Understanding Amendments 11-27
Mrs. Vajgrt’s 9th Grade Social
Students will be able to understand the final
18 amendments of the Constitution though
the use of the reading materials and
Constitutional Jeopardy in order to be able to
produce a newspaper article that accurately
describe an amendment of their choice.
Amendments 11 (1798)
• Amendment 11 – prohibits a citizen of one
state or a citizen of another country from
suing another state in federal court.
However, a citizen may file suit in federal
court against state authorities for depriving
that person of constitutional rights.
• Requires members of the Electoral
College to cast two separate ballots:
one for president and one for vicepresident.
It’s a tie – Election of 1800 was a tie
between Aaron Burr and
Thomas Jefferson and
The House of Representatives
cast the deciding vote
in the election, this
was seen as unfair.
Second place winner
before this amendment
caused problems and anger.
The Civil War Amendments
All were ratified (approved) at the end of the Civil War
• 13th Amendment
• 14th Amendment
• 15th Amendment
• All slaves would now
• Formers slaves were
now American citizens
(and should be treated
• Former slaves had the
right to vote (men).
• 16th Amendment
(43 years after
collect a tax on
• States that people instead of the state
legislature elect U.S senators. Prior to this
amendment State Legislators elected
18th Amendment (1919): Prohibition:
Illegal to make, sell, or transport
alcohol in any way. 21st Repealed this
• Changes the date of the inauguration to
January 20. Called lame duck amendment
because it refers to an elected officials
attitude after losing an election or soon to
be leaving office.
Did away with the
• 22nd Amendment: 1951
No one can ever be elected
President more than twice.
• Grants residents of District of Columbia
the right to vote in presidential elections
25 Presidential successors
Vice President Speaker of the House
President Pro Tempore of the Senate
Secretary of State
Secretary of the Treasury
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of the Interior
Secretary of Agriculture
Secretary of Commerce
Secretary of Labor
Secretary of Health and Human Services
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Secretary of Transportation
Secretary of Energy
Secretary of Education
Secretary of Veterans Affairs
25th Amendment: 1967
If the President can’t be in
power, the Vice President
If there’s no Vice
President, the President
can name a new one
(approved by the Senate)
If the President is sick, he
can temporarily give power
to the Vice President.
Lowered the voting age from
21 to 18 (in 1971)
The 27 Amendment
• Congress cannot vote itself a pay raise – any
pay raise only counts for the next Congress
Senators elected by popular vote.
(in 1920) Women could vote (suffrage).
Presidential and Congressional dates.
District of Columbia can vote for President.
Take out a piece of paper
• Number your paper 11-27 – put your name on it.
• Put away your graphic organizer
• Try to list as many amendments as you can
• Pass your paper to your neighbor to the right.
• Add to the paper you just received.
• Pass it to the right again.
• Next person add to the paper.
• Return the papers to the original owner
Amendment Pair Share
• Count off 1 through 14, then begin again and
remember your number.
• Now get together with the other person with the
same number as you.
• In thirty words or less create a poster to present
to the class explaining your amendment. Use
your book to get extra details!
• This will count as a grade for presentation and
content. 20 points.
Name:______ Period_____ #2
1.___shortens length of time between election and inauguration
2.___Succession of President incases of death or illness
3.___Women’s voting rights
4.___Citizenship granted to African Americans
5.___Congress can’t vote themselves pay raise.
6.___Limits president to two terms
7.___President and Vice-president separate vote
8.___Slaves are free
10.___voting age changed from 21 to 18
12.___Can’t sue state in federal court
13.___Voting rights to former slaves (men)
14.___gives congress right of income tax
15.___Direct election of senators
16.___District of Columbia can vote for president
17.___Repeal of 18th Amendment
2.___Can’t sue state in federal court
3.___Voting rights to former slaves (men)
4.___Direct election of senators
5.___District of Columbia can vote for president
6.___Repeal of 18th Amendment
7.___Women’s voting rights
8.___Citizenship granted to African Americans
9.___Congress can’t vote themselves pay raise.
10.___Limits president to two terms
11.___President and Vice-president separate vote
12.___Slaves are free
13.___gives congress right of income tax
14.___shortens length of time between election and inauguration
15.___Succession of President incases of death or illness
17.___voting age changed from 21 to 18
2._11__Can’t sue state in federal court
3._15__Voting rights to former slaves (men)
4._17__Direct election of senators
5._23__District of Columbia can vote for president
6._21__Repeal of 18th Amendment
7._19__Women’s voting rights
8._14__Citizenship granted to African Americans
9.__14_Slaves are given citizenship
10._27__Congress can’t vote themselves pay raise.
11.__22_Limits president to two terms
12.__12_President and Vice-president separate vote
13._13__Slaves are free
14._16__gives congress right of income tax
15.__20_shortens length of time between election and inauguration
16._25__Succession of President incases of death or illness
Name:______ Period_____ #3
1.___Slaves are free
3.___voting age changed from 21 to 18
5.___shortens length of time between election and inauguration
6.___Succession of President incases of death or illness
7.___Women’s voting rights
8.___Citizenship granted to African Americans
9.___Direct election of senators
10.___District of Columbia can vote for president
11.___Repeal of 18th Amendment
12.___Congress can’t vote themselves pay raise.
13.___Limits president to two terms
14.___President and Vice-president separate vote
15.___Can’t sue state in federal court
16.___Voting rights to former slaves (men)
17.___gives congress right of income tax
Amendment 1 - Freedom of Religion, Press, Expression
Amendment 2 - Right to Bear Arms
Amendment 3 - Quartering of Soldiers
Amendment 4 - Search and Seizure
Amendment 5 - Trial and Punishment, Compensation for Takings
Amendment 6 - Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses
Amendment 7 - Trial by Jury in Civil Cases
Amendment 8 - Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Amendment 9 - Construction of Constitution
Amendment 10 - Powers of the States and People
Amendment 11 - Judicial Limits
Amendment 12 - Choosing the President, Vice President
Amendment 13 - Slavery Abolished
Amendment 14 - Citizenship Rights
Amendment 15 - Race No Bar to Vote
Amendment 16 - Status of Income Tax Clarified
Amendment 17 - Senators Elected by Popular Vote
Amendment 18 - Liquor Abolished
Amendment 19 - Women's Suffrage
Amendment 20 - Presidential, Congressional Terms
Amendment 21 - Amendment 18 Repealed
Amendment 22 - Presidential Term Limits
Amendment 23 - Presidential Vote for District of Columbia
Amendment 24 - Poll Taxes Barred
Amendment 25 - Presidential Disability and Succession
Amendment 26 - Voting Age Set to 18 Years
Amendment 27 - Limiting Congressional Pay Increases