The Flying Chair Syndrome
The future of digital literacy
For the ASEAN Integration
Willard Van De Bogart - Language Institute, Bangkok, University
Culi’s International Seminar 2013 – November 21-22
Revolutionizing English Language Teaching For The
Learning methodologies for the digital classroom
Do we need ESL teachers?
BANGKOK: -- In a 60-nation ranking released
last week, the Education First Institute put
Thailand 55th on the English Proficiency Index
BU DNA Professor Award - New breed of teacher
Students flying in their chairs
100% of all my students use smart phones or tablet computers
The flying chair syndrome
Where are the students going?
A Universe of Cognitive Enhancers
More places than I can imagine
Exercise 1: Teaching in cyber space
Your first class
Step 1. The clean slate
The set up
Step 2. Symbol construction
Trigger cognitive activity
Step 3. Definition construction
I have no
Insert a visual cue
Step 4. Identity construction
Provide for realistic imagination
Open resources for ideation
Step 5. Provide a realistic setting
Bridge the two worlds: Virtual and Real
Step 6. Mirror the setting
Mirrored realities - static
Step 6. Mirror the setting
Mirrored realities - active
Exercise 2: The era of Digital Literacy
Where are we going with digital literacy?
Definition of digital literacy
• “Digital literacy is the ability to understand
information – more important – to evaluate
and integrate information in multiple
formats that the computer (digital assistant) can
deliver. Being able to evaluate and
interpret information is critical. You can’t
understand on the internet without evaluating its
sources and placing it in context”.
Culturally different digital competencies – concept approaches, attitudes
Digital usage – application of digital competencies
Digital transformation – creative involvement in the digital domain.
Basics of digital literacy?
Be proficient with tools
Cross cultural connections
Collaborative problem solving
Strengthen independent thinking
Manage, analyze, synthesize multiple streams of simultaneous info.
Create, critique, analyze and evaluate multimedia texts.
Share information within global communities.
The Learning Cycle for digital literacy
Digital literacy for in-service teachers is the ability to use digital artefacts as an
integrated part of their pedagogical content knowledge and be aware of what
implications this has for teaching, learning strategies.
Digital literacy and cognitive enhancement?
A game or not a game?
Digital literacy and Cognitive Interoperability
1.You walk into
2. Every student
is text messaging.
3.You are another
fish in the sea.
Welcome to decentralized asynchronous learning?
Digital Literacy and Connectivism
Complex learning in a rapidly changing social digital world.
Conclusion to Connectivism chart
Relative diversity of the group was a source of growth,
enrichment and cognitive dissonance – in short, each
person was important to the learning environment.
The idea that learning occurred as a result of this
diversity is in line with network theory and specifically the
theory of interpersonal ties, which postulates that “weak
ties” between individuals are more likely to facilitate the
flow of new information than “strong ties”.
This is what they are saying
Keys to 21st Century Learning
• To learn collaboration, work in teams.
• To learn critical thinking, take on complex problems.
• To learn oral communication, present.
• To learn written communication, write.
• To learn technology, use technology.
• To develop citizenship, take on civic and global
• To learn about careers, do internships.
• To learn content, research and do all of the above.
Digital Literacy is less about tools and more about
Lets Re-mix this idea:
1. Language – print and texting, as well as visual, and
2. Information – searching, tagging, critical thinking
3. Connections – social skills and networking,
collaboration, digital safety and intercultural awareness.
4. (RE)Design – remix literacy, copyright awareness
What is cognitive enhancement?
• Impacting both the task and the learner using
cognitive strategies is referred to as Cognitive
• From a teachers perspective:
1. Evaluate the content
2. Determine the necessary approaches to
learning for student success.
3. Using instructional supports to help students
apply techniques and strategies
Exercise 4: Iconic Teaching Techniques
• The main objective behind this technique is to
find a way in which a student can quickly grasp
an idea related to any subject and at the same
time allowing the student to apply that
understanding to the subject they are studying
and help them learn more about it. Iconic
Teaching Technique incorporates a multi tasking
approach as well as a multiple stimulus
approach by offering many different ways for a
student to relate to a subject
Cognitive stimulation techniques
Developing higher order functions
• "Green technology is a continuous evolving group of
methods and materials from techniques for generating
energy to non-toxic products."
Color association with objects for Green Technology
What is cognitive development?
• Sorting objects by one characteristic – by color
• Classifying - architecture and ecology
• Understanding the objects can be changed or regrouped
• Following a pattern
• Sequencing pictures to tell a story
• Putting together a puzzle
Scaffolding – solving the learning puzzle
Lev Vygotsky defines scaffolding instruction as the “role of teachers and others in
supporting the learner’s development and providing support structures to get to that
next stage or level”.
How will we adjust to digital literacy?
In most languages there’s
a sharp distinction between
programs, and data, and
the output of programs.
Not so in the Wolfram
Language. It’s all completely
fluid. Data becomes
become data. There’s no
distinction needed between
code and data. And
becomes both intrinsically
scriptable, and intrinsically
interactive. And there’s both
a new level of
interoperability, and a new
level of modularity.
WolframAlpha’s New Computational Knowledge Engine
Cognitive development - Classification
Students must learn
How to combine
from different disciplines
The next generation of digital processing