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Re-designing the Onboarding Customer Journey of a Retail Bank

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Onboarding shapes customers’ first impression of a bank and has the potential to influence the long-term success of the relationship.
In-depth qualitative research is needed to map an ideal onboarding customer journey, in order to ensure a consistently relevant experience through all touchpoints and moments of truth, by tapping into the customers' needs, expectations and pain points.

Published in: Marketing
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Re-designing the Onboarding Customer Journey of a Retail Bank

  1. 1. - Research project & methodology - Re-designing the Onboarding Customer Journey of a Retail Bank
  2. 2. 2 Background0
  3. 3. 3 The Onboarding challenge Onboarding is definitely one of the biggest challenges for a bank within the customer lifecycle:  at the outset of the relationship, insight on the new customer is still to be built up almost entirely  switching is still quite easy: "strings" entailed by owning products yet to come and relationship still "shallow" Making customers tick even before getting to know them, is not the easiest of the tasks. Yet, as they say, you never get a second chance to make a good first impression: Onboarding shapes customers’ first impression of a bank and has the potential to influence the long-term success of the relationship
  4. 4. 4 Opportunities and pitfalls of Onboarding Together with trouble shooting, the onboarding phase (account opening and the 3 up to 6 months that follow) is the moment-of-truth with the greatest impact on advocacy, share of wallet and ultimately on loyalty:  onboarding can turn to be a sort of "grace" period, a moment when cross- selling potential is at its highest: it has been estimated that 75% of all cross- selling takes place in the first few months of new customer acquisition  but unfortunately attrition rate is as well: new customers are the least satisfied and the most likely to leave; indeed, studies show that customers are three times more likely to show attrition during the first ninety days of opening a new account* *Source: J.D. Power & Associates 2013 U.S. Retail Banking Satisfaction StudySM
  5. 5. 5 Beyond Acquisition Provided that churn is avoided, the challenge of avoiding the "great decoupling" between acquisition and cross-selling is at stake. Plenty of evidence is available that  "fully engaged" customers – as opposed as merely "satisfied" – show much higher repurchase rates  the lack of a consistent and meaningful value proposition through all the relevant touchpoints highly hinders the likability of customers to convert their purchasing intentions into actual purchases The challenge is twofold then: - What makes customers tick? What has the power of making a new customer "engaged"? - What is the experience to be delivered through all the relevant touchpoints during the onboarding phase?
  6. 6. 6 Our approach2
  7. 7. 7 The bank certainly know the % of prospects dropping out after the first contact, of customers becoming inactive or leaving the bank after opening the account, and even the touchpoints involved and consulted before deciding not to go ahead with a purchase. What the bank doesn't know is WHY, i.e. - what the customers' expectations were at any given touchpoint - and how the experience provided by the bank failed to deliver vs. these expectations In-depth qualitative research is therefore needed to map an ideal onboarding customer journey, in order to make sure for the bank to deliver a consistently relevant experience through all touchpoints and moments of truth, by tapping into the customers' needs, expectations and pain points Our approach In-depth qualitative research
  8. 8. 8 Ethnography - more than group discussions - certainty is the most promising approach: research in behavioural economics has shown how relying on respondents' recollections often leads to misleading results  not only because memories deteriorate over time and become less reliable  but above all because whereas we make our decisions mostly driven by Kahneman's "System 1" – emotions and feelings, we tend to justify our behaviours in terms of "System 2" – rationality. Our approach Beware of recollections!/1
  9. 9. 9 Therefore it is crucial to  gather customers' feelings and feedback as close as possible to the actual individual experience they have had  get real: no vague tales but slices of life full of details regarding touchpoints and processes the customer was involved into o whenever possible (when it doesn't cause interferences with the customers' experience), direct observation by Episteme researchers is granted o in other cases, self-ethnography by respondents is required Our approach Beware of recollections!/2 What form of observation is to be preferred depends on the touchpoint(s) especially investigated in each interview
  10. 10. 10 Due to practical considerations, it is not feasible to shadow a panel of customers during their whole onboarding period and strictly monitor what happens, however, the methodology is inspired exactly by this philosophy. The ideal customer journey is an abstraction rooted in the actual experience of a number of customers, each of whom 1. is interviewed on their overall expectations and approach to banking, in order to attribute each individual to the relevant archetypes and persona 2. is especially selected to provide their story and point of view on a specific moment and experience within the onboarding process, in order to avoid getting generic recollections devoid of actionability Our approach Shadowing different people in different touchpoints In other terms, instead of shadowing a group of people for the whole onboarding period, we get the same accuracy and actionability by shadowing a well varied sample of individuals, each on a specific moment/touchpoint/experience within the onboarding period.
  11. 11. 11 In particular, the sample should include customers  who have just opened the account  who have considered opening the account at the bank's but have eventually decided not to  who have opened the account for a month or so  that are considering a purchasing decision or have just made it or have decided not to proceed further  customers at the end of what is typically considered as the standard duration of the onboarding period who have or have not been fully activated  customers at risk of churn (e.g. have filed a complaint) or who have just left the bank before the end of the standard onboarding period Our approach Building the sample/1 Customers will be both from the bank's and other players' customer base, in order to discover best practices also coming from the competitive environment
  12. 12. 12 Journey mapping has to be done also from the organisational point of view, in several ways 1. Current onboarding customer journey as delivered by the bank must be used as a constant reference 2. All relevant quantitative data available from different internal sources (CRM, contact center, complaint logs, online behaviour) must be analysed 3. The point of view of the sale force must be also integrated to get a precise picture of how the bank concretely deals with prospects and newly acquired customers Our approach Integrating the bank's point of view
  13. 13. 13 Our approach Overall research design 1. Analysis of internal data and current onboarding customer journey The bank's point of view 2. Interviews with relationship managers and sales people from the network The customers' point of view 3. Ethnographic interviews with the bank's and competitors' customers Bridging the bank's and the customers' point of view 4. Workshops with the bank's team owner of the project in order to fine-tune and develop the ideal onboarding journey coming from the research on customers, turning it into an actionable tool integrated into the bank's processes

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