The conclusion• Your closing remarks are your last chance to drive home your ideas!• The conclusion has two major functions:1.To let the audience know you are ending the speech2.To reinforce the audiences understanding of, or commitment to, the central idea
Signal to end the speech•Sometimes a speaker ends so abruptly it takes you by surprise; a sudden ending will leave the audience puzzled and unfulfilled•Vocal cues: "in conclusion," "my purpose has been,""let me end by saying."
Signal to end the speech• Manner of deliver y: by use of the voice - its tone, pacing, intonation, and rhythm - a speaker can build the momentum of a speech so there is no doubt when its over• Dissolve ending: a conclusion that generates emotional appeal by fading pet by step to a dramatic final statement
Reinforce the central idea• Summarize your speech: restate the main points• End with a quotation: when you find a brief quotation that perfectly captures your central idea, keep it in mind for a possible conclusion
Reinforce the central idea• Make a dramatic statement: utilize pausing and inflection for maximum impact• Refer to the introduction: gives your speech psychological unity by referring to ideas from the introduction in the conclusion
Tips for preparing the conclusion• As with the introduction, keep an eye out for possible concluding materials as you research and develop the speech.• Conclude with a bang, not a whimper. Be creative, use emotional appeal and drama. Work a few different endings, and choose the one with the most impact.• Dont be long winded. Your conclusion should be about 10% of your total speech.• Dont leave anything in your conclusion to chance. Work it out in detail, and practice delivering it.