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Shifting sands shifting paradigms


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This is my presentation at the CALICO conference, Amherst, June 10, 2010 as part of a panel to discuss the book I helped co-edit called CALL in Challenging Technology Context: A draft version of the text of my chapter, from which this presentation was distilled, is here:

Published in: Education, Technology

Shifting sands shifting paradigms

  1. 1. Shifting sands, shifting paradigms: Challenges to developing 21st century learning skills <br />Vance Stevens<br />Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE<br />Presenting at CALICO 2010, Amherst<br />June 10, 2010<br />
  2. 2. The challenge<br />To prepare students for careers as knowledge workers in jobs not invented yet, teachers must<br />Transition from one mindset to another on ten fronts simultaneously, each involving a substantial break with past thinking<br />Grasp how a baker’s dozen of unfamiliar tools and concepts can further learning in the emerging paradigms <br />Cannot be done in one step… only in many SMALL steps <br />SMALL = Social Media Assisted Language Learning<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  3. 3. Ten Paradigm Shifts<br />Pedagogy - shift from didactic models of “teaching” to constructivist ones of learning<br />Networking –connectivism: learning as a social vs. isolated activity <br />Literacy –from reliance on print to functioning in multiliteracies<br />Heuristics – from client-server to peer-to-peer<br />Formality – from hierarchical power centricity to informal learning and F.U.N.<br />Transfer - applying social networking skills and concepts from personal life to professional<br />Directionality – from push to pull dissemination of knowledge<br />Ownership – proprietary vs. open source, OER, and fair use<br />Sharing – from guarded copyright to creative commons<br />Classification – taxonomic to folksonomic systems<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  4. 4. Baker’s dozen of skills, concepts, tools, and genres for the 21st Century<br />Web 2.0 and social networking<br />RSS and feed readers<br />Podcasts <br />Harvesting them, through RSS<br />Also producing them<br />Blogging<br />Multiliteracyskills <br />Following via RSS<br />Microblogging<br />Twitter<br />Edmodo, Yammer, etc.<br />Push/pull technologies <br />Aggregation via folksonomic classification (tags)<br />Digital storytelling and applications of multimedia to new literacies<br />PLNs (personal learning networks)<br />Communities of practice<br />Connectivism<br />Informal / just-in-time learning<br />Synchronous communications: instant messaging, online presentation venues incorporating interactive whiteboard, voice, and video<br />Asynchronous collaborations tools: blogs, wikis, Voicethread, Slideshare, Google docs and similar collaboration tools<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  5. 5. Making IT happen (Freedman, 2006)<br />Article on change agency advises:<br />Careful preparation <br />Anticipate counter-arguments<br />Avoid evangelicalism<br />Plan steps beyond acceptance of your idea<br />Request specific action when approaching administrators<br />Assuming doubters are trying to do their best<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  6. 6. Making IT happen (Coffino, 2008)<br />Several conditions for making "the shift to a 21st century learning environment" happen:<br />Make clear why change is needed<br />Clear vision and expectation that change will happen<br />Dedicated support person to<br />Ensure that models for change are embedded in curriculum<br />Ensure the infrastructure is in place<br />Set out clear roles for each staff member<br />Publicize success<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  7. 7. Organizing teachers to use Web 2.0<br />Get them familiar with project organization and collaboration online:<br />Cloud collaboration in <br />Google Docs<br />Wikis<br />Etherpad clones<br />Delicious and Diigo<br />Tapping into PLN’s<br />Microblogging (Twitter)<br />Ning and alternatives<br />Listservs<br />Facebook<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  8. 8. Design materials to train teachers while teaching students<br />Simple, practical, hands on exercises in:<br />Cloud collaboration in Google Docs (i.e. wiki)<br />Reading blogs (before creating them)<br />Following blogs via RSS <br />Via blocks added to LMS / CMS & other aggregators<br />At a more advanced stage, in Google Reader<br />Tagging in Delicious (and/or Diigo)<br />Organizing bookmarks in the cloud<br />Using Delicious to communicate through tags<br />Expanding Internet searches through suggested alternate key words<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  9. 9. F.U.N. with tags and backchannels<br />Play tag games with:<br />Spezify and Addictomatic<br />Flickr and TagGalaxy<br />Writingmatrix<br />Backchannel tools<br />Lists in Twitter<br />Edmodo<br />Wallwisher<br />Voicethread<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  10. 10. Class-roots professional development<br />Students and staff must<br />Recognize potentials of social media for learning<br />Model best practices for one another <br />Refine skills by training one another <br />Training<br />Not just through reading about IT and attending lectures or workshops<br />Necessary to “do” it. <br />This requires PLN of peers who will interact and scaffold one another<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  11. 11. Making the shift happen<br />Teachers as“master” lifelong learners must:<br />Move toward greater socialization in their learning environments<br />Become aware of and incorporate 21st Century skills and paradigm shifts<br />Seek out, and become, models of best practices<br />Vance Stevens CALICO 2010 Amherst<br />
  12. 12. Vance’s presentations are always online<br /><br /><br />Sorry, no “handout” but …<br />