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Eurocham PSI seminar Hong Kong


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Presentation from seminar on PSI and Open Data in Hong Kong on 30 Nov 2011

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Eurocham PSI seminar Hong Kong

  1. 1. Creating Value through Public Sector Information (PSI) Re-use Eurocham Workshop 30 Nov 2011 Waltraut Ritter Hong Kong Foresight CentreThis handout is meant as reference material to workshop participants. If you wish to quote thematerial in another context, plesase contact the author. Thank you. 1
  2. 2. What is PSI?Information Commons Public Domain 2
  3. 3. PSI definition (OECD)Public sector information is broadly definedas “information, including information productsand services, generated, created, collected,processed, preserved, maintained,disseminated, or funded by or for theGovernment or public institution”OECD recommendation C(2008)36 3
  4. 4. PSI re-use framework The Actors Public Sector PSI Re-users Supply side Demand side Their role To facilitate the opportunity To grasp the opportunity and to innovate What do we A large number of public bodies A very large number of PSI re-users Many are large Know about Each side? A large number of employees Fall into 4 groups But Commercial active They are quantifiable Commercial future activity And many are similar Not commercial active Not commercial future activity The size of the future blocks not
  5. 5. Realising the Value of PSIGovernments and public bodies are informationcreators, controllers, distributors, informationarchivists and record keepers.Since mid-90s shift in government policiesrelating to information generated from within oron behalf of the public sector. 5
  6. 6. PSI in the Knowledge SocietyNew thinking about information in the digital age: PSI can create value if used: PSI re-use legislation All information assets are potential resources Reproduction costs close to zero 6
  7. 7. PSI in the “old days”- PSI was made available on request or on need- to-know basis- Access to PSI was restricted- The government “owned” the information (copyright)- Focus on e-Government (transactional information exchanges) 7
  8. 8. PSI Objectives Principles for enhanced access and more effective use for public and private sectors Increase total returns on public investments and economic and social benefits through:- More efficient distribution- Enhanced innovation- Development of new uses- Market-based competition International policy principles contribute to global exchange and use of public information 8
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  10. 10. NYC Open Data “This catalog supplies hundreds of sets of publicdata produced by City agencies and other Cityorganizations. The data sets are now available asAPIs and in a variety of machine-readableformats, making it easier than ever to consumeCity data and better serve New York City’sresidents, visitors, developer community and all!”(QUOTE from website , italic highlight by author) 10
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  12. 12. London Data Store“The London Datastore has been created by the GreaterLondon Authority (GLA) as an innovation towardsfreeing London’s data. We want citizens to be ableaccess the data that the GLA and other public sectororganisations hold, and to use that data howeverthey see fit – free of charge. The GLA is committed toinfluencing and cajoling other public sector organisationsinto releasing their data here too.”(QUOTE from website, bold highlight by author) 12
  13. 13. Economic ValueUSA 750 bn EUR (7.7 % of GDP)Europe 68 bn EUR (0.8 % of GDP)Hong Kong ? ? Source: Uhlir (2008) 13
  14. 14. OECD Recommendation: Policy PrinciplesOpenness CopyrightAccess and transparent Pricingreuse conditions CompetitionAsset lists Redress mechanismsQuality Public private partnershipsIntegrity Internat’l access / useNew technologies and Best practiceslong-term preservationSource: Vickery/OECD 14
  15. 15. Benefits of PSI Access and Re-useDirect and Indirect Economic Benefits • Information industries develop new markets • Other industries enhance efficiencies • Individuals empowered as economic actors • Public sector performance improved • More innovative research communitiesSocial Benefits • Improve transparency • Enhance education and research • Support personal decision-making capabilities
  16. 16. Apps for Hong Kong? 16
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  22. 22. Information problem:Traffic information on public buses is not real-time and doesn’t give the user the informationhe/she needs to make an informed decision.Bus companies need to be GPS enabled –however, TD does not include this basicrequirement in the franchise agreement. 22
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  24. 24. 1823 Service“In this platform we are trying to presentpublic information in a more easilyunderstood format and to make it easier for youto submit information or pictures that help usunderstand your concerns. Please explore theplatform and share with us your ideas abouthow we can develop this site and improvepublic services for you.”(QUOTE from website, bold highlight by author) 24
  25. 25. Different perspectives:Government developing services for citizensbased on public, but not publicly accessible,data.versusGovernment and citizen’s co-creatinginformation services and applications usingsame data. 25
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  27. 27. Neighbourhood informationCombing knowledge of citizens living inthe neighbourhood with knowledge heldby public agencies could create value tothe current application, making it morecurrent, interactive and useful. 27
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  29. 29. Example: EPD water data“They summarise the river water datacollected by EPDs long-term monitoringprogramme during the year. The followingAnnual River Water Quality Reports inportable document format (PDF) areavailable for direct viewing ordownload.”(QUOTE from website, bold highlight by author) 29
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  34. 34. GRS: Public or closed domain?A lot of public data is not readilyaccessible or not intended for creative “re-use”.Access and copyright restrictions are anobstacle to creative value from publicinformation commons. 34
  35. 35. Creating Value from HK’s dataWhat are the current public information assets in HongKong? (inventory?)How can we create value from these assets?How can we increase awareness about PSI opportunitiesacross all agencies as well as in the business sector and forthe general public?Can we create an open data multi-stakeholder community? 35
  36. 36. Adapting information laws to the digital Age- Personal data protection laws- Access to information laws- Archives and Records policies- Copyright/Creative Commons laws- Public information management policies- Cost assessment acts PSI and Open data are part of an information policy 36
  37. 37. Open Data in Hong KongData.One – the Add Value Machine to build Hong Kong’s Knowledge Economy 37
  38. 38. Contact:The Hong Kong Foresight Centre is a public policy “do-tank”engaging in multi-stakeholder dialogues to develop prototypes forthe future of Hong Kong.Public Sector Information Re-use/Open government data has beenone of our fields of engagement since 2009.Waltraut RitterProgramme manager, Open GovernmentHong Kong Foresight Centrewww.hkforesight.orgw.ritter (at) 38