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Eurocham PSI seminar Hong Kong

  1. Creating Value through Public Sector Information (PSI) Re-use Eurocham Workshop 30 Nov 2011 Waltraut Ritter Hong Kong Foresight Centre This handout is meant as reference material to workshop participants. If you wish to quote the material in another context, plesase contact the author. Thank you. 1
  2. What is PSI? Information Commons Public Domain 2
  3. PSI definition (OECD) Public sector information is broadly defined as “information, including information products and services, generated, created, collected, processed, preserved, maintained, disseminated, or funded by or for the Government or public institution” OECD recommendation C(2008)36 3
  4. PSI re-use framework The Actors Public Sector PSI Re-users Supply side Demand side Their role To facilitate the opportunity To grasp the opportunity and to innovate What do we A large number of public bodies A very large number of PSI re-users Many are large Know about Each side? A large number of employees Fall into 4 groups But Commercial active They are quantifiable Commercial future activity And many are similar Not commercial active Not commercial future activity The size of the future blocks not known.
  5. Realising the Value of PSI Governments and public bodies are information creators, controllers, distributors, information archivists and record keepers. Since mid-90s shift in government policies relating to information generated from within or on behalf of the public sector. 5
  6. PSI in the Knowledge Society New thinking about information in the digital age: PSI can create value if used: PSI re-use legislation All information assets are potential resources Reproduction costs close to zero 6
  7. PSI in the “old days” - PSI was made available on request or on need- to-know basis - Access to PSI was restricted - The government “owned” the information (copyright) - Focus on e-Government (transactional information exchanges) 7
  8. PSI Objectives Principles for enhanced access and more effective use for public and private sectors Increase total returns on public investments and economic and social benefits through: - More efficient distribution - Enhanced innovation - Development of new uses - Market-based competition International policy principles contribute to global exchange and use of public information 8
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  10. NYC Open Data “This catalog supplies hundreds of sets of public data produced by City agencies and other City organizations. The data sets are now available as APIs and in a variety of machine-readable formats, making it easier than ever to consume City data and better serve New York City’s residents, visitors, developer community and all!” (QUOTE from website , italic highlight by author) 10
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  12. London Data Store “The London Datastore has been created by the Greater London Authority (GLA) as an innovation towards freeing London’s data. We want citizens to be able access the data that the GLA and other public sector organisations hold, and to use that data however they see fit – free of charge. The GLA is committed to influencing and cajoling other public sector organisations into releasing their data here too.” (QUOTE from website, bold highlight by author) 12
  13. Economic Value USA 750 bn EUR (7.7 % of GDP) Europe 68 bn EUR (0.8 % of GDP) Hong Kong ? ? Source: Uhlir (2008) 13
  14. OECD Recommendation: Policy Principles Openness Copyright Access and transparent Pricing reuse conditions Competition Asset lists Redress mechanisms Quality Public private partnerships Integrity Internat’l access / use New technologies and Best practices long-term preservation Source: Vickery/OECD 14
  15. Benefits of PSI Access and Re-use Direct and Indirect Economic Benefits • Information industries develop new markets • Other industries enhance efficiencies • Individuals empowered as economic actors • Public sector performance improved • More innovative research communities Social Benefits • Improve transparency • Enhance education and research • Support personal decision-making capabilities
  16. Apps for Hong Kong? 16
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  22. Information problem: Traffic information on public buses is not real- time and doesn’t give the user the information he/she needs to make an informed decision. Bus companies need to be GPS enabled – however, TD does not include this basic requirement in the franchise agreement. 22
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  24. 1823 Service “In this platform we are trying to present public information in a more easily understood format and to make it easier for you to submit information or pictures that help us understand your concerns. Please explore the platform and share with us your ideas about how we can develop this site and improve public services for you.” (QUOTE from website, bold highlight by author) 24
  25. Different perspectives: Government developing services for citizens based on public, but not publicly accessible, data. versus Government and citizen’s co-creating information services and applications using same data. 25
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  27. Neighbourhood information Combing knowledge of citizens living in the neighbourhood with knowledge held by public agencies could create value to the current application, making it more current, interactive and useful. 27
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  29. Example: EPD water data “They summarise the river water data collected by EPD's long-term monitoring programme during the year. The following Annual River Water Quality Reports in portable document format (PDF) are available for direct viewing or download.” (QUOTE from website, bold highlight by author) 29
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  34. GRS: Public or closed domain? A lot of public data is not readily accessible or not intended for creative “re- use”. Access and copyright restrictions are an obstacle to creative value from public information commons. 34
  35. Creating Value from HK’s data What are the current public information assets in Hong Kong? (inventory?) How can we create value from these assets? How can we increase awareness about PSI opportunities across all agencies as well as in the business sector and for the general public? Can we create an open data multi-stakeholder community? 35
  36. Adapting information laws to the digital Age - Personal data protection laws - Access to information laws - Archives and Records policies - Copyright/Creative Commons laws - Public information management policies - Cost assessment acts PSI and Open data are part of an information policy 36
  37. Open Data in Hong Kong Data.One – the Add Value Machine to build Hong Kong’s Knowledge Economy 37
  38. Contact: The Hong Kong Foresight Centre is a public policy “do-tank” engaging in multi-stakeholder dialogues to develop prototypes for the future of Hong Kong. Public Sector Information Re-use/Open government data has been one of our fields of engagement since 2009. Waltraut Ritter Programme manager, Open Government Hong Kong Foresight Centre w.ritter (at) 38