Digital Citizenship for
st Century Learners
Valerie Hill, MLS, PhD
ACRL Virtual World Interest Group
Digital Citizenship &
in the school library
7 Elements of IL
Using the Big 6, the SCONUL7 Pillars of
Information Literacy, Bloom’s Taxonomy, the
AASL standards for 21st Century Learning, and
Common Sense Media, the following 7
information literacy elements for 21st century
learning show how information literacy can be
modeled for global digital participatory
1. Identify Need
(Critical Inquiry) Question: What’s my need?
Learning to ask good questions and to identify
information needs in digital culture is crucial
because online search tools can lead students
in many directions through distracting
(Critical Thinking) Question: What do I already
Learners use critical thinking, based on prior
knowledge, personal experiences and curiosity
in order to gain understanding and draw
(Search Strategies) Question: What strategies
can I/we use?
21st century learners live with instant global
access to information which means learning to
juggle many formats and search tools
4. Gathering & Analyzing
(Locate & Access) Question: How can I (we)
make informed decisions?
Analyzing information today includes
“weeding” from the huge stream of
information incoming through media formats.
Gathering and analyzing information requires
5. Managing (Participating)
Participation(Contribution) Question: How can
I become an ethical digital citizen?
Networked individuals must learn cyber-safety,
respect for intellectual property, and good
communication skills in multiple formats.
Instant Global Access
Digital citizens take time to think before sharing and leaving
(Creativity) Question: What can I make or do
with what I learn?
Collaboration (constructivist learning) provides
opportunities to construct, create, and curate
content in networked culture. Content creation
and content curation are both individual and
7. Reflecting (Pursuit of Academic &
(Self-evaluation) Question: How did I do?
Numerous digital applications make products
look sleek but not necessarily full of depth. 21st
century digital citizens take responsibility for
learning and aesthetic growth.
Is Digital Citizenship part of
In global participatory digital culture
(where most information seeking
behavior takes place), digital citizenship
cannot be separated from information
literacy but must be embedded.
How can librarians & educators
teach IL & Digital Citizenship?
Ethridge is a Digital Citizenship
ALA. Standards for the 21st century learner.
The Big Six (Feb. 2014). http://big6.com/
Bloom’s taxonomy. (Feb. 2014).
Common Sense Media. www.commonsensemedia.org
Digital Citizens in Minecraft. (2013) http://youtu.be/lKMYGOUyTY0
Ethridge Digital Citizenship Tips. (2014) Retreived from