The trend internationally is towards a greater emphasison competitive mechanisms, both in institutional and inproject fund...
• Internationalisation is a key aspect of success inresearch• Articles that have co-authors residing in more than onecount...
• It’s all about linkages and openness• stimulated by EU2020, EU-project funds• Open Access, Open Courseware and Open Data...
Internationalco-publicationsNationalco-publicationsOne addressPublication-output per university, by collaboration type2007...
Leiden Ranking of University-Industry Research Collaboration(in brackets: position worldwide in UIRC ranking)
Connected, innovation-oriented universities• Connections provide …• Resources and higher impact• New research perspectives...
Universitiesincreasingly arehybridorganisations:Non profit&Entrepreneurial
Funding of Research: three ingredients1. stable, core institutional funding ensuringscientific autonomy and a broad covera...
Impact on the (Erasmus) university• Dealing with multiple funding streams• Dealing with multiple stakeholders• Need for st...
Thank you for your attentionContact detailsEmail: f.a.vanvught@utwente.nlWeb: www.utwente.nl/cheps
presentatie Frans van Vught (Lustrumcongres Erasmus Trustfonds, 4 juni 2013)
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presentatie Frans van Vught (Lustrumcongres Erasmus Trustfonds, 4 juni 2013)

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"Wetenschapsfinanciering, een internationale verkenning; hoe doen andere landen dat?"
Frans van Vught
High level expert European Commission
Voorzitter reviewcommissie Hoger Onderwijs


Lustrumcongres 100 jaar Erasmus Trustfonds
"De toekomst van financiering van wetenschap"
4 juni 2013, Senaatszaal Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

Published in: Education, Technology
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presentatie Frans van Vught (Lustrumcongres Erasmus Trustfonds, 4 juni 2013)

  1. 1. Higher Education and Research Funding:Some trends and their impact on theuniversityFrans van Vught(with some help by Ben Jongbloed)Conference"De toekomst van de financiering van de wetenschap“June 4, 2013
  2. 2. Contents1. Resources for HE and R&D2. HE and R&D system performance3. HE funding: models, trends & goals4. Lessons learned
  3. 3. Expenditure on education core services, R&D andancillary services in tertiary educational institutions as apercentage of GDP (2009)Source: OECD (2012)
  4. 4. Expenditure on tertiary education institutionsas % of GDP1995, 2000, 2005, 2009Source: OECD (2012)
  5. 5. R&D spendingby country,2012Netherlands• $13.7B Gross Expenditureon R&D 2012• #17 globally• 1.9% of GDP spent on R&D
  6. 6. R&D spending as % of GDP, 2000-2010SwedenDKDEBNLUKEUavgSource: OECD. MSTI
  7. 7. 00.10.20.30.40.50.60.70.80.91Higher Education R&D as a % of GDP(2011 or latest available year)Source: OECD, MSTI
  8. 8. Population that has attained tertiary education (2010)Percentage, by age groupSource: OECD (2012)
  9. 9. The U21 Rankingof National HigherEducationSystems 2012The position of a system ismeasured by variables underfour main headings:(a) Resources, (b) RegulatoryEnvironment, (c) InternationalConnectivity and (d) Output.source: University of Melbourne, 2013
  10. 10. Publications per 100 (fte) researchers, 2010Source: VSNU
  11. 11. Share (%) of internationalco-publications (left axis)Impact score (right axis)
  12. 12. In terms of resources and performance,the picture for Dutch HE & R&D looks pretty goodbut……effects of financial crisis still to come that mayimpact on the level of fundingand……changes taking place in the composition andmethod of fundingThe story so far….
  13. 13. Graph 3: Four funding systemscentralised(regulated)approachesQ1 Q2input outcomeorientation orientationQ4 Q3decentralised(market)approachesThe changing funding context
  14. 14. Funding sources of the 200 most research-intense universities in EuropeGov’t: most important(57%)Industry: 6%Non-profit org: 3%(source: De Dominicis, 2011)
  15. 15. International policy-focus on HE systemstructures and institutional profilesGermany Excellence Initiative (2006)France Poles de Recherche et d’Enseignement Supérieur(2008)Wales Sector restructuring (2011)Ireland Structural system change (2012)Denmark Mergers (2007)Finland Mergers (2010)Australia Categorisation of provider types (2011)US States Profile funding models (2010)TheNetherlandsPerformance contracts (2012)
  16. 16. All of this to:• allow room for diversification of institutionalmissions, incorporating “3rd mission”• increase networking and enhancing the role ofuniversities in innovation-driven economicgrowth• create critical mass and specialisation /profiling• encourage collaboration and partnership
  17. 17. Two main types of funding
  18. 18. 020406080100% Government funded, project-based Government funded, institution-basedGovernment funding of R&D in HEby type of funding, 2008
  19. 19. The trend internationally is towards a greater emphasison competitive mechanisms, both in institutional and inproject funding modes. Reflecting that:• Research excellence is driven by competition• Research excellence drives innovation• Cross-cutting, collaborative research networks arecritical to innovationInternational trend: competitive funding
  20. 20. • Internationalisation is a key aspect of success inresearch• Articles that have co-authors residing in more than onecountry are more highly cited!• NL-based researchers’ ability to moveinternationally and to collaborate with non NLresearchers are key drivers of the NL’s leading globalposition in terms of research impact• The Dutch universities are clearly internationallyfocused• 45% of Dutch PhD students are non-NL nationals.• 25% of all Dutch research staff are non-NL nationalsSome facts and lessons (pt.1)
  21. 21. • It’s all about linkages and openness• stimulated by EU2020, EU-project funds• Open Access, Open Courseware and Open DataStorage• In NL: PPPs, Topsector policy, Centres of Excellencein hogescholen• The university is transforming into a network university• Consortia, mergers, alliances• Leiden Delft Erasmus allianceSome facts and lessons (pt. 2)
  22. 22. Internationalco-publicationsNationalco-publicationsOne addressPublication-output per university, by collaboration type2007-2010
  23. 23. Leiden Ranking of University-Industry Research Collaboration(in brackets: position worldwide in UIRC ranking)
  24. 24. Connected, innovation-oriented universities• Connections provide …• Resources and higher impact• New research perspectives and research agenda• Combine Exploration and Exploitation• Strengthen teaching and student experience• Respond to innovation-oriented policies &programmes (EU-‘Grand Challenges’, Topsectors)• Seize opportunities in emerging scientific fields(bio, nano, ict, …)
  25. 25. Universitiesincreasingly arehybridorganisations:Non profit&Entrepreneurial
  26. 26. Funding of Research: three ingredients1. stable, core institutional funding ensuringscientific autonomy and a broad coverage ofdisciplines;2. a competitive element, providing ex postrewards for good research performance and exante budgets based on agreed objectives; and3. an ‘innovation’-oriented component, to pre-finance new cutting-edge and/or explorativeresearch developments;
  27. 27. Impact on the (Erasmus) university• Dealing with multiple funding streams• Dealing with multiple stakeholders• Need for strategic research management– Focus on profile– Risk of ‘mission overload’• Need to adopt a structured approach tostakeholder management– Connectivity (collaboration & internationalisation)is key
  28. 28. Thank you for your attentionContact detailsEmail: f.a.vanvught@utwente.nlWeb: www.utwente.nl/cheps

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