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Lecture1 San Sebastian 2007: Internet, electronic genre and writing


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Lecture 1 is an explication of Web 2.0, multiliteracy, and its impact on the nature of learning in general, and on writing in particular. The first talk will draw from my online multiliteracies course:

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Lecture1 San Sebastian 2007: Internet, electronic genre and writing

  1. 1. Internet, electronic genre, and writing Multiliteracies and the changing landscape of communication when we are the arbiters of what gets published Lecture 1 in Writing in a Multiliterate Flat World Multiliterate approaches to writing and collaboration through social networking Vance Stevens, Petroleum Institute Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates XXVI Summer Courses of the University of the Basque Country San Sebastian, Spain, 11th-13th July 2007
  2. 2. Perspective: Three Lectures <ul><li>Lecture 1 – an explication of Web 2.0 and multiliteracy, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of Web 2.0 on the nature of learning in general, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and on writing in particular. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lecture 2 - writing and collaborating online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation and the need to communicate a point, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The importance of an audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The nature of that audience, both from the point of view of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>collaborating 'writers' </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and commenters on their blogs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lecture 3 - more technical. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking the concepts laid out in the first two talks, how do we do it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writingmatrix and what we have learned about aggregation and tagging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar work by Barbara Dieu, Rudolf Amman, and Aaron Campbell on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tricks of newsmastering as shown me by Robin Good </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Course Components <ul><li>A portal at </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mirrored at: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Moodle here </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Please register! The key is thewebisflat Introduce yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Please take the survey at the Moodle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add your picture to the Frappr map </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Web 2.0 and Multiliteracy New-age Expectations for Writing <ul><li>Several analogical literacy practices have migrated to Internet. Now common genres of writing are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emails and instant messages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis and blogs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web pages, and more. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As we increasingly read on screen and write with keyboard and mouse, we are faced with new expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to understand, find, analyse, critique, organize, and assimilate information from numerous other media besides. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to create and communicate appropriately in numerous and often only just emerging media genres. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>From Shift Happens: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We are training peole for jobs that haven’t been invented yet 4:16 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using technologiies that haven’t been developed yet 4:07 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Writing in the New Age =
  6. 6. Multiliteracies: Raising new-age questions <ul><li>New questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How has Internet changed literacy practices? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which are the most relevant electronic genres in L2 learning in general, and writing in particular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can we use them? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I address these questions and the multiliteracy issues involved in an online course I teach annually for the TESOL Certificate Program: Principles and Practices of Online Teaching </li></ul>
  7. 7. TALO Swap Meet <ul><li> </li></ul>A good example of online collaboration through a wiki
  8. 8. Basic Precepts: Prensky <ul><li>Twitch generation </li></ul><ul><li>Digital natives – digital immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Enrage me or engage me </li></ul>
  9. 9. Basic Precepts: Larry Lessig <ul><li>The 20th century was the only read-only century in human history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totalitarian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralizing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The 21st is the return to read-write </li></ul>
  10. 10. Read-write Web: Conversations <ul><li>In most good web sites today, there are numerous ways you can interact. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>leave a comment, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>take a poll, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rate the site, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>review it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>use a service that tells you who else is on the site at the same time you are </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sean FitzGerald observed <ul><li>teachers are into </li></ul><ul><ul><li>email, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>blogs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> ... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>students are into </li></ul><ul><ul><li>texting, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MySpaces </li></ul></ul>Unconference http ://
  12. 12. Multiliteracies (per Selber) <ul><li>Functional - use technology fluidly, to the point where you use it comfortably, seamlessly, and control it rather than it controls you, </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical - you know how to communicate with others about how you use, develop, and repair technology </li></ul><ul><li>Critical - you are able to understand and articulate the many impacts of technology on our lives and those of others in other walks of life and economic strata </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example multiliteracies <ul><li>RSS in very simple terms (video by Lee and Sachi LeFever) </li></ul><ul><li>My Blip.TV Antwerp presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Terry Freedman's (2004-2007) project Coming of Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eBook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS feed </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Video <ul><li>Host videos </li></ul><ul><li>give you script to embed players in your blogs and web pages </li></ul><ul><li>Some services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Tim Berners-Lee: “Web 2.0 is, of course, a piece of jargon, nobody even knows what it means. If Web 2.0 for you is blogs and wikis, then that is people to people. But that was what the Web was supposed to be all along.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>trend on the Internet for tools to be created and shared for free at web sites which </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allow users to create web artifacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>upload their own files </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>produce web artifacts which might be even hosted on the site, seemingly forever </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Writing on the Internet <ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vs. Internet publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Long Tail </li></ul>
  17. 17. Digital Storytelling <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Wesley Fryer </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Webpresence of ‘You’ <ul><li>Time's Person of the Year: You . Time Magazine, Wednesday, Dec. 13, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>YOU can </li></ul><ul><ul><li>create a blog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>start a wiki </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>post photos on Flickr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>create freely accessible and creative online presentations with those photos or with your PowerPoint slides. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. YOU and others: Collaboration <ul><li>Share via creative commons, non-commercial, share and share alike, license (another significant break from traditional publishing). </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>spreadsheets to manipulate data necessary to your work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>charts made in Gliffy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>concept mapping tool </li></ul></ul><ul><li>talk with collaborators in real time, not just text chat </li></ul><ul><li>record your conversations using free tools (like audacity, and virtual audio cables which you need to get both sides of a Skype conversation, or use Powergamo) </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulate and embed recordings that others have made </li></ul>
  20. 20. What do you lose? Quality? Encyclopedia or Wikipedia <ul><li>currency is better with Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>scope (something like 750,000 articles in Wikipedi </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieval - words in those articles are machine-searchable vs. relatively crude index. </li></ul><ul><li>integrity and bias of that information? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>article in Nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy metal umlaut </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Conversations in Web text Interchanging roles of readers and writers <ul><li>reading and writing resemble conversations with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wording, playing with words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>anticipating an audience reaction, a real or imaginary one. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul>
  22. 22. For next time (tomorrow) <ul><li>Start a blog if you don’t have one already </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a post </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TAG the post thewebisflat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow, we’ll learn how to find and what to do with your tagged posts </li></ul>
  23. 23. See you tomorrow Vance Stevens